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kingdom, more particularly in the south of England,
1. It was used a good deal in France, and was long in use in the diocese of Lisbon: Arbuthnott Missal, Pref. pp. lix. sq. It was taken into Scotland by Herbert, bishop of Glasgow (1147–1164): ib. p. lxiii. It is remarkable that we do not hear of a Use of Canterbury. In France the force of national custom long maintained the Gallican Use against the centralizing tendency of the Court of Rome. But ultramontane influence at last prevailed with Pope Pius IX.; and the old Service Books of the French dioceses have (circa 1860) been changed for the entire Roman Ritual.
* “Episcopis, presbyteris totius Hiberniae, infimus praesulum Gillebertus Lunicensis in Christo salutem. Rogatu, necnon et praecepto multorum ex vobis, carissimi, canonicalem consuetudinem in dicendis horis et peragendo totius ecclesiastici ordinis officio scribere conatus sum, non praesumptivo, sed vestrae cupiens piissimae servire jussioni; ut diversi et schismatici illi ordines, quibus Hibernia pene tota delusa est, uni Catholico et Romano cedant officio. Quid enim magis indecens aut schismaticum dici poterit, quam doctissimum unius ordinis in alterius ecclesia idiotam et laicum fieri” Prolog. Gil
* Lanigan's Ecclesiastical Hist, of berti Lunicensis Episc. De Usu Eccle
Ireland, Iv. p. 367, quoted in Pre-
* Robertson, Church Hist. II. p.
siastico. See Ussher, Keligion of the Ancient Irish, chap. Iv. (in Cambr. ed. of Answer to a jesuit, p. 548), Opp. IV. 274, ed. Elrington.
the papal authority. This effort was continued in the
next century by Malachy
O'Morgair, who prevailed
upon a national synod, assembled at Holmpatrick (II48), to petition the Pope for palls” for the Archbishops of
Armagh and Cashel.
And in 1152 the synod met at
Kells to receive the papal legate Paparo, with four palls, for Armagh, Dublin, Cashel, and Tuam, and to adopt the Roman missal in its then improved state.”
1 The use of this ornament of Archbishops seems to have been introduced about the fifth or sixth century from the East: Maskell, Mon. Rit. III. p. cxxxv. Since the eighth century it has been steadily employed by the Popes to extend and support their authority, and to obtain revenues by the grant of it: ib. p. cxxxix. note. For, until the Pall is received, Archbishops in
communion with Rome cannot exercise jurisdiction as Metropolitans; they may not ordain clerks, or consecrate bishops, or dedicate churches (authorities in DuCange). This vestment is made of the white wool of two lambs which have been offered and blessed on St. Agnes' day. See Dr. F. G. Lee's Glossary, s. v. PALLIUM. * Mant, Hist, of the Church of Ireland, I. pp. 4 sqq.
[A.D. Iooo-1548.] *ool 1. THE Church-Books used in the Anglo-Saxon period are Books. enumerated in the 21st of the Canons called Archbishop Ælfric's
Books men: |(circ. Ioof). “Habebit etiam presbyter quilibet, priusquam ordi#:#;" natuS fuerit, arma ad opus spirituale pertinentia, videlicet codices r£4/ric, sacros, id est, psalterium, epistolarum librum, et librum evange.
liorum, librum missalem, libros canticorum, librum manualem, seu enchiridion, gerim" [numerale, in Wilkins], passionalem, poenitentialem, et lectionarium.” The books used in the Anglo-Norman period are enumerated among the things which the parishioners were bound to provide for the service of their church, in the fourth of the Constitutions of Archbishop Winchelsey, published in a synod at Merton (circ. 1300): ‘. . . legenda, antiphonarium, gra
in the Constitutions of
Winchelsey, - - - dale, psalterium, troperium, ordinale, missale, manuale,” . . . . In addition to these, Quivil, Bishop of Exeter (1287), had ordered ‘venitare, hymnare, et collectare.” For the time immediately preceding the Reformation we find these named in the preface and in the to a Portiforium secundum usum Sarum (1544), as church-books #...} which might be printed only by Richard Grafton and Edward VIII. Whitchurch:-‘the Masse booke, the Graile, the Hympnal, the
Antyphoner, the Processyonall, the Manuel, the Porteaus, and the
1 The compotus, or calendar, with its calculations of Easter, &c. Arithmetic is rim-craft. Maitland, Dark Ages, p. 29; Thorpe, Biogr. Brit. Literaria, I. p. 71.
* Mansi, Concil. xix. 7oo; Wilkins, I. 252; Johnson's English Canons (ed. Ang-Cath Libr.), I. p.
394; cf. Thorpe's Ancient Laws,
Prymer both in latine and also in english.” And the statute
1 Maskell, Mon. Rit. vol. 1. * Maskell, Dissertation, p. xxiii. “Dissert. on Service-Books,’ p. xvii. " Lyndwood. Maskell, p. xxvi. * Stat. 3 and 4 Ed. VI. c. 10. 7 Lyndwood. Maskell, p. xxxii. * For a full account of these old and Ancient Liturgy, Pref. p. viii.; church-books; see Mr. Maskell's p. 38, note. ‘Dissertation upon the Ancient * Maskell (Dissert. p. xxxvi.) gives Service-Books of the Church of the arrangement of the Psalms from England.’ Monumenta Ritualia, a ‘Psalterium cum Hymnis ad usum vol. I. pp. xxii. sqq. insignis ecclesiae Sarum et Ebora* Lyndwood, p. 251. censis.”
only when the Gradale did not contain them. The Tropus was a