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with representations of the objects, are given in the Journal.1 A curious assemblage of ornaments, many enamelled, occur in this examination ; and Mr. Bateman was enabled to make out the complete form of a helmet, with the silver binding and ornaments of a leather cap. Mr. Bateman has also given? an account of a Roman pig of lead found in Notts, inscribed c. IVL. PROTI, BRIT. LVT. EX. ARG.

The proceedings of our Derby Congress offer many notices by Mr. Bateman. On this occasion we visited his museum, and received a most hearty welcome and generous entertainment. I have already referred to the importance of its contents, and I pass on therefore to specify Mr. Bateman's particular communications. He favoured us with remarks upon a few of the barrows opened at various times in the more hilly districts near Bakewell, and drew inferences of importance to the ethnologist. It is a valuable paper, and will not admit of abbreviation. It is amply illustrated. This volume of the Journal also contains the particulars of a controversy between Mr. Bateman and Mr. Alleyne Fitzherbert, growing out of the proceedings of the Congress in relation to the contents of the barrows and the periods to which they are to be referred. Mr. Fitzherbert felt disposed to attribute them to Saxon times; Mr. Bateman, from their contents, was fully satisfied that they belonged to an earlier period.

Late in 1851 Mr. Bateman opened a most complete and well preserved cist, nearly six feet in length, and of the same breadth at the largest part. It was five feet in height, covered with an immense stone, and furnished with a smaller adjoining chamber or gallery.* A curious discovery is also recorded of a portion of chain mail found in Staffordshire;' the rings were secured by one rivet only. Examples of this kind of English armour are of rare occurrence.

At our Congress in Notts in 1852 Mr. Bateman contributed an account of early burial places in that county, and he has detailed, with his usual precision, the particulars relating to them. They are accompanied by illustrations. In 1853 he forwarded to the Association one of those formerly common, but now very rare, articles to be met with known as a horn-book." It was found upon taking down an old house at Middleton, and is of the time of Charles I. Mr. Halliwell favoured the Association with observations upon the specimen, and on the horn-book generally, which appropriately accompany the plates illustrative of this antiquity. They belong to the most curious relics of the educational system adopted by our ancestors. In the same volume will be found an account of a fibula of a peculiar form belonging to the later AngloSaxon period, and a carved ivory knife-handle of the time of Charles II,

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434. Ib., 438.

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V, 79.

3 vii, 210.

interesting for its illustration of costume. He likewise exhibited a bronze Hercules with the slain dragon and one of the apples from the Garden of Hesperides, found at York, and deposited in Mr. Bateman's

museum.

1

In 1855 he forwarded to us an account of the discovery of a large quantity of Anglo-Saxon pennies at Scotby, near Carlisle, and furnished a list with their several inscriptions.

In 1856 Mr. Bateman opened more Saxon graves at Winster, Derbyshire. In the Journal he describes the manner of burial. A quern, of a bee-hive shape, was discovered with one of the skeletons.

In 1857 he exhibited a very fine Roman finger ring of silver, set with an oval cornelian, having engraved upon it the figure of a deer. This, together with a brass spear-head, had been found in a tumulus in 1855 at Stone, near Aylesbury, whence many Roman remains had been obtained.

The attention of our Association has been frequently directed to Celtic and Roman antiquities said to have been found in the Thames at Battersea. In 1858 Mr. Bateman sent to us a bronze sword of the leafshaped form, twenty-five inches long; another measuring twenty-six inches, although two inches must have been broken off from the haft; a bronze dagger; a bronze spear; a human skull; and a portion of very thin hammered bronze, all of which had been purchased by him for his museum as articles found in that locality. Mr. Cuming has drawn the attention of the Society to these and other articles of a similar character in a paper inserted in the Journal, to which I refer you for precise and valuable information on the subject.

In 1859 Mr. Bateman transmitted to me the impression of a scal, the matrix of which was of ivory. The seal purported to have belonged to Christopher Sutton, prebendary of Biggleswade in Bedfordshire. I have given an account of it in the Journal."

Mr. Bateman made excavations at Gib Hill tumulus in 1848. This had been previously examined by his father in 1824, but the results were not satisfactory. Further examination justified Mr. Bateman in his opinion, and the result is given in the Journal. Mr. Bateman also gave an account of some Anglo-Saxon antiquities found at Caistor in Lincolnshire. A bronze pin, with three triangular shreds, similar to what has been found in Livonian graves, but never before in England, was there discovered.

