صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]
[blocks in formation]

MORAL.

Some Daniel help me to expound this "Dream,"
And "point a moral" from its insect theme.
Spirits of worldly zeal, and keen unrest,
Ye, of the grasping hand, and turbid breast!
Ye, of old Order weary, and old Good,
Still spurning what ye may for what ye would-
Sick of each boon from peaceful toil that springs,
In peaceful kingdoms, under quiet kings-
Fevering with sordid schemes the sleepless brain:
Thirsting for power, and ravenous for gain-
Braving the deep where'er it fiercest roars,
To build new empires upon other shores,
Where Californias rise in every creek,
And all shall find Golgondas who will seek!
Pause ere ye plunge! and mark the moral stern,
Each thoughtful bosom from this Dream may learn.
Beware the ruin of ill-based designs,
The treacherous promises of unfound mines--
The ill communications that must still

Corrupt good manners by associates ill: [plough;
Though, for awhile, smooth, glittering seas ye
Pride at the helm, and Avarice on the prow-
Tempests shall rise, with horrors unforeseen,
And Wrath and Anarchy convulse the scene!
Some Lizard's Point," whose shores the fatal
Of revolutionary billows lash,
[dash.
In the fierce storm your final bane shall be,
And strew your wreck on Life's distracted sea!

[blocks in formation]

ANSWERS TO ENIGMAS, &c. p. 330, 331. 1. A goose. 2. The letter R. 4. W-h-ale. 5. Ice-land.

3. Fire-brand, 7. Sir-lo !-in (sirloin). 8. Doc-tor. 9. S-hark-ark. 6. Man-age. 10. A bubble. 11. Arm-our. 12. B-oat. 13. Ash-mole-Bent-ham-Bar-clay-Church-hill -Dry-den-Flax-man- - Gold-smith-Oldcastle-Black-stone-War-ton.

ANSWER TO PRACTICAL PUZZLE, NO. XXI. P. 330.

1

1

1

ANSWERS TO ENIGMAS, &c. p. 341-343. 1. Time.-2. Snow-ball.-3. Bul()-rush. 4. In(n)-fancy.-5. Arrow-root.-6. Death-watch. 7. Quick-sand.-8. Waist-coat.-9. Muffin. 10. Son-net.-11. Good-win-sands.-12. (K)Napsack.-13. The chin.-14. Scold-cold-old. 15. Start-tart-art.-16. Support.

17.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Posset, Snow-Boil a stick of cinnamon, and a quarter of a nutmeg, with a quart of new milk, and when it boils remove the spice. Beat the yolks of ten eggs well, and mix gradually with the milk until thick; then beat the whites of the eggs with sugar and canary wine into a snow. Put a pint of canary (sack) into a saucepan, sweeten to taste, set over a slow fire, and pour the milk and snow into the saucepan, stirring all the time it is over the fire; when warm, remove from the fire, cover close, and set aside for a little time before being used.

Posset, Treacle. Boil a pint of milk, add sufficient treacle to curdle it; allow the curd to settle, strain off the liquid, and drink it as hot as possible.

Posset, Wine.-Boil some slices of white bread in a quart of milk; when quite soft take it off the fire, add sugar and grated nutmeg to taste. Pour it into a basin, add a pint of raisin or other sweet wine by degrees, and serve with toasted bread.

Punch, cold.-Pour half a pint of gin on the rind of a lemon; add a tablespoonful of lemonjuice, a wine-glassful of maraschino, a pint and a half of water, and two bottles of iced water.

Punch, common.-Take two large fresh lemons with rough skins and full of juice. Rub some large lumps of white sugar over the lemons till they have acquired the oil from the rind, then put them into a bowl with as much more as is necessary to sweeten the punch to taste; then squeeze the lemon-juice upon the sugar, and bruise the sugar in the juice, add a quart of boiling water and mix well; then strain through a fine sieve, and add a quart of rum, or a pint of rum and brandy, or a pint and a half of rum and half a pint of porter; then add three quarts more water, and mix well.

