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ORIGINAL PROSE ARTICLES-(CONTINUED.)

PAGE 6. The Bridgewater Treatises. On the power, wisdom and

goodness of God, as manisested in the creation of ani-
mals, and in their history, habits, and instincts. By
Rev. Win. Kirby, M. A., F. R. S., Rector of Barham.
Notice of this work, with extracts; by a citizen of
Virginia.....

211 7. A Good Resolve. An extract.... 8. Currente-Calamosities, No. III; To the Editor of the

Messenger, from the author of “The Tree Articles ;)"
with numerous poetical extracts, on various subjects,
tastefully arranged. By James F. Olis...

216 9. Recollections of a Retired Lawyer. Recollections No. II; Lynch's Law..

218 10. James McDowell, Esq., of Rockbridge, Va. Notice of

an “Address delivered before the Alumni Association

of the Coilege of New Jersey," with extracts... 221 11. Notice to the reviewer of "New Views of the Solar System.".

224

extracts..

ORIGINAL PROSE ARTICLES.

PAGE 1. Fragments of a Journa). Excursion to Lauterbrunnen

in Switzerland; the valley of Sarnem ; Jake of Lu. cerne ; the Brunig; mountains of the Oberlandt; view from the summit of the Righi; the unfortunate valley of Guldau and the Rossberg; chapel of William Tell; the spot where the tyrant Gealer was killed; meeting with an old friend and acquaintance; interesting history of Lord de Vaux; Henry Montague ; Mary Leslie ; Olivia de Tracy; excursion on the lake; the storm; providential rescue of the party ; Montague's adventure in the garden; the apparition ; death of Olivia ; excraordinary slide of the mountain ; arrival at Lucerne ; mysterious disappearance of friend, hero, and

the beautiful valley. By a Virginian Lady....... 153 2. Home as Found; by the author of 'Homeward Bound,' * The Pioneers,' &c. Review of this new work, with

169 3. Confessions of a Novel Reader. Tofluence of novel reading on the mind; that indulgence in it will ener. Fale the mind and destroy its relish for higher and more solid altainments; that the excitement of novel seading is akin to dissipation ; when it subsides it leaves the mind collapsed and imbecile, without the capacity or the inclination for active exertion; the re. salis of the writer's own experience; and as a warning to his young cotemporaries of the danger of yielding too much to the fascination of these seductive works, he has, at the age of sixty.five, recorded the history, not so much of his adventures as of his mind, and traces, in the errors of his education, the causes of those disasters which have embittered his past life. Bș a Virginian Gentleman.....

179 4 The Poet. A Tale, in seven chapters. The woman of

sashion; the discarded; the young painter, &c. By a Young Lady of Virginia....

194 & Sales of a Tour from Virginia to Tennessee, in the

months of July and August, 1833 ; by Rev. Henry Ruffner, D.D., President of Washington College, Lex. ington, Va. Chapter III--From Louisville to West Tennessee. (To be continued.).......

206

ORIGINAL POETRY. 12. Sur Les Etats Unis D’Amerique; a poem, presented to

Dr. Franklin while Minister of the United States to
France ......

178 13. I Have not Lived in Vain. By the author of the “Amreeta.” Dickinson College..

193 14. The Discarded....

202 15. To the Rose. By H. M. S...

205 16. Sonnet. By Hermion. New York.

210 17. A Mother's Evening Thoughts. By Mrs. L. H. Sigourney....

210 18. To a Lady, with a Bouquet. By Park Benjamin. New York, bruary 22..

221 19. The Idiot Boy. By Miss E. H. Stockton, Philadelphia......

2.23 CONTENTS OF COVER.

Title and Contents of the Messenger, page 1; To Readers and Correspondents, List of Agents, and Conditions of the Messcoger, page 2 ; Payments made since publication of the February No. pages 3 and 4; Advertisements page 4.

This work is published in monthly numbers, averaging 64 pages each, at $5 the vol. in advance :

the postage on each No. for 100 miles or less, is 6 cents; over 100 miloi, 10 cents.

RICHMOND, VA.
T. W. WHITE, PRINTER, OPPOSITE THE BELL TAVERN.

