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at almost unlimited expense and trouble.” As we without breaking our necks or dislocating our bones; wound upward, we had glorious glimpses into the open but if "facilis descensus averni,” what the ascent world we were leaving behind us, of hill-side and val. would be we hardly dared to think-and think of any ley; but there was one point at which we stopped and future evil we could not, while we were lured on by the remained for some moments in breathless admiration music of the water-fall, which came up from the depths Here there was a wide, deep and wooded chasm be like the song of a siren. treen us and another eminence, that presented a semicircular front like the wall of an amphitheatre—but an Here ended my journal. We were perfectly exhaustamphitheatre built by an Almighty architect. The ed with fatigue when we arrived at our Salisbury inn, trees grew over the side of this mountain so close that at eight in the evening—and the next morning, before they looked absolutely packed with a surface resem- starting for home, I had only time to bring up my notes bling a rich turf, and giving the appearance, I have to where I have ended. But what signifies it? I could remarked, of a green wall.

not have described that most graceful of all the waterThe greater portion of our company, the hale and falls I have ever seen—that treasure which Nature the merciful ones, had alighted from our vehicles to seems to have hidden with a mother's love, deep in the walk up the mountain. A—, who either perceived bosom of her hills. that I was lagging, or wishing to provide a picturesque

We were afterwards told that we did not, afier all, variety, struck a bargain with a butcher's boy, who see what was grandest—that we should have approach. was wending his way up the mountain with supplies ed on the other side, where the access was easy, and for Rhiga, and having huddled the meat into the back gone to the rocky breast-work,* at the summit of the part of the little wagon, he placed me, with my pil. hill, whence we should have looked off a sheer precipice grim's staff, on a board that served for a seat in front, of three hundred feet into the ravine through which the where I figured as a vender of beef and tallow. The water passes away. I believe it, for the fall as we saw Doctor soon overtook us, another type of civilization, it was no more sublime than a child in its wildest frolics, with his symbols, a sulkey, and a leathern sack, con- or a fawn gamboling through the glades of its woodland taining the torments of social existence for those that home. enjoyed few of its benefits. After passing the furnaces If any of my readers have been good-natured enough of Mount Rhiga, (called Mount Raggy by the natives,) to follow me thus far, finding my story without an end, we came upon a lake, four miles in extent, with the they may deem me guilty of an impertinence in publishKatskills for a background. Oh how beautiful that lake ing the journal of a home excursion, which has neither and those blue summits were, when we returned at twi. a striking point nor a startling incident. But if I should light-mountain, lake, and skies, all glowing with the lead any to seek the healthy pleasures within their “last steps of day!

reach, which will cost them no great expense of time or From Rhiga we drove over a very comfortable moun- money, I shall be content. tain road seven miles to Mount Washington, and were In spite of the old ballad which gravely tells us that again in our own county of Berkshire. By the way I "10 travel is great charges," as you know, in every bad a little chat with the Doctor, and was congratula- place, we spent five days, and saw and enjoyed all that ting him on his ride, embracing these far stretching and I have, perhaps too tediously, detailed, for less than the sublime views, when, in reply, directing my observation amount of a week's board at a watering place. to a point in the Kalskills, he said, “My father was

* It is from this rock, where eagles' eggs have been found, that killed there telling a tree, and left me, with several the place obtained the name of Eagle's Nesi. Bash-pish is the other children, orphans, in a log-hut hard by. I always corruption of a name given by some Swiss settler. see the place when I pass this way, and it is a dreary ride to me." There was much food for thought in this; bat turning from the proof that the mind gives its own bue to the outward world, I remembered to have heard

NOTES AND ANECDOTES, that this gentleman and his brother were eminent in their profession, and I thanked Heaven that the stream Political and Miscellaneous--from 1799 to 1930. — Drawn from of life, in our land, runs to prosperity, even though its the Portfolio of an Officer of the Empire-and translated from beginning be in a log-hut on the Katskills.

the French for the Messenger, by a gentleman in Paris. We stopped at a farm house in the village of Mount