About half a pound of sugar is usually required, but it is impossible to fix a limit to sugar, spirits, or lemon juice, as they depend upon taste.

Punch Milk for Christmas-day. Add the peel and juice of twenty-four lemons, and three pounds and a half of loaf sugar, to five bottles of cold water, and four bottles of rum; when these are well mixed, add two bottles of boiling milk, and mix the whole well. Let it stand for twenty-four hours, strain well, bottle, and cork tight; it is then ready for use. N.B. The finer the strainer is, the better the punch. This is the best receipt we have ever seen or used. CIPA Punch, Milk, ordinary.-Pare six oranges and six lemons as thin as you can; grate them over

with sugar to get the flavour. Steep the peels in a bottle of rum or

four hours. Squeezy stopped ty

the fruit on two

of

sugar, add to sit four quarts of water and one of new milk boiling hot; stir the rum into thes whole, run through a jelly-bag till clear, bottle and cork close immediately, to 199x alders 00S MI&W

Punch, Regent's Take a bottle of champagne, a quarter of a pint of brandy, the juice of a lemonos a Seville orange, and a wine-glassful of Martinique, with this mix a pint or more of a strong infusion of the best green tea strained, and syrup or sugar to taste.

31 MOTI Connor lac

Punch à la Romaine.-Take a quart of lemon ice, add the whites of three eggs well beaten, with rum and brandy, till the ice liquefies, in the proportion of three parts of rum to one of brandy, and water to taste. Then add a teacupful of strong green tea infusion, strained, and a little champagne.

$ 3.

Punch, Tea.-Infuse two ounces of hyson tea, and an ounce of black tea, in three quarts of boiling water; then add four pounds of loaf sugar, citric acid and spirit of citron, of each six drachms; rum one pint, and five pints of brandy; mix well, and serve. See "Punch after the fashion of the. West Indian Planters," p. 329.

Toddy, buttered. Mix a glass of rum-grog pretty strong and hot, sweeten to taste with honey, flavour with nutmeg and lemon-juice, and add a piece of fresh butter about the size of a walnut.

Warm drink-Boil a quart of milk and the same quantity of water, with the top crust of a penny loaf, a blade of mace, and sufficient sugar. to sweeten, for a quarter of an hour; pour off, and drink warm,

[ocr errors]

Whey, Lemon. Pour into boiling milk as much lemon-juice as will make a small quantity quite clear; dilute it with hot water to an agreeable smart acid, and add a bit or two of sugar, or

sweeten to taste.

Whey, Mustard. Boil four drachms of the bruised seeds of mustard in a pint of milk, then strain and separate the curd; a fourth part should be taken three times a day. <t

Whey, Vinegar, is made the same as lemon whey, only using vinegar instead of lemon-juice.

Wine, mulled.-1. Boil some cloves, mace, einnamon, and nutmeg, in about a quarter of a pint of water till well flavoured with spice, then add to a pint of port or home-made wine; sweeten to taste, and serve hot with thin toast or rusks. 2. Boil a small stick of cinnamon, a blade of mace, and three-cloves, in a breakfast-cupful of water for a few minutes; add some grated nutmeg, and a pint of home-inade or port wine, sweeten to taste, boil for one minute, and serve hot. 3.-Put a bottle of port wine, half a bottle of water, and sugar to taste, into a saucepan, then add allspice, cloves, and a blade of mace; boil all together, serve in a jug with grated nutmeg, and rusks or slips of thin toast. Some persons add lemon juice to the mull, but it does not generally please.

Wine Whey.-Put half a pint of new milk in a saucepan, set on the fire, and when it boils add as much raisin wine as will turn it; let it boil up, then set the saucepan aside till the curd subsides but do not stir it. Pour off the whey, then add half a pint of boiling water, and white sugar to taste. grims „¿'ŁY DENÍ, All ment azs

For Summer Drinks, see p. 11, and for alner Winter Drinks, P. 328. od as .99 Poltsa a

10

a sissy sit yee:2 Tova er jeg INTERESTING STATISTICS. WILD-DOOKS fly 90 miles an hour, and the swift

200 miles an hour.

