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and BUCKHURST ? Who can forget the Carlisle. The ancient peerage stands upon Legend of Buckingham, and the brilliant, the same ground as the ancient monarchy, vigorous, and picturesque Induction? and is coeval with it. It can hardly be said

Carlisle. We had almost forgot our old to spring from it, as from its fountain. poetry when I came into life, till the War- Pembroke. But how few there are of this tons and Percy began to revive it. I think class of the peerage-you would not have that some time afterwards the study of it the peerage limited to them ? was carried too far. It introduced an affec- Carlisle. No: but still let these be distation of obsoleteness, and a rude or quaint tinguished from the others, as standing on a phraseology. Dr. Johnson thought sò. different title.

Middlesex. You had a partiality for Middlesex. You are going very far back Johnson : he thought well of your tragedy. indeed ; and refining upon this question with But Johnson was not to my taste : I could a vengeance. not bear his pedantic pomp, and what, I Carlisle. I speak disinterestedly. I did believe, Horace Walpole called his “trip- not belong to this first class.

Lovelace. This whimsical idea amuses me. Carlisle. I would not have chosen John- I must reflect upon it. son as a companion, any more than Lord Carlisle. I have thrown it out: let us Chesterfield would have done : but he had pass to something else. his revenge on Lord Chesterfield, who was Surry. We were proud and jealous of a little-minded man.

our nobility when I lived, and of our share Lovelace. In your time, men of high of royal blood; and it cost us dear-no less rank did not live much with men of litera- than our heads. ture.

Pembroke. I was prouder of the Sydney Carlisle. That cannot be said. What chivalry that flowed in my veins. were the cases of Burke, Sheridan; Hare, Middlesex. I allowed no adventitious Trench, Lawrence, John Courtenay, Can- considerationis to colour the internal workning, George Ellis, and many others? ings of my mind, and my bosom. I did

Lovelace. I do not think that this exactly not inquire whence I inherited the sensicontradicts my assertion. Politics, rather tiveness of my frame. I lamented that the than literature, introduced these men. languor, which, from whatever cause, op

Carlisle. I think it is happier for all to pressed me, disabled me from often bringing associate with those of their own station. out and embodying that flow of sentiment Every class has its own manners.

which I so generally felt swelling within Lovelace. The Puritan doctrines' in my me. I said to myself, if this is the effect of time confounded the peerage and common- rank, I wish I had been born in' a lower alty. But the King was rather profuse of station, where my energies would more have

been called forth. Carlisle. Yes, from the necessities of the Lovelace. This was an amiable and glocrisis ; but yet he cannot be much accused rious mode of thinking, which placed you' of want of selectness. He admitted scarcely much higher than any rank could place ány obscure names.

you. Lovelace. This is a difficult question ;- Middlesex. I threw aside all compositions this adhesion to names, which are said not of art, and looked only for natural sentito be obscure. If we admit a new peerage, ments'and“ wood-notes wild.” we must take into consideration personal Pembroke. I wish I had been guided by merit.

the same taste : my poetry is now forgotten. Carlisle. Perhaps I would confine a peer-- Lovelace. But it has been latterly reage more to its old members, than the doc- printed, as well as mine. trines of the age admit to be just atid Pembroke. Yours has in consequence reasonable.

received some notice, but mine none. Lovelace. Knowing, as we do here, what Surry. Mine was never entirely neglected. is passing above, I am aware that the cha- I took the lead of my age, and this was a racter of the English peerage has entirely distinction which has kept me up. No changed in the last half century:

secondary author, who is a mere follower of Pembroke. I think the change has not the fashion, ever lives. There is a freshbeen wise. The principles which justify it ness, a vivacity, a sincerity in originality, are principles which would uproot all peer- which imitators can never attain. We look ages.

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his peerages.

abroad upon nature, apprehend with clear- Carlisle. The Suffolks and Effinghams ness, and watch and embody ourown feelings kept up more familiarity with his Grace, and the visions that pass over our minds. than I did. In early life he had little

Lovelace. It is a horrible guilt to put such chance of succeeding to the dukedom, and men out of the world before their time. his habits were formed in another sphere of Surry. And my son also lost his head: society. We all seek political power ;

but and my grandson died, a young man, a he enjoyed it in the shape and noise of prisoner in the Tower.

electioneering intrigues. Lovelace. Such is the fate of lofty station Surry. And was it thus that my descenin the days of arbitrary and relentless ty- dant and heir supported our chivalrous and ranny.