SPEECHES IN THE CHAMBERS. Washington, where we deposited our youngest traveller, with her nurse, and three of our little girls, who we Strangers, and particularly the English, never fail to thought incompetent to the labor before us—and having exhibit, on visiting our legislative chambers, their sursecured three riding horses for the least strong among prise at seeing a speaker, after ascending the tribune, us, the rest proceeded, under the guidance of an old draw a little stitched manuscript book from his pocket, mountaineer, through woodland and ploughed land co- and commence the regular reading of a discourse to an wards Bish.pish. The distance was not more than two assembly which rarely seems to listen to him. This miles and a half; no frightful achievement for the poor- habit of writing speeches is gradually disappearing, est walker among us—but the ground was broken and and it is well that it is so. Under the restoration, the rugged, and when two miles were accomplished we had deliberation over almost every law was preceded by a to descend a precipitous bill, where there had been a general discussion, during which the chamber was conrad, now only to be marked by the heaps of stones demned to hear, I do not say to listen to, the reading of from which the earth had been swept during the late some thirty or forty written discourses, in which the farious raios. After much fatigue we did get down I principal object, the projet of the law, generally disap

peared to make room for commonplaces, and irrelevant ordinances of July a profound secret to the very last moand unmeaning declamation, uttered with the most ment, had that secresy been preserved for the purambitious emphasis in the midst of the noisy confusion pose of concealing preparations for defence, extraordi. and conversation of the members. The attention of nary assemblages of troops, or other means of security; the chamber was only secured at the moment of deli- but there was nothing of this sort to be concealed. The beration on the different articles and the various amend government which declared war against the nation, ments. Then the speakers—those who spoke without commenced the struggle entirely unprepared. I might written discourses-seized the tribune; then alone com- perhaps, have imagined some advantage from this menced the true debate. The written discourses, with secresy, had it been intended that the coup d'état of a few exceptions, are a sort of letters of exchange 1830 should have broken out unexpectedly-had it been drawn upon the electors—a certificate of parliamentary designed to take France by surprise--but there seems life, which the Moniteur was called upon to despatch. to have been no intention of accomplishing even this.

Now the deputies quit their places, and save them. The coup d'état was announced in the journals of every selves in the conference rooms, at the mere sight of the shade of opinion, and no ministerial sheet had been sheets of a written discourse. This repugnance to lis. authorised to contradict the report; so far from this, the tening to written discourses, had been long discovered most ardent journal of the absolutist party every mornby men of capacity, accustomed to captivate public ing invited the government to make use of force for attention ; and if they ever wrote their speeches, they crushing the opposition it had to encounter; and yet, committed them to memory, and afterwards improvised to the very last day, the ministers energetically denied them from the tribune.

the projets attributed to them. General Foy, whose eloquence was so brilliant, was The Austrian ambassador, whose wife was at the several times indebted to this innocent stratagem for baths of Dieppe, and who was anxious to go for her, success. With him it was the result of pure modesty, interrogated M. de Polignac with some anxiety: for never were his speeches more powerful than when “If any thing is in preparation,” said he, “I should really improvised. General Lamarque was endowed not leave Paris; I ought to be at my post.” with a wonderful memory: in 1828 he delivered twelve “You may go, without fear,” replied the minister; discourses on the budget of war, without having a sin- "I will be responsible that nothing happens.” gle sheet of paper before him; and yet (I have proof The same answer was given to the English ambasof the fact,) these twelve discourses had been written sador, who did not, however, put implicit faith in its in advance.

truth, since he wrote to his government: “Serious Another deputy, whom I will not name, (he be- events are about to take place: the minister of foreign longed to a different side of the chamber, and did justice affairs denies all intention of a coup d'état—but I know to himself by giving in his resignation in 1830,) had from a good source that the scheme is determined on." also, like General Foy and General Lamarque, the M. de Rothschild, acute, full of foresight, and genetalent of appearing to improvise his discourses. But rally well informed, reposed in confidence upon the deif, as has been said, few are great men to their valets nials of M. de Polignac and M. de Peyronnet, who were de chambre, there are likewise but few orators for the interested in his operations at the Bourse. M. de Rothsjournalists, charged with reporting their discourses. child, whose immense capital is employed in every No pains are taken to conceal any thing from them, country in Europe, turned a deaf ear to the reiterated and frequently one may, in the tribune of the reporters, warnings which he received from all quarters. Urged follow in the manuscript the improvisations of certain on Saturday morning, the 24th, to guard against the orators.