Ja JO NA ONE square foot of surface steam-pipe will warm 200 cubic feet of space. EVERY hare on a farm costs or wastes annually to the value of 4s. 6d. at least; rabbits, 2s.,

THE first recorded map was drawn by Aristagorus, of Miletus, about 480 years before Christ. Ar the Leamington gas-works, 1 chaldron of coal produces from 13,608 to 14,625 cubic feet of gas.it

Contes

TWENTY bushels of coal are carbonized in 24 hours in two retorts, and these supply 7,714 cubic feet of gas. WAVES, 39 inches broad, move equal to their breadth in a second, and two and a quarter miles in an hour.

THE great bull from Nineveh, lately deposited in the British Museum, stands nearly twelve feet in height, and weighs upwards of six tons!

A HEN of the chittipeat breed, belonging to Mr. James Robinson. Smithfield, Thornton, near Bradford, has laid 113 eggs in 112 successive days.

ONE cubic yard of solid gravel or earth contains 18 heaped bushels before digging, and 27 heaped bushels when dug; and 27 heaped bushels make a load.

ONE gallon of water converted into steam, will heat 6 gallons of water from 50 to 212 deg. Fahr.; or 18 gallons from 50 to 100 deg. Fahr., allowing abundance for waste.

THE Leeds Auxiliary Bible Society have issued during the past year 6,787 bibles, 4,973 testaments; the entire issue of the Society since its establishment in 1809 being 159,755 copies!

THE number of municipal electors on the burgess roll of each corporate city and borough in England and Wales, makes a total of 213,652; viz., 206,474 in England, and 7,171 in Wales.

barrels; so that there are actually always 232,000 barrels of beer on hand.

DIXON'S match manufactory, at Newton Heath, is worked by steam power, and by machines of extraordinary velocity. From 450 to 500 persons are kept in employment by the firm. The timber yard is from 200 to 300 acres in extent, and is covered with the huge trunks of American red and white pines. They have usually £10,000 worth of pine-wood in stock, drying and waiting for the sawmen. The average daily production of finished lucifer matches, fluctuates between six and nine millions! Allowing for holidays, they produce 2,160,000,000 matches in the year! Taking the population of these islands at 30,000,000, there are 72 lucifers for every man, woman, and child; and supposing each match to measure two inches and a quarter in length, they would cover the whole surface of an English county; or, laid out longitudinally, would far more than put a circle round the earth! Mr. E. Dixon was, in early, life, subject to adverse circumstances, but was highly esteemed as an untaught genius in chemistry.

3

AN arithmetician having heard that a gentleman has undertaken to collect one million postage stamps which have passed through the post-office in the space of four months, makes the following calculation: If the gentleman got his friends in different parts of the country to collect them for him, and transmit them by post, the postage would come to £16 13s. 4d., and they would take 4,000 enIs-velopes to send them in (if they were sent in penny packets,) as an envelope with 250, on an average, weighs the half ounce. It would take one person4 weeks, 3 days, 7 hours, 46 minutes, and 40 seconds, or nearly 4 weeks and 4 days to count them, allowing 60 per minute, and 10 hours a day. If they had not been used, they would be worth £4,166 138. 4d. If joined together in one line, their longest way, tliey would reach 15 miles, 4,133 feet, 4 inches; or above 15 miles and three-quarters. They would weigh, with the envelopes they were sent in, 4 cwt 13 lbs. They would be printed on 8 reams, 13 quires, and 15 sheets of paper, or nearly nine reams. Collecting 50 a day, it would take about $55 years if only 20 a day, about 137 years to collect them. To do it in the four months, he must receive 10,375 a day, which, with the 4,000 on the envelopes they are sent in, will make one million.y ate ng pand o 28 dial BB enorol xia

WHEN Mr. Charles Kean was first engaged by Mr. Bunn for Drury Lane, at £50 a night, he had already realized a sum not less than £20,000 by his engagements in the country during five years.

