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(Oct. 16, 1529), modified and
enlarged by Melancthon, and pre-
sented to Charles V. at the Diet
at Augsburg (June 25, 1530):
Hardwick, A’eformation, p. 53.
AUGUSTINE (the missionary), his
Ritual for the English Church, 2.
Ave Maria, the Angelic Saluta-
tion :-
‘Ave, Maria, gratia plena,
Dominus tecum ; benedicta
tu in mulieribus, et bene-
dictus fructus ventris tui,
Jesus. Sancta Maria, mater
Dei, ora pro nobis pecca-
toribus nunc et in hora mor-
tis nostrae. Amen.’
The first part seems to have
been in use in the seventh
century. The second part
was fixed about the fifteenth
century. Maskell (Prymer,
p. 71, n.) gives a second
clause appointed in the 14th
century:—
* Et benedicta sit venerabilis
mater tua Anna, ex qua tua
caro virginea et immaculata
processit. Amen.” In the
Prymer, of the beginning of
the 15th century, there is no
second clause (Monumenta
Ritualia, II. I76).

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Baptism, Public :
consecration of the water, 378;
manner of administration, 38o;
ceremonies following, 382;
ceremonies opposed by Bucer,
45, 379;
the sign of the Cross, 382; Dr.
Burgess's explanation of it,
385, n. ;
regeneration in, 124, 382, n. ;
undoubted salvation of baptized
infants, 384; this especially
condemned as sinful by
Baxter, 141 ;
Baptism, in private houses:
the Mediaeval Rubrics, 385;
Hermann's Consultation, 387 ;
allowed in case of necessity,

.45, 389 ; -
disliked by the Presbyterians,
I24;
by a lawful minister (1604),
8:

388;
Service to be used, 389;
completion of the Service in
church, commonly called
Christening, 392;
inquiry whether the Baptism
has been rightly adminis-
tered, and by whom, 390;
if by an unauthorised person,
39 I :
by a layman, irregular, but
legally valid, 391, m.; 426;
proposals about it (1689), 153.
Baptism of Adults (1661), 134;
the Office for, 394;
its variations from the Office
for Infants, 395.
BASIL (St.), Liturgy of, 307, n. ;
nocturnal Service, 216, n. ;
prayers at Prime, 191, n. ;
Doxology, 2I4, n. ;
Thanksgiving, 361, n.
Basilica, the Roman Imperial Court
of justice : churches were built
in the same form, with nave and
aisles, ending in an apse.
BAXTER (Richard),
his ‘Exceptions against the
Prayer Book” (1661), 115;
“Reformation of the Liturgy,”
I32 ;
‘Petition for peace,’ 132;
“Rejoinder’ to the Bishops, 133;
BAxTER (Richard):
alleges eight particulars from
the Prayer Book as sinful,
I33, 72.
Bede, ‘collecta, qua vulgo Bede
dicitur’; M.S. ap. Du Cange:
prayers, suffrages, Pater noster,
Aze Maria, said in continued
repetition, and counted on a
string of beads. Hence poor
religious, attending constantly in
Cathedrals, who were therefore
employed to pray for the souls of
the departed, were called Bedes-
men.
Bell, rung at a death and a burial,
430, n. ; at the elevation in the
Mass (Sanctus Bell), 329.
Benedicite, 225.
Benediction, upon the Lections at
Matins, 183 sqq. ;
of ashes on Ash Wednesday,
280, 281, m. ;
episcopal, in the Mass, 331, n;
mediaeval concluding Forms,
362, n.; 363, n. ;
at a marriage, 411 sqq ;
in Hermann's Consultation,
363, n. ;
the English Form, 362;
precatory (2 Cor. xiii. 14), 246;
for the Sick, 419 ;
Service so called, in the Roman
Church, consisting of a
Hymn, Collect, and exposi-
tion of the Consecrated Host
in the Monstrance.
Benedictional, the book of episcopal
Benedictions, 331, n.
Benedictus, 227.
Betrothal, the pledging the troth ;
the public ceremony confirming
a private contract of marriage.
See Espousals.
Bible, how read in the mediaeval
Lections, 183, 218, 462.
a more continuous reading
attempted by Cardinal Quig-
non (1536), 28.
Bible in English, set up in churches,

9 ;
publicly read, 20.
Bibliotheca, the Bible, 9.
Bidding of the Bedes, 16, 171.
Bidding Prayer, the, 171.