In 1860 Mr. Bateman exhibited to us a fine gold bulla of Anglo-Saxon workmanship found with a skeleton.?

In the Journal for the last year we have recorded the exhibition of a

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bronze sword, with a scabbard ornament of much rarity,1 found at Ebberston in Yorkshire.

Thus has our lost and deeply lamented Associate laboured with us from the commencement of our Association to the close of his life. As separate publications issued by Mr. Bateman, I have to enumerate the following :-“Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, 8vo., 1848": this has gone through two editions; “A Descriptive Catalogue of the Antiquities and Miscellaneous Objects preserved in the Museum of Thomas Bateman at Lomberdale House, Derbyshire, 8vo., 1855.” The objects are arranged under the heads of—1. Britannic Collection; 2. Ethnographical; 3. Relics; 4. Arms and Armour; 5. Collections illustrative of Arts and Manufactures. Many of the objects are figured.

Just prior to his decease he put forth a volume entitled “ Ten Years' Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-hills in the Counties of Derby, Stafford, and York.” A truly valuable volume to the practical barrowdigger, every appearance being most carefully noted. He was engaged (and the MS. is in a very forward state) upon a Catalogue of his MSS., with palæographic and bibliographical notes; and he was likewise preparing another edition of the Catalogue of his museum, many additions having been made since its publication in 1855. As the Collections are to be preserved entire, it is hoped that these MSS. may be submitted to

the press.

JAMES CLARKE, of Easton, Suffolk, was one of those to whom the establishment of our Association proved a great source of enjoyment and improvement. He became an Associate in 1847. Imbued with a taste for antiquities, and active as a collector of all found in his neighbourhood, it was no light matter to him to be enabled to transmit an account of his discoveries and his acquisitions to be examined into and commented upon. He looked with great anxiety to the quarterly appearance of the Journal, and was proud in any way to contribute to its pages. His communications are numerous, if they are not of any great importance. His first contribution was of a brass plate of the twelfth or thirteenth century, representing a seated figure playing on a harp between two flowers, and surrounded in a doubled pearled circle + AVE : MARIA : GRACIA : PLENA : DOMINUS : TECUM. This was followed during successive years by a white stone jug, found at Framlingham, with the date 1591 ;a brass mortar from the old foundations of the North Pier at Yarmouth, 1554, with a bust of Queen Elizabeth ;* a flat personal seal in lead found at Easton + SIGIL. F. + ELIPI. HALAT.;O a gold British coin ;three ancient rings from Saxmundham and Hempstead in Essex ;' a silver coin of Henry IV of France, 1604, found near Hoo church ;8 various pennies of Henry III, mostly of the London mint, 1 xvii. Pl. 30, fig. 2.

5 Ib., 166. ? vi, 158. Journal, v, 163.

6 Ib., 167. 8 Ib., 445.

3 Ib. 4 Ib.

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found at the base of the barbican of Framlingham castle, also one of Henry II;l a testoon of Edward VI, from Framlingham, and a gold coin found at Hoo;' account of a Roman vault at Rosas Pit containing urns, bones, etc. ;: a counterfeit sterling, struck in Flanders ;' a silver halfpenny, conjectured to be of Henry V; a Commonwealth sixpence, weighing sixty-six grains; a testoon found at Rochford, weighing sixtyseven grains; one of the counterfeits of the times of the Edwards I, II, III; a half-guinea of Charles II, found at Wickham Market; a penny of Edward II, found at Easton; an angelet of Henry VI, and a halfpenny of Henry VIII, four grains and a half;6 various coins found at Brandeston, Letheringham, and Easton;" silver seal, with crest of Mowbray, found at Kettleborough Hall;9 three rubbings of brasses from Easton church: John Brook, 1426, John and Radcliffe Wingfield, 15841601;9 notice of mural paintings in Easton church;10 coins of Charles II found at Earlsham, and medals of Charles I from Halesworth ;11 discovery of Roman coins in a brick-kiln; a rose noble of Edward IV, found at Halesworth, weighing one hundred and twenty grains ;12 pennies of Stephen and Edward I, found at Framlingham; a token of Sasmundham; medal of Charles I, found at Woodbridge ;18 a faciam unit found at Dennington, and a halfpenny of Edward I, found at Letheringham ;14 a penny of Ethelred II, found at Brandeston, and other pieces, in different parts of Suffolk ;15 a Roman urn, found at Kettleborough ;16 various tokens of Wickham Market, Framlingham, etc. ;17 silver medal of Charles I and Henrietta, by Simon de Passe;18 coins of Edward III, Henry VIII, Elizabeth, and Alexander of Scotland, found in Suffolk ;19 three seals of various periods;20 a circular gold ring of fifteenth century;21 a seal from bronze matrix + CREDE MNCNH1.22 Mr. Clarke's last communication was made in April 1861, and was on the exhibition of a denarius of Otho IV, emperor of Germany, 1208-1212. Our associate's health had been failing for some time, and he expired Sept. 25th, at the age of sixty-three.

