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suffered the punishment he had so often view the spirit of my deceased master, inflicted upon others.

Macarius. He appeared with the cold meThe last stroke fell upon his feet as Khojà ditative aspect which he had worn in lifebreathed his last sigh. “ It is finished,” I “I know thy fortunes, my son,” he said ; exclaimed, in a voice of thunder, and ap- “thou wast doomed to learn that superpearing on the tribunal in my own shape, human power is a solitary thing; sympathy surrounded by flaming guards, I detailed cannot exist between knowledge and ignoto the assembled multitude the particulars rance. Miriam's joys were not thy joys, of the vengeance that I had inflicted on the neither were her griefs thy griefs. From authors of my wrongs. “ Ere I bid you the day that thou first began to commune farewell,” I continued, “share among you with the elementary spirits, thou hadst my now useless treasures," and I seemed rendered thyself unfit for human society. to fling showers of gold into the thickest of Thou art the victim of thy own power, and the throng as I disappeared.

must henceforth dwell alone.” The scramble for wealth by the avari- When Macarius disappeared, I comcious multitude produced a scene of con- manded that Miriam and her lover should fusion that transcends description ; sabres be loosed from their fetters and transported flashed, lances were pointed, stones and other to Bagdad. I could not bear to look upon missiles were flung; those who could obtain the face of a woman I had so tenderly no weapon struck, kicked, and bit; women loved, and I have never enquired her subscreamed, men shouted; the groans of sequent fate. I am a companionless being, wretches trampled in the press were un- possessed of power which I do not want heard. Even after the gold had disap- and fear to use, deprived of the sympathy peared, angry passions continued to main- for which every human soul thirsts, but tain the tumult, until the combatants none more ardently than mine—my life is shrunk from sheer exhaustion.

joyless, and my death In the mean time I returned to Ghizeh, The rest of the MS. is illegible. and summoned for the first and last inter





Oh, farewell to mead and mountain !
Oh, farewell to wood and fountain ;

Autumn now is growing old;
On the tree the leaf is dying,
In the air the light straws flying,

Earth is dark and skies are cold.

Darker yet the streams are flowing,
Colder yet the winds are blowing,

All is one broad field of white;
Tamed by winter's growing weather,
E'en the wild bird leaves the heather,

Scarcely shrinking froin the sight.

Welcome, Winter, I must love thee,
Though a few faint hearts reprove thee;

Let them call thee what they may,
Never, never does


Trip a gayer, lighter measure,

Than in Winter's cheerful day.

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We are happy to state that their Majesties and Esq., second son of Edward Knight, Esq., of Godthe whole of the Royal Family are in excellent mersham-park, Kent, and Charoton House, Hants. health : her Majesty was troubled with a slight The Earl of Harewood is expected in town at cold at the beginning of the month. The Duchess the meeting of Parliament; but the family will of Gloucester has been afflicted with a severe probably remain in the country until Easter. attack of illness, but is now perfectly recovered. The Earl of Yarmouth, eldest son of the Mar.

The operation on the eyes of Prince George of quess of Hertford, will remain in Paris for the Cumberland, which was to have been performed at fashionable season. Christmas, is, by the advice of Baron Graeffe, to be The mansion of Sir J. Langham, in Whitehalldelayed until May.

place, has been again taken by the Earl of MansThe Duke and Duchess of Roxburgh left the field for the approaching season. Star and Garter, Richmond Hill, on the 2nd, for The magnificent mansion now building at Silsoc, the continent.

Bedfordshire, will occupy another year in the conıThe Duke and Duchess of St. Alban’s remain at pletion. The Earl de Grey is his own architect, Brighton till the close of February. Their Graces and the work already betrays considerable ability. intend to give a grand entertainment on St. Valen- The Earl of Selkirk arrived at his seat, St. tine's day.

Mary's Isle, from a Tour in the Canadas and A statue of the late Duke of Athol, executed by United States, on the 11th instant. a pupil of Chantrey, has been placed in the cathedral Viscount Templeton bas presented to the United of Dunkeld.