fall which would be the inevitable result of the publiThe deputy of whom I have spoken, was accustom- cation of the ordinances, which he was told, would ed to send his manuscripts to the journals of his party, appear on Monday morning, he replied with a sneer: before the sitting of the chamber ; but he took one pre-“It will be time to think of that on Monday; I am caution, which I never knew General Foy or General about to set off for Boulogne.” M. de Peyronnet had Lamarque employ. This was to note, himself, and said to him: “There will be no coup d'état so long as I beforehand, the interruptions, exclamations, or ap- am a minister; my resignation is ready; time is always plauses which he supposed might accompany any of necessary to recompose a ministry.” his periods.

This also was the language of M. de Chantelauze I have seen-I say I have seen-seen with my own and of M. de Guernon-Ranville; M. d'Haussez and eyes, one of these manuscripts. The words laughter, M. de Monbel preserved silence. very well, murmurs on the left, applauses on the right, gene M. de Rothschild thought himself so certain of the ral approbation, fc. &-c., had been added in the hand- truth, that he did not return to Paris during Sunday writing of the orator, on the sheets of the copy. I read the 25th; and on Monday the 26th, one of his secreat the end of this manuscript the following sentence, taries having found the ordinances in the Moniteur, written out in full, and in the hand of the speaker: hastened to meet his patron on the road from Boulogne,

The honorable orator, on descending from the tribune, to inform him of the fact. The surprise of M. de was surrounded by his numerous friends, who hastened to Rothschild on reading the Moniteur was so great, that congratulate him in the warmest manner.

he swooned in his cabriolet.

A secret so.well kept by so many persons is so extra

ordinary a circumstance, that one is forced to believe, PRINCE TALLEYRAND, IN JULY, 1830.

that, until Sunday the 25th, nothing had been deterI could easily imagine the policy which induced the mined in the cabinet ; and that, if the ministers had in members of the last cabinet of Charles X. to keep the la preceding council received information of the projets

of Charles X. (at first confided only to M. de Polignac,) | In terminating his letter, he stated that his views on a sufficiently strong opposition had been manifested to this subject had been developed to M. de Talleyrand, leave room to believe that these projets had been aban- who would make them known to him. doned, and that it had been determined to wait as long On Saturday the 24th, M. de Talleyrand despatched as might be necessary to secure those who were still the letter of the king of England to Charles X. and soundecided.

licited an audience, which was appointed for the next M. de Talleyrand, whose perspicacity will not be morning, Sunday, the 25th of July, at three o'clock. questioned, also refused to believe in a coup d'état, or at M. de Talleyrand proceeded to Saint Cloud at the least that it was so near at hand.

appointed hour; the council was assembled, and Charles M. de Talleyrand did not love Charles X. and Charles X. presided. It was in this council that a moral violence X. detested him. He could not bear, it has been said, was exercised over the minds of such of the ministers even to see his face; and M. de Talleyrand, always as were opposed to the coup d'état, that an appeal was malicious, never failed to profit by all the opportunities made to their personal devotion, and that the ordinanwhich his dignity of grand chamberlain afforded, to pre- ces were at last signed. sent himself before the monarch. He did not hesitate M.de Talleyrand waited from three o'clock until six. to travel sisty or eighty leagues to procure this petly Charles X., on leaving the council chamber, perceived enjoyment of but a few minutes.

