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By Sol's returning rays its slopes were seen
With verdure clad, a rural-looking green. ANSWERS TO ENIGMAS, &c. p. 330, 331.
There is a Point on Britain's rocky shores,

1. A goose.

2. The letter R. 3. Fire-brand, Where the proud sea in wrath majestic roars,

4. W-h-ale. 5. Ice-land.

6. Man-age. Which bears the name of that which Grandpa' *. Sir-lo !-in (sirloin). 8. Doc-tor. 9. S-hark-ark.

10. A bubble. 11. Arm-our. 12. B-oat. A “Green Lizard," which, in “ Grandfather's 13. Ash-mole--Bent-ham-Bar-clay-Church-hill Dream, as a point of seeming land," plays the -Dry-den - Flax-man-Gold-smith-Old. part of Milton's Leviathan, who

castle-Black-stone-War-ton. haply slumbering on the Norway foam, The pilot of some small night-foundered skiff, ANSWER TO PRACTICAL PUZZLE, NO, XXI. P. 330. Deeming some island, oft as seamen tell, With fixed anchor in his scaly rind, Moors by his side.”

The “ Point on Britain's rocky shore which bears the name of that which Grandpa' saw," is

1 clearly " Lizard's Point" in Cornwall.

Some Daniel help me to expound this “ Dream,"
And " point a moral” from its insect theme.
Spirits of worldly zeal, and keen unrest,
Ye, of the grasping hand, and turbid breast !
Ye, of old Order weary, and old Good,
Still spurning what ye may for what ye would
Sick of each boon from peaceful toil that springs,
In peaceful kingdoms, under quiet kings-
Fevering with sordid schemes the sleepless brain:
Thirsting for power, and ravenous for gain-
Braving the deep where'er it fiercest roars,

ANSWERS TO ENIGMAS, &c. p. 341-343. To build new empires upon other shores,

1. Time.-2. Snow-ball.---3. Bul(l)-rush. Where Californias rise in every creek,

4. In(n)-fancy.-5. Arrow-root.-6. Death-watch. And all shall find Golgondas who will seek!

7. Quick-sand.-8. Waist-coat.-9. Muffin. Pause ere ye plunge ! and mark the moral stern, 10. Son-net.-11. Good-win-sands. - 12. (K)NapEach thoughtful bosom from this Dream may learn.

sack.---13. The chin.---14. Scold-cold-old. Beware the ruin of ill-based designs,

15. Start-tart-art.-16. Support. The treacherous promises of unfound mines-

17. The ill communications that must still

THE JEALOUS HUSBANDS. Corrupt good manners by associates ill : (plough; Though, for awhile, smooth, glittering seas ye Two women go over first, and one comes back Pride at the helm, and Avarice on the prow

with the boat, and takes the other woman over: Tempests shall rise, with horrors unforeseen, then one comes back with the boat, and remains And Wrath and Anarchy convulse the scene! with her husband; then two men go over, a man Some “Lizard's Point," whose shores the fatal) and his wife take back the boat; then two men Of revolutionary billows lash,

[dash. go over, and the woman takes back the boat; the In the fierce storm your final bane shall be,

women follow. And strew your wreck on Life's distracted sea!


EXTRAORDINARY DOUBLE TRANSPOSITION. PROBABLE SOLUTION OF ENIGMA, No. 5. p. 270. The lady wished the T changed into 0, so as to 1. Water may be short and tall, broad and The lover changed the P into E, and made his

make the transposition “ HOPE ON POR LOVE." 2. The crests of waves are “curled :" water is answer—“No LOVE FOR Thee.”-A. E. B. straight as an arrow when at rest.

3. Water is not in the water, as it is the very 1. She was Maid of Orleans. substance itself,

2. Because his offences were heinous (Haynau's). 4. Water cannot live on the earth, or in the air, 3. Invisible green. as it sinks into the first, and cannot remain in the 4. A laundress (lawn dress). latter, but soon falls in the form of rain.

5. When she's a little pale (pail). 5. This line seems to bo a mere threat of never

6. I had rather that the lion eat the tiger i "going to the fire."

7. Short-shorter. 6. The sea is very "hideous" in a storm,

8. Me-ant (meant). 7. Yet very beautiful in a calm.

8, 9. The waves roar"in a storm, but sweetly ANSWER TO PRACTICAL PUZZLE, NO. XXII. P. 341. flow" in a calm.

