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Art. 5. A Letter to the Right Hon. W. P. Efq; By an Eng

lifhman. 8vo. Is. 6 d. Scott. This Letter-Writer sets out with complaining of the past neglect, and prophecying the future disregard of his labours. I am a Writer, fays he, that ever has been, and ever shall remain, unpaid, and for

the most part unihanked. However, nothing thall deter me from • throwing in my mite, to save my sinking country.'

This mite which he has tossed in to save his country, is no less than a big fwoln pamphlet of one hundred and thirty-two pages. We confels, chat with all the attention we were able to give it, we could not discover any thing conclusive in this tedious harangue. It is a wild rambling production, which starts from one reflection to another, and Leaves the Reader in frequent perplexity. The language is incorrect

nd enervate; and the whole performance unequal. Some pages are in the dogmatic, dictatorial, and bombalt strain; others in the fami.. liar chit chat gosliping (lile. Nevertheless, it must be allowed, that the Writer appears to be well itored with political knowlege ; but he evi:lently wants judgment to arrange, and talents to express his ideas. The materials which he has thrown together in a heap of confusion, might have been worked up by a skilful hand so as to have done ho. Duur to the Author, and service to the public.

In the conclufion, he says, -' I expect no benefit or advantage to • myself of a fingle groat, for the pains. I have taken : yea, io far

from it, I look upon it as certain, that I am to be treated for it with ' fcurrility and repro ch.' The Reader may judge of the quaintness and inaccuracy of his language from this specimen; and will proba. bly be of opinion, that he is very ill qualified for the office he has alumed; which is that of penning a plan of administration for the perusal of a Prime Minister.

R-d Art. 6. The Cries of the Public. In a Letter to his Grace the

Duke of Newcasile. 8vo. 1S. Sold at the Register-Office in St. James's Country Market.

This little piece opens with an address to the D- of Ne, which takes up half the pamphlet ; but whether the Author intends j. for panegyric or fatire, we are at a loss to determiue.

His reflections, however, on the abuses in the Corn Trade, &c, me. rit serious attention. He opposes the general opinion, that alum im. parts whiieness to the bread.",

• It may be greatly questioned,' says he, whether any fuch quali"ey is inhereni to alum, as to impart whiteness in a greater degree

chan the quality of the flour will in itself admit of : so that it may ' with better reason be supposed, that the chief intent in its use is, by ! its allringency, to bring the dough to a viscid and strong consistence,

and to alimilare all the particles of different grain which may have entered the composition. By this means corrupt flour and unfit for


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use, with the admixture of good, is compelled into a proper cobe• Gion, the aluminous particles equally pervading the whole mass, and

dilating and compresing, making light and heavy, much according

to the proportion obfervable in the atmosphere. For if a thong of • alum-leather be extended like a cord, and fastened to something at

each extremity, it will give furprizingly in moilt weather, and in • dry, sbriyel up and contract like a fiddle-Atring. A barometer can

not more surely indicate the different changes of weather, nor even • determine more exaâly the degrees. However, it must not be • imagined, that a baker is so ingenious as to make aluminated loaves • for amufing himself and his cutomers with meteorological observao'tions : all he intends by impregnating his warer with this acetaceous • falt, is to render his dough compact, that it should not run in the • oven, and to affimilate ali parts, by forcing them to cobere, as jult • now mentioned.'

As this matter is now before the House, we hope the wisdom of the Legislature will frame proper expedients to prevent these shocking abuses for the future.

Red Art. 7. Authentic Documents of the French Administration, in his

Majesty's German Dominions. 410. 6d. E. Owen, This is published by Authority, in the original French, with an English translation annexed ; and may serve to 'add great weight to the Morives which have induced the King our Sovereign, to take up • arms afresh, and which have already been laid open to the eyes of

the public.' Page 13. Art. 8. Heads of a Scheme for eracting public Magazines, to relieve the Necessities

of the Poor, and supply England with Corn. By Villars Clara Pitt, fourth Sister to the Right Honourable William Pitt, Esq; principal Secretary of State. 8vo. 6d. Kinnersey.