poetical name? Middlesex. My cousin, the heroic Eliza- Middlesex. No one, let him purify and beth, had somewhat too much of her father's exalt himself as much as he will, can secure temper.

stains from the blood he transmits. Pembroke. But how she shines, with all Pembroke. The individual members of a her faults, before her pusillanimous and family will be as wide from each other, as foolish successor.

black from white. While one is glowing Middlesex. What sad tales does the bio- and generous, another is sharp, rapacious, graphy of greatness lay open ! what crimes cruel, and heartless ;-one is all light, anof ambition ! what eccentricities and mise- other is all darkness; one is all genius, ries of genius ! what abuses of power! what another all dulness; one melting as wax, persecutions of rivalry, jealousy and re- another stubborn as the barren rock. venge ! Independence in a secluded station, Middlesex. My grandfather, the witty with health, books, and a rich and right companion of Rochester, did not bear much mind, is all of valuable and solid that life similarity in genius to his sombre ancestor can give. But then there must be content, Buckhurst, whose shadowy personifications arising from a knowledge how to appreciate were worthy of his prototype Dante. the vanities and delusions of the world. Carlisle. Nothing is more strange than

Lovelace. Yes : all the show of life, and that that poem is so little known; because all the glitter of worldly pomp, is mere it has all the invention of Spenser, and all emptiness. It is but a gilded cloud, that his poetical picturesqueness, while the vanishes in the embrace.

colours are of a darker and deeper tint, and Carlisle. I found England safe from the the language and versification are scarcely violence of former ages, though the storm more obsolete. of revolution at one crisis approached our Middlesex. It is impossible to argue on shores ; and we had agitators who were the caprice of popular appetite. The popuwilling to go all lengths. Pitt's firmness lar reader never really enjoys old poetry. contributed much to preserve us; and had Not one of this class can be found, who he not met with courage as well as ability sincerely enjoys Spenser. It is nothing but the doctrines which my friend Fox, in his the supremacy of his name which makes ambition to flatter the populace, very indis- them fear to own, that they do not relish creetly advocated, the bloodshed of France him. The modern routine of phraseology would have been repeated in England. is all that they can apprehend. Burke enlightened the thinking part of the Lovelace. But obsolete language is more nation, and turned off the delusion from often that which was artificial and studied, their minds; but the head of our house than the simple diction of the day in which unhappily assisted the voice of the eloquent was written. I made a rule to myself to demagogue, though no man had more of the use the simplest and clearest form and order haughtiness of aristocratic feelings. This of words; and now at the end of nearly two is a contradiction of opinions and conduct centuries, there is not a word obsolete, nor less rare than would be supposed.

out of its due and accustomed place, in my Pembroke. The late D- of Nthen, was an eccentric character. I was Carlisle. You are right, and claim to closely allied by marriage to his eccentric yourself no more merit than is justly due ancestor, delineated in such lively colours to you. It is the elaborate language of by Lord Clarendon, to whom in some points studied learning, which grows obsolete. he seems to have borne a similitude, though What ridiculously quaint stuff appeared to he did not equally keep up his dignity. us that language which was admired in the

VOL, X.-NO. 1. -JANUARY 1837.

song to Althea.


reign of Elizabeth under the name of Eu- natural ; because though they, who are not phuism !

of the newest, are very glad to insult the Middlesex. The language of old George absolute parvenus, they are equally desirous Wither, who wrote with a flowing pen, is to veil over historical antiquity, and estanot obsolete, though it is something too blish rules to exalt themselves and depress colloquial and vulgar.

their superiors. Families may be ancient; Lovelace. But there are many very poet- yet not only not noble, but obscure. ical pages in Wither, especially in his Shep- Middlesex. You, Lord Carlisle, are acherd's Hunting. I say this in justice to cused of having neglected your young relahim, though I hated his factious politics, tion, when your countenance might have his querulous temper, and his uncourtly been of use to him. invectives.

Carlisle. I am not sure that I can entirely Pembroke. I felt disgust at his puritanic acquit myself.