TO READERS AND CORRESPONDENTS. We are again obliged to defer till our April No. the promised review of Mrs. Sigourney's popular work entitled “Letters to Mothers.” And, if possible, we shall also notice "An Essay on the Laws of Trade, in reference to Works of Internal Improvement in the United States, by Ch. Ellet, Jr., Civil Engineer, Chief Engineer of the James River and Kanawha Improvement."

In our next No. we shall insert "The Transfigured,” a Tale from the German, translated for the Messenger; the chief design of which seems to have been to illustrate the German philosophy of animal magnetism. The story is very ingenious and highly interesting.

"Sister Ágnes, or the Doomed Vestal of the Hotel Dieu," shall also appear in our April No. We cannot make farther promises to our correspondents just now. We will, however, do all that lies in our power to accommodate our friends. In the mean time we beg they will extend to us the same indulgence the worthy editor of the "Enquirer" asks at the hands of his political friends—“bear and forbear.

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Nor will any subscription be discontinued while any. 3. The risk of transmitting subscriptions by mail will thing remains due thereon, unless at the option of the be assumed by the proprietor. But every subscriber | editor.

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PUBLISHED MONTHLY AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM-THOMAS W. WHITE, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

Vol. V.

RICHMOND, MARCH, 1839.

No. III.

BY A VIRGINIAN LADY.

FRAGMENTS OF A JOURNAL.

Our frolicsome coachman seemed inclined to favor our design of travelling quickly, for he seemed to be

perfectly inspired by the fresh air and bright sun. He Early on the brightest morning we had seen for began first to whistle, and then to sing in a sort of many, many days, we mounted our horses to cross the bass voice, not unlike that of the cows he had doubt. Brunig on our way to Lucerne, in the hope of meeting less been in the habit of attending before being exalted that evening with our fellow-travellers, who had pur to his present station ; accompanying each cadence sued the more direct course from Berne. The air was with a motion of the head, well calculated to produce fresh and pure, and the heavens without the slightest the impression that he had learned this gesture from cloud. An involuntary sigh accompanied an expression the same noble source. From time to time he gave a of regret that we had not been favored with this splen- shrewd glance from the corner of his eye to see how did day for our excursion to Lauterbrunnen; but we the jest was relished, when finding we were almost as consoled ourselves with the hope of obtaining an indem- merry as himself, he began a sort of wild chant pecunification for our disappointment, by reaching the Righi liar to the mountains, and descended from his seat at while it remained clear. The weather in these wild every little hill, more for the pleasure of dancing to his regions is so uncertain, that we felt particularly anxious music

, than the charity of resting his horses. As we lo reach this celebrated mountain, before another change proceeded, his spirits rose higher and higher. He should deprive us of the view from its summit. barked at the dogs, squeaked at the pigs, baaed at the

“You cannot reach the Righi to-day,” said one of goats, squinted at the girls, bowed with mock reve. our guides, while remarking the effect of the first rays rence to all the old men until his head touched the of the rising sun upon the mountains and valleys be horses tails, and saluted all the old women with a peal low us, from the summit of the Brunig. "What a of laughter. It is impossible to conceive any thing so pity!” he added—"we have had so few such days as ridiculous; especially when contrasted with the grave this during the summer!"

