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though feebly, to dispute the despotism of winter. It mained all night to watch his repose. His intellect had was a cold, blustering night in the end of March, when, often before seemed disordered: this dreadful catastroas I was sitting in the bar-room at the inn, after return. phe had overthrown the tottering citadel of reason. ing from my usual evening visit to Briar Hill, with a “Poor Harry! now is thy despair madness !" small circle of the neighbors, who had gathered close round the fire, that news was brought, by a trembling Harry was never brought to trial. He had drawn messenger, that an awful tragedy had just been acted his weapon only in self-defence, and, besides, his insaniat the Black Bear, the tavern before mentioned. Ile ty was too fearfully manifest to be called in question. could not tell us all the particulars, but only that there it was not until after the dreadful event which I have had been a fight, and that he had seen Bill Davis lying narrated, that I told Alice of his devoted but despairing upon the floor, weltering in blood. In an instant it love. His father's circumstances were too narrow to flashed upon me that Harry Bowne had been the other admit of his providing a suitable place of confinement for combatant, and, while the rest waited to extract some him; and Mr. Richmond, at his own expense, placed thing farther from the boy who had brought the intelli- him at the most comfortable private asylum which gence, I hurried off to the scene of horror. When I ar- could be found. His case was pronounced incurablerived, the whole inn was still in commotion, and on the he is still a raving maniac! bar-room floor was stretched the lifeless form of poor Davis, stripped almost naked, for examination by the The reader will, no doubt, be anxious to learn whecoroner's inquest, that was just about to sit, and cover-ther anything has yet been heard of James Elliott. I did ed with blood from a ghastly wound, inflicted by a hear of him, about a year after his flight from justice, as knife: the weapon had cloven its way through his a poor wandering vagabond: his friends had cast him beart. I was afraid to inquire who had perpetrated the upon the world even before his visit to Briar Hill. deed, lest my surmise should prove correct; but the subsequently, I was informed that he had gone to Texas. answer to a question asked by some one near, told me Nothing more can I tell, excepting that James Elliott that I was not mistaken. The particulars I then learned was the name of one of those who fell in the bloody from one who had witnessed the affray.
massacre of the Alamo. Bill Davis had been drinking before Harry came in, and, almost as soon as he entered, had begun as usual “Alice, my dear, read what I have written, and let to taunt him with his love for Alice Richmond. A me add your authority to mine for its truth.” quarrel ensued, blows followed words; and Harry, pressed into a corner by his powerful antagonist, had at “Yes, Henry,” she answers me, with the tears that last drawn a long-bladed knife from his bosom, and, recollection has gathered sparkling in her eyes; “it is before his hand could be arrested, plunged it into Davis's all true, excepting that about my graceful form and breast. The latter fell almost without a groan, and pretty little ankle. However I will kiss you for it, as instantly expired. I asked where Harry was, and was now-a-days, you do not often say such pretty things.” directed to a house in the neighborhood whither he had “But remember, Alice, that we have been married been taken for security. I followed the direction, and five years, and therefore I must have impressed you, on reaching the house, found a crowd before the door, by this time, with the full belief, that your form is a which was guarded by two or three men, who refused model of grace, and that your ankle is pretty : so me admittance.
what's the use of my saying anything farther about “ He is gone raving mad,” said one of them, “and them. Why are you going so soon? Well, thank attempts to tear in pieces every one that approaches. you for your kiss : it shall last me tilltill I see you They have been obliged to tie his hands and feet, to again!" prevent his doing injury to himself or some one else.”
I begged that they would let me see him, and after some entreaty prevailed upon one of them, with whom I was well acquainted, to admit me. Two more guard.