The string must be put through the armhole, 1-10, 11. In the first chapter of Genesis, we are and over the head, then through the opposite armtold that “the Spirit of God moved on the face of hole; then the hand must be put up underneath the waters" before the creation of the world. the waistcoat, and the string drawn down around

17. Water is still the same, through a million the body until the former drops down about the of changes," and may at once be in London and waist, when the experimenter may jump out of it Tartary.

Sidmouth, Devon. and claim his coat.



to taste.

000,99 (I mis rek! :">,

with sugar to get the flavour. Steep the peels in 2521 WINTER DRINKS, four hours. Squeeze the fruit on two

of Juod., 10

sugar, add to sit four guests of water and one of Posset, Royal. Take half a pint of ale, mix a new milk boiling hot; stir the num duto thes pint of cream with it; tłten add the yolks of four whole, run through a jellybag till elear, bøitte and the whites of two eggs' well beaten, sweeten to

and cork close immediately to 199! Diduo 00S MTAW taste and flavour with nutmeg. Pour into a sauce- Punch, Regent's Take a bottle of champagne, pan, set over the fire, stir well until thick, and a quarter of a pint of brandy, the juice of a lemonot before it boils, remove; pour into a basin and a Seville orange, and a wine-glansful of Martinique, serve hot.

with this mix

a pint or more of a strong infusion ci Possel, Sack.Put a quart of new milk into a

of the best green tea strained, and syrup or sugar saucepan, and place it over a slow clear fire.

1902.509 When it boils, cruin ble four Damascus biscuits Punch à la Romaine.-Take a quart of lemon (vol. 1. p. 29) into it; give it one boil, remove ice, add the whites of three eggs well beaten,

with from the fire, add grated nutmeg fand sugar to rum and brandy, till the ice liquefies, in the protaste, stir in half a pint of sack, (canary wine,) and portion of three parts of rum to one of brandy, : serve. French roll will answer instead of the and water to taste. Then add a teacupful of biseuits.

strong green tea infusiou, strained, and a litle : Posset, Snow. --Boil a stick of cinnamon, and a champagne. quarter of a nutmeg, with a quart of new milk, and Punch, Tea. --Infuse two ounces of hyson tea, when it boils remove the spice. Beat the yolks of and an ounce of black tea, in three quarts of boil. ten eggs well, and mix gradually with the milk ing water, then add four pounds of loaf sugar, until thick ; then beat the whites of the eggs with citric acid and spirit of citron, of each six drachms; sugar and canary wine into a snow. Put a pint rum one pint, and five pints of brandy; nix well, of canary (sack) into a saucepan, sweeten to taste, and serve. See" Punch after the fashion of the set over a slow fire, and pour the milk and snow West Indiun Planters," p. 329. into the saucepan, stirring all the time it is over Toddy, bultered.--Mix a glass of rum-grog the fire; when warm, remove from the fire, cover pretty strong and hot, sweeten to taste with honey, close, and set aside for a little time before being favour with nutmeg and lemon-juice, and add a used.

piece of fresh butter about the size of a walnut. Posset, Treacle.-Boil a pint of milk, add suf- Warm drink. --Boil a quart of milk and the ficient treacle to curdle it; allow the curd to same quantity of water, with the top crust of a settle, strain off the liquid, and drink it as hot penny loaf, a blade of mace, and sufficient sugar, as possible.

io sweeten, for a quarter of an hour ; pour off, aud Posset, Wine.-Boil some slices of white bread drink warm, in a quart of milk; when quite soft take it off the Whey, Lemon.--Pour into boiling mis

as much fire, add sugar and grated nutmeg to taste. Pour lemon-juice as will make a small quantity quite it into a basin, add a pint of raisin or other sweet clear; dilute it with hot water to an agreeable wine by degrees, and serve with toasted bread. smart acid, and add a bit or two of sugar, or

Punch, cold. ---Pour half a pint of gin on the sweeten to taste. rind of a lemon; add a tablespoonful of lemon- Whey, Mustard. --Boil four drachms of the juice, a wine-glassful of maraschino, a pint and a bruised seeds of mustard in a pint of milk, then half of water, and two bottles of iced water. strain and separate the curd; a fourth part should Punch, common.-Take two large fresh lemons be taken three times a day.