Service Museum, Whitehall-yard, eight stone celts, The Duke of Devonshire has sent the collection a bronze celt, and a bronze spear, all dug up near of Egyptian antiquities his Grace purchased in town

Castle Upton. to Chatsworth.

Lord Dicas, who is now in Paris, has relinquished The Marquess of Tweedale has been elected a

his mansion, in Curzon-street, to the Duke and Vice President of the Scottish Corporation, in place Duchess of Montrose. of Sir Michael Shaw Stewart, Bart., lately de- Lord and Lady Cowley have arrived in Grosveceased.

nor-square for the season. The Marquess and Marchioness of Londonderry Lord Henry Petty Fitzmaurice attained his mawere to commence their journey from St. Peters- jority on the 6th, but, in consequence of the late burgh to Berlin on the 20th, on their way to bereavement in the family of the Marquess of England ; they are expected to arrive here at the Lansdowne, the event was not celebrated. beginning of February.

Lord Beresford will recommence his dinner parThe Marquess of Hertford has left Nice for ties next month in Cavendish-square. Milan.

Lord Melbourne, Lord John Russell, and the The Marquess and Marchioness of Aylesbury have Chancellor of the Exchequer, have issued cards of arrived in Grosvenor-square from their seat, Tot invitation for grand dinners on the opening of Partenham-park, for the season.

liament. The Earl and Countess of Mansfield have post- Lady A. Beresford will remain at the palace of poned their departure from the palace at Scone Armagh until the first week in April. until the middle of February.

Howard Elphinstone, Esq., M.P. and Sir Howard The venerable Earl of Lauderdale is daily occu- Elphinstone, during the obstruction on the roads, pied with literary pursuits at his seat, Dunbar occasioned by the late snow storm, gave to five men House, N. B.

301. to convey important letters from Hastings to It is said that the widow of the late Rev. Earl London, which could not be forwarded by the Nelson will shortly be united to George Knight, mails.

On Tuesday, January 10, the mortal remaius of Brighton for Sheerness, baving been recently apField Marshal Sir Samuel Hulso were conveyed pointed to the command of that station. from Chelsea Hospital, of which institution he was Mr. Vernon Harcourt and the Lady Elizabeth Governor, for interment in the family vault, situ- will remain at Newnham Hall until the meeting of ated in the neighbourbood of Eritb.

Parliament. Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Otway has quitted


Introduction to the Literature of Europe demands of the enquiry, how much it omits, how

in the Fifteenth, Sixteeth, and Seven- erroneous it is in some of its decisions, and, above teenth centuries. By Henry Hallam, all, into what a narrow compass it compresses a F.R.S.A. Vol. I. Murray. London, quantity of matter that ought to have been ex1837.

panded into at least three times the space. The

first and most serious fault is that Mr. Hallam has English genius, rich in its own productions, has

not given himself room enough to diseuss the topics hitherto accomplished little in the way of contribu

he has congregated upon his page.

Out of this tions to literary history. The Bibliographia Bri

fault spring many others such as hasty verdicts tannica—which furnishes no more than a few leaves

upon men who were confessedly the lights of their to the great volume-is confessedly an inadequate

times, and the total rejection of names that inherit, authority, although, as a whole, it is the only au- by virtue of their intellectual ascendency, a high thority we possess upon so large a scale of the lives place in the records of literature. We cannot deof distinguished Englishmen. In Mr. Warton's His

scend into particulars, but we refer the reader, if tory of English Poetry, there certainly is an attempt he will take the trouble to pursue the investigation, towards an elaborate review of the origin and progress for examples of the first charge to the way in of the art, but it wants method, its criticisms are not which Mr. Hallam dismisses such distinguished always very just or profound, and it does not come