THE BEECHEN TREE. ed the door of the chamber in which he was confined: they allowed me to pass without hesitation, and I stood
BY THE AUTHOR OF “CLINTON BRADSHAW," &c. in the presence of the wretched prisoner. He was tied
As Love's own altar honor me; down upon a bed, and four men stood near to watch his Spare, woodman, spare the beechen tree. Campbell. movements, and, as far as possible, relieve his wants. When I entered he was quiet, having exhausted him. He carved two names upon the beechen tree; self by his ravings and vain exertions to release his Encircling them with a deep graven heart: hands and feet. One of the men mentioned my name Beneath its shade young Helen vowed to be to him: be repeated it slowly, but without any sign of His love, beloving. When she rose to part, feeling. At that moment, however, his eye turned to. As summer's twilight deepened into dark, wards me, and he uttered a cry of frantic joy that pierced He staid behind her there, and carved the beechen bark. to my very heart.
“O save me! save me! You will save me! I killed He staid behind her; for there was a feud him-I know I killed him ; but I was mad! And I am Between their houses ; and he might not go mad still! Yes, mad! O save-do save me !" Beside her to the house beyond the wood ;
I sat down by his side upon the bed, and bathed his Else might their loves be fruitful but in wo: barsting temples and brow with cold water. At length That tree became their trysting place—there she I succeeded in soothing him into a quiet slumber, but re- I Came often through the woods humming a melody.
necessary for executing the laws, without having power either And, with a like intent, he careless came
to suspend the laws themselves, or dispense with their execution.
The person of the King is inviolable and sacred; but his min. With fishing-line, maybe, seeking the brook ;
isters are responsible. O! how they spoke of the deep-nurtured fame!
Chamber of Peers.
The rights of the Peers were formerly hereditary; but, in
1631, their here ry rights were abolished; and they are now And when, alas! 'was gone, how sad the solitude.
nominated for life by the King, who can select them only from
among those men who have held, for a certain time, high public Years pass'd-unwished, yet by a master power,
offices, such as those of ministers, generals, counsellors of Their vows were broken, and they met by chance
state, presects, mayors of cities of 30,000 inhabitants or more,
presidents of royal courts, members of the Institute, members Beneath that tree in summer's twilight hour :
of general councils, or of councils of commerce, &c. Each started, as they met each other's glance, The Chamber of Peers participates the legislative power with And strangely to their minds uprose their youth, that of the Deputies and with the King. It is convoked at the The tree, the graven name, the oft-vowed pledge of truth! same time as the Chamber of Deputies, and it can hold no ses.
sion at any time when the Chamber of Deputies is not also in V.
session. Nevertheless, as it has cognizance of the crimes of Their names had been cut out from the tree's side ;
high treason and of outrages against the safety of the state, it It's silky greenness showed how deep the scar- may, in this case only, and for the exercise exclusively of its He looked upon her with a sullen pride,
judicial functions, forni itself into a court of justice, even at a And she turned from him hurrying afar.
time when the Chamber of Deputies is not in session. The
Chamber of Peers occupies the Palace of the Luxembourg, He did not watch her as she homeward went,
which has been successively the residence of Maria de Medicis, But left, with a dark brow, upon the past intent. of the family of Orleans, of the Directory, of the First Consul VI.
Bonaparte, of the Conservatory Senate, &c. Its sessions are No other name can ever be graved there,
public. In the first freshness of that beechen tree;
The number of members of the Chamber of Peers is about
200. Baron Pasquier, Speaker. And she may listen to another's prayer,
The names of the Peers may be seen in the American Almanac And he to other maids may bow the knee;
for 1936. Yet in their hearts abides, for aye, the token
Chamber of Deputies. Of the first vows they made, now miserably broken. This body is composed of Deputies elected, every five years,
by 439 colleges, distributed among the departments in propor. tion to their population; and to these colleges all Frenchmen, who perform certain conditions specified by one of the funda. mental laws, are summoned. In order to be eligible as a deputy,
a Frenchman must be thirty years of age and pay a direct tax of AMERICAN ALMANAC FOR 1839.