His mother had offended cant. I saw many vices in the Court; but me; but I ought not on that account to his spirit of detraction was malignant. have been cold to the son; nor is it perhaps

Middlesex. He suffered for it after the any excuse that I was not aware of his Restoration, and, I believe, died in prison. genius. He was not of my blood; but I

Pembroke. My brother and successor took was of his, by my mother. He did not, a part in those perilous troubles, which I therefore, belong properly to my protection. wish could be blotted out from our family I had known his father ; but circumstances history.

had now thrown us entirely asunder from Middlesex. Yes ; and he did not use well each other. His predecessor in the title the widow of my collateral ancestor, the had secluded himself from the world before famous Lady Anne Clifford, whose heroic I came into its society. I had contracted father, George Earl of Cumberland, shone habits and manners so different from those so brightly in the Elizabethan annals. in which the boy had by his ill fate moved, What a curious memoir she has left of her and I imagined that I saw so much of his

mother's temper in him, that a renewal of Carlisle. She was the feudal Queen of our alliance was painful to me. Unluckily our Cumberland and Westmorland districts, for me, if not for him, it turned out that I and her memory is yet venerated in the was wrong; and I had severe cause to North. What a beautiful history has Dr. repent, for he took ample vengeance on me. Whitaker given of that illustrious family He afterwards electrified me by his genius, in his History of Craven. Those, at least, but it was too late : the die was cast ! must be admitted to have been ancient However, I will still be frank enough to nobility. Will any one be so cold and un- say,

that the school of his poetry was not imaginative as not to feel the influence of in all respects to my taste. It had too such transmitted memorials ? nor venerate much occasionally of the roughness and the blood of Plantagenet and Tudor, as

violence of his own temper. well as of all the old Anglo-Norman peer- Middlesex. You are accused of fastidiousage, which centred in them?

Lovelace. I hear it echoed from above by Carlisle. This may have been true. many a voice, whencesoever the feeling may When I was young, the ancient nobles, as arise, that we have heard too much and too you well know, were a separate class : and often of this, and that it is time to silence it they who had been brought up in another as a worn-out tale! I am not one of those society were, however ancient themselves, who pay much attention to such sarcasms : alien to them. Captain Byron had lived among a nobility, of whom the greater part in the high rank becoming his birth; but are new and obscure, such attempts are he died when his son was a very infant.

own life!




Such vacancy

Mistley Hall, one of the seats of Lord parties of those days were desirous of enrolRivers, is situated on a pleasant eminence, ling him under their respective banners. about one mile south of Manningtree, in Frederic, Prince of Wales, father of George Essex, and at no considerable distance from the Third, was amongst the first to cultivate the river Stour.

his acquaintance. He personally invited This

manor, at the time of the Doomsday him to his levees at Leicester House, and survey, was held by the wife of Henry De became so pleased with his society, that he Ramis, from whom it passed through seve- gave him an unsolicited promise to make ral families, and, in the reign of Henry the him, on the first vacancy, a Gentleman of Eighth, came into the possession of the the Royal Bedchamber. Crown. Edward the Sixth granted it to happening not long after, Mr. Rigby's well Sir John Rainsforth, whose heirs sold it to founded expectation was disappointed by a Paul, Viscount Bayning ; Anne, his grand- different nomination. He resented this daughter, conveyed it by marriage to Aubrey treatment, however, in a manner worthy de Vere, Earl of Oxford, by whom the of him. The Prince himself was hurt on reversion was sold, about the year 1680, to the occasion, and endeavoured to correct Edward Rigby, Esq., from whom the pre- the mistake by the offer of a douceur, as a sent Dowager Lady Rivers is descended. temporary compensation : but this was re

Mistley Hall, the principal part of which jected in the following terms—“I shall was built by the Right Honourable Richard never receive pay for a service, of which I Rigby, in addition to the family mansion, am not deemed worthy ; but rather think it though far from the most magnificent, is my duty to retire from a Court where confessedly as elegant a seat as any in the honour, I find, has no tie.” kingdom. The wing which commands the He kept his word, and never entered river Stour, consists of a suite of rooms, Leicester House afterwards. admirably constructed, and fitted up with Mr. Rigby, however, soon afterwards corresponding taste. The drawing-rooms was made Secretary for Ireland, and was and parlours are adorned with a small col- subsequently nominated Master of the Rolls, lection of very capital pictures of the best and obtained a seat in the Privy Council. masters-particularly Vertumnus and Po- In June, 1768, Mr. Rigby, having taken mona, by Rembrandt; a matchless Cuyp, no part in politics for some years, was apa Gaspar Poussin, a Teniers, and the cele- pointed Paymaster of the Forces, and conbrated Woodman, from the more modern tinued in that lucrative office during the pencil of the inimitable Gainsborough. twelve years' subsequent administration of