A scheme of this sort from a LADY, is enough to excite the curio. fity of the public,—which we shall not check by mentioning particulars ; especially as the whole deserves to be well considered. Art. 9. Ireland disgraced, or the Island of Saints become an Island

of Sinners; clearly proved, in a Dialogue between DeEtor B-it and Doctor B-ne, in Dublin. 8vo. Is. 6d. Hooper.

Contains a fatyrical Review of the Party.contests in Ireland, for about thirty years pait; and seems to be the work of one who is a thorough master of the subject. Art. 10. A Vindication of Mr. Pitt. Wherein all the Afperfions,

thrown out against that Gentleman, relative to the Affair of Rochfort, are unanswerally confuted. By a Member of Parliament. 8vo. Is. 6d. Coote.

It is difficult to say whether Ministers of State fuffer mon from the extravagant zeal of their friends, or from the inordinate malice of their enemies. Perhaps fulsome adulation does as much prejudice as invi. dious satire.

The Writer of the Pamphlet before us, has very officiously laboured to rescue Mr. Pitt from some imputations with respect to the late expedition. His endeavours, however generous, appear to have been annecessary: and tho' the Writer Thews himself to be an ar." dent friend, yet we cannot say, that he proves himself an able adyo. cate. He reasons with a degree of enthusiasm, more likely to create disgust than beget conviction. Nevertheless, it must be confessed, that however his manner of writing may be exceptionable, his matter, in many places, deferves attention. He proposes some shrewd questions : particularly, speaking of the Barfleur, which ran a ground ai three or four miles distance, he asks-- Was Thierry on board the Barfleur at that time?' And he intimates, that had that skilful Pi. lot, wbo knew the coas), been on board, he might have conducted the ship through places inaccessible to the ignorant. There are some other particulars in this little piece worthy consideration.

Red Art. 11. The Folly of appointing Men of Parts to great Ofices in

State. 8vo. 6d. Coote. 'This is, upon the whole, a sprightly performance, intended to ridicule that detestable ministerial policy, of appointing men of duccile natures, and contemptible talents, into the great offices of state. The Irony, however, is not throughout equally suflained ; and it now and then finks, till it becomes quite spiritless. Where it is most perfect, we cannot greatly admire it. because its use is misapplied, and it thereby loses its poignance. The spleen of party malignity seems to lurk under an affected jocularity : and the facecious Author having scattered a few flashes of false wit, falis at last into a whimpering fit, and unsuccessfully labours at the Pathes.

R-od Art. 12. A Letter to the Citizens of London. 8vo. 6d.

Cooper. This sober address speaks the language of good sense, though it does not breathe a great portion of spirit. The Author censures the Corporation of London for being sometimes too forward to interpose in national concerns, by their premature decision, and hasty accusa. tions. He very jadiciously condemns the licentiousness of the press and the print shops; and takes particular notice of a Gentleman who fome years ago quitted the service of his H.R. H. and who laft winter figured in carricatura ; which set others upon exercising the same talent; by which means the town was shamefully diverted at the expenced

e of several worthy personages. The Writer seems to be a warm friend to the Constitution, and though he is no excellent Author, he may make a very respectable Alderman.

Red Art. 13. A final Answer to the Country Gentleman; and Officer. In which the military Arguments and Reply, are fairly stated,

divefied divefited of Prejudice, and weighed in the Scale of Reafon. With free Thoughts on the Expedition and its Failure. Svo. 6d. Cooper.

This final Answer is, in our opinion, very indefinite. It seems to be but lirdle more fatisfactory than the answer which the Speciator gave to his Referees,– Much may be said on both sides.