500 francs; and, in order to be an elector, he must pay a direct
tax of 200 francs. To the King pertains the right of convoking The tenth number, or volume, of this capital work, the Chamber of Deputies; he may also prorogue or dissolve it; is on the counters of the principal bookstores. Its but in this last case he must convoke a new one within three 314 closely printed pages contain, as usual, many months. The Chamber of Deputies meets at Paris in the palace things, statistic, geographic, historical, and philosophi. sessions are public.
which formerly belonged to the family of Bourbon-Condé. Its cal, which it is gratifying to know now, and which will All the power of the Chamber of Deputjes consists in delibebe yet more pleasing to remember, hereafter. As a rating and voting respecting laws, which must also obtain the small and very inadequate sample of the kind of infor-assent of the other two branches ; but, with respect to the execu. mation which this almanac imparts, we extract a page nomination or the dismission of functionaries of any class, it
tion of them, it takes no part. Taking no part either in the and a half from its article on “FRANCE;" adding, that exercises, in relation to the government of the country, only an a correspondingly clear account is given of the govern- oversight and control. Every year, the law relating to the finan. ment, &c. of each state or kingdom in Europe, and of ces or budget, which gives authority for collecting the taxes, and each one in America. There are also foreign and for die posing, under certain restrictions, of the revenue which
they afford, is submitted to its vote, before it undergoes an domestic obituaries, of distinguished persons—a chro
examination in the other Chamber. It is then by giving its nological table of remarkable events in the year ending assent, or rather its refusal, that it can make known to the with August last-an ephemeris of the sun, moon, and country whether it approves or disapproves of the proceedings tides, calculated for several prominent points in the of the executive power. United States-lists of the American Congress, and the
The present Chamber of Deputies was elected in 1837. Num.
ber, 459. Charles Dupin, Speaker.
On a famous belle, who had just completed a "stuff shoe," of The government of France comprises three powers or
questionable utility. branches, the King, the Chamber of Peers, and the Chamber of Deputies ; and their threefold sanction is necessary in order to
Careless she is, every one must allow-
There's a great deal of nature and a little of art, -
Howe'er, she finds way direct to the heart:
In fine, she's kind-hearted, virtuous and true; state, commands the forces both of land and sea, declares war, makes treaties of peace, alliance, and cominerce, appoints to
Never willing to work-except on a stuff shoe; all offices of government, and makes the rules and ordinances Ever ready to do good-and-evil loo.
MR. ADAMS'S LETTER,
your time and inclination will permit. Give one hour of men.
tal application,- for you must not read without thinking, or TO CERTAIN YOUNG MEN IN BALTIMORE.
you will read to little purpose,--give an hour of joint reading
and thought to the chronology, and one to the geography of Mr. White, One of the readers of your Messenger, there. Even for those two hours, you will ever after read the
the Bible, and if it introduces you to too hard a study, stop bas a reason for desiring the insertion in your next Bible, and any other history, with more fruit—more intelli. number, the following letter of Mr. Adams to the young gence-more satisfaction. But, if those two hours excite your men of the Franklin Association in Baltimore, in re curiosily, and tempt you to devote part of an hour every day ference to the selection of a young men's library.
for a year or years, to study thoroughly the chronology and It is desired also to append some observations far. geography of the Bible, it will not only lead you far deeper than
you will otherwise ever penetrate into the knowledge of the ther, on the same subject, which, if worthy of a place book, but it will spread foods of light upon every step you shall at all in the Messenger, the admirable thoughts of the ever afterwards take in acquiring the knowledge of profane learned ex-president may happily introduce.
history, and upon the local habitation of every tribe of man,
and upon the name of every nation into which the children of Washinglon, 22d June, 1838. Adam have been divided. Gentlemen :-I have no words to express my gratitude for the There are many other subsidiary studies, to which you may kind feelings and more than friendly estimate of my character, devote more or less of time, for the express purpose of making contained in your letter of the 9th inst., and am not less at a loss your Bible reading more intelligible to yourselves. It is a book for language to utter the humiliation of a deep conviction how which neither the most ignorant and weakest, nor the most little your panegyric has been deserved.
