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Leek to the Welch, to Datchmen butter's dear, I'll frankly own thee for a cunning wight.

Answer, thou carle, and judge this riddle right, Of Irish swains potato is the cheer;

" What flower is that which royal honor craves, Oats for their feasts the Scottish shepherds grind,

Adjoin the virgin, and 'tis strown on graves ?" Sweet turnips are the food of Blouzelind. While she loves turnips, butter I'll despise, Nor leeks, nor oatmeal, nor potato, prize.


Forbear, contending louts, give o'er your strains ! CUDDY.

An oaken staff each merits for his pains. 120

But see the sun-beams bright to labor warn,
In good roast-beef my landlord sticks his knife, And gild the thatch of goodman Hodge's barn.
The capon fat delights his dainty wife, 90 Your herds for want of water stand a-dry,
Pudding our parson eats, the squire loves hare,

They're weary of your songs—and so am I.
But white-pot thick is my Buxoma's fare.
While she loves white-pot, capon ne'er shall be,
Nor hare, nor beef, nor pudding, food for me.



As once I play'd at blindman's buff, it hapt

Young Colin Clout, a lad of peerless meed, About my eyes the towel thick was wrapt;

Full well could dance, and deftly tune the reed; I miss'd the swains, and seiz'd on Blouzelind,

In erery wood his carols sweet were known, True speaks that ancient proverb, “Love is blind.” At every wake his nimble feats were shown.

When in the ring the rustic routs he threw,

The damsels' pleasures with his conquests grew; CUDDY.

Or when aslant the culgel threats his head, As at hot-cockles once I laid me down,

His danger smites the breast of every maid, And felt the weighty hand of many a clown; 100 But chief of Marian. Marian-lov'd the swain,

10 Buxoma gave a gentle tap, and I

The parson's maid, and neatest of the plain; Quick rose, and read soft mischief in her eye. Marian, that soft could stroke the udder'd cow,

Or lessen with her sieve the barley-mow;
Marbled with sage the hardening cheese she press'd,

And yellow butter Marian's skill confess'd ; Ver. 69. Eftsoons, from eft, an ancient British word, sig. But Marian now, devoid of country cares, nifying soon. So that eftsoons is a doubling of the word Nor yellow butter, nor sage-cheese, prepares, 800n; which is, as it were, to say twice soon, or very soon. For yearning love the witless maid employs,

Ver. 79. Queint has various significations in the an. And,“ Love" say swains, “all busy heed destroys." cient English authors. I have used it in this place in the Colin makes mock at all her piteous smart; same sense as Chaucer hath done in his Miller's Tale. “As A lass that Cicely hight had won his heart,

20 clerkes being full subtle and queint," (by which he means arch, or waggish); and not in that obscene sense wherein he useth it in the line immediately following.

Ver. 103-110 were not in the early editions.-M.
Ver. 85.

Ver. 113. Marigold.
Populus Alcidæ gratissima, vitis Iaccho,
Formosa myrtus Veneri, sua laurea Phæbo,

Ver. 117. Rosemary.
Phillis amat corylos. Illas dum Phillis amabit

Dic quibus in terris inscripti nomina regum
Nec myrtus vincet corylos nec laurea Phæbi, &c.

Nascantur flores. Virg.

Ver. 120. Et vitula tu dignus & hic. Virg.

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Cicely, the western lass, that tends the kee,

“Have I not sat with thee full many a night, The rival of the parson's maid was she.

When dying embers were our only light, In dreary shade now Marian lies along,

When every creature did in slumbers lie, And, mixt with sighs, thus wails in plaining song : Besides our cat, my Colin Clout, and I? 90

“Ah, woful day! ah, woful noon and morn! No troublous thoughts the cat or Colin move, When first by thee my younglings while were shorn; While I alone am kept awake by love. Then first, I ween, I cast a lover's eye,

Remember, Colin! when at last year's wake My sheep were silly, but more silly I.