0975 with rough skins and full of juice. Rub some large Whey, Vinegar, is made the same as lemon whey, lumps of white sugar over the lemons till they only using vinegar instead of lemon juice. have acquired the oil from the rind, then put Wine, mulled.-1. Boil some cloves, mace, eins them into a bowl with as much more as is neces- namon, and nutmeg, in about a quarter of a pint of sary to sweeten the punch to taste; then squeeze water till well flavoured with spice, then add to a the lemon-juice upon the sugar, and bruise the pint of port or home-made wine; sweeter to taste, sugar in the juice, add a quart 'of boiling water and serve hot with thin toast or rusks. 2. Boil and mix well; then strain through a fine sieve, a small stick of cinnamon, a blade of mace, and and add a quart of rum, or a pint of rum and three eloves, in a breakfast-cupful of water for s brandy, or a pint and a half of rum and half a few minutes ; add some grated nutmeg, and a pint pint of porter; then add three quarts more water, of home-inade or port wine, sweeten to taste, boil and mix well."

for one
minute, and serve hot.3. Put a bottie

, of but it is impossible to fix a limit to sugar, spirits, taste, into a saucepan, then add allspice, cloves, or lemou-juice, as they depend upon taste. and a blade of mace; boil all together, serve in a

Princh Milk--for Christmas-day. Add the peel jug with grated nutmeg, and rusks or slips of thin and juice of twenty-four lemons, and three pounds toast. Some persons add lemon juice to the mull, and a half of loaf sugar, to five bottles of cold water, but it does not generally please, and four bottles of rum, when these are well Wine Whey.-Put half a pint of new milk in . mixed, add two bottles of boiling milk, and mix saucepan, set on ihe tire, and when it boils add the whole well . Let it stand for twenty-four as much raisin wine as will

turn it . let it boil in hours, strain well , bottle, and cork tight; it is shen set the saucepan

aside till the curd subsides then ready for use. N.B. The finer the strainer but do not stir it. Pour off the whey, then add is, the better the punch. This is the best receipt half a pint of boiling water, and white sugar, to we have ever seen or used.

TV oud, ssd sal on Punch, Milk, ordinury ---Pare six oranges and For Summer Drinks, see p. ?le and forenet six lemons as thin as you can; grate them over Winter Drinks, p. 328. d: ries"89 golfsg aa


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feet of gas.

in an hour.


299 983 49912 IVOTAR 931497 $1* barrels; so that there are actually always 232,000 INTERESTING

barrels of beer on hand. To 104TyO SHIT 9151353 STATISTICS.



out 200 miles an hour. 11 lia

34,000,000, there were 200,000 hunatics or insane ONE square foot of surface steam-pipe will persons shut up in the asylums,

3,000 suicides, warm 200 cubic feet of opace.

100,000 individuals kept in the hospitals by illness EVERY hate on a farm costs or wastes annually or infirmity, 800,000 dependent on charity, and to the value of 45. 6d. at least; rabbits, 2s., 100,000 in prison for various offence,

The first recorded map was drawn by Aris- A PACK of wool weighing 240 lbs., employs 200 tagorus, of Miletus, about 480 years before Christ. persons before it is ready in the form of stuffs, ne

Ar the Leamington gas-works, 1 chaldron of cloths, &c., for sale. A sword wrought of steel, coal produces from 13,608 to 14,625 cubic feet of the original metal of which was not worth as

shilling, is sometimes sold for 300 guineas and a / TWENTY-bushels of coal are carbonized in 24 watch chain has produced fifty guineas, the metal hours in two retorts, and these supply 7,714 cubic of which, before it was wrought by the hand of

man, was not worth three-pence, A yard of lace Waves, 39 inches broad, move equal to their will fetch twenty guineas, the filax in which was breadth in a second, and two and a quarter miles d'higinally not worth three-pence. A painting not a

two square yards has been valued at £25,000; THE great bull from Nineveh, lately deposited and a shawl, which contains but a few ounces of in the British Museum, stands nearly twelve feet wool, and may be drawn through a curtain ring, in height, and weighs upwards of six tons ! sells for from 60 to 80 guineas.