demeanor of a respectable old domestic we had brought The remark increased our anxiety to proceed; but with us from Berne, and who seated by his side on the with the decided tone which those who happen to be coach box, or rather the front seat of the char, was " dressed in a little brief authority" are wont to assume, quite scandalized at the attention he attracted, and the the guides told us we spoke of impossibilities, and astonishment of all these various inhabitants of the we continued to walk our horses over the mountain, valley, who remained rooted to the spot where they and to remark its beauties, which, though not extra. had been salated by our Jehu, staring after him in mute ordinary, are very pleasing. As we approached its wonder. It was impossible not to laugh-and we did summit, we were informed by our loquacious conducl. laugh, as the French say, aux larmes." His merri. ors that we were passing the line between Berne and ment was, however, interrupted by the appearance of Unterwalden. They continued to amuse us with their a fine old church, of grand and imposing appearance; comparison of the respective merits of the two cantons, and as we passed through the lofty portico, supported in which their opinions were exactly opposed, (one be by double rows of columns of fine black marble, we ing a protestant and the other a catholic,) during the observed that he crossed himself with an expression descent, where we found the road, though rugged and of deep devotion. Our tour of observation was soon narrow, redeemed from its savage wildness by passing finished, and we departed quietly, without disturbing through a superb forest of beech trees, which sprung the devotions of the pretty peasant girls, who with un. from the clefts of enormous masses of rocks, thickly covered heads, (probably left so for the innocent plea• covered with moss. We enjoyed this refreshing shade sure of showing to the best advantage their bright until we reached the auberge in the valley below. locks, secured by large silver bodkins ornamented with Here we stopped for a short time to procure a little sparkling stones of different colors,) were kneeling near char a bane, to carry us through the valley of Sarnem. the altar. We soon accomplished the remainder of our This lovely spot,though perhaps less known to travellers journey to Alpnach, a little village on the banks of the than any other part of Switzerland, offers every charm lake of the same name, which properly is a part of the that nature and fine cultivation can afford. Its verdant lake of Lucerne, or the four forest cantons. fields are rendered yet more fertile by the quiet little Having arrived at this place so much sooner than we lake of Lungern, which occupies but a small portion of anticipated, we again indulged the hope of reaching the valley, and whose dimpled surface was laughing in the Righi before sunset, and lost no time in procuring a the light of the bright morning sun. Its placid beau. boat to continue our route. The promise of additional ties contrasted well with the Brunig we had just de- reward procured us additional oars.men, and our frail scended, shutting out on that side every object but the bark was soon flying over the blue waters of the lake. snowy and dazzling peaks of the mountains of the We had heard so much of the beauty of the lake of Oberlandt which peered above it. We paused for an Lucerne, that this part of it entirely disappointed our instant at a turn in the road, to take a last view of this expectations : on every side we saw nothing but high singular and beautiful feature, and then rapidly con- and barren mountains, and the scenery is entirely too tinued our route.

rugged to be pleasing. But on emerging suddenly from

Vol. V.-20

the Alpnach see into the wider part of the lake, as we of the lakes below, or among the rocks of the unforluturned the corner of a huge promontory of rock, we nate Goldau,” was certainly not the most agreeable in found ourselves in another region. The prelty little the world. town of Kersiten was just before us; on the right stood I believe there were but few persons in the auberge the town of Stantz; on the left rose the peaked sum- who closed their eyes that night; for, those who were mits of Mont Pilatre; and on the opposite side of the not apprehensive for their safety, feared that the wind broad lake we saw the glittering spires of the capital of might bring a change of weather, which would deprive the canton. The rugged mountains were all soon in them of the view of the rising sun; and this idea, with the rear, and the shores of the lake on each side pre- the discomforts of mine host's beds, was sufficient to sented the highest cultivation and the richest verdure. banish “nature's sweet restorer.” It was with no little The lake was tranquil as a mirror; and the beautiful pleasure that we heard the mountain horn announce a scene looked even more lovely reflected from its peace-clear morning—the signal that is always given to tra. ful bosom, because, as our old domestic said, “there the vellers on the Righi, when the sun promises to rise picture was varnished.Even the hay-makers, in their without clouds. After a hasty toilette, of which a cloak gay costumes, lost none of their picturesque effect by formed the most important part, we all hurried out to the being seen renversé.