learned and intelligent mind can read without improvement. Were it even so far deserved that I could feel myself qualified There are other books of great worth and of easy acquisition, to give you the advice which you desire, it would afford me thc which I suppose will be accessible to you all. The libraries of most heartfelt pleasure to give it ; but situaled in life as you rep. useful and of entertaining knowledge--the Family Library, the resent yourselves to be, I could scarcely game any list of Monthly and Quarterly Reviews and Magazines, which are in books, or of authors which I could recommend as equally a continual succession of publication in this country, as well as worthy of attention to you all. The first, and almost the only in England, will furnish you a constant supply of profitable book deserving such universal recommendation, is the Bible reading; for the selection of which, time, inclination and opand in recommending that, I fear that some of you will think I portunity will be your wisest counsellors. As citizens of a free an performing a superfluous and others a very unnecessary country, taking an interest in its public concerns, I am sure I oft.ce-yet such is my deliberate opinion. The Bible is the book need not remind you, how strong your impulse should be to of all others to be read at all ages and in all conditions of human seek an intimate knowledge of the history of America, from life ;-Dot to be read once or twice or thrice through, and then voyage of Columbus, and even his supposed predecessors, to be laid aside ; but to be read in small portions of one or two Prince Madloc of Wales, and the North men, down to the chapters, esery day, and never to be intermitted, unless by Olympiads of Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren. The some overruling necessity.
American hemisphere--the continent of North America--the This attentive and repeated reading of the Bible, in small por. United States of America, before and since the acquisition of tions every day, leads the mind to habitual meditation upon sub. Louisiana, and every separate state of this union, is a series of jects of the highest interest to the welfare of the individual in historical problems of which you should systematically seek this world, as well as to prepare him for that hereafter, to which the solution. Read the constitution of the United States--the We are all destined. It furnishes rules of conduct for our con. commentary of the Federalist--the constitution and history of duci towards others in our social relations. In the command your own state--- biographies, beginning with Langhorne’s Pluments delivered from Sinai, in the inimitable sublimity of the earch, and thence proceeding to the history of John Smith ; to the Psalms and of the prophets, in the profound and concentrated American biographers of Belknap and Sparks; to Washington observations upon human life and manners, embodied in the Irving's Life of Columbus; and to the articles of Penn, and Cal. Proverbs of Solomon, in the philosophical allegory so beauti. vert, and Locke, and Oglethorpe, which will lead you on to fully set forth in the narrative of facts, whether real or imagi- others in the Encyclopedia Americana or Conversations' Lexi. Dary, of the Book of Job, an active mind cannot peruse a single con. Then the fashionable novels and poetry ofthe present times : chapter and say the book aside to think, and take it up again Scotl, Byron, Moore, Rogers, Coleridge, Southey, Wordsworth, to-morrow, without finding in it advice for our own conduct, two Montgomerys, Cooper, Paulding, Willis, Mrs. Hemans and which we may turn to useful account in the progress of our | Lady Blessington, Mrs. Sigourney and Miss Gould, and worth daily pilgrimage upon earth--and when we pass from the Old them all,Miss Edgeworth-and lastly, the reports of your counTestiment to the New, we meet at once a system of universal trymen, travellers in foreign lands-Dr. Dwight, Dr. Sprague, morality, founded upon one precept of universal application, Mr. Bigelow, Lieutenant Slidell, and Dr. Fisk; with many pointing us to peace and good will towards the whole race of others whose names do not at this moment occur to me. man for this life and to peace with God, and an ever blessed have given you more than enough, and after all, hardly koow existence hereafter.