A HEN of the chittipeat breed, belonging to Mr. Dixon's match manufactory, at Newton Heath, James Robinson. Smithfield, Thornton, near Brad-is worked by steam power, and by machines of ford, has laid 113 eggs in 112 successive days. extraordinary velocity. From 450 to 500

ONE cubic yard of solid gravel or earth contains are kept in employment by the firm. The timber 18 heaped bushels before digging, and 27 heaped yard is from 200 to 300 aeres in extent, and is bushels when dug; and 27 heaped bushels make a covered with the huge trunks of American red and load.

white pines. They have usually £10,000 worth ONE gallon of water converted into steam, will of pine-wood in stock, drying and waiting for the heat 6 gallons of water from 50 to 212 deg. Fahr.; sawmen. The average daily production of finished or 18 gallons from 50 to 100 deg. Fahr., allowing lucifer matches, fluctuates between six and nine : abundance for waste.

millions! Allowing for holidays, they produce. The Leeds Auxiliary Bible Society have issued 2,160,000,000 matches in the year! Taking the during the past year 6,787 bibles, 4,973 testaments; population of these islands at 30,000,000, there are the entire issue of the Society since its establish 72 lucifers for every man, woman, and child; and Inent in 1809 being 159,755 copies!

supposing each match to measure two inches The number of municipal electors on the bur- and a quarter in length, they would cover the gess roll of each corporate city and borough in whole surface of an English county; or, laid out. England and Wales, makes a total of 213,652; viz., longitudinally, would far more than put a circle 206,474 in England, and 7,171 in Wales.

round the earth! Mr. E. Dixon was, in early WHEN Mr. Charles Kean was first engaged by life, subject to adverse circumstances, but was Mr. Bunn for Drury Lane, at £50 a night, he had highly esteemed as an untaught genius in che..! already realized a sum not less than £20,000 by mistry. his engagements in the country during five years. An arithmetician having heard that a gentle-,

OF 100 parts into -which the surface of the man has undertaken to collect one million postage land may be considered as divided, Europe stamps which have passed through the post-office contains 7; Africa, 21;, Continental Asia, 33; in the space of four months, makes the following: New Holland, 8; South America, 15; North calculation :-If the gentleman got his friends in America, 16.-Total, 100.

different parts of the country to collect them for THE population of the world is estimated at him, and transmit them by post, the postage would 1,020,000,000; of these 396.000,000 are Chris- come to £16 138. 4d., and they would take 4,000 entians; 230,000,000 Bhuddists; 96,000,000 are Is-velopes to send them in (if they were sent in penny. lains; 80,000,000 Brahmins; and 5,000,000 Jews; packets,) as an envelope with 250, on an average, and there are 153,000,000 people of other reli- weighs the half ounce. It would take one person gions.

4 weeks, 3 days, 7 hours, 46 minutes, and 40 seconds, In Great Britain and Ireland there are 77,394,433 or nearly 4 weeks and 4 days to count them, allowacres of land: 46,522,970 acres of which are in ing 60 per minute, and 10 hours a day. . If they & state of cultivation; 15,871,463 acres are con- had not been used, they would be worth £4,166, sidered unprofitable; and 15,000,000 acres are un- 138.4d. If joined together in one line, their cultivated, but capable of profitable cultivation. longest way, tliey would reach 15 miles, 4,133 feet,

The following soundings were taken by Captain 4 inches ; or above 15 miles and three-quarters. James Ross, of the ship edipus: -1,900 miles west They would weigh, with the envelopes they were of St. Helena to the depth of 5,000 fathoms.; and sent in, 1 cwtı13 lbs. They would be printed on

, fathoms,

were sounded, the weight employed being nearly nine reams. Collecting 50 a day, it would Sort by the cellárt of Barclay, Perkins & Co., are ventes about les mem. ifodbold in the mouebonanthes no less than 116 o mar uisge.hu

vats, containing beer in a he must receive 10,375 a day, which, with the 4,000 condition 36 gallons each, and the largest contains 8,400 million. '; tel:30 vots il ek tx00:31 zia




40. Kt. to Q. B. 5. (d.) 40. R. takes P. 41. Kt. takes P.

41. R. to Q. 7. (ch.) 42. K. to B. 3.

42. Q. B. P. 1. 43. R. to R.

43. P. takes P. 44. R. to Q. Kt.

44. K. to B. 2. 45. K. to K. 3. (e.)

45. R, to Q. B. 7. 46. Kt. to Q. 4.

46. R. to Q. B. 5. 47. R. takes P.

47. R. takes P. 48. R. to Q. Kt. 5.

48. R. to R. 8. 49. R. takes P.

49. P. 1. 50. K. to R. 5.

50. P. 1. Drawn Game.

Solution to Problem XXIII., p. 332,

BLACK 1. R. to K. 5.

1. Q. B. P. I. 2. Q. B. P. I.

2. Q. takes B., or anything. 3. Kt. to Q. 8.

3. Anything. 4. Kt, to Q. B. 6. Mate.

PROBLEM No. XXIV.-By H. V.-White to move, and mate in 5 moves,


GAME No. XXIV.-Played September 8th and 9th.
White-Mr. Bird.