OF 100 parts into which the surface of the land may be considered as divided, Europe contains 7; Africa, 21; Continental Asia, 33; New Holland, 8; South America, 15; North America 16.-Total, 100.

1

THE population of the world is estimated at 1,020,000,000; of these 396.000,000 are Christians; 230,000,000 Bhuddists; 96,000,000 are lams; 80,000,000 Brahmins; and 5,000,000 Jews; and there are 153,000,000 people of other religions. IN Great Britain and Ireland there are 77,394,433 acres of land: 46,522,970 acres of which are in a state of cultivation; 15,871,463 acres are considered unprofitable; and 15,000,000 acres are uncultivated, but capable of profitable cultivation.

THE following soundings were taken by Captain James Ross, of the ship Edipus:-1,900 miles west of St. Helena to the depth of 5,000 fathoms; and 2,300 miles from the Cape of Good Hope 2,266 fathoms were sounded, the weight employed being 450 lbs.

116

IN the cellars of Barclay, Perkins & Co., are no less thauge vats, containing beer in a condition These average 2,000 barrels of 36 gallons each, and the largest contains 8,400

DURING a

to 1843-in Panic of eighteen years from 1825 out of a of about 34,000,000, there were 200,000 lunatics or insane persons shut up in the asylums, 3,000 suicides, 100,000 individuals kept in the hospitals by illness or infirmity, 800,000 dependent on charity, and 100,000 in prison for various offence.

0

A PACK of wool weighing 240 lbs., employs 200 persons before it is ready in the form of stuffs, cloths, &c., for sale, A sword wrought of steel, the original metal of which was not worth a shilling, is sometimes sold for 300 guineas; and a watch chain has produced fifty guineas, the metal of which, before it was wrought by the hand of man, was not worth three-pence. A yard of lace will fetch twenty guineas, the flax in which was iginally not worth three-pence. A painting not two square yards has been valued at £25,000; and a shawl, which contains but a few ounces of wool, and may be drawn through a curtain ring, sells for from 60 to 80 guineas.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][graphic][merged small]

EE

GAME No. XXIV.-Played September 8th and 9th.
White-Mr. Bird.
1. K. P. 2.
2. K. B. P. 2.
3. K. Kt. to B. 3.
4. K. B. to Q. Kt. 5.
5. K. P. 1.
6. Castles.
7. Q. Kt. to B. 3
8. B. takes Kt. (ch.
9. Q. P. 2.
10. Q. Kt. to K. 2.
11. Q. B. P. 1.
12. Q. B. to Q. 2.
13. Q. Kt. to K. Kt. 3.
14. K. R. P. 1.
15. Q. R. P. 2.
16. Q. to Q. B. 2.
17. Q. B. to B.
18. K. R. to B. 2.
19. B. to K. 3.
20. Q. takes Q.
21. Q. R. to R. 2. (a.)
22. B. takes P. (b.)
23. R. to K. 2.
24. Q. Kt. to B.
25. Kt. to K. 3.
2. K. Kt. P. 2.
27. P. takes P.
28. Kt. takes P.
29. Kt. takes Kt.
30. Kt. to K. 3.
31. P. takes B.
32. K. B. P. 1.
33. K. B. P. 1.
34. Kt. to K. Kt. 4.
35. Kt. takes P.
36. K. to R. 2.

Black-Mr. Lowe.
1. Q. B. P. 2.
2. Q. Kt. to B. 3.
3. K. P. 1.
4. K. B. P. 2.
5. K. Kt. to R. 3.
6. Q. P. 2.
7. Q. B. P. 1.
8. P. takes B.
9. K. B. to Q. Kt. 5.
10. Castles.
11. B. to K. 2.
12. Q. B. P. 1.
13. Q. B. to Q. 2.
14. Q. R. P. 2.
15. Q. R. to Kt.
16. Q. to Q. Kt. 3.
17. Q. to Q. Kt. 6.
18. Q. R. to Kt. 2.
19. K. R. to Q. Kt.
20. R. takes Q.
21. P. takes P
22. Kt. to B. 2.
23. Kt. to Q.
24. Kt. to B. 3.
25. K. R. P. 2.
26. R. P. takes P.
27. P. takes P.
28. Kt. takes B.
29 K. B. to Q. B. 4.

