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for it is time some one spoke out what every one is saying in private, or the country will be utterly ruined. So little judgment has this haughty nobleman, that, even in the disaffected state of the army, be shows such a cruel and overbearing nature, it is a marvel that his own pikemen do not do bim some bodily injury.
"Yesterday, your cousin and I attended the little court, and paid our respects to His Majesty ; I was received with some show of coldness, but he spoke to Will with marked favour. I was sorry not to have my sovereign's smile and confidence, but I can lay my hand on my heart, conscious of seeking nothing, save the wellbeing of all things that concern himself and the realm; and nothing shall ever come between me and my duty to my King, so long as righteousness and truth are maintained. You will be surprised to hear that Will is knighted. Before we left the presence, His Majesty bade him kneel down, and after the usual ceremony, he rose Sir William Lister. The poor lad was so confused, that he made very scant acknowledgments for this sign of royal grace, and almost neglected to kiss the King's hand. Will is very indignant at this open slight to me; and, indeed, I have good cause for displeasure did I choose to let it trouble me; but I know well who has prejudiced the mind of my royal master against me. thought too old and too stubborn to be bought over to forward Strafford's illegal schemes; and they have mistaken Will's temper. He said to me, hotly, 'Does the Lord Strafford suppose that because my father entertained the King and his train so hospitably last year, this year his son is going to sell all his rights as an Englishman ? It may be an honour to have the King's sword on my shoulders, but if I am to pay for it by having his lordship’s foot upon my neck, I will renounce the spurs I never won. I am ashamed, uncle, to wear such a title in your presence.' I told him that he must show himself worthy of his unsought honours, and that I doubted not there would be opportunities enough to prove his valour, did he patiently wait.
"Do not be discouraged, dear heart; it is not titles that make us happier in ourselves, or more deserving in the sight of heaven; and I would not change places with William Wentworth, for all the wealth in the universe. On every hand the King is urged to summon another Parliament; but his dislike to the House of Commons leads him still to refuse, and he hopes to settle all questions by an assembly of lords. I shall wait here to see the result of their deliberations, and then shall hasten home. The King keeps à careful eye upon his town of Hull, on account of the valuable stores in our keeping. I hear that the armies and ammunition lately sent from the palace are to be returned there speedily.
“Do pot fail, my child, to take the fresh air. It will not add to
the joy of my return to find you have grown paler. I have promised Ralpl's grandfather, old Sir Guy Hildyard, that we will spend Christmas with him at Winestead. He is here with his dame. Indeed, all the nobility and gentlefolks of the county are constantly coming and going, to pay their duty to the King."
I knew Janet would be glad to hear any tidings of my father, so I went to the still-room, where I found she had been all the morning making sweetmeats and jam.
“Here, Mistress Alice,” said she, when I opened the door. “ Come and taste these comfits."
“I have got something better than comfits, or jam either, Janet," Baid I.
“Eh! not a letter from York ?" she exclaimed. “Yes, indeed ; and I thought you would like to hear the news.”
“ I trow we're all keen after news. Your father's well, I see by your looks."
“Yes; and what think you ? Cousin Will is knighted!”
“ Master William made a knight!” Janet said, opening her eyes. “And what may that be for?”
"I suppose it pleased the King's fancy to honour him 80," I returned.
"Well, and I hope His Majesty has made my master a baron or a lord, after all the fighting he has had.” I shook my head, and smiled at Janet's ambition.
“Then I do say there isn't any justice or gratitude in the world. To
go and make that young Master Lister-who is no more than a boy yet, and don't know how to use his sword, except to cut his own fingers, as he did awhile ago—to make him a fine sir, and leave my blessed master with nothing before his name but a Colonel. Master Will is fair enough in his way. I have nothing to say against him; but to think of him being put above master, who ought to be a lord, and nothing less."
“But, Janet,” I said, “it is not Will's fault. He is as vexed as you are that my father should be neglected. He nearly forgot to thank the King for his condescension. Perhaps His Majesty did it in remembrance of my uncle's splendid entertainment last year, for in one part of the letter father says the King spoke of his visit, and called the people of Hull his most loyal subjects."
Janet was rather appeased at this view of the matter ; but I think she will not soon forgive His Majesty for overlooking her master.
“And when is he coming back, Mistress Alice ?" she asked. I said that we must not look for him until the end of the month ; and so I left her to the sweet things, and began a letter to York, for the servant to take back with him.
In the evening I saw my aunt, and was able to wish her joy,
which I did sincerely. She looked at me a moment, and then kissed me, saying, “ Of course I am glad, my dear ; but it is an unmerited honour, and should have been conferred on your father. You are both too generous to say so, but other people will. I hope William will always be guided by the Colonel's advice, and look upon him as in the place of Sir John. And now my great concern will be to see your cousin suitably married. I feel the want of a daughter in this great mansion, and with such a companion it would not appear so desolate.”
Aunt spoke as if her mind was fixed on some one whom she wished Will to wed, and I am glad to see her interest herself once more in anything. I wonder if she meant Dorothy Crowle. Will might search the country round, and not find a comelier maiden or a more dutiful daughter.
(To be continued.)
THE EDUCATION OF GIRLS.
BY THE EDITOR.
