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FRANK MEANWELL, PB_red_ determination with which he had com- man's thoughts to the high privileges he mitted self-destruction.

enjoys above the other members of the Winter, like death, has two aspects. To animal kingdom, and stimulates his bethe prepared, both are periods of happy rest. nevolence to all living things. There is a To the industrious and prudent, winter is kindly spirit in the hour; it is the time the season for the cessation of labour, for for opened hearts, the forgiveness of old repose, and for comfort. To the imprudent, wrongs, the reconciliation of long parted wlio exercise little' forethought, and ever friends. The spirit of Charity is in enjoy all the blessings of the present with the air. out regard to the future, it is a period of “Some say, that ever 'gainst that season comes

ST suffering and desolation. Herein the moral Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated,

Thai

The bird of dawning singeth all night long and physical world correspond. Without,

And then, they say, no spirit can walk abroad:all is cheerless, bleak, silent, and barren ;

The nights are wholesome; then no planets and while within, bright fires are burning strike, cheerily, fed by the frosty air; and round No fairy takes, nor witch hath power to charin,

So hallow'd and so gracious is the time."* the crackling logs still brighter eyes dance to the music of merry voices. It is the Into a thousand homes a gleam of sun. season hallowed by domestic joys, as well shine comes with Christmas-tide. All deas by religious customs ; and, indeed, the sire that every one should partake of their reunion of fond hearts at home, is no in- happiness; and in giving the blessing, apptopriate celebration of that reconcili- each is doubly blessed. ation between the great family of man and “The heart that still o'er all around, their heavenly Father, which is marked by Its happines doth fling, the festival of

Oh! never doubt that heart must be,

A happy, happy thing !"
CHRISTMAS

But while we have digressed, years have in the Christian churches throughout the passed and gone, and we can only catch world.

the Christmas scenes of the remainder of Though the lovely green of the fields is this history. Scattered leaves must tell not, and the broad waste of snow covers the termination of our pen-loved story; the meadow and overtops the hedge, hiding but like the unconnected records of some the violet and primrose banks, the robin- ruined nation, they will be suggestive of type of the man of hopeful industry and the contents of the missing pages. faith in God the trustful robin sings on the window-ledge, or grateful picks the It is Christmas-time again. The family crumbs the children's hands have scattered circle is again assembled round the surby the door. A simple teacher of a lovely geon's hearth. There are two vacant chairs truth is Robin Redbreast, as he trills his song still, but the surgeon and his friend the of cheerfulness midst frost and snow, when silk-mercer are there. James and

Frank other feathered things are discontented and are absent. Where? The surgeon has forlorn. His little bosom seems to blush scattered hairs of silver on his noble head, to think how seldom those to whom he and Meanwell's brow is furrowed by the sings are grateful for the guardianship of plough of Time. The latter has, earlier than Him whose eye observes the robin's wants, usual, left his business, in which the hopest or twittering sparrow's fall. Though the Mr. Yardley is a wealthy partner, to see sky has lost its blue, and the trees are like the children--as he persists in calling black spectres on the spow-clad hills, he them-dance under the mistletoe, an

and hear epipes his hymn of thankfulness for the them sing the Christmas hymn: Ich beauty of the corals which adorn the holly “Hark! the heraldeangels singo's A and the shawthorn, or the pearls that gem the mistletoe, or the purple berries that are

Sweet Isabel, without losing the esoft clustered on the stems of the bright leaved rose-bud look of May-day, has bloome Jivy.vier - 7LI

into a woman-genitie, affectiopate, Ibu bos Man is not all ungrateful. The contrast

sad. Not without smiles o not withon between the wintry prospect without and happiness ; not without a full participation his home-joys within, directs the good * Shakspere, Hamlet, Act. i, Scene 1.

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JAMES KEEN.

in the joys of others ; not without hope; was heard accompanying the boy as he net without a sweet reliance on a higher chaunted

11.11 ppt95 power. Yet, when silent, as she is now “Hark! around, cherubic legions, sitting, or alone, or engaged in sueet con

Ushering thro' the liquid air, fidences with Philip, whose generous and

Sing through the ethereal regions,
. See the Son of Man appear!

༣ ག ཙ chivalric lieart has grown stronger in its

Shepherds be no more forlorn, noble impulses as the years have rolled Christ in Bethlehem is born.?" along, an expression of sadness shades her In the meantime the letters were read lovely face, and reveals that her thoughts That from James Keen was as follows have wandered to some other place and time." ? To May-day?

MY DEAR FATHER, MOTHER, AND SISTERS.