him in the saloon, and observed : “I am very sorry, M. At the time of the revolution in Piedmont, the French de Talleyrand, but it is too late; it will do to-morrow.” ambassador near the court of Sardinia, having quitted The next morning, M. de Talleyrand, having read the Turin, came to render Louis XVIII. an account of the ordinances in the Moniteur, comprehended that it was events of which he had been a witness. The Count indeed too late, and did not think it necessary to go to d'Artois, informed of the presence of this ambassador Saint Cloud. in the cabinet of his brother, hastened thither : M. de Wednesday, the 28th, M. de Talleyrand, who was Talleyrand was present at the conference. The Count almost the oldest member of the Chamber of Peers, d'Artois expressed himself at first with great vehe- assembled at his house his colleagues then in Paris, to mence on the events in Piedmont, and blamed with deliberate, after the manner of the Chamber of Depumuch energy the conduct of the anibassador in the cir- ties, on what was best to be done in the grave circumstances in which he was placed. The ambassador cumstances in which they found themselves. proved that his conduct had been perfectly conformable to the instructions of the minister of foreign affairs. THE MARSHAL, DUKE OF RAGUSA. * You receired some letters from M. de Blocas,” replied The Marshal, Duke of Ragusa, has been exiled from the Count d'Artois, with some quickness; "those were France since the revolution of July. After having the the instructions to which you should have conformed.” M. misfortune to make war upon his fellow-citizens, he de Talleyrand defended the ambassador with much committed the crime of suffering himself to be conwarmth, and Charles X. never forgave him, as he never quered. Let no one cry out against the position in pardoned the resistance to his wishes which had been which I have placed the two words, misfortune and crime, offered by the minister of foreign affairs in 1815. in the preceding sentence. It is always a misfortune

When the Count d'Artois and the ambassador had to have to make war upon one's fellow-citizens; but this withdrawn, Louis XVIII. said, with a sad manner, to misfortune only becomes a crime in those who allow M. de Talleyrand, “You see, prince, I am no longer themselves to be overcome. Marshal Marmont was king; there are really two governments in France; not the first French general reduced to the hard necesand that which it is necessary to obey, under pain of sity of firing upon the people. Suppose Bonaparte, disgrace, is the government of the king who can mount for example, had been defeated in his struggle against on horseback.”

the sections of Paris, on the 13th vendemaire, and you A short time after the ascension of Charles X. to the will concede that he would have been condemned even throne, M. de Talleyrand solicited the survivorship of more severely than Marshal Marmont has been. Since the grand chamberlain's office in favor of his brother. 1830, the French soldiers have been frequently conThe great offices of the court were in some degree he demned to fire upon their fellow.citizens at Lyons, reditary in a family; but M. de Talleyrand had too Paris, and in other places. No one thinks of reproachmuch reason to doubt the good will of Charles X. to ing them, because they were successful. omit soliciting a promise which, to a certain degree, There is a cruel fatality in the lives of certain mev. would have tranquillized him. “I not only cannot Nobody will deny that the Duke of Ragusa possesses promise to comply with your request,” replied Charles distinguished military talents, vast information, and X., “but I ought to inform you that I have disposed of precious qualities; he is a man who in every respect the place of grand chamberlain the moment that you gains immensely by being known. In 1814, he was leave it vacant."

accused of treason. Those who are well acquainted A few days before the revolution of July, M. de Tal with the facts of the history of that period, and who leyrand had been entrusted with the discharge of a judge without prejudice, know the injustice of this confidential mission near Charles X. The king of charge. But it seems to be a necessity with us to cry England, who, like his ambassador, placed but little treason whenever we sustain a reverse ; it is a satisconfidence in the denials of M. de Polignac, had writ- faction which we allow our own self-love. The marten to Charles X. to represent the danger of the mea- shal passed fifteen years under the weight of public sores which he was preparing, and to urge him, with a reprobation. I say public, because those who are acview 19 the interests of all the princes of Europe, to quainted with facts, and appreciate them justly, are renounce projets which might endanger every throne. I always in a minority in any nation.

Vol. 1.-6

New circumstances present themselves: the Duke of I never saw the Duke of Ragusa again; but I have Ragusa is charged to defend a government which he seen a letter written by him to a lady, shortly after the did not like and acts which hc loudly disapproved. If events of July, 1530. I wish this letter belonged to me, he had followed the impulse of his heart, he would and that I was allowed to publish it: it would comunder these circumstances have betrayed, and no ex- pletely justify, in the opinion of many worthy men, the pressions would have been found strong enough for the conduct of the Duke of Ragusa, both in 1814 and 1830. patriotism of his conduct. For not having been a traitor, the marshal is compelled to seek an asylum in

M. DE POLIGNAC IN 1830. a foreign land. It is melancholy to think, and cruel to It is known, that towards the conclusion of the strug. say so, but every thing tends to prove the fact, that in gle of the three days, many houses in the Rue Saint politics success changes the nature of things and legiti. Honoré were occupied by detachments of the royal mizes all.