Piack-Mr. Lowe. 1. K. P. 2.

1. Q. B. P. 2. 2. K. B. P. 2.

2. Q. Kt. to B. 3. 3. K. Kt. to B. 3.

3. K. P. 1. 4. K. B, to Q. Kt. 5.

4. K. B. P. 2. 5. K. P. 1.

5. K. Kt. to R. 3. 6. Castles.

6. Q. P. 2. 7. Q. Kt, to B. 3

7. Q. B. P. 1. 8. B. takes Kt. (ch.

8. P. takes B. 9. Q. P. 2.

9. K. B. to Q. Kt. 5. 10. Q. Kt. to K. 2.

10. Castles. 11. Q. B. P. 1.

11. B. to K. 2. 12. Q. B. to Q. 2.

12. Q. B. P. 1. 13. Q. Kt. to K. Kt. 3.

13. Q. B. to Q. 2. 14. K. R. P. 1.

14. Q. R. P. 2. 15. Q. R. P. 2.

15. Q. R. to Kt. 16. Q. to Q. B. 2.

16. Q. to Q. Kt. 3. 17. Q. B. to B.

17. Q. to Q. Kt. 6. 18. K. R. to B. 2

18. Q. R. to Kt. 2. 19. B. to K. 3.

19. K. R. to Q. Kt. 20. Q. takes Q.

20. R. takes Q. 21. Q. R. to R. 2. (a.)

21. P. takes P 22. B. takes P. (6.)

22. Kt. to B. 2. 23. R. to K. 2.

23. Kt, to Q. 24. Q. Kt, to B.

24. Kt. to B. 3. Kt. to K. 3.

25. K. R. P. 2. 2. K. Kt. P. 2.

26. R. P. takes P. 27. P. takes P.

27. P. takes P. 28. Kt. takes P.

28. Kt. takes B. 29. Kt. takes Kt.

29 K. B. to Q. B. 4. 30. Kt. to K. 3.

30. B. takes Kt. 31. P. takes B.

31. R. to K. B. 32. K. B. P. 1.

32. R. to Q. 6. 33. K. B. P. 1.

33. P. takes P. 34. Kt. to K. Kt. 4.

34. P. takes P. 35. Kt. takes P.

35. R. to K. Kt. 6. (ch.) 36. K. to R. 2.

36. R, to K. Kt. 2 37. Kt. takes B.

37. K. R. to B. 4. (c.) 38. R. to Kt. 2.

38. R. takes R. (ch.) 39. K. takes R.

39. R. to B. 5.

Solution to Problem XXIV.

WHITE. 1. Castles.

2. Q. R, to K. R. 2. 3. Q. B. takes P. (ch.) 4. B. takes Kt. (ch.) 5. Kt. to K. Kt. 4. Mate.

BLACK. 1. P. takes P. at Q. B. 5.

(best.) 2. Q. to K. B. 5. 3. Kt. to Q. B. 5. 4. Q. takes B.


(a.) We should rather give up a P., than place a R. in such a position.

(6.) Kt, takes P. would have been letter.

c.) Not foreseeing the simple defence of R. to Kt. 2, which Black loses a clear piece.

(d.) With his R. in a less bad position, White must han won the game now.

(e.) Instead of this move, we should have played K Q. B. 5, to protect the P., the only chance of winning, w if we mistake not, this could have been done.



+ New Pages for Hints, Notes, Queries, and Replies, are now opened. And foremost of the intimations from the Editor to his friends must stand the Editor's address, altered from “Islington,” &c., to “ LONDON, 65, Paternoster Row, The Editor of The Family Friend." (See Par. 234, Appendix, Vol. II.) And next must follow a remark to the heartless people who address "head"-less letters to the Editor, seeking favours from him, and taxing him with the costs. Such people, by neglecting to stamp their letters, stamp themselves with the impress of shabbiness, and, despite the Editor's disposition to use even the least of his Friends with courtesy, are often denied the claims granted to those who fulfil the reasonable conditions of Editorial intercommunication. Even worse than the unpaid are the unintelligible--the inconsiderate scribes who cross their letters, and set before the oft-wearied eye a perfect maze of hieroglyphics, appropriately traced by the black compound of acid and gall! They frequently tax our time and energy to a serious extent, and leave us unenlightened even upon their own requirements, after carefully deciphering their obscure epistles. Speaking “Graphiologically" of such correspondents—they have neither the feeling to regard the interests of others, nor the wit to secure their own! We remind our readers that an INDEX to a book is the Key which unlocks its stores: to each of our previous Volumes we have prefixed an elaborate alphabetical analysis of its contents, and Inquirers will do well to refer to the information already given upon any subject, before seeking aid from us. The Appendix to each Volume contains Answers to about four hundred Queries. Many of these Replies cost the Editor much reflection and research; and we offer this fact as a sufficient evidence of our earnest desire to comply with such reasonable requests as are addressed to us in conformity with our rules. Nevertheless, our huge “WASTE BASKET" often goes forth overflowing with the victims of an Editorial Inquisition, and the catacomb to which they are consigned is, to our mind, remarkable for its association with litter-ary revolutions !