I have oniy time to write a brief note, as the ship, " I have a letter here from James,” said Frederick Turner, by which I send this, is 110w the surgeon to the delighted group:

We had a splendid voyage from * And I have a letter from Frank,” said Singapore, from whence I 'dated my last. My the silk-mercer.

duties, as surgeon to the vessel, have been very “We will draw closer round the fire," said good! I arrived hiere, since when fever has been

Yesterday, moreover. I am sorry to Mrs. Keen, with a face radiant with smiles say, some of our men got into a row with the pigand benevolencé, "and hear them read."

tailed barbarians at Macao, and received some “Not 'till the little carol-singer outside inixed up with the atfair, and narrowly escaped

ugly wounds in the affray. I was unwillingly has had his Christmas-box. Listen !” said with my life; indeed, if it had not been for a Philip, litting his finger.

fanquei, or foreign devil, as the Chinese call white

men, we should all have been murdered. They obeyed. With a tiny voice of plain- made our escape while we were able, and I have tive tone, whose tremulousness expressed not had the opportunity of discovering to whom low cold was the night air, a child was we are indebted.

He appeared to be a man of

great influence amongst the people, though young, singing beneath the window :-

and evidently an Englishman. His face and God bless the master of this house,

voice appeared familiar to me. I have no more And bless the mistress too,

time except to send my love, and to sign myself,

Your affectionate son,
And all the little children,
Who round the table go.

“ It was Frank," said Philip, jumping up. May you all live in plenty,

“I'm sure it was, are not you;

Bel?!
And joys come round your door ;

Isabel said nothing. Her face and neck
They lend unto the Lord, you know,

blushed crimson as she rose from her seat, Who give unto the poor.

ostensibly to re-arrange the holly and misAt Christmas-tide God gave to man, His own loved Son to die;

tletoe with which her piano had been 01:! can you, while you think on this, tastefully decorated by her sisters. A gift to me deny?

“Oh! I shall be quite angry with any. The streets are very dirty,

body," continued Philip, “that tells me it And my shoes are very thin,

was not Frank." But I have a little pocket,

“ So shall I,” said Jessica, a younger To put a penny in."

sister of fourteen. “ If it was not Frank Philip rang the bell. In answer to the it is very tiresome--and I think it ought to summons there entered a plump, good have been.” humoured looking man, in handsome livery, Everybody laughed at this sally, but the who said with a slight Irish accent: silk-mercer was almost uproarious in his " Did ye ring, sir?"

mirth; indeed, that gentleman laughed so “There is a little carol-singer outside, long, that everybody else began: again. :o Barney," said the surgeon, "give him this.” * I'll sit in Franky's chair," said the * And this," said Philip.

grey-haired surgeon, "for I know you And this," said Isabel.

will, all of you, be ready to kiss Frank as And, Barney," said the surgeon's wife, soon as his letter is read; and then you can "take the little fellow into the kitchen, and kiss me instead, which will be quite as well." see that he has a good supper.”

" Indeed it wont," said Jessica, kissing Barney called the boy in, and giving him her father at the moment, and then laughing the money, modestly added a little contri- out with such a merry-ringing voice, that bution of his own. Soon afterwards, from everybody was obliged to laugh: too, and a distant part of the house, a sonorous bass I louder than before. More innocent: fün

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I shall send this letter.

there was, and then curiosity overcame which has just been vacated by the quaker every other feeling, and Frank's letter was who, after blessing the young people (who to be read. It was of great length, and had are all very fond of him,) whispers a few been written at various dates in anticipa- words to Mr. Meanwell at the door, and tion of some opportunity of sending it jumps into the night-mail for London with homewards. Some portions of it were a smiling face and joyful heart, for he bedevoted to business; others to descrip- lieves that he has ministered to the happitions of the country ; many of these were ness of the circle he has left. omitted in the reading. The letter was There is laughter and fun in the hall dated many months back, from Macao. where the mistletoe hangs, for Mr. Keen The parts of it which belongs to this par- has been kissing his nieces under the rative were as follows:

bough, and James and Philip declare their MY DEAR FATHER.-You will have heard from intentions to follow his example. Between Frederick Turner of the continued flourishing the bursts of merriment the sound of a success of our business; and indeed we (for I am

sonorous voice is heard from the kitchen, a partner, as of course you know) have been where, to the great delight of some rustic singularly fortunate. moreover, to gain the confidence of the Chinese fellow-servants, Barney is singingand Portuguese merchants of this port, to such an

“Come, bring with a noise, extent that they have made me a sort of arbitrator,

My merrie, merrie boys, or civil magistrate, in their disputes. I believe

The Christmas log to the firing; the Chinese would make a mandarin of me if

While the good dame, she, they could. * * I have only recently re

Bids you all be free, turned from Canton, where I was admitted beyond

And drinks to your hearts' desiring. the boundaries usually prescribed to foreigners,