guard, which, abandoned in this perilous situation by Unimportant an individual as I am, I was in a situa- the retreat of the rest of the royalist troops, could only tion to observe the secret opinions of Marshal Marmont, exhaust their last ammunition and then surrender. One on the subject of the ordinances of July. I have long of these houses was taken by assault, and all the sol. known him. The Duke of Ragusa had been consulted, diers which it contained were killed and thrown from in 1816, by the commission charged to prepare a com- the windows. There were two officers in this houseplete plan for a system of defence for France. He one perished in the struggle, and the other was indebtcame into a bureau in which I was employed, and ta- ed for his life to an accident which he could never exking me, because I was the first person he met, he dic- plain. Some minutes before the house was attacked, tated to me for nearly four hours, and with the most he heard himself called to from the street: it was in perfect lucidness, his opinion on one of the most diffi- consequence of an order from M. de Polignac. He incult questions of military science. Whenever I have stantly proceeded to the Tuilleries, and received direcseen him since that period, he has received me with tions to throw aside his uniform, to cover himself with extreme kindness.

an overcoat, and to proceed immediately to the camp of The ordinances of July had appeared in the Moniteur Saint Omer, with an order to the commanding general of Monday the 26th. Being connected, at that period, to direct all his troops upon Paris. with a very liberal journal, the Journal du Commerce, The officer of whom I speak was but a sub-lieutenant; I had been present, during the morning, at a meeting he was a man of high character, but his merits were of the editors, in which it had been decided, notwith only known to his friends, of whom I was one. He standing the prohibition, that the journal should ap- was brave, but possessed of none of those brilliant qualipear. Every one had then to occupy himself with the ties, of those extraordinary talents, which distinguish particular department which fell to his share. I had a soldier, and cause him to be remembered in a moment to report the proceedings of a solemn session of the of difficulty, when great energy or great activity are Academy of Sciences, which was to be held on that very required. He was a man of intelligence, of a high chaMonday. I proceeded to the palace of the institute, racter, but of a cold temperament, sufficiently certain of and was sitting in the library waiting the opening of his own courage to make no parade of it, and discharthe meeting. The Marshal Duke of Ragusa was the ging his duties conscientiously, but without ostentation. first member of the Academy whom I observed. 1 He believed himself, and ought to have believed himwent up to salute him, and was instantly struck with self, in his subaltern grade, entirely unknown to those the change in his appearance; he was walking alone, who filled the principal offices of the government. absorbed in his own reflections, and appeared to be At the Tuilleries M. de Polignac had the whole staff suffering under the weight of violent chagrin.

of the Marshal Duke of Ragusa at his disposal : he “What are you going to do here ?” he said to me. had near him officers personally devoted to him-sol

“I have come to report the proceedings of the sitting diers accustomed to discharge confidential and difficult of the Academy."

missions; he left them aside; he did not reflect that To report their proceedings!"

a general or at least a superior officer was necessary to "Yes, Marshal.”

carry so important an order as the one he had to des“Then you have not read the Moniteur ?"

patch. Despatches might be seized, or the bearer “I beg your pardon.”

might judge it advisable to destroy them, and therefore And your journal will appear ?"

it might be necessary to deliver a verbal order; and a “ Yes."

general-in-chief might accord to an officer of elevated “You have then asked permission ?

rank the confidence which he would perhaps refuse to “No-and we do not mean to ask it."

a sub-lieutenant. Good luck would have it that none “ And it will appear ?"

of these thoughts struck the mind of M. de Polignac: “Yes, while our presses remain unbroken.” he asked for an officer, and he stopped at the name of “You are right-it is YOUR DUTY.”

a sub-lieutenant whom he had never seen, but whose The Marshal, afte: having said these words in a name, which he then heard, perhaps for the first time, grave tone, resumed his silent promenade, carefully struck him. Why was this ? No one knows. It was avoiding such of his colleagues as he was the most inti- a mere accident. Without knowing it, M. de Polignac mately connected with. When the sitting was opened, saved the life of a very good officer; also without knowhe seated himself at the extremity of a bench, and re-ing it, he happened to make a very good choice, for the mained there, with his head resting on his hand, more mission was discharged with intelligence and rapiditythan two hours, without exchanging a word with any but events marched too rapidly to allow the expected of his neighbors.

succor to arrive in time.