1-Gulta Percha. M. L. P.-Percha is pronounced 7-Bugs.--At p. 145 is given a prescription for as if written pertsha. This is the pronunciation adopted destroying bugs. That receipt I used many years ago by the Gutta Percha Company.

very energetically, living at the time in an infested house, 2-Castile Soap. A.- This may be used for general but could never get rid of them. It is now nearly eighteen ablutions, as well as for merely cleansing the face and years since I began to use the "Blue Ointment," and we hands.

never see one, unless I perchance bring one from my pro3- Posting Light Articles. E. H.--For posting some fessional visits. I then have the joints of the bedsteads, kinds of botanical specimens, and other light articles, and every crack and crevice, well anointed with that gutta percha tubing will be found very useful. It is light, preparation. I have it well worked under the sacking, but very strong.

between the nails, and icularly the upper part of the 4-Marriage. T. D. B.-Socrates was once asked bed-posts and tester, io, these beauties generally retire by a young man whether he would advise him to choose a to the upper part of the bed.-C. M. A. wife : the sage replied that “whether he should choose 8-To Varnish Water - colour Paintings. M. E. B. one, or not, he would repent it!" It strikes us that our -It is necessary that the painting be thoroughly dry in correspondent has made the choice, and repented it, for he the first instance. Size, made by boiling an ounce of best writes to inquire whether a marriage performed privately isinglass in a pint of water, should then be applied quickly at the register-office is valid or no ? The inquiry is made to the surface. This may be done in two ways, the latter rather too late. All marriages performed at the register- | being preferable.-Ist. Brush the size over the surface of office, in accordance with the regulations of the new mar- the picture rapidly with a broad camel's-hair brush.--2nd. riage act, are certainly binding.

Having poured the solution into a flat dish, pass the draw5-Maps.-J. K. wishes to know how to draw the me- ing quickly through the fluid, so that the whole of both ridians and parallels in a map of the world. The meridians surfaces may be thoroughly wetted. Lay the drawing careand parallels are segments of circles. Flat rulers are con- fully upon a flat board to dry; any colourless varnislı may structed to rule portions of circles of various radii. If you then be applied. If isinglass cannot be procured, clean cannot obtain these, determine what is the radius of the gum water will answer almost as well. circle of which the parallels or meridians you require are 9-Geology-Iron. J. S. Y.--For instruction in parts; then having fastened one end of a string of the geology few works are hetter than the two volumes entitled length of the radius of the circle to the table, let the other "Lyeli's Elements." An excellent treatise on the subbe fixed to a pencil, the point of which will then describe ject occurs in the series known as “Lardner's Cycloa segment of a circle on your map as required.'

pædia.” To the young student we would recommend the 6- Autographs. W. R. B.- The best plan to pre- reading of Mr. Mantell's admirable volumes “The Wonserve autographs, is to fix them in what is usually known ders of Geology," which, however, we regret to say, are as an invoice book, in such a manner as to enable the col- very expensive for their size.

For a complete account of lector to take them in and out at pleasure. The thin In- the manufacture of iron from the ore, our readers cannot dian rubber thread may be used conveniently, running from do better than refer to the article "Iron," in Ure's Diccorner to corner across the note or letter. The thread

tionary of Manufactures, &c. We are not acquainted should be passed through a bit of card on the other side of with any small work on the Iron-Stone Strata, and the the paper (to prevent the knot tearing the paper), and Iron Manufacture. A brief notice of it will be found in knotted. If the autographs are gummed or pasted, they "Maunders' Scientific Treasury," cannot be removed without injury.

10-Baking Powders.--Having recently made chem

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