With the last yeare's brand by the influence of the viceroy, in whose sedan, borne by sixteen bearers, I was taken to some of

Light the new block, and,

For good success in his spending, the most extensive tea-gardens, on the north of

On your psalteries play the city. * * The oldest of our ships, the

That sweet luck may, Frederick Turner, cails to-morrow, and by her

Come while this log is a-teending. Her cargo will chiefly

Drink now the strong beere, consist of tea, but some large packages of silk, with some mandarin dresses and curiosities, will

Cut the white loaf heere, be sent to you. I have directed them to be left at

The whiles the meat is a-shredding; the new warehouse for you.

For the rare mince-pie, now close this letter by saying that I envy it, and

And the plums stand by sign myself, my dearest father, Your very affec

To fill the paste that's a-kneading." tionate son, FRANK MEANWELL.

But who are the pair who have stolen out P.S. I re-open this letter to add a little news. beneath the star-light sky, and tread the Yesterday, after I had sealed it, and made up the snowy pathway towards the old summerpackages for you, I was suddenly called out to

house? put a stop to a disturbance arising from the foolish conduct of some sailors belong to H.M.S. Thunder, “Here was the very spot, dearest Isabel; now lying in the bay. The parties had got to the boughs are still twined together, but blows before I arrived, but I pacified the China- they are wreathed with snow and hoar-frost men by promising to examine and inquire into instead of the garlands that dear Philip and the case, and punish the delinquents. The parley gave my countrymen an opportunity of escaping, I hung upon them.” of which they availed themselves. It was fortunate that they got off as well as they did, for

the heart, and added fondly,—“Do you remem

The youth pressed the maiden to his armed. Two of the men from the ship I fancied ber the question you put to me as I did

One was exceedingly like James Keen; homage to your floral throne, just here?" the name of the other I could not recollect, till Gregory, my clerk, declared that it was no othern Franky," said the blushing maiden in reply

,

“I need not ask the question now, dear sorry that I have no more time, but the captain is

" but for the sake of the dear memory of that impatient. I have written this in his cabin.-F. M.

sweet May-day, I will—but mind you give me the old answer in the very

rds." Time has strided on with no tardy step.

“I will." Other years have flown, and Christmas has “Do you really love me, Franky ?" come again. In a bright wainscoted room “Yes, more than all the world beside; in an old house in Berkshire there is al and let me add,” said Frank, “I will prove family-gathering. The circle is large, but it at the altar to-morrow.” there are no vacant chairs except the one

*

* * I must

I knew.

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THE END.

FROM ENGLISH HISTORY.

PICTURE XVII.

TOWN LIFE AND NATIONAL PROGRESS.

hundred years have the smiths of Birming

ham been improving“all manner of cuttingCABINET PICTURES

tools,” and thus rendering lasting service to all other industrial arts requiring such

tools, as well as multiplying domestic conBY AUNT MARY,

veniences of this kind. Then these same Birmingham smiths, often under other working names, went on improving and inventing in other branches of iron, metal,

and ornamental work. In the last century a THERE was once a Spanish lady, a cer- great man styled this town “the toyshop of tain - Donna Maria Descober, living at Europe.” The manufacture of buckles Lima, who had a few grains of wheat, and buttons has been very extensive; so which she had brought from Estremadura: also of cast-iron and plated ware; and in she planted them in her garden, and when japanning, glass-blowing, guns, and—rethey were grown, she distributed of the cently-steel pens, Birmingham has taken slender harvest to others; until that which the lead in England. It is hoped and exhad been counted in grains was counted in pected that this town will vindicate its old sheaves, and that which was counted in reputation at out Great' Industrial Exhisheaves was counted in fields; and thence bition next year. came all the corn that is found in Peru.

There was a time when the good houseEnglish labour had as small a beginning wife had to spin her own household linen ; as 'the Spanish lady's few grains of wheat; and when it followed, as a natural conseyet thence has come—"all the corn that is quence, that domestic life wanted much of found in Peru”-all our great cities, with the charm of cleanliness, through the their 'wonderful inventions and improve- scarcity of most necessary articles made of ments—their wealth, and fame, and power. materials suitable for washing: the linen

