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Council of Cloveshoo receives the Roman Martyrology, Litany days,
and the Ember fasts: directs that priests shall explain to the
people the Lord's Prayer, and Creed, and the sacred words at
Mass and in Baptism.
Second Nicene Council : establishes the adoration of images
(irporkövmoris rumriks), and determines that the Bread and Wine
in the Eucharist are the very Body and Blood of Christ.
Age of CHARLEMAGNE : payment of Tithes, and Peter's Pence :
publication of the Donation of Constantine: advance of the
doctrine of Transubstantiation.
Council at Friuli asserts the double procession of the Holy Ghost :
“Filioque” added to the Nicene Creed.
Prayers to the Virgin Mary and other Saints have become common :
the Invocations of Saints added to the Litany.

829–836. The False Decretals published.

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The doctrine of Transubstantiation defined by PASCHASIUs RADBERT; opposed by RABANUS MAURUS, and by RATRAMN.

Saxon version of the Psalms by ALFRED.

DUNSTAN enforces the Benedictine Rule, and the Celibacy of the
Clergy.

The Breviary mentioned in Micrologus.

OSMUND, bishop of Sarum, revises the Service Books: Use of
Sarum.

The custom of elevating the Host had now become prevalent in the
West: also of administering to communicants the Bread dipped
in Wine, or sometimes the Bread alone.

The Festival of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary introduced: The Canon Law introduced into England : the doctrine of Seven Sacraments established by the Schoolmen : the adoration of the Host, and multiplication of Altars—the consequence of the doctrine of Transubstantiation.

Synod of Kells, in Ireland, receives the Roman Missal.

The doctrine of Penance and Indulgences taught by PETER LOMBARD
(Master of the Sentences).

The Constitutions of Clarendon.

Transubstantiation declared to be an article of faith, by the Fourth
Lateran Council.

The practice of administering the Communion in one kind becomes
general.

Rise of the Inquisition.

Early English translations of Scripture.

Rolle, of Hampole.

John WycKLIFFE (died 1384).

The Prymer in English.

The Use of St. Paul's discontinued.

Invention of the art of Printing.

A.D. 1483. Liber Festivalis. 1505. MARTIN LUTHER enters an Augustinian Monastery at Erfurt. 1516. ERASMUS publishes the Greek Testament, with a Latin translation. An amended edition of the Sarum Breviary. 1521. Henry VIII. styled “Defender of the Faith’ by Pope LEo X., for his book against Luther. 1526. TYNDALE’s English translation of the New Testament. 1530. The Confession of Augsburg, drawn up by MELANCTHON. The Mirror of our Lady. MARSHALL's Primer. 1531. LUTHER's Nuremberg Form of Service. Revision of the Sarum Breviary. 1533. CRANMER, Archbishop of Canterbury. Revision of the Sarum Missal. 1534. The Papal Supremacy abrogated by Parliament. Luther's translation of the Bible. English Psalters printed. Convocation request an English Bible to be authorized. 1535. MARSHALL's Primer (the first of Dr. Burton's Three Primers). Cover DALE's Bible. 1536. The X. Articles about Religion. Revision of the Roman Breviary by Cardinal Quignonius. A Bible ordered to be set up in some convenient place in every church. 1537. The Institution of a Christian Man (the Bishop's Book). Matthewe's English Bible, by John Rogers, partly from Tyndale and Coverdale. Culminating point of the Reformation under Henry VIII. 1538. English Epistles and Gospels printed. 1539. Act of the Six Articles. Bishop HILSEY's Primer (the second of Dr. Burton's), Cranmer's, or the Great Bible; also Taverner's Bible published. 1540. The Society of Jesus formally established by Pope PAUL III. 1541. The Bible “of the largest and greatest volume” ordered to be placed in every church. 1542. Bishops appointed to examine the translations of the Bible. Revision of the Service Books. The Use of Sarum to be observed throughout the Province of Canterbury. 1543. Committee of Convocation to examine the Service Books. A chapter ordered to be read after Te Deum and Magnificat on every Sunday and holyday. A necessary Doctrine and Erudition for any Christen Man (the Aìng's Book). Archbishop HERMANN's Book of Reformation of Doctrine, Ceremonies and Discipline, published in German. 1544. 9tune.—The Litany in English. 1545. King Henry's Primer (the third of Dr. Burton's).

Archbishop Hermann's Simplex ac pia Deliberatio, in Latin.

