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And if it hap a man be in disease,
Lo, here what gentleness these women have,
INTRODUCTION TO “ THE FLOWER AND THE LEAF."
With newé green, and maketh10 smallé flowers
2 Endeavour. : Our rudeness being an obstacle to our knowing it. For the etymology and applica tions of for, see Tookc and thc dictionaries.
« Health; the cognates are hail, hale, whole.
6 Compassion; from ruc, (Ang. Sax. lIreoucan, to lament); the same analogy exists in true, truth. Kue, the herb, said to be from Pu519 (rucin), to deliver; “quia, ut Dicscorides docet, valetudinem conservat."--Vossius.)
6 The Sun-god. The names of the Greek deities are said to be of uncertain etymology. Phæbus is traced both to Qaw (phao), I shine; and Poliw (phobco), I terrify. The name Apollo is said to be from a chlui (apollumi), I destroy.
? This is a frequent image in the elder poetry; so Ben Johnson, in the Hymn to Cyntthia;
" Seated in thy silver chair,
State in wonted manner keep."-(Cynthia's Revels.) . The second sign of the zodiac.
9 Many. (German t'icl.) 19 There seems a confusion of nominatives here between Phæbus, shorters, and plain. 11 Be was forinerly used indicatively; we employ it now only in the subjunctive or con ditional sense. 12 Supply the relative echich.
A person; from Ang. Sax. vitan, to know; hence wight is a being that knows and feels. It is an appellation of warriors in Scottish poetry," Wallace wight." It is often used as an cpithet of contempt or ridicule.
INTRODUCTION TO THE FLOWER AND THE LEAF.
And so I, gladé of the season sweet
Wherefore I marvell’d greatly of myself
In which were oakés great, straight as a line,
Which, as me thought, was a right pleasant sight;
And at the last a path of little brede
I Situatod by fortune.
2 Was not.
3 Had not 4 The dawn is called the “ day-spring." Job xxxviii. 12.; Luke i. 78.
$ The indefinite article is often in plural expressions used in a collective sense; "a thousand things," "a few names," "a many thousand warlike French."-Shakesp. ; and the collective word seems to have a tendency to assume the singular shape; as, ten fish, thirty horec, eight foot.
* At a convenient distance; well is often used as an adverb of extent or degree : good ts taken in the same sense: bien is user similarly in French.
During; at any time selected from all the year. Cognates ; Gothic, af; Lat. ab : Greek, asso, ap'. # This is beautiful and natural.
9 Breadth. 10 For, (prefix, Gerinan, r07): for, as a prefix, is sometimes privative, sometimes intendive; it is often uscil in the latter sense in Scotch, " forfcuchten."-Burns.
“And the heavy ploughman snores
All with weary tilsk fordone."--Shakesp). Midsummer's Night's Dream. 1 Bencath; the Scotch form is aneath.
12 Fr. par-dieu.
And so I followed it till it me brought
Within, in feres so well and cunningly,
THE HOUSE OF FAME.
2 This double relative is still used in the vulgar dialect. 3 Plural of turf.
This is marked with the minuteness of Shakespeare's eye. $ Went round; surrounded: yede, part. yode, to go.
& Applied to the great maple tree, though there is little resemblance between it and the oriental sycamore.
i Eglantine. "Skinner and Junius both say rosa sylvestris, (wild rose.) Warton asserts the eglantine and the sweet-briar to be the same plant; and that by twisted eglantine," Milton therefore meant the honey-suckle."- Richardson.
8 Together ; in company : fere signifies also a companion, an associate, a lorer. “Here's my hand, my trusty fere."- Burns. “Fresh feres will dry the bright blue eyes." -Byron. Chaucer uses the word in both these senses. The alleged etymology in Ang. Sax, is faran, to go. It might seem to have some connection with friend.
9 All along. 10 Have seen. This expression is retained in the vulgar dialect. 11 Care, (Lat. cura.) 22 (From Ang. Sax. treowa, faithful); hence true, truth. 13 Exerted his endeavour. 14 Surpass all those. Tho is also an adverb meaning then.