persons as St. Avitus of Vienne, Erigene, St. Cesadown later than the age of Elizabeth. Of Europe rius of Arlos, and Alcuin : and, 'in support of the during the middle ages, we have a meagre and un- second, we may notice the total omission of St. satisfactory account in the work of Mr. Berington : Aldhelm of Sherburne, and the inexcusable brevity and here ends our brief enumeration of almost with which the Anglo-Norman and Spanish poets are every thing that has been done in this way in our treated. These are serious drawbacks on the plealanguage, excepting, of course, such biographies as sure which such a work ought to confer: and we Todd's Life of Spenser, which take up individuals, must conclude either that Mr. Hallam’s researches and incidentally illustrate the age to which they did not carry him sufficiently into the depths of the belong. If we require more extensive and sound enquiry, or that he did not devote himself with the information, we must consult the researches of the requisite assiduity to its prosecution. Mr. Hallam German and French savans ; but even here we

is generally, however, remarkable for honesty cannot get all that we require, and the student who although he sometimes betrays strange prejudices wishes to make himself thoroughly acquainted with and for an accurate judgment — although, here literary history, must ascend to the original sources, again, he commits not a few extraordinary heresies. to the Teutonic, the Saxon, the Minnesangers, the

His reputation, we apprehend, will suffer by this Troubadours, the Norman poets, and to every race

work, which is infinitely inferior to his History of which at different periods in different parts of

the Middle Ages, not merely in the fulness and Europe produced a distinct literature of its own.

correctness of its details, but even in its style, The announcement of such a work as an Introduction

which is for the most part abrupt and inelegant. to the Literature of Europe from such a writer as Mr. Hallam, was, therefore, a subject of no ordinary The Americans, in their Moral, Social, and congratulation, and we approached the perusal of

Political Relations. By Francis J.Grund. this, his first volume, with mixed feelings of curio.

2 vols. Longman. London. 1837. sity and anxiety. It is not without mature deliberation, and sincere regret, that we must acknowledge The countries of modern Europe are much more the disappointment the defective execution of this easily delineated than America. The vivacity of important labour occasioned us. To the general the French (now fast waning into cold ceremony), reader, whose want of precise knowledge on the and the bluntness of the English, are proverbial. subject will render any epitome of the productions We have no difficulty in assigning to the Peninsula of the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centu. and to Germany their more prominent characterisries acceptable to him, this book will doubtless, tics: but respecting America, opinion still flickers be welcome, and to such we commend i with and lingers, as if it were impossible to decide. out hesitation. But the scholar will perceive There are two very evident reasons that will help without difficulty, how much it falls short of the us in some measure to explain the unsettled state

VOL. X.-NO. 11.-FEBRUARY 1837.

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of the subject :- 1st, America is in a constant comparison with that of any other country in the state of transition, so that the attributes of to-day world. That fact may be undeniable, yet to us are displaced by the attributes of to-morrow ; 2nd, the absence of those graces, which we are accusthe diversities that cover her soil are so various tomed to consider indispensable to the highest and so marked, that the experience of one traveller pleasures of intercourse, would greatly reduce -however just and scrupulous he may be—will, the amount of domestic happiness by lowering of necessity, be found to differ even upon material

its tone. American ladies, it appears, are rarely points from the experience of another. It is in vain educated for the drawing-room : they excel in the then that we attempt to fix or define the precise useful arts: they are even instructed in mechanical character of the Americans. They are—to employ studies; but languages and ornamental pursuits a word which is said to be of transatlantic origin, are seldom cultivated amongst them. No doubt, but which is really derived from our old English therefore, they are very good women, and very senwriters — eternally progressing. Their field of sible women, and may take an interest in the course exertion is so vast, that it affords room for almost of the exchanges, and the fluctuations of the boundless enterprise, and the circumstances of in- market; but if we look for the accomplishments that ternal competition in which they are placed, serve enable them to exercise an influence of a different to draw out the industry of the country into perpe- and a more feminine description in their circle, we tual action. Hence they are a people so busily

shall be utterly disappointed.

