Philosophy in the Ancient World: An Introduction

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2005 - 386 من الصفحات
Philosophy in the Ancient World: An Introduction_an intellectual history of the ancient world from the eighth century B.C.E. to the fifth century C.E., from Homer to Boethius_describes and evaluates ancient thought in its cultural setting, showing how it affected and was affected by that setting. The greatest philosophers (Parmenides, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine) and cultural figures (Homer, Euripides, Thucydides, Archimedes) and a number of lesser ones (Hesiod, Posidonius, Basil) receive careful description and evaluation. Philosophy in the Ancient World is ideally suited as a supplement for undergraduate courses in Ancient Philosophy and the History of Philosophy in the West.
 

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المحتويات

A World Ready for Philosophy
I Why Ancient Philosophy
II Qualities of the Greek Mind Conducive to Philosophy
Homer and Hesiod
B HESIOD
IV Why Homer and Hesiod Are Not Philosophy
V Other Conditions Affecting the Birth of Philosophy
B ARCHITECTURE AND ART
IV Aristotles Four Causes
V Aristotles Response to Parmenides
VI The Prime Mover as Aristotles Deity
VII Aristotles Philosophy of Science
B WHERE KNOWLEDGE COMES FROM
C MISTAKES PEOPLE MAKE ABOUT KNOWLEDGE
D UNQUALIFIED KNOWLEDGE
VIII Aristotles Ethics

VI How and Where Philosophy Began
VII The Branches of Philosophy
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Philosophy Begins
I By What Name Shall We Call the Milesian Thinkers?
II How Do We Know about the Early Thinkers?
Thales Anaximander Anaximenes
B ANAXIMANDER 610546
C ANAXIMENES 585528
IV General Remarks on the Milesians
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Philosophy Moves to Italy
I Italy
III Xenophanes
Discussion Questions
Notes
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The Turn of the Fifth Century Heraclitus and Parmenides
I The Turn of the Century
II Heraclitus
A PARMENIDES
B ZENO AND MELISSUS
Discussion Questions
Notes
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The Persian Wars and Their Aftermath Sophistry and Rhetoric
I The Persian Wars
II Rhetoric and Sophistry
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Medicine Tragedy History
I Medicine
II Tragedy Marcus Aurelius writing of the origin and use of tragedy says
III History
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Empedocles Anaxagoras and Democritus
I Empedocles
II Anaxagoras
III Democritus
IV Summing Up the Early Philosophers
Discussion Questions
Notes
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The Peloponnesian War Socrates Thucydides Euripides
I Socrates
II Thucydides
III Euripides
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Rhetoric and the Philosophers
I Rhetoric
II Extemporaneous and Prepared Speeches
III Isocrates 436338
IV Rhetoric and Philosophy
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Plato
I Plato 428348 BCE
II Reading Platonic Dialogues
III A Compendium of Views Associated with Plato
A METAPHYSICS
B ETHICS
C POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
D EROS
E TELEOLOGY
F OTHER VIEWS
IV Platos Academy
V After Plato
Notes
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Aristotle
I Introduction
II Logic
III Aristotles Ten Categories
B MATTER AND FORM
C ACTUALITY AND POTENTIALITY
K ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS ON ACTUALITY AND POTENTIALITY
B THE DOCTRINE OF THE MEAN AND THE VIRTUES
C FRIENDSHIP
D PLEASURE
IX Aristotles Psychology
X Aristotles Legacy
Discussion Questions
Notes
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The World of the Third Century
I Alexander and His Aftermath
H Intellectual Developments
A MATHEMATICS AND ASTRONOMY
B BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
C CITY PLANNING
Discussion Questions
Notes
Epicureanism
I Introduction
B PYRRHO OF ELIS C 360275
III Epicureanism
B EPICURUSS SYSTEM
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Stoicism
I Introduction
II Cynics
III The Early Stoa
B ZENOS SUCCESSORS
C THE MIDDLE STOA
IV Tenets of Stoicism
B LOGIC
C STOIC PHYSICS AND ITS RELATION TO ETHICS
D ETHICS
E ASSORTED STOIC VIEWS
V Roman Stoicism
B EPICTETUS 55135
C MARCUS AURELIUS 121180
VI Concluding Remarks on Stoicism
Notes
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Rome and Cicero
I Rome
II Cicero the Man
Ill Cicero the Thinker
IV Ciceros Legacy
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Greek Philosophy Finds the Bible and the Bible Finds Greek Philosophy
1 The World at the Turn of the Millennium
II Philo of Alexandria
Discussion Questions
Notes
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The War for the Ancient Soul
I The War of Politics and Philosophy
II Cultural Decline and Its Explanations
III The City on a Hill
IV Christianity and Philosophy
Minucius Felix and Basil of Caesarea
B BASIL OF CAESAREA 330379
Discussion Questions
Notes
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Philosophy at the End of Antiquity
I Neoplatonism
II Plotinus 205270
III Christian Philosophy
IV Augustine 354430
A AUGUSTINES CONVERSION TO PHILOSOPHY
B AUGUSTINES MANICHAEAN PERIOD
C AUGUSTINES NEOPLATONIST PERIOD
D AUGUSTINES CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY
E CONCLUSIONS ABOUT AUGUSTINE
VI Heresy and the End of Ancient Philosophy
VII Concluding Remarks
Discussion Questions
Notes
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GLOSSARY
INDEX
About the Author
About the Illustrator
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حول المؤلف (2005)

James A. Arieti is Graves H. Thompson Professor of Classics and chair of the department at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia.

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