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First Session of the Council of Trent.
Proclamation against Tyndal's and Coverdale's Bible.
The Orarium.
jan. 28.—Accession of EDward VI.
July.—The whole Bible in English, and the Paraphrase of Erasmus,
ordered to be set up in churches.
First Book of Homilies.
Royal Visitation, and Injunctions.
October.—Hermann's Consultation, in English.
Movember.—PETER MARTYR, in England.
The King’s Primer (1545) reprinted.
December.—Communion in both kinds approved by Convocation,
and sanctioned by Parliament.
March 8.—The Order of the Communion.
May.—The Augsburg Interim, succeeded in the same year by the
Leipsic Interim.
Şuty. --CRANMER's Catechism.
October. —LASKI in England for six months.
Calvin's Letter to the Protector Somerset.
Movember.—The First Prayer Book discussed by Convocation : a
Committee appointed to compile an Ordinal. An English trans-
lation of the Book of Ratramn, or Bertram, on the Lord's Supper.
January.—The First Act of Uniformity (Stat. 2 & 3 Edw. VI. c. 1.)
April.—BUCER and FAGIUs arrive in England.
June 9 (Whitsun Day).-The first Prayer Book used.
Latin version by ALES.
November.—The old Service Books ordered to be destroyed.
Revision of the Prayer Book: a Commission to prepare Ecclesiastical
Laws.
jan. 5.-BUCER's Censura.
7.—MARTYR's Letter concerning alterations in the Prayer
Book.
Feb. 23.—The Liturgia Peregrinorum, or Strasburg Service, pub-
lished by Pollanus, in Latin and French.
28. – Death of Bucer.
October 11.—Decree of the Council of Trent on the Lord's Supper.
I6.—The Protector Somerset committed to the Tower.
April.—The Second Act of Uniformity (Stat. 5 and 6 EDw. VI. c. 1.)
The XLII. Articles.
September 27.-Order to Grafton not to issue the new Prayer Books.
October 27.—Order of Council to add the Declaration about kneeling
at Communion.
Movember.—The Second Prayer Book used.
The Reformatio Legum Ecclesiasticarum.
March 6.—A reformed Primer (in Liturgies and Documents of
Bdw. VI. ed. Park. Soc.).

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March 25. —PoynET's Catechism.
July 6.—Accession of MARY.
Troubles at Frankfort.
Movember 17. –Accession of ELIZABETH.
December.—Two editions of the Litany published.
A Committee of Divines at Sir T. Smith's house.
March.-A Conference at Westminster.
A Primer, of the form of that of 1545.
April 28.-The Third Act of Uniformity (Stat. I Eliz. c. 2).
June 24.—The revised Prayer Book to be used.
Confession des Eglises Reformées de France, drawn up by a Synod at
Paris.

. The Orarium.

HADDON's Latin Prayer Book.

The Irish Act of Uniformity authorizes the Prayer Book in Latin.

The Geneva Bible.

JEWEL's Apology.

The XXXIX. Articles.

Now ELL’s Catechism, sanctioned by Convocation.

The Second Book of Homilies.

Close of the Council of Trent.

The Preces Prizyata.

Disputes about Vestments.

The English Nonconformists called Puritans.

The “Advertisements’ of Elizabeth, enforcing Uniformity.

The Catechism of the Council of Trent.

Private meetings of London Clergy, ejected for refusing to comply with the Advertisements.

The Bishops' Bible, a corrected edition of the Great Bible.

The Roman Breviary, settled by Pope PIUs V.

Bull of PIUs V. excommunicating Elizabeth.

Proposal to reform some things in the Prayer Book.

The XXXIX. Articles settled in their present form, subscribed by
Convocation : Subscription of the Clergy required by Act of
Parliament.

Latin Version of the Prayer Book.

The “Admonition to the Parliament.”

August 24 (night of St. Bartholomew). —Marsacre of French Pro

testants.

* The Troubles begun at Frankfort' published.

The Family of Love.

Puritan Calendar.

Suppression of Prophesyings.

Archbishop Grindal sequestered, and confined to his house, for lack of zeal against Nonconformists.

Presbyterianism prevails in Scotland.

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BULLINGER's Decades of Sermons.
Puritan edition of the Prayer Book. - A
Legal establishment of Presbyterianism in Scotland.
Index Tridentinus (list of Books prohibited).
Predestinarian controversy at Cambridge.
Movember 20.-The Lambeth Articles.
The Edict of Nantes.
March 24.—Accession of JAMES I.
The Millenary Petition.
January 14, 16, 18.—The Conference at Hampton Court
March 5.-Proclamation for Uniformity.
Changes in the Prayer Book ordered as explanations. -
The (141) Canons receive the Royal Assent: collected by Bancroft
out of Articles, Injunctions, and Synodical Acts, put forth in
the reigns of EDWARD VI. and ELIZABETH, particularly in 1571
and I597.
The Gunpowder Plot.
Revision of the English Bible commenced.

. The Douay version of the Bible.

The present authorized English Translation of the Bible printed.
The Book of Sports, a Proclamation for amusements on the Lord's

Day.
March 27.-Accession of CHARLEs I.
The Book of Sports reissued. f

The Prayer Book for Scotland.
The General Assembly at Glasgow rescinds all that had been esta-
blished since 1605, viz. Episcopacy, the Articles of Perth, the
Canons, and the Common Prayer.
The Covenant signed in Edinburgh.
The Long Parliament meets.
Committee of the Lords on Church Reform.
The Westminster Assembly of Divines nominated by Parliament.
The Book of Common Prayer suppressed by Ordinance of
Parliament.
The Westminster Assembly issue a Directory for Worship, a Confes-
sion of Faith, and a Larger and Shorter Catechism.
May 29.-Restoration of King CHARLES II.
October.—Royal Declaration on Ecclesiastical affairs.
April 15–%uly 24.—The Savoy Conference.
May 8.-Meeting of Convocation.
June 10.—Commission to Convocation to revise the Prayer Book.
December 20.-The revised Book subscribed by Convocation.
February 24.—The revised Book approved by the King in Council.
April Ic.—The Act of Uniformity (Stat. 14 CAROL. II.) passed the
House of Lords:
May 8.—Passed the Commons:
May 19.-Received the Royal Assent.

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