15 The sequel of this description is very beautiful. The whole poem is full of delightful imagery and pictures. It seems to have suggested Edwin's vision in Beattie's " Minstrel,"
10 Are; plur. of be. “With every thing that pretty bin."--Shakesp. Cymbeline, Act ii. Sc. 3.
17 See infinitive. 18 Holes; apertures; retained in this sense in Scotch. Bole is also the trunk of a tree: Armenian bolc; a species of earth.
19 A specific time, as noontide; eventide; (German zeit): applied to the periods of the ocenn's ebb and flow. "Alike to him was time or tide," -Scott; f. e. duration or specific
“ Thou art the ruins of the noblest man
Shakesp. Jul. Crs. Act lii. Sc. 2. i. c. epochs of duration. The common reading is "tide of times." Tidy, betide, are de rivatives.
And by night each one is unshette ;1
What should Physic do but if Sickness were ?
What needeth drink where thirst hath no power ? 1 Unshut.
? Hinder. (Ang. Sax. letlan); let, to permit, (Ang. Sax. laetan); let, applied to leasing of property, is used in the same sense as the Latin, locare.
3 Go, Roron, roune, or round, to whisper: alleged etymology, “to mutter like a Runic en. chantcr."-Jamieson.
6 Journeys. (Fr. voyage. Lat. via.) • Boding; prognostication ; "Nay, such abodes ben not worth an haw." -Chauc. Troilus and Cressida. (Ang. Sax. bodian.)
1 Lics. Lose was anciently written lese : "For lesing of richesse and liberty."_Chauc. Monk's Tale ; lose is substantially the same word with loose. Lesing is also lying; retained in the law phrase "leasing-making."
8 Cheapness; plenty. (Ang. Sax. cyppan, to traffic; German, kaufen :)-coft, bought, (Scotch.) “Pormerly good-chcap, and bad-chcap, i. c. well or ill bought, were the modes of expression. The modern fashion uses the word only for good-cheap."--Tooke. Cheap, a market, as Eastchcap, Cheapside ;-to chaffer, to bargain ;-chapman, a purchaser. Compare the French phrase, à bon marché.
* This passige is an example of Chaucer's nervous simplicity of style; of the facility with which his imagination crowds objects into his pictures; and of his ustal unskilfulness in grouping and arrangement. The original of the " House of Farne" is Ovid, Metamph. xii. 39. See also Pope's "Temple of Famc," souudcd on Chaucer's poem. 10 Unless or without.
What should Mercy do, but? Trespass go afore ?
(Died 1402.) Gower was a gentleman of property, a contemporary of Chaucer, but several years his junior. The “grave and sententious turn” of his poetry earned for him, from Chaucer and others, the appellation of the Moral Gower. His " capital work” is in three parts ; Speculum Meditantis, (in French Thyme :) Vox Clamantis, (in Latin Elegiacs) ; and Confessio Amantis, (in English, Octo-syllabics.) He was a man of varied learning ; but far inferior to Chaucer in the natural qualities of a true poet, “ By a cultivation of his native language,” says Warton," he laboured to reform its irregularities, and to establish an English style. In these respects he resembled his friend and contemporary Chaucer ; but he participated no considerable portion of Chaucer's spirit, imagination, and elegance. His language is tolerably per spicuous, and his versification often harmonious.” The following extract from the Confessio Amantis, Warton terms “no bad specimen of Gower's most poetical manner.” It appears, he says, to be an imitation of Chaucers Flower and Leaf, vid. supra, p. 14.
ROSIPHELE'S VISION OF LADIES.
She hcard (the) glad fowls sing;
5 Walking. o Supplc, uchcre : the omission of the relative has been noticed above.
It appeared to her. Sec notc 15, p. 6. & Supple slc. but the nominative is understood in the preceding her. • Shade, (Ang. Sax. Scua : Grock oxid, skia.)
* Whither ridest thou under this greon shaw."-Chaucer. This form of the word is familiar in Scotch.