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inhabitants, may be more speedily brought about than by a concussion with these celestial agents. A single principle of motion annihilated, evaporation suspended, or a component part of the atmosphere abstracted, and “ final ruin would drive her ploughshare o'er creation;" universal conflagration would instantly ensue from the separation of the oxygen from the nitrogen of the atmosphere,-the former exerting its native energies without control wherever it extends,- solid rocks, ponderous marble, metals, and even water itself, would burst into an intensity of flame, and change the aspect of all sublunary things.
But all these vast bodies of the universe are, doubtless, kept in their prescribed limits as with so many “ reins and bridles,” and when this earth has completed its destined circles, and fulfilled the purposes for which it was called out of nothing, it will need but the command of the glorious Creator who at first spoke this beautiful frame into being, bliss, and light, to return it to its primeval gloom, or bid it shine forth with new resplendent beauty and lustre.
DE CE M B E R.
The orb of day, to glad the plains below,
O’er-tops the hills where gloomy clouds prevail,
Inhales the mist, and gilds the sloping vale;
The sun enters Capricornus at 56 min. after 6 of the evening of the 21st, and attains his greatest southern declination 23° 27' 36".9.
Frequently in this month the solar beams, struggling through a large extent of vapoury atmosphere, feebly illumine the dreary regions of the northern world. When the air is refined by intensity of frost, this gloomy aspect of nature is changed,—the sun shines with brilliancy, and bis rays clear, but cold, are reflected from the snowclad landscape, and sparkle from ten thousand glittering gems. The contracted arch of his course is soon described, the brief day of winter speedily terminates, and night quickly resumes her lengthened sway.
What splendors does the night of winter reveal! the immensity of the starry firmament is spread out, and overawes the mind with the sublimity of the scene. The
evenings of summer raise emotions of love and gratitude, and the mild twinkling of the stars, faintly shining through the illuminated atmosphere, is in perfect harmony with the soft breath of the season, the rustling of leaves, and the warbling of the nightingale; but in winter the stars seem to bend down their courses to this lower world; myriads shine forth with intensest brilliancy, and the deep azure sky teems with these demonstrations of Creative Power. The stupendous magnificence of the scene suggests thoughts of a more serious nature,-Eternity, with its mysteries, seem dimly presented to view, and the soul rejoices that it forms a part of the wondrous system.
When the pure soul is from the body flown,
Phases of the Moon.
2 morning. First Quarter, 30th .. 9
8 Conjunctions of the Moon with the Planets and Stars. December 1st, with Jupiter ..at 8 morning. 6th,
December 14th, with Saturn ........at 7 night.
19th, ....y in Libra........ 2 morning.
PHENOMENA PLANETARUM. Mercury in conjunction with 1 in Sagittarius on the 5th, difference of latitude 6'. Greatest elongation, as an evening star, on the 7th, angular distance 20° 52'. Stationary on the 15th, near 2 & in Sagittarius. Ascending node on the 17th. Perihelion on the 22nd. Inferior conjunction with the sun at 15 min. after 11 of the night of the 24th.
Venus in conjunction with 53 in Sagittarius on the 8th, difference of latitude 1'. Greatest south latitude on the 12th. In conjunction with Uranus on the 29th.
Phases of Venus. The following are the proportions of the bright and dark phases of this planet:December 1st.-Illuminated disc = 10.1528
Dark part...... = 1.8472 Mars stationary near 1 in Aries on the 25th.
Hrs. Min. Vesta, 2nd day. Right Ascension, 14 59 10th
.... 15 16 18th
........ 15 32 26th
15 49 Juno, 2nd ......
14 17 10th .....
..... 14 27