« السابقةمتابعة »
who have been termed by Johnson the metaphysical poets.-See Johnson's Life of Cowley. His satires have been “ translated into numbers" by Pope.
FROM SATIRE IV.
Towards me did runi
His clothes were strange though coarse, and black though bare ;
He names me, and comes to me; I whisper-"God,
He adds,—“If of court life you knew the good,
2 Taffeta or Taffata, a thin silk; allegedi etymology tarcs, Lat. rash; Fr. ras; applied to cloth without the pile; scraped; threadbare. --See Raschit and Rasour.-Jamieson, Scot. Dict.
3 So called from their occupation of selling quack medicines. 4 The Polyglot Dictionary of Ambrosius Calepinus of seven languages. The reformer Theodhore Beza. The Panurge of Rabelais' “ Gargantua and Pantagruel."
FROM SATIRE IV.
135 You would leave loneness.” I said, “Not alone My loneness is ;? but Spartan's fashion, To teach by painting drunkards,doth not last Now; Aretine's: pictures have made few chaste; No more can princes' courts, tho' there be few Better pictûres of vice, teach me virtùe." He, like a high stretched lute-string, squeak'd_" Oh, Sir, 'Tis sweet to talk of kings.”—“At Westminster," Said I, “the man that keeps the abbey-tombs, And for his price, doth, with whoever comes, Of all our Harrys and our Edwards talk, From king to king, and all their kin can walk. Your ears shall hear nought but kings; your eyes meet Kings only the way to it is King Street."4 He smack'd and cried, "He's base, mechanic, coarse, So 're all your Englishmen in their discourse; Are not your Frenchmen neat? Mine ?5-as you see, I have but one, Sir-look, he follows me. Are they not neatly clothed ? I of this mind am. Your only wearing is your grogaram."6_ "Not so, Sir. I have more." Under this pitch He would not fly.
To fit my sullenness,
1 Alluding to a saying of Africanus noticed often by Cicero, e. g. De Repub. v. 17.
2 The Spartans coinpelled their slaves to intoxicate themselves, to inspire their youth with horror of the vice of drunkenness.
3 Pietro Aretino, the celebrated lampooner, and the illustrator by sonnets of the profligate drawmgs of Giulio Romano.--See Encyclop. Brit. A street in the vicinity of the abbey.
5 My French valet. @ " Grogram (Fr. gros, grain), stuit made of silk and mohair."-Reid. Wearing or Krear used for dress: " Motley's the only wear. -Shakesp. As you like it. "Give me my nightly wearing, good Emilia."-Id. Othello. * An expression borrowed froin falconry.
& For address. 9 One of the similes characteristic of the "mctaphysical" poets. 10 Chronicles of the period.
11 Export. Span-counter, a game in which counters were uscul, as marbles are in Iit-or-span. Bloc-point, blowing an arrow through a trunk or tube at certain numbers, by way of lottery Strut's Sports.
Toll to some courtier.1 And wiser than all us,
He, like a privileged spy2 whom nothing can
I, more amazed than Circe's prisoners, 4 when
But the hour
HYMN TO CHRIST.
They never will despise. A great abuse of the reigns of Elizabeth and James was the granting of licences or monopolies to favourites.
2 Spies formed an important portion of the machinery of Elizabeth's government.-See the narrative of the “Babington Conspiracy," in Hume and Robert on. * Dunkirk was a nest of smugglers and privatecrs.
4 Sec Odyssey, X. 136. 5 The Guildhail Gog and Magog.-See Hone on Mysteries and Religious Shows, pp. 262—275.
6 An English edition of "Sic me servavit Apollo."-Hor. 17 Unnecessary, after which.
I sacrifice this island unto thee,
To women, or the sea, my tears.
By making me love her who'd twenty more,
My constancy I to the planets give;
Thou, Love, taught'st me, by appointing me
To love there, where no love receiv'd can be, Only to give to such as have no good capacity.
My faith I give to Roman Catholics ;
My patience let gamesters share.
Love her, that holds my love disparity,
I give my reputation to those
And to my company my wit.
To him, for whom the passing bell next tolls,
All foreigners, mine English tongue.
Who thinks her friendship a fit portion
Therefore I'll give no more, but I'll undo
Than a sun-dial in a grave.
(1574-1637.) BENJAMIN, or, according to his own abbreviation of signature, Ben Jonson, was born in Westminster. His family is said to have been originally from Annandale. Losing his father before his birth, the benevolence of a friend placed him at Westminster School, where he attracted the notice of the celebrated Camden, at that period second master in that establishment. An exhibition, which the same friend's kindness subsequently procured for him at Cambridge, being inadequate to his support, he was compelled, after a short residence in the university, to return to his friends, and to adopt his stepfather's trade of a bricklaver. Discontented with his position in life, he joined as a volunteer the English army in Flanders. After the service of a single campaign, he returned to London, and determined to devote himself to dramatic authorship. During an imprisonment at this period, in consequence of a duel in which he had killed his antagonist, he became a convert to the Roman Catholic religion, which he professed for a number of years afterwards.
On his relcase he resumed his efforts to procure a subsistence from a connection with the theatres. Slender as were his resources and prospects, at the age of twenty he married ; and pursued with indomitable perseverance, under great disadvantages, those studies which ultimately rendered him one of the most learned men of his time. Although his talents procured him notice and distinction, his circumstances continued still straitened. Gifford disproves satisfactorily the frequently alleged generous patronage of Jonson, in his necessity, by Shakespeare, and, equally satisfactorily, the alleged ingratitude and malignity of Jonson. His early efforts, as was the custom of the time, were made in joint works with Marston, Decker, and others. His first acknowledged piece that has descended to us is “ Every Man in his Humour." Its success, if not materially improving his finances, prodigiously in