Bigamus, “qui ecdem tempore plures
habet uxores.’
Bissextus, Bissextile; every fourth
year so called from the day inter-
calated between the 24th and 25th
of February in the Calendar of
Julius Caesar: the 24th being
Sexto Calendas Martii, theinserted
day was Bissexto Cal.
Bishops' Book, The ;
the name commonly given to
the “Institution of a Christian
man’ (1537); it contains an
Exposition of the Creed, of
the Seven Sacraments, of the
Ten Commandments, and of
the Paser noster and Ave,
with the Articles of Justifica-
tion and Purgatory.
Blessing, Forms of, 363;
of cramp-rings, 284, n ;
of the marriage ring, 410;
of ashes on Ash Wednesday,

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Bowing at the name of Jesus, 232.

BRAM HALL (Archbp.), his Form of
Letters of Orders, 158.
Breas, for the Holy Communion,364.
Breviary, the, 13 ;
the Roman, reformed by Car-
dinal Quignonius (1536), 18;
settled by Pius V. (1568), 13;
called Portisorium in England,
I3;
the Sarum, revised (1516 and
1531), 18;
revised again (1541), and ordered.
to be used through the Pro-
vince of Canterbury, 19.
BRIDGET (St.), the XV. Oes of, 17.
British Church, Liturgy of the, 1,321
BUCER (Martin), his opinion asked
of the First Prayer Book, 33;
his Censura, 44;
thought Service in choir anti-
christian, 198; .
not the author of the Baptismal
Office, 46;
disliked the consecration of the
water in Baptism, 45, 379.
Bull : a mandate, or decision, issued
by the Pope ; and so called from
the seal (bulla), commonly of lead,
but sometimes of gold, attached
to it.

Bulsa, iam : the collection of Papal
Bulls.
BULLINGER (Henry), his doctrinal
influence upon the Reformation
in England under Henry VIII.
and Edward VI., 47 ;
his Decades of Sermons trans-
lated into English, and to be
studied by the clergy, in the
reign of Elizabeth, 47, and

22.
Burial of the Dead,
the Mediaeval Offices, 423;
the Service (1549), 424;
Communion at, 74, 425.
the earth cast upon the corpse,
429, 432 ;
bell to be tolled, 430, m.;
“Fall from Thee,” meaning of
the phrase, 429, n.;
review of the Service, 430;
the Service not to be said in
certain cases, 426, 461 ;
all ceremony and service for-
bidden in the Directory
(1644), IO6.
Burial in woollen, enforced under a
penalty of 51. (1678 to 1814).
Burials, tax on (1695), 5ol. for a
duke, and 4s. for a common
person;
Tax of 3d. on all except pau-
pers (Oct. 1, 1783).

C.

Calendar, commission to amend the
(1561), 65; - -
names of Saints retained, 66,

7.I.
CALVIN (John), endeavours to guide
the Reformation in England, 48;
his Directory for Divine Ser-
vice, 48.
Candlemas, the feast of the Purifica-
tion of the Blessed Virgin Mary
(February 2), 302, n.
Candles on the Communion Table,
2O2.
Canon, a system of Odes, in the
hymnology of the Greek Church;
a rule or decision formulated
by a general or provincial
Council.

Canon Law, a digest of decisions
bearing on ecclesiastical questions,
arranged in the Corpus juris
Canonici.
Canon Missa, 327.
Canonical Hours, the, I2.
Canonization, 304, n.
Canons, the : Constitutions and
Canons Ecclesiastical, agreed
upon in the Synod of the Province
of Canterbury, begun at London,
1603. These 141 canons are
valid as ecclesiastical laws, but
not being confirmed in Parlia-
ment, do not bind the laity.
Cantare Missam, 215, n.
Cantate Domino, Ps.xcviii., one of the
Canticles at Evening Prayer, 248.
Canticles, the, 222, 247.
Cantoris, the precentor's side of the
choir.
Capitulary, a digest of ecclesiastical
rules and laws : specially, the
canon and civil laws of the kings
of the Francs, beginning A.D. 554,
collected circ. A.D. 827, and com-
monly called the Capitulary of
Charlemagne.
Capitulum, the Little Chapter, 188,
I92, 193, 226.
Cuppa, or Capa, or Caracalla, a
cope, or tippet; an ordinary gar-
ment reaching to the ankles :
AXu Cange.
Coputjejunii, Ash Wednesday, seria
quarta in capite jejunii, 280.
Cassock, a long black garment with
sleeves : in the Roman Church it
is violet for bishops, and white
for the Pope.
Catechism, the, 397;
Poynet's, 399;
Nowell's, 400;
numerous catechisms in the
reigns of Edward and Eliza-
beth, 400, n.;
the Assembly's Larger, ap-
É. by the Assembly of
ivines at Westminster
(1646), and adopted by the
Scottish Assembly (1648). A
shorter catechism was pre-
pared at the same time.
Catechizing before the Reformation,
397.

