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Art. X. A Letter to the Right Hon. J. C. Villiers, on the Education of the Natives of India : to which are added, an Account of Hindoo Widows, recently burnt alive in Bengal ; and also some Extracts from the Reports of the Native Schools, published
by the Serampore Missionaries. By William Ward, of Serampore, Bengal.
pp. 85. London, 1820. :IT T cannot be affirmed,' says Mr. Ward,' that schools are few
in India : schools are in fact numerous; but to &pand the minds of the young, or to give them the elements of knowledge, is no part of the plan of these schools. Not a single ' book on morals, on the duties of creatures towards each other, or to their Creator, is to be found in any of the common schools throughout India.' And even from these schools, such as they are, females are altogether excluded. The Hindoo female is forbidden all education, and has no means of sufficient employment. The total extinction of the moral sense, is the necessary consequence of this rayless ignorance. Mr. Ward affirms that ' falsehood is so common,' that he never knew a Hindoo who
felt the least scruple on this head ;' that perjury may be purchased at whatever price is offered, the false swearer being familiarly termed a four apas (eightpenny) man ;' and that no man in India confides in the promises of anyther. Mendicity in its most loathsome form, superstition the most abject, universal licentiousness, infanticide, and suicide, compose the picture which, from personal observation, Mr. Ward exhibits, of the present state of Hindoo society.
And yet, he says, “I doubt not but the Hindoos, if the appe'tite for knowledge were supplied with food in due proportions, would become in mental stature almost equal to Britons themselves.' The wretched females, too, he pronounces to be quite capable of the highest cultivation.' • Notwithstanding the immense disadvantages to which the female sex is subject, there exist two or three modern instances of mendicants or pilgrims of this sex, acquiring the Shanscrit, and instructing the men in the most abstruse parts of the Hindoo philosophy. Nor can I doubt but that if English females could be persuaded to live in India, and devote their lives to the improvement of their own sex there, schools for girls might easily be obtained, till at length the prejudices of the natives against female education would be removed, and the many millions of females in India, thus raised from the most abject state by the exertions of British females, would assist in raising, and improving, and solacing the other
fixing in their hearts the love of the British government and of the English nation, so as to attach them to us for ever.'
The object to which Mr. Ward wishes to direct the benevolent exertions of the British public, is, the instruction of the Vol. XIII. N.S.
Hindoos in such branches of knowledge, civil, natural, and moral, as may be grafted upon their existing institutions.' He thinks it very practicable to excite among them the love of knowledge, so as to induce the natives themselves to establish schools, in which the books of science and general knowledge which shall have been introduced among them, will be multiplied and diffused all over the country. The whole country,' he affirms, would go into an improved system of education.'
Schools set up by the English, are very popular; and nothing can be more easy than to give them all the elements of modern science, and all the transforming ideas of that morality which has been communicated to us through the Sacred Scriptures. People are seldom so thankful for any thing as for knowledge. A Hindoo is taught to reverence his teacher more than his parents.'
Any attempt, however, to instruct the whole population through the English lunguage, Mr. Ward contends, would be highly pernicious.
• If it be ideas which we want to communicate to the people of India, then, this object can never be obtained but by transfusing European knowledge into the languages with which they are familiar.'
Give but a taste of the value of knowledge to India, and then she herself will carry on the work begun.'
We are rejoiced to gather from this interesting 'I etter' of the estimable Missionary, that it is in contemplation to form, in this metropolis, a Society for the Improvement of India. The claims of sixty millions of our fellow-subjects, loudly call upon the British public for the most active concurrence in giving to such a plan an efficiency commensurate to its grand and important design.
Some interesting extracts from the reports of the native schools instituted by the Serampore Missionaries, are given in an appendix. The Reports themselves, it is stated, may be bad gratuitously, on application to Messrs. Black, Kingsbury, and Co. of Leadenball Street
Art. XI. Sacred Lyrics. By James Edmeston, foolscap 8vo. pp. 59.