Last month's paper on Milton Mount College has naturally suggested to us many thoughts as to the education of women generally, and more especially as to that education which is regarded and everywhere spoken of as “middle-class." The first question in connection with such a subject that presents itself must be, of course, What is the middle-class, to which such constant reference is made ? It seems to us that there is at least an upper and a lower middleclass, capable of many divisions and subdivisions; that the highest middle-class, which is in many cases allied with the landed gentry and the peerage, is composed chiefly of professional and literary men, bankers, rieh merchants, and wealthy manufacturers; and that the lowest middle-class is made up of thriving and rising artizans and respectable small tradesmen, who are only just above the condition of those who are supposed to be of the “lower orders,” though where middle-class actually begins and where it ends we will not presume to say. There is a haziness about its exact boundaries, if, indeed, it have any, which is no more to be defined than the precise point wherein the far horizon sea-line and sky-line blend. The highest middle-class, however, has resources—it has money at command-and it can educate its children without much difficulty; its
boys, at least, are amply provided for ; for its girls there are solid educational advantages to be procured. The perplexity begins, not at the division which some would make between the professional and the commercial middle-class, but, as it has been asserted," very near the top of the professional stratum itself.” There are many medical men, naval and military officers, and clergymen, both within and without the pale of the Establishment, who cannot afford to send their sons to expensive public schools, or their daughters to costly private schools, where the outlay must necessarily be considerable, and where, in too many cases, it cannot be at all certain that they will receive adequate returns for the large sums of money thus invested.
It has always been understood on all hands that boys must be educated somehow; but girls have been left to pick up such educational morsels and crumbs as fall to their shares, and have been allowed little more than a Barmecides feast of the good things which they had the appetite for, and which they were quite able to digest and to assimilate. Three centuries ago it was a common thing to give girls a classical education, nor was the practice at all confined to the aristocracy; but “a manifest decline of female intelligence and manners followed the abatement of Puritanism, and the enlargement of social liberty or licence." The time for reaction, however, has arrived; the last twenty-five years has seen a striking improvement in all the departments of female education; and though from the highest point of view the present state of things is chaotic enough to bewilder even the clearest thinker, we have every encouragement to proceed to further criticism, and to strive for yet higher standards.
It must have been about seventy years ago that little Mary, afterwards the renowned Mrs. Somerville, asked Professor Playfair, after she had bound him over to secresy, was there any harm in a girl learning Latin? “That depended upon what it was learnt for,"
" was the professor's cautious apswer. She gave her reason-she wanted to study Newton's “Principia." He did not think that could hurt her; and so she set to work, and in a few months made herself mistress of the language, and of the book she had mentioned ; and no one will pretend to say that she was any the worse for either. Since then the acquirement of a dead language by girls las become less uncommon; classic studies are no longer regarded as contraband, as something of which a true woman ought to be ashamed; "and even a quadratic solution is not supposed to disqualify a girl for marriage, or to fix upon her the silly odium of what some very foolish and ignorant people still call bluestockingism !” These remarks apply, however, chiefly to the upper middle-class, not to the respectable masses, in which just now we are
principally interested. The difficulty still remains-How are middle-class girls to be educated ?
The “Schools Inquiry Commission " has recently proved, on unquestionable authority, that whatever may be the deficiency and the defects of the means of secondary education provided for boys, those for girls are much worse. “The tables published by the Commissioners show that there are, in the whole of England and Wales, only fourteen endowed schools for the secondary instruction of girls, with a total of 1,113 scholars, against eight hundred and twenty for boys, with a total of 36,874 scholars, exclusive of the Charterhouse, Merchant Taylors', St. Paul's, Westminster, Winchester, Harrow, Eton, Shrewsbury, and Rugby Schools, with a total of 2,966 scholars. If these schools be added to the number given above, the total net income of the endowment for boys, ircluding exhibitions, amounts to nearly £277,000 a year; while the income of the endowments for girls appears to be under £3,000 ! of proprietary schools-although the number of the sexes is about equal—there are eighty-six for boys, against thirty-six for girls. of girls, who ought to be made true belpmates to their husbands wise mothers, enlightened teachers, just mistresses, the immense majority are educated--if it can be called education-in what are termed private adventure schools, which are necessarily expensive, because of the waste of teaching power in small schools." “The proportion of women supporting themselves by professional work is to men in professions as one to seven; their share of educational endowments is as one to ninety-two!” To take only one religious denomination as such : Congregationalists have established ten colleges or institutes for young men, and seven superior schools for boys, two of the latter being for ministers' sons; but, with the single exception of a missionary school, they had done nothing for girls, till the Milton Mount College was established. The “private adventure schools” of which the Commissioners
" peak are undoubtedly of extremely diverse character; we fear the majority are bad, and do quite as much harm as good ; some are good, and afford all the advantages required, and some few may be very good. But the good schools are, with scarcely an exception, extremely expensive-far beyond the means of poor professional men, clerks with fixed salaries, tenant farmers, and others who wish their girls to receive a solid education, such as shall qualify them for becoming, in their turn, educators, if necessary.
The fact is, there is too much“ free trade” in schools; anybody who can command a certain capital may open a boarding-school for girls, or for boys either, of course; but it is with the former we have now to deal. To be a milliner or dressmaker a girl must be apprenticed; all sorts of trades, in fact, require a longer or shorter