I bought the costly present for thy sake; Bengath the shears they felt no lasting smart, Couldst thou spell o'er the posy on thy knife, They lost but fleeces, while I lost a heart. 30 And with another change thy state of life? “Ah, Colin! canst thou leave thy sweetheart If thou forgett'st, I wot, I can repeat, true ?

My memory can tell the verse so sweet: What I have done for thee, will Cicely do ? * As this is grav'd upon this knife of thine, Will she thy linen wash, or hosen darn,

So is thy image on this heart of mine.' 100 And knit thee gloves made of her own spun yarn ? But woe is me! such presents luckless prove, Will she with huswife's hand provide thy meat ? For knives, they tell me, always sever love." And every Sunday morn thy neckcloth plait, Thus Marian wailid, her eyes with tears brimful, Which o'er thy kersey doublet spreading wide, When Goody Dobbins brought her cow to bull. In service-time drew Cicely's eyes aside ? With apron blue to dry her tears she sought,

* Where'er I gad, I cannot hide my care, Then saw the cow wellserv'd, and took a groat. My new disasters in my look appear.

White as the curd my ruddy cheek is grown,
So thin my features, that I'm hardly known.
Our neighbors tell me oft, in joking talk,
Of ashes, leather, oatmeal, bran, and chalk;

Unwitting ly of Marian they divine,
And wist not that with thoughtful love I pine.

Yet Colin Clout, untoward shepherd swain,
Walks whistling blithe, while pitiful I plain. The wailings of a maiden I recite,

“Whilom with thee 'twas Marian's dear delight A maiden fair, that Sparabella hight.
To moil all day, and merry-make at night. 50 Such strains ne'er warble in the linnet's throat,
If in the soil you guide the crooked share, Nor the gay goldfinch chants so sweet a note.
Your early breakfast is my constant care ; No magpye chatter'd, nor the painted jay,
And when with even hand you strow the grain, No ox was heard to low, nor ass to bray ;
I fright the thievish rooks from off the plain. No rustling breezes play'd the leaves among,
In misling days, when I my thresher heard, While thus her madrigal the damsel sung.
With nappy beer I to the barn repair'd ;

A while, O D'Urfey! lend an ear or twain, Lost in the music of the whirling flail,

Nor, tho' in homely guise, my verse disdain ; 10 To gaze on thee I left the smoking pail:

Whether thou seek'st new kingdoms in the Sun, In harvest, when the Sun was mounted high, Whether thy Muse does at Newmarket run, My leathern bottle did thy draught supply ; 60 Or does with gossips at a feast regale, Whene'er you mow'd, I follow'd with the rake, And heighten her conceits with sack and ale, And have full oft been sun-burnt for thy sake: Or else at wakes with Joan and Hodge rejoice, When in the welkin gathering showers were seen, Where D'Urfey's lyrics swell in every voice; I lagg’d the last with Colin on the green; And when at eve returning with thy car, Awaiting heard the jingling bells from far, Straight on the fire the sooty pot I plac'd,

* Dumps, or dumbs, made use of to express a fit of the To warm thy broth I burnt my hands for haste. sullens. Some have pretended that it is derived from When hungry thou stood'st staring, like an oaf,

Dumops, a king of Egypt, that built a pyramid, and died I slic'd the luncheon from the barley-loaf;


of melancholy. So mopes, after the same manner, is With crumbled bread I thickend well thy mess.

thought to have come from Merops, another Egyptian

king, that died of the same distemper. But our English Ah, love me more, or love thy pottage less !

antiquaries have conjectured that dumps, which is a "Last Friday's eve, when as the Sun was set,

grievous heariness of spirits, comes from the word dump. I, near yon stile, three sallow gypsies met. ling, the heaviest kind of pudding that is eaten in this Upon my hand they cast a poring look,

country, much used in Norfolk, and other counties of Bid me beware, and thrice their heads they shook : England. They said, that many crosses I must prove;

Ver. 5. Some in my worldly gain, but most in love.

Immemor herbarum quos est mirata juvenca Next morn I miss'd three hens and our old cock;

Certantes, quorum stupefactæ carmine lynces, And off the hedge two pinners and a smock ; 80

Et mutata suos requiêrunt flumina cursus. I bore these losses with a Christian mind,

Virg. And no mishaps could feel, while thou wert kind.