Price 4s. London, 1820. DR. Johnson's remark, that all devotional poetry is unsatis
* factory,' inasmuch as the paucity of the topics enforces perpetual repetition, and the sanctity of the matter rejects the * ornaments of figurative diction,'— bas, like most of the general remarks of that great doginatist, a foundation in truth; there is no species of poetry in which excellence is so rarely obtained. Few persons, however, who are conversant with the additjons made to our devotional poetry since the days of Watts,
will be disposed to subscribe to the sweeping position as it stands, wbich would seem to intimate that the spirit of poetry is almost incapable of combining with devotion. We would not adduce the languishing sentimental devotion of Mr. Thomas Moore's sacred melodies, nor my Lord Byron's Hebrew melodies, as invalidating the Doctor's remark; other and wortbier names will occur to our readers : not to speak of Herbert, and we should not be ashamed to add the name of Quarles, it were sufficient to mention Cowper, Charles Wesley, and Montgomery, as authors whose devotional poetry is the very reverse of unsatisfactory. Our present business lies, however, with these sacred lyrics, of which it would not perhaps be saying too much, were we to venture the opinion, that they might be held sufficient proof, that the topics of devotion do not reject the diction of poetry. Our readers shall judge for themselves.
More lovelily than all beside ;
A sabbath eve in summer tide.
And all below, and all above,
One universal garb of Love.
The life of Grace, the death of Sin,
1s peace without and peace within.
A God all love-no grief nor fear-
A smile unsullied by a tear!
A scene so heavenly sure as this,
Some foretaste of celestial bliss.
Spread her dark mantle o'er thy reign,
Must call us to the world again.
A sun that never sets shall rise ;
The heavenly sabbath never dies!' pp. 7, 8,
Art. XII. SÉLECT LITERARY INFORMATION.
Gentlemen and Publishers who have works in the press, will oblige the Conductors of the Eclectic Review, by sending information (post paid) of the subject, extent, and probable price of such works ; which they may depend upon being communicated to the public, if consistent with its plan.
Mr. Foster, author of Essays on De sent state and distinguishing features of cision of Character, &c. has in the the governments now in existence. press, and will publish in a few weeks, James Adamson, esq. has in the press, an Essay on the Evils of Popular Igno Mernoirs of the Life and Writings of rance, in an octavo volume.
Louis de Camoens, in two octavo roMr. Philip, of Liverpool, is preparing lumes, with nine engravings. a new life of Whitefield, the materials Mr. Robert Walpole is printing in a of which have been collected from vari- quarto volume, with plates, Travels in ous British and American sources. various Countries of the East, being a
Mr. Wm. Turner has in the press, in continuation of Memoirs relating to Fu. three octavo volumes, a Journal of a ropean and Asiatic Turkey. Tour in Greece, Egypt, and the Holy To be published by subscription, The Land; with excursions to the river Jor Christian Family Assistant, in four dan, and along the banks of the Red Sea Parts; Containing, Ist. A Discourse on to Mount Sinai.
Prayer, in ten chapters, with Anec. Dr. Baron will soon publish in quarto, dotes and Observations from various with engravings, Illustrations of some Authors. 2nd. Suitable forms of Prayer parts of his Inquiry respecting the Ori for Domestic Worship, original, and gin of Tubercles and Tumours.
selected from the works of the most Mr. G. E. Sbattleworth has in the eminent Divines. 34. A Hundred press, Remarks on the Church and the Hymns, pecaliarly adapted to Family Clergy, exbibiting the obligations of Devotion. Ath. An arranged List of society, literature, and the arts, to the suitable Portions of Scripture for Mornecclesiastical orders.
ing and Evening Worship, of every day Mr. Leigh Hunt will soon publish a in the year, with an Appendix, containtranslation of Tasso's Amyntas, with an ing a Series of Essays on Domestic Essay on the Pastoral Poetry of Italy, Duties, &c. By H. L. Poppewell. To
A new Edition of Dr. Bissett's History which will be prefixed, än Historical of the Reign of George the Third, con Essay on Prayer. By logram Cobbiu, tiqued to his death, is in considerable A, M. forwardness.
The Third and Fourth Voluries of The Second Edition of Dr. Aikin's Scripture Portraits, by the Rev, Robert Anaals of the Reiga of George the Stevenson, of Castle Hedingham, are Third, brought down to the time of his nearly ready for the Press, and will death, is expected in the course of a probably appear in the course of the month.
ensuing Spring Mr. Nichols is preparing for publica A New Edition of Mr. Jolliffe's intertion, a Fourth Volume of Illustrations of esting Letters from Palestine, descriptive the Literary History of the Eighteenth of a tour through Gallilee and Judea, Century.
with some account of the Dead Sea and Mr. James Kenney will soon publish, the present state of Jerusalem, with: in octavo, Valdi, or the Libertine's Son, additions, is in the press, and will be a poem, in five parts.
ready in the course of the ntonth. The Monastery, a romance, in three In the press, Meinoirs of His late volumes, by the author of Waverley, - Majesty, Geo. 111. By John Brown, esg. &c, is in the press.