WILLIAM GEORGE CARTER was an exceedingly well-informed man, and of great benevolence. He paid much attention to antiquities and literature, and was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. He joined our Association in 1857, and died at the age of seventy-four, on the 19th of November last. There are no contributions from him in our Journal. He was professionally engaged for thirty-five years as solicitor to the Coldstream Guards.

EDWARD STEPHEN LEE was also a solicitor; joined us as an associate in 1855, and died on the 12th December last at the age of forty-one. 1 Ib., 452.

13 xi, 347.

18 Ib. 2 viii, 159. 8 Ib., 99. 14 Ib., 350.

19 Ib., 348. 3 Ib., 160,

X,
179.
15 xii, 83.

20 xiv, 337.
4 Ib., 360. 10 Ib., 180. 16 xiii, 234. 21 Ib., 342.
6 Ib.
11 Ib., 190.
17 Ib., 235.

22 xvi, 267. 6 ix, 73.

12 Ib., 383.

7

X, 90.

9

APRIL 23.

GEORGE VERE IRVING, Esq., V.P., IN THE CHAIR. Francis Fox, M.D., of Brislington, near Bristol, was elected an associate.

Thanks were voted for the following presents :
To the Society. Proceedings of the Royal Society. No. 48. 8vo. 1862.

Journal of the Numismatic Society. March, 1862. 8vo.
Archæological Journal. No. 71 for Sept. 1861. 8vo.

Somersetshire Archæological and Natural History Soci

ety's Proceedings for 1860. Vol. x. 8vo. 1861. To the Publisher. Gentleman's Magazine for April. 8vo.

Mr. Charles Whitley transmitted two Roman vessels of terra-cotta, found at Hoddesden, Herts, referred to at the meeting, Feb. 12 (see p. 268 ante). The paste of both is fine, soft, and of a grey colour. One is skittle-shaped, five inches high, scored with a broad band of trelliswork, beneath which is a broad band of diagonally indented dots. In general outline it may be compared with an example from Upchurch, in the Journal (ii, p. 136, fig. 5). The second vessel is of a squat form, nearly four inches high, approaching in contour to fig. 4 in the group of Kentish pottery just referred to.

Mr. Forman exhibited two Roman ansa-shaped fibulæ of bronze, formerly in the collection of Mr. Whincopp. The front of the arc of the smaller specimen is engraved with a band of little crescents, and the plate above and the side of the catch with eyelet-holes. The larger fibula, found at Colchester, 1851, is a remarkably fine example of the type given in this Journal (iv, 286, and x, 91, and specially referred to in xvii, 233). Like the Kenchester and Ratcliff fibulæ, as well as that of gold from Odiham, Hampshire (now in the British Museum), it has bosses at the ends of the transverse bar, but has lost the one that crowned

The front of the bar is wrought in an unusual manner. The stem, like the arc, has a deep sulcus down its centre, and is decorated with small crescents. Round the base of the arc of a gold fibula of this type, found in Scotland, was wound a minute gold chain; and in the present specimen this space is occupied by a fine, twisted bronze wire.

Mr. Forman also produced a girdle-buckle discovered in an AngloSaxon barrow in East Kent. It is of base silver, and, as usual, consists of a compressed oval frame and bent tongue, with broad, semicircular top; both being hinged to a long plate which has three shanks at the back for attachment to the girdle. The surface of this plate is sculptured with a dice-border, filled in with a zigzag of diagonal lines. An Anglo1862

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the arc.

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