Ver. 9.
But since, alas! I grew my Colin's scorn,
I've known no pleasure, night, or noon, or morn.

Tu mihi, seu magni superas jam saxa Timavi,
Sive oram Illyrici legis æquorism

Help me, ye gypsies ; bring him home again,
And to a constant lass give back her swain.

Ver. 11. An opera written by this author, called The World in the Sun, or the Kingdom of Birds; he is also

famous for his song on the Newmarket horse-race, and Ver. 21. Kee, a west-country word for kine, or cows. several others that are sung by the British swains.

Yet suffer me, thou bard of wond'rous meed,
Amid thy bays to weave this rural weed.


Now the Sun drove adown the western road,
And oxen, laid at rest, forgot the goad,
The clown, fatigu'd, trudg'd homeward with his

Across the meadows stretch'd the lengthen'd shade;
When Sparabella, pensive and forlorn,
Alike with yearning love and labor worn,
Lean'd on her rake, and straight with doleful guise
Did this sad plaint in mournful notes devise:

"Come Night, as dark as pitch, surround my head,
From Sparabella Bumkinet is fled;
The ribbon that his valorous cudgel won,
Last Sunday happier Clumsilis put on.
Sure if he'd eyes (but Love, they say, has none)
I whilom by that ribbon had been known.
Ah, well-a-day! I'm shent with baneful smart,
For with the ribbon he bestow'd his heart.

"My plaint, ye lasses, with this burthen aid, "Tis hard so true a damsel dies a maid.'

"Shall heavy Clumsilis with me compare?
View this, ye lovers, and like me despair.
Her blubber'd lip by smutty pipes is worn,
And in her breath tobacco whiffs are borne!
The cleanly cheese-press she could never turn,
Her awkward fist did ne'er employ the churn;
If e'er she brew'd, the drink would straight go sour,
Before it ever felt the thunder's power;
No huswifery the dowdy creature knew;
To sum up all, her tongue confess'd the shrew.


My plaint, ye lasses, with this burthen aid, "Tis hard so true a damsel dies a maid.'

Ver. 17. Meed, an old word for fame, or renown.
Ver. 18. Hanc sine tempora circum

Inter vietrices hederam tibi serpere lauros.

Ver. 25.
Incumbens tereti Damon sic cœpit olivæ.

"I've often seen my visage in yon lake,
Nor are my features of the homeliest make:
Though Clumsilis may boast a whiter dye,
Yet the black sloe turns in my rolling eye;
And fairest blossoms drop with every blast,
But the brown beauty will like hollies last.
Her wan complexion's like the wither'd leek,
While Katharine pears adorn my ruddy cheek.
Yet she, alas! the witless lout hath won,
And by her gain poor Sparabell's undone !
Let hares and hounds in coupling straps unite,
The clucking hen make friendship with the kite;
Let the fox simply wear the nuptial noose,
And join in wedlock with the waddling goose ;
For love hath brought a stranger thing to pass,
The fairest shepherd weds the foulest lass.



My plaint, ye lasses, with this burthen aid, "Tis hard so true a damsel dies a maid.'

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Ver. 33. Shent, an old word, signifying hurt, or harmed.
Ver. 37.

Mopso Nisa datur, quid non speremus amantes?



"Sooner shall cats disport in waters clear,
And speckled mack'rel graze the meadows fair;
Sooner shall screech-owls bask in sunny day.
And the slow ass on trees, like squirrels, play; 70
Sooner shall snails on insect pinions rove;
Than I forget my shepherd's wonted love.

"My plaint, ye lasses, with this burthen aid, "Tis hard so true a damsel dies a maid.'


While all my cheek was glowing red with shame;
My lip he kiss'd, and prais'd my healthful look,
Then from his purse of silk a guinea took,
Into my hand he forc'd the tempting gold,
While I with modest struggling broke his hold.
He swore that Dick, in livery strip'd with lace,
Should wed me soon, to keep me from disgrace;
But I nor footman priz'd, nor golden fee;
For what is lace or gold, compar'd to thee?