Author of the Northern Courts. James Tyson, esq. has in the press, The final volume of Mr. Morell's Elements of the History of Civil Go Studies in History, being the 2d of vernments, with an account of the pre. England, is now in the press, and will
God, for mang
be published next month ; it will com Vidal, Esq. and accompanied with de. mence with the reign of James the scriptive letter-press, Pirst, and will be continued to the death Nearly
ready for publication, a Picof George 111.
turesque Tour from Geneva, over Mount The Rev. J. Gilbart, of Dublin, has Simplon, to Milan, in one Volume, imin the press, and will shortly publish, perial 8vo. This work, which cannot A Series of Connected Lectures on the fail to claim the particular attention of Holy Bible, illustrative and confirma the continental traveller, will contain tory of its character, as an economy 36 coloured engravings, of the most of Religion instituted and revealed by interesting scenery in that romantic
tract, and especially the most striking The Rev. Mr. Clarke, author of the points of view in the new road over Wandering Jew, has in the press, The the Simplon. The engravings will be History of the Zodians, a fictitions accompanied with copious bistorical narrative, designed to illustrate the na and descriptive particulars respecting tural origin of public institutions. every remarkable object along the route.
R. Ackermann proposes to publish, Likewise, in great forwardness, at the in six monthly parts, (part 1. to Lithographic press, A Series of characappear on the 1st of May, 1820,) Pic teristic Portraits of the Cossacks atturesque illustrations of Buenos Ayres, tached to the Russian Army, which and Monte Video, consisting of 24 occupied Paris in 1815, and 16; with Views, and faithful Representations of ainple details of the history, manners, the Costumes, Manners, &c. of the and customs of the different tribes to Inhabitants of those Cities and their which they belonged. This will also Environs, taken on the spot, by E. E. forin an imperial 8vo. Volume.
ART. XIII. LIST OF WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.
ENTOMOLOGY. An Essay on the Management of Dialogues on Entomology, in which Hedges and Hedge-row Timber. By the forms and habits of insects are Francis Blaikie, Steward and Agent to familiarly explained. With 25 plates, W.T. Coke, Esq. 2s.
12mo. 12s. plain ; 18s. coloured. On the Economy of Farm-yard Manure, and other Rural Subjects. With an Appendix and Plate of the Inverted
An extraordinary fine Likeness of our Horse Hoe invented by Mr. Blaikie, 2s.
late venerable Sovereign ; engraved by BIOGRAPHY.
J. Agar, after a Picture painted by Memoires pour servir à l'Histoire de la
Count Munster, the constant Attendant Vie Privée, da Retour, et du Regne de
on his Majesty, during the latter years Napoleon en 1815. Par M. Fleury de
of his public life. 7s. 60.--Proofs on Chaboulon, Ex-sécrétaire de l'Empereur
India paper, 15s. Napoleon et de son Cabinet, Maitre des
A Series of Views of the Abbeys and Requestes au Conseil d'Etat, Baron,
Castles in Yorkshire; drawn by W. Officier de la Légion d'Honneur, et
Westall, A. R. A. and engraved by F. Chevalier de l'Ordre de la Réunion.
Mackenzie. With Historical and De2 Tom. 8vo. 11. 4s.
scriptive Accounts by the Rev. T. D. Memoirs of the Private Life, the Real Whitaker, L. L. D. F. R. S. &c. No. 1. turn, and the Reign of Napoleon, in
imp. 4to. 10s. 6d. Proofs, 15s.
Views in Paris and its Environs : 1815. By M. Fleury de Chaboulon, Exsecretary of the Emperor Napoleon and
comprising a Series of highly finished of his Cabinet, Master of Requests to
Engravings, by the most eminent Are the Council of State, Baron, Officer of
tists, from Drawings' made by Mr. the Legion of Honour, and Knight of the
Frederick Nash; the Literary Departe Order of Reunion. 2 vols, 8vo. 11. 48.
ment by Mr. John Scott. No. 1, conMemoirs of Miss G-, late of Heath.
taining 6 Views. royal 4to. 16s. impecote-street, Mecklenburgh-square; illus
perial 4to, 11. Jos. Indian paper proofs, trative of the nature and effects of
21. 2s. The whole to be completed in Christian principles, compiled chiefly
Ten Numbers. from her own papers. 12mo. 35.