The Writer very gravely determines, that. Rochfort might have been taken with the force that was sent: but that it wouid have been taken if we had sent inore,

If there be any thing,' he says,, ' that further interests the Britisa public in che question now, it is, that Rochfort ftill remains 15 open as it was; that France now levelied with the dust in Germany, will be daunted and dispirited every where; that England,

with recoiered Ipirit, has sufficient Itrength; and that the proper • conduct is not to comba: argumenis, but enemies; the just and fi. inal answer will be, to take it now.'

Cerle,--This is sooner said than done, But if the Writer can persuade the Ministry to make a second attempi, we earnestly recommeus it to him, to embark as a Volunteer: He will then have an opportunity of combating enemies inficad of arguments; and, probaby, he may do his couniry more service by the trength of his arm, ihan by the power of his pen.

Red Art. 14. An Account of the Origin and Effects of a Police, set on

foot by his Grace the Duke of Newcasile in the 1753, upon a plan presented to his Grace by the late Henry Fielding, Ela; To which is added, A Plan for preserving those deserted Girls in this town, who become prostitutes froin necesity. By John Fielding, Eq. 8vo. Is. Millar.

This pamphlet conveys several hints which may be greatly improved for the benefit of society. It traces the progress of a plan of police, in which the following resolutions were formed, viz.

' ift. To break the great gang of robbers which then infeited the Areets, and spread terror throughout this metropolis.

zdly. To bring to justice the several gangs of house-breakers, lead-Itealers, &c. which consisted chiefly of young feilows, who

were thieves from their cradles, and were at this tine about eigh4 teen or nineteen years of age,


very numerous. 3dly. It was proposed to remove the shoals of Mop-lifters, pil• ferers, and pick-pockets, who, being the deserted children of porters,

chairmen, and low 'mechanics, were obliged to steal for their subfiftence.

4thly, The gamblers and common cheats were to be the next ob• ject of attention, which were likewife very numerous.


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5thly, It was proposed to put down hops, illegal music-meetings, and to prevent gaming in public houses.

• 6thly. To remove the nurance of common beggars ; to prevent • street-walking, by keeping the whores within doors; and several • other disorders committed by insolent carmen, which were punishable by law,'

The Author fhews, that these several resolutions have been carried into execution with great success. Giving an account of his endea. vours to suppress the irregularities intended to be removed by the fifth resolution, he tells us, it was more difficult to discover.where these disorders were carried on, than to suppress them when discovered. To remove this difficulty, he acquaints us, that he settled an anonymous correspondence with the public, inviting all persons to give notice of any places where disorders were carried on.

This was certainly a wise expedient. But for the honour of the Justice, it mult be remembered, that he did not look abroad for diforderly houses, till he had suppressed those under his own eye. We may remember when Covent garden might be justly called, in the words of Seneca, the sentina urbis : and it was for a long time a reproach to magiltracy, that the spot where Justice had fixed her beadquarters, should continue to be the center of pollution : but it is now happily become the seat of purity; and the neighbourhood of jultice is no more the detestable resort of prophaneness, profligacy, and debaucbery of every Species.

The Author's scheme for employing prostitutes in a public laundry, and qualifying them for the various offices of working servants, is highly commendable, and might certainly be rendered extremely beneficial.

We agree with him entirely, that Justices ought to have a handfome fubfiftence. This would, as he observes, "remove every temp

tation that dishonours magistracy; and must, in time, free such men from the scandalous imputation of trading Justices, raise the dignity of the employment, and make it an object worthy the acceptance, nay, meriting the study of the best of men.'

While magiftrates depend for their subsistence on the fees of their warrants, &c. they may be tempted to act in a partial and oppreflive manner. They may become so accustomed to corruption, that they may continue through avarice, what they first practised by neceility : They may put down gaming houses in one corner, and be bribed to let them stand in another. By their want of principle, they may do prejudice to the community, and purchase repentance for themselves. İn a wretched old age, they may have reason to lament in the words of the old Justice in Shakespear,

“ Play-houses, and þawdy.houses have I licensed ; yea! and fre" quented too."

Art. 15.

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