30. B. takes Kt.
31. R. to K. B.
32. R. to Q. 6.
33. P. takes P.
34. P. takes P.
35. R. to K. Kt. 6. (ch.)

36. R. to K. Kt. 2.
37. K. R. to B. 4. (c.)

37. Kt. takes B.
38. R. to Kt. 2.
39. K. takes R.

38. R. takes R. (ch.)
39. R. to B. 5.

[ocr errors]

40. Kt. to Q. B. 5. (d.)
41. Kt. takes P.
42. K. to B. 3.
43. R. to R.
44. R. to Q. Kt.
45. K. to K. 3. (e.)
46. Kt. to Q. 4.
47. R. takes P.
48. R. to Q. Kt. 5.
49. R. takes P.
50. K. to R. 5.

1. Castles.

[ocr errors]

WHITE.

1. R. to K. 5.
2. Q. B. P. 1.
3. Kt. to Q. 8.
4. Kt. to Q. B. 6. Mate.

WHITE.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Solution to Problem XXIII., p. 332.

BLACK. 1. Q. B. P. I.

2. Q. takes B., or anything. 3. Anything.

50. P. 1. Drawn Game.

2. Q. R. to K. R. 2.
3. Q. B. takes P. (ch.)
4. B. takes Kt. (ch.)
5. Kt. to K. Kt. 4. Mate.

40. R. takes P.
41. R. to Q. 7. (ch.)

42. Q. B. P. 1.
43. P. takes P.
44. K. to B. 2.
45. R. to Q. B. 7.
46. R. to Q. B. 5.
47. R. takes P.
48. R. to R. 8.
49. P. 1.

Solution to Problem XXIV.

BLACK.

1. P. takes P. at Q. B. 5. (best.)

2. Q. to K. B. 5. 3. Kt. to Q. B. 5. 4. Q. takes B.

NOTES TO GAME XXIV.

(a.) We should rather give up a P., than place a R. in such a position.

(b.) Kt. takes P. would have been better. (c.) Not foreseeing the simple defence of R. to Kt. 2, which Black loses a clear piece.

(d.) With his R. in a less bad position, White must hav won the game now. (e.) Instead of this move, we should have played K Q. B. 5, to protect the P., the only chance of winning, if we mistake not, this could have been done.

THE EDITOR AND HIS FRIENDS.

[APPENDIX.]

NEW Pages for Hints, Notes, Queries, and Replies, are now opened. And foremost of the intimations from the Editor to his Friends must stand the Editor's address, altered from "Islington," &c., to "LONDON, 65, Paternoster Row, The Editor of The Family Friend." (See Par. 234, Appendix, Vol. II.) And next must follow a remark to the heartless people who address "head"-less letters to the Editor, seeking favours from him, and taxing him with the costs. Such people, by neglecting to stamp their letters, stamp themselves with the impress of shabbiness, and, despite the Editor's disposition to use even the least of his Friends with courtesy, are often denied the claims granted to those who fulfil the reasonable conditions of Editorial intercommunication. Even worse than the unpaid are the unintelligible—the inconsiderate scribes who cross their letters, and set before the oft-wearied eye a perfect maze of hieroglyphics, appropriately traced by the black compound cf acid and gall! They frequently tax our time and energy to a serious extent, and leave us unenlightened even upon their own requirements, after carefully deciphering their obscure epistles. Speaking "Graphiologically" of such correspondents-they have neither the feeling to regard the interests of others, nor the wit to secure their own! We remind our readers that an INDEX to a book is the Key which unlocks its stores: to each of our previous Volumes we have prefixed an elaborate alphabetical analysis of its contents, and Inquirers will do well to refer to the information already given upon any subject, before seeking aid from us. The Appendix to each Volume contains Answers to about four hundred Queries. Many of these Replies cost the Editor much reflection and research; and we offer this fact as a sufficient evidence of our earnest desire to comply with such reasonable requests as are addressed to us in conformity with our rules. Nevertheless, our huge "WASTE BÅSKET" often goes forth overflowing with the victims of an Editorial Inquisition, and the catacomb to which they are consigned is, to our mind, remarkable for its association with litler-ary revolutions!