whether the catalogue will meet your inquiries, or satisfy your My friends, if all or any of you have spiritual pastors to guide expectations. After all I must conclude with the advice of the you in the paths of salvation, do not imagine that I am en serving man to the young student in Sbakspeare—“Study, croaching upon the field of their appropriate services : I speak what you most affect.” as a man of the world to men of the world, and I say to you And I remain your friend and fellow student for life, search the scriptures ! If ever you tire of them in seeking for
J. Q. ADAMS. a rule of faith and a standard of morals, search them as records
As a farther and succinct exhibition of the rich conof a story. General and compendious history is one of the fountains of human knowledge, to which you should all resort
lents of that wonderful volume, which Mr. Adams with steady and persevering pursuit. The Bible contains the so justly recommends, allow me here to insert an only authentie introduction to the history of the world ; and in extract from the charge given a few years ago, by storing your minds with the facts of this history, you will im. the late lamented Rev. James W. Douglass to his minmediately perceive the need of assistance from geography and chronology. These assistances you may find in many of the istering brother, the Rev. Stephen Taylor, then inauBibles published with commentaries, and you can have no difti. gurated a professor in the Presbyterian seminary of culty in procuring them. Acquaint yourselves with the chro. our own state. The charge before me, speaks of the nology and geography of the Bible—that will lead you to a church and the Bible in the following graphic and just general knowledge of chronology and of geography, ancient language. and modern, and these will open to you an inexhaustible foud. tain of koowledge respecting the globe which you inhabil, and
1. “ Your office supposes a church. Your duties will respecting the race of man, its inhabitant, to which you your.
soon discover and describe it in its origin and progress selves belong. You may pursue these inquiries just so far as I from remote time. You will find it in the knowledge
and true holiness of unfallen Adam; in the believing and instructions, which accompanied them, all which worship of Abel; in the holy walk of Enoch ; in the would be reported among the nations, and would prove godly fear of Noah; in the faith of Abraham; and that there was a God in Israel. (5.) The last expedient in the visible organization and endowments which it is the universal publication of the gospel of Christ, achath ever since enjoyed.
companied by the Holy Spirit. If this fail, there remain2. “For the first two thousand years, you will find eth no superior, no equal, no other device. There reit without a Bible, or a standing ministry; possessing maineth orly fiery indignation to consume an incorrigionly the Sabbath, the simplest forms of sacrifice, and ble race. But this will not fail. Under this dispensaguided by nature and tradition. In the next two thou- tion, our weapons are not natural, not ceremonial, but sand years, you will find it furnished with a few sacred spiritual and mighty through God. In the first age the books, to preserve the history which tradition was church advanced and triumphed; like Cæsar-came, beginning to forget; to teach accurately the rules of saw, and overcame. But although the truth took strong moral conduct, which nature did not know, or could hold of the memory, the conscience, the heart, the life not enforce; and to put the church under such an or- of a moiety of those of our race, depraved man speedily ganization, as suited its existing relations to the Saviour disengaged himself, and returned to dark and indulgent yet to come. You will find it again fully endowed heathenism. The church has at length resolved to rewith the Saviour's finished work; with the Bible com. publish the gospel in all the world." plete ; with a preaching ministry, commissioned to all Such is the nucleus of knowledge gotten from the Bithe world; and with the promise of the Holy Spirit's ble, and the history of the Bible alone. Definite and presence and power always. Here it is advanced from comprehensive as it is, it is the merest abstract, capable Jewish types; disburdened of Jewish ceremonies; of indefinite, endless expansion, from the same source. and loaded, to the Gentiles with only light, and con I am satisfied that Mr. Adams is right in teaching strained by love, it moves and is moving on to univer- that the Bible is properly the sun and centre of the syssal conquest. And finally, having described its conflicts, tem of useful human knowledge, for this life as well as as the seals were opened, and as the trumpets were the next. All the lights of this world, while in their sounded, or the vials poured out, to our own times, proper orbit, revolve around it. you may venture into unfulfilled prophesy and show Ist. Let us instance history. Not only is it true, as the church in its millennial glory.
