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for ever, an Indulgence of forty years, and one thousand six hundred days, applicable also to the dead, for every time that they visit, during Lent, the Churches where there are stations in the manner prescribed. Furthermore, he conceded to all who have made such visits three times in three distinct days, a plenary Indulgence. In the index referred to, there are the days, the Churches, the Stations and Indulgences, carefully arranged thus.
"On Jan. 1, the circumcision of our Lord Jesus Christ, a Station at S. Marie in Transtevere, an Indulgence of thirty years and twelve hundred days.
“On Ash Wednesday, at S. Tabina, &c., an Indulgence of fifteen years and six hundred days.
"On the following Thursday at S. Georgio in Velabro, &e., an Indulgence of ten years and four hundred days.
“On the fourth Sunday in Lent, at Santa Croce, an Indulgence of fifteen years and six hundred days.
"On Palm Sunday, at S. Giovani in the Laterno, an Indulgence of twenty five years and one thousand days.
"On holy Thursday at S. Giovani, a plenary Indulgence.
* On holy Friday, at Santa Croce in Gerusalemine, an Indulgence of thirty years and twelve hundred days.
"On Easter Sunday, at S. Marie Maggiore, a plenary Indulgence.
"On Easter Monday, at S. Pietro in Vaticano, an Indulgence of thirty years and twelve hundred days.
"On Thursday, Ascension-day, at S. Pietro in Vaticano, a plenary Indulgence.
On Saturday, the Vigil of Whitsunday, an indulgence of ten years and four hundred days.
"On Wednesday at Pietro Vaticano, an Indulgence of thirty years and twelve hundred days.
“ Thus much will be sufficient to illustrate the system. There is scarcely a day in the year in which these Indulgences are not attached to some one or more churches.
There may be no royal road to learning, but here is, at all events, a primrose path to paradise. Here is a religion fit for a gentleman as Charles the Second used to say; one exactly suited to the Sir John Falstaffs of their day. Here is free trade, great bargains in spiritual things—Heaven secured at the price of old rags-a plenary Indul. gence for kissing a cross ! nothing can go beyond that. We should like to see a “ Pilgrim's Progress” got up in this style by a holy friar or a learned Cardinal. Christian's path, in place of being an inconveniently narrow one, would be so broad as to admit a “ banner'd host" to pass “ in loose array;" and he himself would be a merry mad-cap, well filled with the spirit which is not from above; or would prowl about with not the most virtuous intention--taking care, however, to confess to his priest, and replenish his pockets with the Church's treasures, that he may be always able to clear off old scores.
But from the exhibition here given of the facilities afforded for eluding Purgatory, we do not believe that there is, after all the fuss mado about masses, and prayers for the dead, a single one to be found within its bounds. But supposing that there are numerous sufferers there,
what a hideous idea, that the Pope and his Cardinals should be enjoy. ing themselves over their delicious wines, whilst all these poor wretches are suffering, not that heaven so wills or desires it, but mainly for the purpose of giving importance to the offices of the Church. How can their spirits repent and improve under such circumstances ? Their sole feeling must be boiling indignation against their unfeeling jailors. If Pio Nono could remit one hundred years of suffering, he of course could remit suffering for all time to come. There is no evading this conclusion.
Our author treats also of the following subjects-Relics, Inscriptions in Churches, the use of Holy water, the use of pictures, the use of images.
THE SNOW - DROP.
The unconfessing Grief, that hides,
THE RI V E R.
In a quiet shady nook,
Sweli'd to a tiny brook,
And wand'ring birds would stoop to lave
Upon its pleasant way,
Its everlasting lay.
Its waters swept along,
And groves of sweetest song.
It speeded on and on,
And golden harvests shone.
It roll'd a mighty flood,
A regal city stood.
It held its lonely way,
But arid deserts lay.
PROGRESS OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE,
BEING THE CONCLUDING ARTICLE ON THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION.
Having tarried so long in the physical and geological departments, our visits to the remaining sections must be very brief. We next introduce our readers to section G, devoted to mechanical science. This has hitherto proved a very unmanageable section ; and the reason is very obvious. In this utilitarian age, when science is regarded, not as the handmaid of a lofty devotion, but of selfish interest, it cannot be wondered at that a gross utilitarianism," to use Chalmers' favourite phrase, should rear its head within the very precincts of the temple of science. The mechanical section affords greater facilities for utilitarian practice than any of the others. As it embraces all those mechanical arts which minister at the altar of Mammon, it is but natural that the votaries of Mammon should be glad to seize the opportunity of giving publicity to their wares. A widely-reported discussion on the merits of any mechanical contrivance supplies a cheap and effectual mode of advertisement. Advertising seems almost to be a science of itself, and its recent advances have been very remarkable. The very dog has been impressed into its service, so that he is to be seen gravely walking the streets of London with placards upon his back. Recently, the metropolis was also astonished by a shower of handbills descending from the clouds. When the passenger hastened to pick up the celestial scroll, he was not at all prepared for its treating of such sublunary matters--as tea gardens or magic strops. Advertising has attained such a pitch of refinement, that it is almost altogether independent of any real entity as a substratum; or to use the jargon of transubstantiation, the species may exist without the substance. It has been averred by competent authority, that for a man possessed of a thousand pounds of capital, with somewhat of the genius of George Robins, and with a conscience not inconveniently tender,