highest point of the mountain, distant only about forty We glided rapidly past this pleasing scene, and soon or fifty feet from the auberge. The sun was partially reached the town of Weggis, at the foot of the Righi. obscured by a few light clouds for some minutes, but Notwithstanding the lateness of the hour, we determin- the sky above was perfectly clear, and the view entirely ed to attempt the ascent, and our guides and horses unimpeded by mist, so that we might well felicitate were speedily in readiness. We found less difficulty ourselves upon our visit to this celebrated spot, whose and fatigue than we had anticipated, in the ascent; for charms can never be exaggerated nor even described. the road is far better than that of the mountain passes On the eastern and northern side appeared innumerable we had recently encountered in the valley of Chamouni, mountains; and the splendid chain of the Oberlandt, and we yet hoped to reach the summit before sun now of a dazzling white, rendered still more brilliant set. High, and higher we climbed, until all the moun- by the rays of the sun, rose in stately grandeur abore lains and lakes of Switzerland seemed to be laid out be the azure of those nearest in the picture. On the north low us: range after range of mountains of every shade of and west the view appeared to extend to the ocean, or azure appeared, until the snowy heights of the moun to infinity; for it seemed to have no limit. The black tains of the Oberlandt crowned the glorious scene. forest was pointed out to us on this side, and the course Then we paused; for, it was impossible to reach the of the “dark rolling Danube” likewise indicated. As summit before the sun went down, and we stopped to far as the eye can reach, the mountains are interspersed watch the beautiful effect of his last rays upon the with lakes, of which we counted twelve, distinctly seen. snow-clad mountains. Their dazzling whiteness was Just at the foot of the mountain on the eastern side, changed by degrees to the purest and most brilliant we had a complete view of the unfortunate valley of rose color; then the roseate hue gave place to a ghost. Goldau, and the Rossberg, whose slide many years ago, like white, which broughi forcibly to mind the end of buried three villages with four hundred inhabitants beall living, and this was succeeded by a bright and aerial neath an enormous mass of eartli and rocks. It is afblue, which faded with the approach of night into a so- fecting even at this lapse of time to view the fatal spot, ber gray. We were still half a league from the sum- and to behold this once beautiful and smiling valley mit, and were yielding to the advice of our guides to converted into a rude monument of those who perished dismount at the auberge they pointed out to us; but there. Even the lake, in its vicinity, is half filled up learning that there was another inn at the highest point, by the immense rocks that were tumbled from their we resolved to proceed. We were encouraged in our lofiy resting place. It has been supposed by some nadetermination by the appearance of the moon, which turalists that the Righi is composed, like the Rossberg, was rising in full splendor; and though the silver light of a succession of strata, between each of which there was too faint to give us a perfect idea of the magnifi. is a sort of slippery clay, liable to be acted on by long cent scene below, it yet added to its enchantment. An. rains, as well as internal springs. As these strala are other half hour brought us to the inn on the summit, said to be upon an inclined plane, it is conjectured that where we found a party of about fifty people, who were a part, or indeed almost the whole mountain might slide all merrily engaged at supper. The comforts of this off

, and be precipitated into the lake of Lucerne below. establishment certainly would not have been a suffi. You will, I doubt not, felicitate us that this agreeable cient attraction to its numerous guests, for they were little adventure did not occur during our visit to it, for "few and far between.” Not so, however, were the we certainly had not much desire to add to the splash. lilile chambers in which we were all penned up for the After regaling ourselves for several hours with this night; for, as they were separated only by thin board magnificent view, so often denied by the clouds to trapartitions, the conversation of those within them was only vellers, who sometimes wait many days on the moun. prevented from becoming general by the variety of lan- tain in vain, we felt that we had been particularly faguages spoken among them. It was a little babel. Just vored, and were completely indemnified for any former as the voices of two giggling girls, which were heard after disappointments. We descended slowly on foot on the the rest were silent, had died a way, a tremendous wind northern side, having ascended on the southern, keeparose, and blew with a fury that threatened to carry using in view the most serene part of this beautiful picall off together to the foot of the mountain ; and the idea cure, and in a few hours were reposing in the chapel of of being whirled like a “feuille morte," as the French William Tell at the foot of the mountain. This little naturalist said when in the same situation," into one I chapel has nothing remarkable about it, except the in.

terest it possesses in connexion with the celebrated script, which we entreated him to read for our enter: personage whose name il bears. It is said that on tainment during the ride. To this he assented. this spot he killed the tyrant Gesler; and there are “Some of the other dramatis personæ, with whom several other chapels dedicated to him in this part of you will become acquainted, during the recital I am Switzerland. However great our admiration of the he- about to make,” he said, “ you will, I doubt not, see on roic acis of the patriot, we did not care to visit each of your return 10 your far distant native land, though I his chapels, and contented ourselves with this one as a have taken the same liberty with their names as with specimen. We were, indeed, well content to take a that of Lord —, whom you will recognize under the chaise at the little town of Kussnacht, in its vicinity, to Litle of Lord de Vaux. Indeed I think it most probacontinne our route to Lucerne; for, a walk from the top ble that you are already acquainted with the charming of the Righi to its base, is no ordinary promenade ; and family to whom I allude. Should you find a resemin the present instance, it had been somewhat length-blance to them in my description, I hope you will inened by our visit to the chapel, and rendered more la form me if my picture is accurately drawn.” borious by the warm rays of a vertical sun.