the letter observes, that the Bible contains the only au3. “Under all these dispensations you will not fail to thentic introduction to the history of the world, but it mark the strong and devoted affinities of the human is equally true that in the Bible alone, or gotten from mind for error and sin, and the remarkable expedients it, is the true theory of human history. “ The Most High which infinite wisdom successively adopted to counter- rulelh among the kingdoms of men.” “ That nation that act and restrain them, and to withhold miserable man will not serve Him shall perish." “The wicked shall be from the depths of ignorance, error, vice, misery, and turned into 'hades,'" (the grave,) (or shall be capitally hell, towards which he is ever sinking. (1.) During executed by decree of the great sovereign of the world,) its first dispensation, the church, unprovided with a and so shall “ all the nations that forget God.” Bible, unrestrained by a written law, a standing minis. This is the true theory of history. Every nation is try, or the fear of early death, became at once corrupt. subject, in its organized or political capacity, to the geThe earth was filled with violence-behold it was cor- neral government of Providence. Willingly or unwilrupt. And as the church possessed no means adequate lingly, they are so. There are no reserved (indepento sustain, much less to restore religion, that generation dent) rights. The government of God is one grand was abandoned to the deluge, the earth carefully cleans. consolidated monarchy. Not a despotism--but a righed of their corruption, and the race started anew in the teous government, perfect in itself.-“ God over all, person of Noah, who thus became the second Adam. blessed forever." (2.) The next expedient was to shorten human life Remember this, and then read the history of ancient from seven or eight hundred to seventy or eighty years; kingdoms-Egypt, Assyria, Babylonia, Medo-Persia, giving just a tithe and no more of the former probation. the empire of Alexander, and of the Cæsars; or of more (3.) The third expedient was to separate men into obscure Philistia, Idumea, Moab, Ammon, and the rest; small communities, by confounding their language, that or of the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, Tyre, Sidon, they might not corrupt one-another. But still, though Ninevah, Babylon, Petra, Palmyra, or Thebes; or even they knew God, they liked not to retain him in their of the still partially extant cities of Alexandria, Smyrknowledge. These distinct tribes-one and all—became na, Constantinople, Athens, Corinth, and Rome. The idolatrous; and then (4.) God, as if weary of resisting Bible, here in the hands of the student of history, or of the general current, set off a part, in the person of the traveller in ancient lands, is an instructive, perfect Abram and his descendants, for special training, and and necessary guide-book. It is the measuring line of abandoned the rest to walk in their own ways. As the whole subject. The very best key to human history their cup of iniquity became full, they were successively is the Bible. The very best commentary upon the Bible destroyed, and Abram stood to the true faith and wor- is the actual history of the world. ship of God as the third Adam. The general depravity, As the first map in the atlas is the round world-as meantime, was powerfully held in check by the miracu- the first plate in a perfect treatise on anatomy is the dry lous destruction of Sodom, and other cities, for their skeleton, (for the reader had often seen the living man,)exceeding wickedness; by the plagues and ruin of so the Bible is most appropriately the first book in history, Egypt, for resisting God; by the detail of law at Sinai; and in a sense the compend of all. The commentary, in and by those peculiar dispensations in the wilderness, explaining the Bible, is obliged to tell you the history of and in after ages, together with the prophetic warnings I the world; and this, as Mr. Adams says, is properly the
next book; and then turn to the most full and perfect his- of Isaac Taylor-Natural History of Enthusiasm, Fatory of the kingdoms and countries in succession, with naticism, Spiritual Despotism-Saturday Evening, &c. all that Moses and the prophets say about them, before of a somewhat kindred intellectual order are the As. you, as the text. In this succession, Egypt naturally tronomical Lectures of Dr. Chalmers, and his book on comes first—"the mother of kingdoms," as she is in Natural Theology, &c. Let us passhistory," the basest of kingdoms," as she is in fact, up 2d. To a hasty notice of another instance, in illusto the letter of prophesy. Then Assyria, with Nine. tration of the point in hand. It is Natural Theology. vah, that "exceeding great city," her capital-- until for If an individual of inquiring mind were to visit the her crimes she has a master given her, and thus sinks wonderful temple of Jupiter Ammon at Thebes, he into the common grave of the nations that forget God. would ask, if he had an opportunity, and ascertain, if Then Babylon—in her day "the golden city,” “ the he could, the name and history of the architect. Well, lady of kingdoms,” “the glory of kingdoms,” and “the the Bible has told us who is the architect of the much bammer of the whole earth,"--with her wall three hun-more wonderful temple of nature, with all its appropridred feet high, and her temple of Belus surmounting ate and interminable furniture. “By him (Jehovah) the hanging gardens and overlooking those lofty walls were all things created.” Now the proof of this, found with her hundred brazen gates, and her hundred and in the workmanship of nature itself, marks out the subtwenty provinces, ruling over the kingdoms around her, ject of natural theology. And in the general light of ull the maturity of her rebellion against the Author of the true religion and the particular light of this definite the Bible, and head of the church, and father of the Bible statement, is this vast subject explored—from the race, and sovereign of all-then her glory and her orbit of Jupiter down to the mechanism of a woodsceptre depart from her. Let the Bible and truthful pecker's tongue, or a fly's foot, or a musquito's stohistory together tell it. In the same way peruse and mach. The work of Dr. Chalmers on this subject has ponder the annals of her successor, Medo-Persia--and already been mentioned—Dr. Paley's work on the same then of the rising and the setting sun of Macedonia-- subjece is inimitable; and the Treatise of Ferguson of and then of old fome, down till the days of her miser. Dunfarmline, is simple, beautiful and satisfactory, and I able decrepitude. "The lone mother of dead empires, know not how many others. But I am going beyond there she sits, childless and crownless in her voiceless my intentions, and perhaps trespassing upon the ediwoe." The Bible cold it all hundreds of years— tor's space and the reader's patience.
