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books are to be read only in parts ; others to be read, but not curiously; and fome few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that should be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sorts of books; else distilled books are like com.' mon distilled waters, Aathy things. Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit; and if he read little, he had need have much cunning to seem to kaow that he doth not.

Bacon.

CHAP. X.

ON SATIRICAL WIT. -TRUST

RUST me, this unwary pleasantry of thine will fooner or later bring thee into scrapes and difficulties, which no after-wit can extricate thee out of. In these fallies, too oft, I fee, it happens, that the person laughed at confiders himself in the light of a person injured, with all the rights of such a situation belonging to him; and when thou vieweft him in that light too, and reckonest upon his friends, his family, his kindred and allies, and mufterest up with them the many recruits which will lift under him from a sense of common danger; 'tis no extravagant arithmeric to say, that for every ten jokes, thou hast got a hundred enemies; and, till thou hast gone on, and raised a swarm of wasps about thine ears, and ait half ftung to death by them, thou wilt never be convinced it is fo.

I cannot fufpect it in the man whom I esteem, that there is the least fpur from spleen or inalevolence of intent in these fallies. I believe and know them to be truly honest and fportive; but consider, that fools cannot diftinguish this, and that knaves will not; and thou knoweft not what it is, either to provoke the one, or to make merry with the other ; whenever they associate for mutual defence, depend upon it they will carry on the war in such a inanner against thee, my dear friend, as to make thee heartily fick of it, and of thy life too.

Revenge from some baneful corner shall level a tale of dishonour at thee, which no innocence of heart or integrity of conduct thall set right. The fortunes of thy house shall totterấthy character, which led the way to them, Thall bleed on every fide of it--thy faith questionedthy works belied-thy wit forgotten--thy learning trampled on. To wind up the last scene of thy tragedy, Crve ELTY and COWARDICE, twin ruffians, hired and set on by Malice in the dark, shall Arike together at all thy infirmities and mistakes; the best of us, my friend, lie open

here, and trust me-when, to gratify a private appetite, it is once resolved upon, that an innocent and a helpess creature shall be facrificed, it is an easy matter to pick up sticks enough from any thicket where it has strayed, to make a fire to offer it

up
with.

STERNE.

CHAP. XI.
HAMLET'S INSTRUCTIONS TO THE

PLAYERS, Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on ihe tongue. But if you mouth it, as many of our players do, I had as lieve the town crier had spoke my lines. And do not saw the air too much with your hand thus: but ufe, all gently; for in the very torrent, tempest, and, as I may fay, whirlwind of your passion, you must acquire and beget a temperance that may give it smooth. ness. Oh! it offends me to the foul, to hear a robuftious perriwig-pated fellow tear a passion to tatters, to very rags,

to

was

to split the ears of the groundlings; who (for the most part) are capable of nothing but inexplicable dumb fhows and noise: I would have fuch a fellow whipped for o'erdoing termagant; it outherods Herod. - Pray you, avoid it.

Be not too tame neither; but let your own discretion be your tutor. Suit the action to the word, the word to the acti , with this special observance, that you o'erstep not the modefty of nature: for any thing so overdone is from the purpose of playing; whose end, both at the first and now, and is, to hold, as 'twere, the mirror up to nature; to show Virtue her own feature, Scorn her own image, and the very age and body of the time, his form and preifure. Now this overdone or come tardy of, though it make the unskilful laugh, cannot but make the judicious grieve: the cenfure of one of which must in your aliowance o'erweigh a whole theatre of cthers. Oh! there be players that I have seen play, and beard others praise, and that highly, (not to speak it profanely,) that, neither having the accent of Christian, nor the gait of Christian, Pagan, nor man, have so strutted and bullowed, that I have thought some of Nature's journeymen had made them, and not made them well, they imitated humanity fo abominabiy.

And let those that play your clowns, speak no more than is fet down for them: for there be o them that will themselves laugh, to fet on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too; though, in the mean time, fome neceffary queition of the play be then to be contidered:that's villainous; and shows a moit pitiful ambition in the fooi that uses it.

SHAKS PEARE.

CHAP. XII.
THE PRESENT CONDITION OF MAN

VINDICATED:
HeAy'n from all creatures hides the bouk of Fate,
All but the page prescrib'd, their present ftate;

From

From brutes what men, from men what spirits know,
Or who could suffer being here below ?
The lamb thy riot doom.s to bleed to day,
Had he thy reason, would he skip and play?
Pleas'd to the last, he crops the flow'ry food,
And licks the hand just rais'd to shed his blood.
O blindness to the future! kindly given,
That each may fill the circle mark'd by Heav'n;
Who sees with equal eye, as God of all,
A hero perish, or a sparrow fall;
Atoms or systems into ruin hurl'd,
And now a bubble burst, and now a world.

Hope humbly then, with trembling pinions foar ;
Wait the great teacher, Death; and God adore,
What future bliss, he gives not thee to know,
But gives that Hope to be thy blessing now.
Hope springs eternal in the human breast;
Man never IS, but always TO BE bleft:
The soul, uneasy and confin'd from home,
Rests and expatiates in a life to come.

Lo, the poor Indian! whose untutor'd mind
Sees God in clouds, and hears him in the wind;
His soul proud Science never taught to stray
Far as the solar walk, or milky way ;
Yet fimple Nature to his hope has given,
Behind the cloud-topp'd hill, an humbler Heav'n;
Some safer world in depth of woods embrac'd,
Some happier island in the wat'ry waste,
Where saves once more their native land behold,
No fiends torment, nor Christians thirst for gold.
To Be, contents his natural desire,
He asks no angel's wing, no seraph's fire :
But thinks, admitted to that equal sky,
His faithful dog shall bear him company.

Go,

Go, wiser thou! and in thy scale of fense,
Weigh thy Opinion against Providence ;
Call imperfection what thou fanciest such,
Say, here he gives too little, there too much :
Deftroy all creatures for thy spcrt or guft,
Yet cry, if Man's unhappy, God's unjuft ;
If man alone ingross not Heav'n's high care,
Alone made perfect here, immortal there:
Snatch from his hand the balance and the rod,
Rejudge his justice, be the God of God.
In Pride, in reas’ning Pride, our errour lies ;
All quit their sphere, and rush into the skies.
Pride ftill is aiming at the blest abodes,
Men would be Angels, Angels would be Gods.
Afpiring to be Gods, if Angels fell,
Aspiring to be Angels, Men rebel:
And who but wishes to invert the laws
Of ORDER, fins against th' Eternal Cause.

Pope.
CHAP. XIII.
ON THE ORDER OF NATURE.
See through this air, this ocean, and this earth,
All matter quick, and bursting into birth.
Above, how high progressive life may go!
Around, how wide! how deep extend below!
Vaft chain of Being! which from God began,
Nature, ethereal, human, angel, man,
Beast, bird, fish, insect, what no eye can see,
No glass can reach; from Infinite tu thee,
From thee to Nothing.--On fuperior powers
Were we to press, inferior might on ours;
Or in the full creation leave a void,
Where one step broken, the great fcale's destroy'd:
From Nature's chain whatever link

you

strike, Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the chain alike. 54

And,

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