The truth seems to occupied in commercial speculations, that they lite- be, and Mr. Grund's book proves it, although the rally have no time to cultivate the minor embel- author does not acknowledge so much in words, lishments of life. The form of their government, that the whole pressure of American society is too, which deprives them of the advantages of an towards a single point-money. Every body is aristocracy, has a considerable influence in


engrossed in employments of one sort or another ; pressing the development of those refined tastes they see nothing beyond their immediate occupathat finally impress upon a nation its distinctive and tions; there is no such luxury as “ learned leiindividual traits. Mr. Grund, the author of the sure ;” and the wealthy families who have retired elaborate work before us, resided for a period of from the cares of traffic, and live upon the fruits of fifteen years in America, and being a German by past labour, have no sense of any more elevated birth, and a citizen of the world in practice, he was mode of exhibiting their advantages, than in a grofree from those prejudices which so frequently dis- velling and mercenary spirit of vulgar ostentation. tort the estimates of the tourist, whose deductions Partial as the work is, it does not conceal this are usually formed from the surface. But his book truth; which is creditable to the country, as a land is, nevertheless, not to be wholly relied upon. In of trade, but which disposes at once of its claims to politics he is an ardent republican, and cannot dis- be considered in any more ambitious point of view. cover in the institutions of America a single defect: The Life of Oliver Goldsmith, M. B. in habit, he is so thoroughly imbued with the

From a variety of original sources. By. usages of the States, that he cannot detect in the people any of those faults which even the most

James Prior, author of the Life of Burke,

&c. 2 vols. favourable European who has written on the sub

Murray. London, 1837. ject has not hesitated to admit. His strictures,

It is remarkable that, until the appearance of therefore, are remarkably one-sided : and he carries

these volumes, so little should have been known his partiality so far, that he exalts the literature of of the life of so distinguished a writer as Oliver America to nearly an equal rank with that of Goldsmith. The principal incidents that have England. It is not necessary to expose the fallacy descended to us are to be found in Boswell's Life of of such an assertion. The Sparks and Bancrofts, Johnson, and in the episodical notices scattered the Childs and Sigourneys, the Fays and Browns through the reminiscences of Mrs. Piozzi, and other of America have not enough of original power, of occasional biographers of the period. Mr. Prior has knowledge, of experience, to create even the begin. ably supplied the desideratum. His residence in nings of a national literature. What they have as

Ireland, his association with Irishmen of eminence, yet produced is nothing better than a mere reflec- and the local opportunities opened to him by his tion from England, tarnished in the process by an researches in the preparation of the life of Burke, uncultivated taste. In history and biography yielded him ample materials for a very full memoir America has not put forward a solitary claim that of the poet. The quality for which the work is will survive to the next generation : in moral chiefly deserving of approbation is industry. Mr. philosophy, the new world is a blank; in science, Prior appears to have applied himself with indeshe has cultivated the lower branches with dili- fatigable zeal to the collection of his materials to gence, but has made no discoveries : her novels have left not a spot unexplored from whence he are poor imitations : and her poetry is full of va- might glean particulars—and to have put together nishing tints, like the rainbow, but lacks the endur- with commendable care all the facts and speculaing qualities of thought and deep feeling. Mr. tions he could procure. The booksellers’ ledgers Grund's pictures of society are, we confess, not in London, and even the tailors' bills, contribute very attractive to us, although we have no right to items to this laborious biography; and the career question the accuracy of his statement that the of Goldsmith, from his early adventures in the felicity of married life in America will not yield in rural district which he las celebrated under the


name of “ Auburn,” in his “ Descrted Village,” to and the political transactions of the period were full the close of his life, is as fully illustrated as, at this of stirring interest. The author of this work, distance of time, could fairly have been expected. however, has proved to demonstration that it is We are thus enabled to trace him in a multitude

very possible to spoil the most exciting materials of compositions that were not hitherto known to be by poverty in the treatment. The tale is so conbis; to follow his prolific hand through the fused, that Sicily and her feuds are fairly lost in a columus of the “Public Ledger," the magazines, labyrinth of minor incidents, and the historical and other periodicals, to which he was a constant details, with which the work abounds, lose all their contributor; to discover in him the translator of importance by being interwoven with a clumsy several works that were published for temporary piece of fiction. The characters have the advantage purposes, and the author of numerous short me