The observation is most just—that after a young man « Ere Romulus and Remus had been suckled."
will take the trouble to make himself as familiar with Now thus balanced in the centre of the system, the Bi. the geography of our globe as A, B, C, and with the ble appears, in its perfectness, the light and the warmth outlines of chronology, and with the simple Bible, the of the whole subject. And the dark and intricate wind- profit then of all his reading will be in a ten-fold ratio. ings of human history are traced under an open sky. Every biography he reads from Plutarch, or whoever light.
else every book of travels-every review or journal The imperfectness of every historic work, written by every weekly or daily newspaper will naturally and uninspired man, is the complaint of every minute seho. almost without intention enlarge and perfect his store lar. Some of them are written by infidels, and full of of knowledge. hollow-hearted and somewhat hollow.headed infidelity. A most valuable advantage in the acquisition of geoBat for the Bible, they would wofully mislead us. The graphical knowledge is had in the missionary publicaBible out of the question, they actually do. But it is tions of our day. A most important help to an acpeculiarly gratifying to find even Gibbon, and a score quaintance with the Bible is enjoyed in the house of God of such, with their hatred of the Bible plain enough every Sabbath. And a conscience at peace with the upon their page, (about as plain as their ignorance of Bible is profitable unto all things—having the promise of il) yel writing out at immense labor and expense the the life that now is and of that which is to come. literal proof and fulfilment of Bible prophesy. Per. haps this was the design of Providence, in having so much of the world's history written by enemies of the Bible. An intelligent and independent mind, enlight
LECTURE ened in the serene and elevated principles of the Book of books, can safely enough accept the service of even
ON THE STUDY OF THE CLASSICS. infidel historians, in tracing out its wonderful predic- Delivered in Washington College, Va., September 10th, 1838 : tions; and in such case will find himself richly stored By George E. Dabney, A. M. Published by request of the in this great subject, from the pages in succession of Rollin, Gibbon, Hume, as also from Robinson, Wal- This is a pamphlet very neatly done up, in which son, and others. A great deal of historic knowledge, Professor Dabney sets forth “ the nature, the object, both comprehensive and detailed, is gotten indirectly and the utility of this branch of education.” in the study of other subjects. Thus in reading the lights The author very modestly disclaims the purpose or of the deistical controversy, such as Lardner or Paley, expectation of being very original; and, indeed, how Watson, Wilson, Keith, McElvaine, Alexander, and could he be, in proving "that ancient literature is not others; and inferior to hardly anything of the sort, is, mere useless lumber ?" An exceedingly conclusive "Letters to Voltaire by certain Jews of the German and argument that he is right on this point, is found in the Polish synagogue." And minds of a certain order, will fact that successive ages and generations, from antifind themselves feasted beyond the comprehension of the quity down, have, without exception, given their pracmutltiude, in stduying (not merely reading,) the works tical testimony to the truth of his position.