Catechumen, 370.
Cathedral, the principal church of
a diocese, where the bishop's
throne or seat (cathedra) is
placed.
Cautels, directions to the priest in
saying Mass, and how to proceed
in case of accidents. Cautelae
AMissa, in the Sarum Missal
(Burntisland edition), p. 647; or
Maskell, Ancient Liturgy, p.
I68.
Celebrare, to say Mass. The phrase
“to celebrate’ is sometimes used
of the Holy Communion in the
English Church; and the princi-
pal minister who consecrates is
called the Celebrant.
Celibate, a term applied to those
under a vow not to marry, espe-
cially to those in Holy Orders
in the Church of Rome. It was
finally imposed upon the Latin
clergy by Pope Gregory VII.
(Hildebrand) at the Lateran
Council (IoS9).
Cena Domini, Holy Thursday, seria
quinta in cena Domini, 282.
Ceremonies, proposed to be abo-
lished (1641), 99;
rubrical directions about, 196.
Ceroserarius, a candle-bearer; gener-
ally two at High Mass, 323.
Chalice (calix), the cup used at
Holy Communion.
Chalice veil, covering the chalice
when carried to and from the
altar.
Chancels, 204.
CHARLEs I. wishes to introduce the
Prayer Book into Scotland, 94.
CHARLES II., his Declaration from
Breda, Io& ;
‘concerning ecclesiastical af-
fairs' (Oct. 25, 1660), II2;
his warrant for the Conference
at the Savoy, I 13.
Chasuble, 200, n.
CHEKE (Sir John), his Latin Ver-
sion of the Prayer Book, 68.
Childermas, the Holy Innocents'
Day (Dec. 28).
Chimere, 200, n.
Choir, Service in the, 198.
Chrism, 371.

Chrismalia, 403, n.
Chrisom, the, 382, n.
Christening, or completion of the
Service of Private Baptism in
Church, 389.
Christmas Day,
the mediaeval Offices, 272;
two Communions (1549), 272;
Proper Psalms and Lessons,
273 ;
the Širvice between Christ-
mas and Epiphany, 277.
CHRysostom (St.),
Liturgy of, 308;
Prayer of, 246.
Church ale, a yearly wake or feast
commemorating the Dedication
of the Church.
Churching of Women, the Service
for, 433.
Church militant in earth, 351, n.
Circumcision, the festival of the,

275.
core (Dr. Samuel), his Reformed
Prayer Book, 164.
Clausum Paschae, Low Sunday, the
Octave of Easter, qua paschalium
festivitatum solemmias clauditur.
Clinici, also Grahatarii, those bap-
tized on their couch in extreme
sickness.
Collatio (guagóAm), the Apostles'
Creed, 229, n.
Collecta (orovačis), the Eucharist,

306, n.
Collect, the (Oratio), recited aloud
by the minister, velut omnium
vota et preces in unum colligens :
Micrologus.
Collects, the, 27o;
number of at Matins and at
Mass, 324, n.;
antiquity of, 271 ;
concluding phrases, 270, m.;
in the Morning and Evening
Prayer, 241 ;
for Peace, 241, 248;
for Grace, 190, 241 ;
for Aid against all Perils, 195,
246;
for the King, in Communion
Office, 349;
for Saints' days, 300.
Comes, the Book of the Epistles,
Io, 269.

Commandments, the Ten, 348;
mediaeval versions of, 14;
division of, 348, m.;
set up in churches (1564),
2O4.
Commemoration of Benefactors, 74.
Commemorationes, three in each
week, if possible : 1. sull Ser-
vice in honour of the Blessed
Virgin, on Saturday: 2. pro-
bably of S. Thomas of Canter-
bury: and 3. of the patron Saint,
as of S. Osmund at Salisbury, or
S. Chad at Lichfield, &c.
Commendation of souls, 423;
of the body to the ground,
429 ;
or to the deep, 432, n.
Commination, the vervice on Ash
Wednesday, 436;
ordered by Grindal, three times
a year besides Ash Wednes-
day,436, n.;
desired by Bucer to be used
more frequently, 46;
pool. (1689), 157; (1879),
46 I.

Commissioners, to compile the Eng-
lish Service Book, 23, 26;
to prepare the Ordinal, 31;
to revise the Prayer Book, 34,
57, 91 ;
for the attempted revision
(1689), 145; their report
supposed to be lost, 146, n.;
abstract of their proposals,
I46.
Committee
(1641), 98.
Common Prayer in English, 25 (see
Book of Common Prayer) in Latin
(see /a, in Prayer Book).
Commune, the Service for any
Saint's day, which had no Proper
Office, or from which any part
lacking in the Proper Office, was
supplied. In the Breviary, the
Commune Sanctorum et Sanc-
tarum follows the Psalter.
Communicants, three the least
number of, 364, 421.
Communio, a short anthem in the
Mass, said after , the priest’s
communion and the ablutions,
335;

on Church Reform

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