[blocks in formation]

3-Posting Light Articles. E. H. For posting some kinds of botanical specimens, and other light articles, gutta percha tubing will be found very useful. It is light,

but very strong.

4-Marriage. T. D. B.-Socrates was once asked by a young man whether he would advise him to choose a wife the sage replied that "whether he should choose one, or not, he would repent it!" It strikes us that our correspondent has made the choice, and repented it, for he writes to inquire whether a marriage performed privately at the register-office is valid or no? The inquiry is made rather too late. All marriages performed at the registeroffice, in accordance with the regulations of the new marriage act, are certainly binding.

5-Maps.-J. K. wishes to know how to draw the meridians and parallels in a map of the world. The meridians and parallels are segments of circles. Flat rulers are constructed to rule portions of circles of various radii. If you cannot obtain these, determine what is the radius of the circle of which the parallels or meridians you require are parts; then having fastened one end of a string of the length of the radius of the circle to the table, let the other be fixed to a pencil, the point of which will then describe a segment of a circle on your map as required.

6-Autographs. W. R. B.-The best plan to preserve autographs, is to fix them in what is usually known as an invoice book, in such a manner as to enable the collector to take them in and out at pleasure. The thin Indian rubber thread may be used conveniently, running from corner to corner across the note or letter. The thread should be passed through a bit of card on the other side of the paper (to prevent the knot tearing the paper), and knotted. If the autographs are gummed or pasted, they cannot be removed without injury.

7-Bugs. At p. 145 is given a prescription for destroying bugs. That receipt I used many years ago very energetically, living at the time in an infested house, but could never get rid of them. It is now nearly eighteen years since I began to use the "Blue Ointment," and we never see one, unless I perchance bring one from my professional visits. I then have the joints of the bedsteads, and every crack and crevice, well anointed with that preparation. I have it well worked under the sacking, between the nails, and ticularly the upper part of the bed-posts and tester, for these beauties generally retire to the upper part of the bed.-C. M. A.

8-To Varnish Water-colour Paintings. M. E. B. -It is necessary that the painting be thoroughly dry in the first instance. Size, made by boiling an ounce of best isinglass in a pint of water, should then be applied quickly to the surface. This may be done in two ways, the latter being preferable.-1st. Brush the size over the surface of the picture rapidly with a broad camel's-hair brush.-2nd. Having poured the solution into a flat dish, pass the drawing quickly through the fluid, so that the whole of both surfaces may be thoroughly wetted. Lay the drawing carefully upon a flat board to dry; any colourless varnish may then be applied. If isinglass cannot be procured, clean gum water will answer almost as well.

9-Geology-Iron. J. S. Y.-For instruction in geology few works are better than the two volumes entitled "Lyell's Elements." An excellent treatise on the subject occurs in the series known as "Lardner's Cyclopædia." To the young student we would recommend the reading of Mr. Mantell's admirable volumes "The Wonders of Geology," which, however, we regret to say, are very expensive for their size. For a complete account of the manufacture of iron from the ore, our readers cannot do better than refer to the article "Iron," in Ure's Dictionary of Manufactures, &c. We are not acquainted with any small work on the Iron-Stone Strata, and the Iron Manufacture. A brief notice of it will be found in "Maunders' Scientific Treasury." 10-Baking Powders.-Having recently made chemi

[ocr errors]
« السابقةمتابعة »