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Or dreams as ravishing, who wake)
1. Sr. PhiliP, AND ST. JAMES. This day is dedicated to two Saints. The first was born at Bethsaida, and after the ascension of our Saviour, preached the gospel in Phrygia, where he died at an advanced age. The other, St. James the Less, was the author of the Epistle in the New Testament, and was killed during a tumult in the Temple, in the year 62.
2, 1831. WILLIAM HAMPER, F.S.A. ÆTAT. 54. This able antiquary was born on the 12th of December, 1776, and in early life travelled over various parts of England, visiting every object of antiquity and interest within his route; the results of which he afterwards, at various times, communicated to the Gentleman's Magazine. The Archeologia also contains many papers of interest from his pen; and most of the topographical works of the day received his assistance. His principal work is a Memoir of the Life and Writings of Dugdale, the Monastic Antiquary; which evinces great learning and research. He was an extensive manufacturer at Birmingham, and died at Highgate, near that town.
3. INVENTION OF THE CROSS. This festival, though in the Protestant Calendar, is kept only in the Catholic church. It commemorates the finding the supposed cross of Christ at Jerusalem, by St. Helena, the mother of the emperor Constantine, in the year 326.
6. ST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST, ANTE P. L. St. John, in bis old age, during the persecution of Domitian, was sentenced to be thrown into a cauldron
of boiling oil, for preaching the Christian doctrine; but from wbich punishment, he is said to have remained uninjured. This miraculous event occurred before the gate called Porta Latina, which is the reason of the letters A. P. L. being put after his name, on this day.
19. ST. DUNSTAN. He was born at Glastonbury in 924, and was successively bishop of London and Worcester, and archbishop of Canterbury. He was one of the most learned scholars of his age, and proficient in painting, sculpture, and music. He died in the year 988.
22, 1770. PRINCESS OF HOMBERG BORN. Elizabeth, sister to his Majesty, was married April 7, 1818, to the Landgrave of Hesse Homberg, who died April 2, 1829. 25, 1831. ROBERT CLUTTERBUCK, F.S.A. DIED,
ÆTAT. 59. The author of a very able History of the County of Hertfordshire. He was born at Watford, June 28, 1772, and after finishing his education at Oxford, entered at Lincoln's Inn, with the intention of making the law his future study; but an ardour for chemistry and painting (which he studied under Barry) induced him to abandon his legal pursuits. On the death of his father he returned to Watford and succeeded him as a magistrate; he afterwards became deputy lieutenant of the county, The leisure of a greater portion of his life was devoted to the production of his County History, forming three large folio volumes, the engravings to which are equal to the most splendid of the kind ever produced, and will remain, to the latest posterity, as a monument of the taste and talent of the mind that produced them.
26. ST. AUGUSTIN, OR AUSTIN, The first Archbishop of Canterbury, originally sent by
Gregory the Great, into this country, to propogate Christianity: among his first converts was King Ethelbert. He died about the year 607.
27. VENERABLE BEDE. Bede, the brilliant ornament of the eighth century, and one of the most eminent fathers of the English church, was born in 672, near the mouth of the river Tyne in Durham. He lived a secluded life, and made himself master of every branch of learning. His writings form eight folio volumes. After his death, in 735, he was canonized by the Romish church.
27. ROGATION SUNDAY, The fifth Sunday after Easter, and second before WhitSunday. It precedes Holy Thursday, and was appropriated by the early christians, with the three following days, as a period of preparation for the devout obseryance of our Saviour's ascension.
29. KING CHARLES II. RESTORED. The anniversary of the entry of Charles into London on his restoration to the throne after the commonwealth, in the year 1660.
A custom is still observed on this day of wearing oak leaves in commemoration of the King's concealment in an oak after the battle of Worcester.
31. ASCENSION DAY, OR HOLY THURSDAY.
This festival is of great antiquity, and commemorates the ascension of our Saviour from the Mount of Olives.
Jolly June, array'd
Spenser. It was the opinion of Ovid that the sixth month derived its name from Juno, in honor of whom a festival was celebrated early in the month. Others suppose it to have been christened after Junius Brutus, or else from the youth of Rome, in honorem Juniorem.
1. ST. NICOMEDE, A priest of Rome, and a scholar of St. Peter's, who suffered martyrdom during the persecution of Domitian. 1, 1831. JOHN JACKSON, R. A. DIED, ÆTAT. 48.
This eminent portrait painter was born at the village of Lastingham, in Yorkshire, May 31, 1778. His father was the village tailor, and the son for a time followed the same occupation. He had always a predilection for drawing, and at the age of nineteen ventured to commence at York as a painter of portraits. During one of its itinerant excursions, being at Whitby, the Earl of Mulgrave saw one of his sketches chalked on his lordship’s hall table, which evinced so much genius that he resolved to foster it. Accordingly he recommended him to the Earl of Carlisle, at whose residence, Castle Howard, he had the advantage of studying the magnificent collection of pictures
there, He also shortly after had the good fortune to meet with Sir George Beaumont, who liberally encouraged him.
Thus early patronised, he came to London in 1804, and the following year became a student at Somerset House. Such was his rapid progress that in 1807 he was established as a portrait painter, and each year added to his well-earned reputation. In 1816 he was elected an Associate, and in 1818 a Royal Academician. In 1819, during a tour in Italy, he was associated a Member of the Academy of St. Luke, at Rome.
As a portrait painter his merits are of a high order. He occupies a place between the fine, elegant detail of Lawrence, and the vigorous generalities of Raeburn; or as others word it, though perhaps less truly, he is a disciple of the school of Reynolds, and one of the cleverest of its followers. Where thought and intelligence were required, be readily supplied them: he rose and fell with his subject, and may be considered as one of the most honest of all the children of flattery. He had an uncommon readiness and skill of land--a rapid felicity of finish, which enabled him to dash off at a few sittings whatever he undertook : his coloring was deep, clear, and splendid: and in this he more resembled Reynolds than any artist since his day.
His honors sat gracefully on him, and he used his powers with greater readiness and less show than most of his profession. He was mild and pious firm of mind and upright of purpose: he painted nothing the worse because he read the Scriptures and kept its commandments, nor did his friends like him the less because he refused to work on the Sabbath, and abstained from mingling in the bitter bickerings of his brothers in art.
1, 1831. MATHER BROWN DIED. A native of America, who came to England when a young man and studied under his countryman, the President West. He was a devoted follower of his profession, and in early life painted many subjects for Boydell's Shakspeare Gallery. He also painted George the Third, his queen, and most of the royal family, for his Majesty. For many years old age prevented