"Ah! didst thou know what proffers I withstood, When late I met the squire in yonder wood! To me he sped, regardless of his game,



"Now plain I ken whenee Love his rise begun;
Sure he was born some bloody butcher's son.
Bred up in shambles, where our younglings slain
Erst taught him mischief, and to sport with pain.
The father only silly sheep annoys,

"My plaint, ye lasses, with this burthen aid, 'Tis hard so true a damsel dies a maid.'

The son the sillier shepherdess destroys.
Does son or father greater mischief do?
The sire is cruel, so the son is too.


My plaint, ye lasses, with this burthen aid.

"Tis hard so true a damsel dies a maid.'


'Farewell, ye woods, ye meads, ye streams that flow;


50 A sudden death shall rid me of my woe.
This penknife keen my windpipe shall divide.
What! shall I fall as squeaking pigs have died?
No-To some tree this carcass I'll suspend.
But worrying curs find such untimely end!
I'll speed me to the pond, where the high stool
On the long plank hangs o'er the muddy pool;
That stool, the dread of every scolding quean;
Yet, sure a lover should not die so mean!
There plac'd aloft, I'll rave and rail by fits,

Though all the parish say I've lost my wits; 110
And thence, if courage holds, myself I'll throw,
And quench my passion in the lake below.

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"Ye lasses, cease your burthen, cease to moan. And, by my case forewarn'd, go mind your own."

Ver. 67.

Ante leves ergo pascentur in æthere cervi,
Et freta destituent nudos in littore pisces-
Quàm nostro illius labatur pectore vultus.



Ver. 89. To ken. Scire. Chaucer, to ken, and kende; notus A. S. cunnam. Goth. kunnam. Germanis keanen. Danis kiende. Islandis kunna. Beigis kennen. This word is of general use, but not very common, though not unknown to the vulgar. Ken, for prospicere, is well known, and used to discover by the eye. Ray, F. R. S.

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The Sun was set; the night came on apace, And falling dews bewet around the place; The bat takes airy rounds on leathern wings, And the hoarse owl his woful dirges sings; The prudent maiden deems it now too late, And, till to-morrow comes, defers her fate.




"Last May-day fair I search'd to find a snail,
That might my secret lover's name reveal.
120 Upon a gooseberry-bush a snail I found,

(For always snails near sweetest fruit abound).
I seiz'd the vermin, whom I quickly sped,
And on the earth the milk-white embers spread.
Slow crawl'd the snail; and, if I right can spell,
In the soft ashes mark'd a curious L.

HOBNELIA, seated in a dreary vale,
In pensive mood rehears'd her piteous tale;
Her piteous tale the winds in sighs bemoan,
And pining echo answers groan for groan.

"I rue the day, a rueful day, I trow,
The woful day, a day indeed of woe!
When Lubberkin to town his cattle drove,
A maiden fine bedight he hapt to love;
The maiden fine bedight his love retains,
And for the village he forsakes the plains.
Return, my Lubberkin, these ditties hear;
Spells will I try, and spells shall ease my care.

With my sharp heel I three times mark the

And turn me thrice around, around, around.'

'With my sharp heel I three times mark the


And turn me thrice around, around, around.'

With my sharp heel I three times mark the ground,

And turn me thrice around, around, around.'

"Two hazel-nuts I threw into the flame, And to each nut I gave a sweetheart's name; This with the loudest bounce me sore amaz'd, That in a flame of brightest color blaz'd. 10 As blaz'd the nut, so may thy passion grow; For 'twas thy nut that did so brightly glow.

"At eve last Midsummer no sleep I sought,
But to the field a bag of hemp-seed brought;
I scatter'd round the seed on every side,
And three times in a trembling accent cried,
This hermp-seed with my virgin hand I sow,
Who shall my true-love be, the crop shall mow.'
I straight look'd back, and, my eyes speak truth,
With his keen scythe behind me came the youth.