[To be continued.]


THE BRIDE OF THE DEAD. The wanderer came from the far-off clime, Where long he had wasted his life's fair prime, To the home of his birth-the hallow'd spot Or the vine-wreath'd bill and the shelter'd cot. He came with the hopes of his youth no moreHis soul's glad dream had been shadow'd o'er-And his pallid look told, with fearful power, That death was at work in his manhood's hour. But she was there, who had watched for him, Till her cheek had paled and her eye grown dim-In whose thought his name, by a thousand ties, Was linked to all blessed memories. She heard but one step on the threshold stone, (For deep through her heart had the echo gone,) And the crimson tide to her forehead rush’d, As fast on his bosom her full tears gush'd. Then slowly she lifted his clustering hair, Bat marked not the change that was written there;For oh! the measure of weeks, and days, And distance, was lost in that fond, fixed gaze. She saw, in the depths of his wasted eye, But the holy light of the years gone byAnd voices and cones that the past time brings, Were sweeping, like music, her spirit's strings. "I have come for thee,I have come for thee, From my exile home o'er the far bright sea! But the dream of my youth with its joy hath flown, And the golden cord of my life is gone. I bring not riches, nor high renown, And but withered hopes for thy bridal-crown! And wilt thou be his, who greets thee now With the seal of sickness upon his brow ?

I love the brow that scorns to wear

The shadows of a vain deceit, That boldly fronts the monster care,

And lays him powerless at her feet; I love the heart that loves in grief,

That gladly leaps at other's joy ; I love the hand that gives relief,

Tho'clasped not by a jeweld toy;
I love the feet that haste to bring,

Glad tidings to a broken heart;
I love the voice, whose music's ring

Bids sorrow's heavy sigh depart.
I love the mind that soars above

The littleness of life's vain round, Whose light can compass worlds above,

And wander thro' mysterious ground; Whose faith on God is firmly based,

Whose glance the infidel forsakes, Whose words by modest merit graced,

The dull cold chain of fashion breaks. I love the mother who can give

Her offspring nature's stream of life, Nor think it misery to live

In all the duties of a wife; I love the laugh of innocence,

That calls her little ones around, Nor cheats them with a vain pretence,

Nor mocks them with a hollow sound.

"Will I be thine! Can the soul forget
The yearning thoughts which it clingz to yet ?
Will I be thine! Can the heart despair,
When love hath once lighted its shrine-fire there?
Oh! I will be chine, 'though thy hopes are crush'd,
Though the song of my life is in spring.time hushid,
And the blossoms of joy are, like rose-leaves, shed ;-
I am thine!—Though I be but the bride of the dead.”

They gather'd there in the humble church,
And the garlands were hung in the lowly porch.
They knew him when erst from that maiden's side,
He went to the world in his hour of pride,
And they marked now his step and his feeble smile,
As he toiter'd slowly along the aisle ;
And bright tears fell like the April rain
For him who," so changed !” had return'd again.
They stood up there by the altar-side,
That wasted man and his gentle bride.

And where shall such an one be found

Amid the thoughtless ones of earth ?
Is she on fashion's changing ground,

Where cold precision stifles mirth ?
Is she amid the gaudy things

That flutter round the lighted halls ?
That haste in swarms to hygeian springs,

To waste their time in midnight balls ?
Is she amid the azure crew

That study life to limn its faults ?
That love the title of a blue,

And dose their friends with attic salts ?
Is she amid the lbrong that spin

Their everlasting yarn by day?
That scorn to own a hidden sin,

Yet hasten on their downward way?
No! far from these my fancy strays,

Where some lone spire in beauty towers,
Where hoarse the mountain streamlet plays,

And sweet conteniment makes her bowers.
There, o'er the dairy's richest store,

Or 'mid the fruits and flowers of earth,
Behold! the maiden I adore,

Baptized to innocence and worth.
Are roses worthless on the cheeks,

Tho' brighter far than those of spring?
Is the eye valueless that speaks

The soul's unspotted offering ?
No! give me in my joyous day,

That gentle heart, that priceless pearl,
Whose smile shall chase life's gloom away,

The ruby lipp'd New-England girl.
Washington, January, 1839.

J. E. D.

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