He built a beautiful parish church on the Lord North. The American war, so calabanks of the Stour, which was constructed mitous in its consequences to this country, by Adams, so as to form a very striking and proved an unexpected source of wealth to central object from the Hall. On the right Mr. Rigby: from the expenditure of numof this, Mr. Rigby formed a spacious quay berless millions upon military services, so and store-houses, making Mistley one of complex, and so detached, immense sums of the most complete little towns, as well as the public money, according to official usage, sea-ports, in the kingdom.

were unavoidably lodged in the hands of As Mr. Rigby was a person of some poli- the Paymaster. This accidental turn of tical importance in the last century, it may good fortune subjected him, however, evennot be out of place, if we bestow a few words tually, to a prosecution, for which no preceupon him here.

dent is to be found in the political annals of Embarked early in political life, with this country. every advantage to be derived from strong, In this dilemma, he stated to Parliament manly talents, and a winning address, it is his readiness to pay his balance by quick no wonder that the leaders of the contending instalments. The country, as it were, with one voice, applauded his conduct, and a which owes all its present charms to his compromise took place upon it, by which decorative taste, and nothing of the kind Mr. Rigby paid £10,000 for the interest of can more bespeak the hand of the master. an unsettled balance, although no prede- The extensive plantations are all of his own cessor had ever been called upon on a similar creation. From an obscure country seat, occasion.

annexed to a small patrimony, he raised it After this, Mr. Rigby retired altogether to all the consequence it now possesses, with from public life to his seat of Mistley Hall, a surrounding rental of 5,0001. a-year.



AMONG the few preceptories possessed by of the town, displayed a beacon by night the Knights Templars in Ireland, none was and a banner by day, to guide mariners to more remarkable than that of Rencrew, the anchorage ground; its care was enwhose picturesque ruins still excite the trusted to a convent of nuns, who held admiration of all who pass up or down the extensive royal grants on condition of mainromantic Blackwater. It was founded taining the Round Tower and its signal under the joint auspices of the pope and light. A town of about five thousand the king, being designed to enforce equally inhabitants, blessed with two abbeys, one the religion of Rome and the domination nunnery, a collegiate establishment for the of England on the septs of Munster, who instruction of missionaries, and having clung to their ancient creed and ancient within a few miles a preceptory of Knights laws with a pertinacity which it was the Templars and a monastery of Augustinian fashion of that day to stigmatise as barba- friars, ought in all conscience to have been rous. Erected on the extreme verge of the the most religious spot on earth. Unforprecipitous hill, round which the Black- tunately piety is sometimes in the inverse water winds into the bay of Youghal, it ratio of professions, and spite of nuns, friars, commanded to the north a view of the river and templars, Youghal was about the most winding through hills covered with wood demoralised town in Christendom. The from their tops to the water's edge ; while good citizens of Bristol finding the slavesouthwards the bay opened a wide sheet of trade ceasing to be lucrative, took to piracy water, generally tranquil as a lake, save and buccaneering. When it was desirable where the river and ocean met at the bar to avoid the awkward enquiries of English that stretches across the entrance of the wardens, the captains of their privateers harbour. In the early age of the third steered for the unsuspected port of Youghal crusade, Youghal was a place of considers and found there good stores in the monasable importance. The town was built on teries, protectors in the abbots, and excellent the slope of a hill, along whose summit ran agents in the friars. It was said that a high wall, strengthened by towers. Two Youghal was generally a more profitable monasteries, just beyond the walls at the market than Bristol itself. The missionnorthern and southern extremities of the aries from its college, when they proceeded town, were fortified with considerable care, to the halls of some wild chieftain whom it and the vassals of the abbots bound to was deemed expedient to reconcile to the military service, shared in turn the duty faith of Rome and the sceptre of the Planof guarding these outworks. The Justi- tagenets, found that their admission was ciary Lacy had joined with the papal legate facilitated when they could give the lord in making these arrangements, by which intelligence of the wines of Gascony, and the town had the double security of sanc- inform the lady how she could procure on tity and arms. It was commercially de- cheap terms the produce of the looms of pendent on the city of Bristol, and even Flanders. The Templars cared little for before the English conquest had been the the fate of the Holy Land; they could dépôt of the white slave trade, for which make safer and more profitable crusades Bristol was unfortunately too celebrated. nearer home. There were the septs of the One light-house at the southern extremity Deasies, the Flaherties, and the Flynns,

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