With my sharp heel I three times mark the ground,

And turn me thrice around, around, around.'

Oh, may this wondrous omen lucky prove!
For L is found in Lubberkin and Love.


"Last Valentine, the day when birds of kind
Their paramours with mutual chirpings find;
I early rose, just at the break of day,

Before the Sun had chas'd the stars away;
A-field I went, amid the morning dew,
To milk my kine (for so should huswives do);
Thee first I spied; and the first swain we see,
In spite of Fortune, shall our true-love be.
See, Lubberkin, each bird his partner take;
And canst thou then thy sweetheart dear forsake?

"When first the year I heard the cuckoo sing, And call with welcome note the budding spring, I straightway set a running with such haste, Deborah that won the smock scarce ran so fast; Till spent for lack of breath, quite weary grown, Upon a rising bank I sat adown,


The latch mov'd up, when, who should first come m,
But, in his proper person-Lubberkin.

Then doff'd my shoe, and, by my troth, I swear,
Therein I spied this yellow frizzled hair,
As like to Lubberkin's in curl and hue,
As if upon his comely pate it grew.

I broke my yarn, surpris'd the sight to see;
Sure sign that he would break his word with me.
Eftsoons I join'd it with my wonted sleight:
So may again his love with mine unite!


With my sharp heel I three times mark the ground,

And turn me thrice around, around, around.'


This lady-fly I take from off the grass,
Whose spotted back might scarlet red surpass:
Fly, lady-bird, North, South, or East, or West,
Fly where the man is found that I love best.
He leaves my hand; see, to the West he's flown,
To call my true-love from the faithless town.

With my sharp heel I three times mark the

And turn me thrice around, around, around.'


Ver. 8. Dight, or bedight, from the Saxon word dightan,| which signifies to set in order.

Ver. 21. Doff and don, contracted from the words do off and do on.

With my sharp heel I three times mark the ground,

And turn me thrice around, around, around.'

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With my sharp heel I three times mark the ground,

And turn me thrice around, around, around.'


"As peascods once I pluck'd, I chanc'd to see
One that was closely fill'd with three times three:
Which, when I cropp'd, I safely home convey'd,
And o'er the door the spell in secret laid;
My wheel I turn'd, and sung a ballad new,
While from the spindle I the fleeces drew;

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"I pare this pippin round and round again,
My shepherd's name to flourish on the plain,
I fling th' unbroken paring o'er my head,
Upon the grass a perfect L is read;
Yet on my heart a fairer L is seen

40 Than what the paring makes upon the green.


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With my sharp heel I three times mark the ground,

And turn me thrice around, around, around.'

Ver. 64.-ἐγὼ δ ̓ ἐπὶ Λέλφιδι δάφναν
Αἴθω. χ ̓ ὡς αὐτὰ λακέει, μέγα καππυρίσασα.


Ver. 66.


Daphnis me malus urit, ego hanc in Daphnide. Ver. 93. Transque caput jace; ne respexeris.


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This pippin shall another trial make,

From the tall elm a shower of leaves is borne, See from the core two kernels brown I take; 100 And their lost beauty riven beeches mourn. This on my cheek for Lubberkin is worn; Yet ev'n this season pleasance blithe affords, And Boobyclod on t'other side is borne.

Now the squeez'd press foams with our apple hoards. But Boobyclod soon drops upon the ground, Come, let us hie, and quaff a cheery bowl, A certain token that his love's unsound;

Let cider new “wash sorrow from thy soul." 10 While Lubberkin sticks firmly to the last ; Oh, were his lips to mine but join'd so fast ! • With my sharp heel I three times mark the

Ah, Bumkinet! since thou from hence wert gone, ground,

From these sad plains all merriment is flown ; And turn me thrice around, around, around.'