undoubtedly of picturesque dresses, and if the imamoirs, prefaces, and essays, that perished with the gination of the reader come in to their assistance occasions that gave them birth. Newberry, the they will make a pretty panorama in the valleys of “children's friend,” was one of his most encouraging that beautiful land; but there is sometbing more patrons ; and it is not a little curious that circum- required than the vapid progress of a show. It stances should justify the belief that, amongst other will not satisfy our curiosity to see the figures pass productions of Goldsmith's which issued from the before us in their plumes and scarfs— we must have press of that worthy person, Margery Two- them in action, we must know their motives and Shoes; or, the History of Mistress Margaret Two- their destination, their relation to each other, and Shoes!” This fact is not positively established, their influence, naturally wrought upon the immebut the evidence upon which the suspicion is

diate scene.

In all these essential points Zulneida founded is very nearly conclusive. In so far as is utterly deficient. The characters have no indiminute details are concerned, this work reflects viduality, they awaken no distinct interest, they go great credit upon the writer ; but it is to be regretted through their parts mechanically, they have neither that Mr. Prior is deficient in those higher powers life nor a likeness to truth. The tale is so vague, of criticism which such an undertaking demanded. so crowded, and so obscure in its development, Goldsmith himself possessed a very exquisite taste ; that it is hardly worth even this brief notice of its but his discrimination did not penetrate beyond existence. general characteristics. Mr. Prior has still less of The Student of ia. A Domestic Trathe critic than the admirable subject of the biography. His opinions are sometimes incorrect, and

gedy. In Five Acts. London, 1837. generally wanting in acumen.

Nor is the arrange

This tragedy solicits attention only by the force ment of the matter entitled to much praise. It

of an ingenionis device, by which the author has hangs loosely together ; it requires to be sifted by endeavoured to insinuate it into notice. Either the reader, before its full value can be extracted; the author, or somebody in his name, attempted to and its continuity is considerably interrupted by procure a false notoriety for the play, by addressing the introduction of detached and irrelevant facts, private notes to the different periodicals, in which that distract the attention from the main object of the piece was variously represented to be the prointerest. Perhaps the truest character that can be

duction of Lord Francis Egerton, Mr. Bulwer, and given of the publication, is that it affords a very

other popular writers. Now as these assertions complete view of the life of Goldsmith ; but that

have been disclaimed, and as they could not all be it disappoints us in its dissertations upon his works.

true, the trick deserves to be denounced as a disThe character of Goldsmith is exhibited in the graceful literary fraud. The drama is worthy of a facts that are gathered in its pages ; but it is not

mind that was capable of so contemptible an artidrawn with skill or judgment by the biographer. fice. It is one of the most unskilful efforts of the But we have no right to expect the union of the

kind we have ever read. The dialogue is puerile critical faculties with so much perseverance and

and extravagant; the characters are mere shadows, assiduity as Mr. Prior displays; and we ought, per

without life or individuality; and the plot is imhaps, to be satisfied with the careful discharge of probable and absurd. There is no consistency or those useful duties of enquiry to which Mr. Prior unity in the action, which turns upon the misforhas dedicated himself so successfully. If we are

tunes of a young gentleman, who is destined by his slightly dissatisfied with his labours in one point of father for the medical profession, but who prefers view, we certainly have no reason to complain of

the idle life of a “poet,” who is appropriately the scantiness of his materials; and on that account

crossed in love, and deservedly poisoned by his alone the work deserves high commendation, and

rival. Out of these threadbare materials the the thanks of the literary community.

disjointed scenes are constructed ; and it is not Zulneida; a Tale of Sicily. By the author difficult to suppose that so bald a story, so manuof the 66 White Cottage."

3 vols.

factured into a tragedy of odds and ends, destitute Macrone. London, 1837.

of poetical spirit and vraisemblance, must be a

complete failure. Sicily in the fifteenth century, during the reign of the house of Arragon, suggests a fertile subject Elenlonely. 3 Vols. Longman and Co. for historical romance. In those times, there was

London, 1837. a gallant gathering of chivalry upon that fair island, An orphan girl discovers that the gentleman to

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