Seeing the impatience with which we awaited the We had not proceeded more than a mile, when the opening of the manuscript, our friend dispensed with chaise seemed to me to move slowly, and yet more farther preface, and thus began: slowly, and at length entirely stopped. The cause of our detention was explained by the coachman, who On a bright and lovely morning in the latter end of said that the narrow road was occupied by a calèche, the month of June, 1806, a small char a banc was seen which had been accidentally broken, and that we could slowly wending its devious way through one of the ronot proceed until it was removed out of the way. We mantic valleys at the base of those stupendous moun. descended for a short time to facilitate this operation, tains, that rise in isolated majesty on the north-western and were surprised to find that the calèche had been oc- side of the lake of the four forest cantons in Switzerland. cupied by two gentlemen, one of whom was an old As it was traversing the road that leads from the lown friend and acquaintance. The other I remembered well of Schwitz to the Righi, it might well be imagined that hasing seen the evening before at the auberge on the its course was directed towards this regina montium, Righi, and being struck with his air and manner, and from whose summit the view at sunrise has well been said the pensive sadness which clouded his brow. The most 10 " form an epoch in one's life that can never be forgotnatural arrangement was that we should offer them the len.” Whether this was the design, or whether, as vacant seats of our chaise, as they were, as well as our the slackened motion of the little vehicle seemed to inselves, journeying to Luicerne. Our friend immediately dicate, il wes about to pause on the outskirts of one of accepted the offer, but his companion, with graceful the thriving villages that doited the green and smiling courtesy, declined it.

valley, may perhaps be ascertained by some reference to "You are less accustomed than I am to climbing its inmates. There were four persons; three ladies, one these mountains,” he said with a melancholy smile of whom was apparently rather in the wane of life, while to his friend. “I prefer, at present, a solitary walk. the other two seemed to have numbered hardly eighteen Adieu !”—and striking into a pathway which led from summers; and a young man, who was evidently the the more frequented route, he disappeared.

guardian and escort of the party. It may be perhaps We re-entered our chaise, accompanied by our friend. as well 10 mention another individual, who certainly

"I am rather surprised,” he said, “that I should have thought himself the most important personage of the presented to you Lord with whom we have just groupe, whatever consequence other people might be parted, for the first time. You must have met with him disposed to attach to his pretensions. This was an before in the haute socielé de Paris, though he spends Italian grey-hound, the most beautiful and diminutive much less of his time there than he did in his more of his species; nestled in one corner of the littic caryouthful days. He says that his career of folly and riage, his hcad reposed in tranquil security on the lap dissipation was arrested by a visit to these mountains, of the younger of the ladies, while an occasional glance where he wilnessed a scene that made an indelible im- toward her face, seemed to invite the caress often bepression on his mind, and essentially aided in changing stowed by her delicate hand. Though this dainty favohim from the thoughtless being he then was, lo the so- rite could not boast the “ears of jet, and emerald eyes" ber and rational man you now behold him. The ex. of the classic and “pensive Selima,” yet the "velvet of cellence of his character is well known in his own coun. his paws” might have almost rivalled her’s; and some try; and he occasionally visits the continent, not to re reason he had to be proud of his silken coat of silver new the mad career in which he was once engaged, gray, bis snowy breast, and the soft dark lustre of his but for health and recreation; and, as he says, to re- gazelle-like eyes. There seemed to be a sort of mystevisit this spot, lest he should again become too much rious sympathy between this dumb companion and his devoted to the world, and that he may be reminded by lovely mistress, which, however, a few minutes obserit of the instability of all things here below. He last vation satisfactorily explained: they were alike beauevening gave me so beautiful and touching a picture, tiful, and alike dependent on the kind care of friends; that I have made a sketch of it-not without his appro- for they were alike-mute. It has often been observed bation, however, for that would be betraying confidence. that when several persons are travelling in company, He told me that he did not object to his experience he. they are either unusually communicative and gay, or ing made a beacon for others; and that I had his per- particularly silent and contemplative. The latter mood mission to record the events of his early history, with seemed 10 possess our travellers; for, during the last the proviso that his real name should not appear.” half hour, not a word had been spoken, except an oc

Here our friend drew from his pocket a small manu-l casional exclamation of wonder or delight, as cach turn

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