Should I reveal my grief, 'twould spoil thy cheer,
“ As Lubberkin once slept beneath a tree, And make thine eye o'erflow with many a tear.
I twitch'd his dangling garter from his knee. 110
He wist not when the hempen string I drew,

Now mine I quickly doff, of inkle blue.
Together fast I tie the garters twain ;

Hang sorrow!" Let's to yonder hut repair, And while I knit ihe knot repeat this strain : And with trim sonnets “cast away our care." • Three times a true-love's knot I tie secure,

Gillian of Croydon” well thy pipe can play: Firm be the knot, firm may his love endure ! Thou sing'st most sweet, “O'er hills and far away." "With my sharp heel I three times mark the Of “ Patient Grissel" I devise to sing, ground,

And catches quaint shall make the valleys ring. 20 And turn me thrice around, around, around.'

Come, Grubbinol, beneath this shelter, come ;

From hence we view our'flocks securely roam. “As I was wont, I trudg'd last market-day To town, with new-laid eggs preserv'd in hay, 120 I made my market long before 'twas night, My purse grew heavy, and my basket light.

Yes, blithesome lad, a tale I mean to sing, Straight to the 'pothecary's shop I went,

But with my woe shall distant valleys ring. And in love-powder all my money spent.

The tale shall make our kidlings droop their head, Behap what will, next Sunday, after prayers,

For, wo is me-our Blouzelind is dead!
When to the alehouse Lubberkin repairs,
These golden flies into his mug I'll throw,

And soon the swain with fervent love shall glow.

Is Blouzelinda dead ? farewell, my glee ! "With my sharp heel I three times mark the No happiness is now reservd for me. ground,

As the wood-pigeon cooes without his mate, And turn me thrice around, around, around.' 130

So shall my doleful dirge bewail her fate. 30 * But hold !-our Lightfoot barks, and cocks his Of Blouzelinda fair I mean to tell. ears,

The peerless maid that did all maids excel. O'er yonder stile see Lubberkin appears.

Henceforth the morn shall dewy sorrow shed,
He comes ! he comes! Hobnelia 's not bewray'd, And evening tears upon the grass be spread;
Vor shall she, crown'd with willow, die a maid. The rolling streams with watery grief shall flow,
lle vows, he swears, he'll give me a green gown: And winds shall moan aloud—when loud they blow.
Oh dear! I fall adown, adown, adown!"

Henceforth, as oft as Autumn shall return,
The drooping trees, whene'er it rains, shall mourn;

The season quite shall strip the country's pride,
For 'twas in Autumn Blouzelinda died.

40 Where'er I gad. I Blouzelind shall view, Bumkinet, Grubbinol.

Woods, dairy, barn, and mows, our passion knew,

When I direct my eyes to yonder wood,

Fresh rising sorrow curdles in my blood. Why, Grubbinol, dost thou so wistful seem?

Thither I've often been the damsel's guide, There's sorrow in thy look, if right I deem.

When rotien sticks our fuel have supplied ; "Tis true yon oaks with yellow tops appear,

There I remember how her fagots large
And chilly blasts begin to nip the year;

Were frequently these happy shoulders' charge.
Sometimes this crook drew hazel-boughs adown,

And stuff d her apron wide with nuts so brown; 50

Or when her feeding hogs had niiss'd their way, Ver. 109.

Or wallowing 'mid a feast of acorns lay;
Necte tribus nodis ternos, Amarylli, colores:
Necte, Amarylli, modo; et Veneris dic vincula necto.

Ver. 123.

dirige in the popish hymn, dirige gressus meos, as some Ilas herbas, atque hæc Ponto mihi lecta venena

pretend; but from the Teutonic dyrke, laudare, to praise Ipse dedit Meris.


and extol. Whence it is possible their dyrke, and our

dirge, was a laudatory song to commemorate and applaud Ver. 127.-Jordv kakdv aüprov oioù. Theoc.

the dead.

Cowell's Interpreter. Ver. 131.

Ver. 15.
Nescio quid certe est; et Hylax in limine latrat.

Incipe, Mopse, prior, si quos aut Phyllidis ignes

Virg. * Dirge, or dyrge, a mournful ditty, or song of lamenta. Aut Alconis habes laudes, aut jurgia Codri. tion, over the dead; not a contraction of the Latin Ver. 27. Glee, joy; from the Dutch gloorer, to recreata


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