When you are urged to industry, think manufacturers of Manchester met this want; of this. All that you can do individually and, with the woollen manufacturers of the must be insignificant indeed; but remem

same town, materially increased the comber, great results are brought about by forts of the English people, whilst laying united individual exertions. Individual the foundations of a manufacturing town of labour has great value; God has laid it on unequalled importance. From the 15th each one of us as a necessity. Without it century Manchester has been regarded as we cannot be well in mind, body, or estate one of the principal seats of industrial art -we cannot be easy or happy. But many in the kingdom; but the cotton trade persons must labour for one purpose, if the chiefly has raised it to its present high world is to be materially benefited. One rank as the metropolis of European manuvillage blacksmith may be useful:

facture. You may have heard that our “I love to hear the hammer's clang,

late great statesman, Sir Robert Peel, deTo see the bright sparks fly

rived his splendid fortune from the cotton In ruddy columns through the gloom

manufactures, in which his father transOf a December sky. As, mid the dreary evening's gloom,

acted so vast a business, that there were For cheery thoughts we stop,

frequently not less than 15,000 persons And find them in the boisterous warmth

employed in his factories. The father of this · That fills the blacksmith's shop."

vigorous manufacturer, Sir Robert Peel's But let us see what have been the results grandfather, had almost originated the art of many smiths gathering together in one of calico printing in Lancashire. He was ancient town—that of Birmingham. A living in humble circumstances, when, writer in the year 1538, says—“There be about the year 1760, calico printing was many smiths in the town that used to first practised in this country on the banks make knives, and all manner of cutting- of the Thames, by some French exiles. tools, * and a great many nailers; Mr. Peel at once experimented in the art, so that a great part of the town is main- and his first pattern was a parsley leaf, tained by smiths, who have their iron and which proving a very successful one, earned sea-coal out of Staffordshire.” For many for him the title of "Parsley Peel.” But

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this parsley leaf proved, in the long run, of trades to supply their bloaded tables

. like the Spanish lady's grains of wheat; Then the production of rich vestments for for with it originated a princely family for the priests, and coverings for the shrines

; tune,

e, and a baronet's title, and a cotton created need of another class of people trade which now supplies a great part of And thus there sprung up around the old the civilized world.

monasteries and cathedrals towns of busy Most of the establishments for spinning, and privileged artisans and traders, weaving, and printing cotton, are in Lan- Another way in which towns arose, was cashire, and principally around or in Man- by the growing necessity of trade for con« chester. It has been calculated, that a stantly improving implements; and if the circle drawn round Manchester at the dis- English people not always been vigornumerous population-chiefly manufactu- country could not have fourished as it has ring-than a circle encompassing London done, To place in every workman's hand at the same distance. In every part of the the tools, best adapted for his work is of habitable world are the cottons of Man- the highest importance, let that work be of chester and its neighbourhood to be found; whatever kind it may. The improvement

, and it is impossible for us to estimate at of mining tools, of building tools, of agri-, all adequately the large amount of comfort cultural tools, of every implement or instruthat they must have been the means of dis- ment used in the making and working of tributing. So you see that the story of the ships--are most important parts of the cotton trade resembles that of the corn history of our large towus. And the in. of Peru.

vention of machinery, and its rapid improveBut one great invention in particular ment and most astonishing results, surpass created the factory system--the stearn altogether the story of the corn of Peru. engine!

You know that

James Watt invented the Benjamin Franklin defined man as a steam engine-I cannot stay now to give took using animal; and the invention of tools you his history—but his invention would and machines must always be a leading have been of comparatively little value if test of man's intelligence. The history of there had not been talent, and spirit, and English machinery essentially belongs to industry in the working people of England our great towns. In the early times, the to make it available. As it was, hamlets men of war with which the land teemed suddenly became towns, and towns past

, required weapons of war; to fabricate these cities, through the action of steam enginese, the lords of castles were necessitated to Farmers and peasants' sons threw dowa draw around them the most skilful artifi- their spades, and left their ploughs, cers they could find. Then they were to the wonder-working machines; and hund obliged to have skilful armourers, who dreds of thousands of strong active people could devise and execute suits of mail, in devoted themselves to the factory system, which to clothe the lordly person of the the life of which was, and is, the steam: baron, and his war-steed. These neces- engine.

81 in noy Bust 12, sities - led to certain privileges, offered and This great change has yet been hardly guaranteed to the workmen that placed understood. By many excellent people.it themselves under the castle shadow; and is lamented, because women and children The case way in which towns arose, are drawn away from home and school to of a different kind: these needed workmen changes are in progress; and I think I

, of noble and beautiful architecture-men of of living will be the true remedy for much strength and skill, men of taste and genius, that is complained of; so that plans will architects, sculptors; painters, carvers, stone be devised by which the factory system

will masons, glaziers, embroiderers, gold and be served, and yet neither the home nor the silver workers, artists, and many others. school be neglected. How this is to be The great priests also were magnifiðent done is not yet clears although there livers, and required a considerable variety),are superior factories, únder benepolen

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