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(1527?–1608.) 5 THOMAS SACKVILLE, the first Lord Buckhurst and Earl of Dorset, was the son of Richard Sackville, Esq.of Buckhurst, in Sussex.” He is almost the only light in poetry that illuminates the gloomy reign of Mary. From his early years he manifested great vivacity of talent. He enjoyed the advantage of the education of both universities. While a student in the Inner Temple be composed his tragedy of “ Gorboduc,”! or, as it was afterwards entitled, * Ferrex and Porrex." This is the first specimen in English literature of the tragic drama. “This tragedy, and his contribution of the “ Induction," and "Legend of the Duke of Buckinghain” to the “ Mirror for Magistrates," compose the poetical history of Lord Sackville's life.”—(Campbell.) The statesman soon superseded the poet in Sackville's career. He filled various im. portant and conspicuous situations during the reign of Elizabeth ; and, on the accession of James, was confirmed for life in his office of Lord High Treasurer of England. His career as a minister reflects great honour on the integrity and vigour of his character. He died suddenly, in his vocation at the council board, of disease in the brain, in 1608.
“ As to Gorboduc' it is a piece of monotonous recitals, and cold and heavy accumulation of incidents." (Campbell.) It is, however, praised for the purity of its language, and the dignity and correctness of its sentiments,
The Mirror for Magistrates" is a collection of narratives by several poets of the misfortunes of the great in English history. It was planned by Sackville on the scheme of Dante's “ Inferno." His contributions to it, however, as above noticed, were slight. Sorrow conducts the poet through the infer. nal regions : the “ Induction" is filled with scenic allegory, little inferior in vigour of execution to that of Spencer. This collection of tragical histories is said to have furnished hints to Shakespeare, and to have suggested the historical plays.
FROM THE "INDUCTION " TO THE “ MIRROR FOR MAGISTRATES."
ALLEGORICAL PERSONAGES IN HELL DESCRIBED.
Her eyes undstedfast rolling here and there,
So was her mind continually in fear,
And next, within the entry of this lake,
When fell Revenge with bloody foul pretence
His face was lean, and some deal pined away,
His food for most, was wild fruits of the tree,
By him lay heavy Sleep, the cousin of death,
"Countenance. See note 10, p. 32. 2 Revenge is masculine in Collins' Ode on the Passions. 3 To such an extent.
Fetched. "Shall he dwindle, peak, and pine."-Macbeth, Act i. Sc. 4.
And next in order sad Old Age we found,
FROM THE COMPLAINT OF HENRY DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM."
Ye kings and peers that swim in worldly good,
In seeking blood, the end, advert, you playne, · And see if blood aye ask not blood again.
Consider Cyrus in your cruel thought,
His head dismembered from his mangled corpse,
Behold Cambyses and his fatal day,
1 The Fates. See Keightley's Mythology, p. 153. 2 An allusion to the riddle of the Sphinx.
* Deprived of hair. Lat pilus, hair. “I had as lief be the list of an English kersey as be piled, as thou art piled for a French velvet."-Measure for Measure, Act i. Sc. 2.
• The accomplice and victim of Richard III.
6 Matchless. 7 Reward. Ang, Sax. wardian: to look at: to regard; hence the idea of recompense. & Of Scythia.--Herodotus, I. c. 205.
End.“ Riches fineless."—Shakesp. Othello. 10 For the opposite accounts of the historical Cyrus see Xenophon and Herodotus ; for the Cyrus of Scripture, see Skene's Sacred Chronology.
11 Where, in whom; like, alike.
While he his brother Mergus castto slay,
O bloody Brutus, rightly didst thou rue, And thou Cassius justly came thy fall, That with the sword wherewith thou Cæsar slew Murd'rest thyself, and reft thy life withal. A mirror let him be unto you all That murderers be, of murder to your meed: For murder crieth out vengeance on your seed.
Lo Bessus, 5 he that, armed with murderer's knife
What booted him his false usurpéd reign,
Take heed, ye princes and ye prelates all,
3 Afterwards. • Lies, also written leve (adj. noun, and adv.) wilfully; benoom or benum ; commonly now written benumb; to deprive, (viz of sensation), Old English, nim, German, nehmen, to take; hence numskull, one deprived of intellect, a blockhead. This word furnishes with his name Corporal Nym, the follower of Falstaff. “ Overnome."-Chaucer. See note 8, p. 13.
The murderer of Darius Codomannus. See any history of Alexander the Great. 6 Secretly. "To seel her father's eyes up."-Othello, Act iii. Sc. 3. "To seel a hawt is to sew up his eyelids."-Malone.
7 Defile.' " For Banquo's issue I have 'fled my mind."-Macbeth, Act iii. Sc. 2. Byron uses the same form. --Childe Harold, Canto ini. St. 113.
(1550—1595.) SOUTHWELL, descended from an ancient family in Norfolk, entered the order of Jesuits at Rome. He was involved in persecution, resulting from the intrigues of that order in Elizabeth's reign, and was seized, racked, and executed at Tyburn. The features of his poetry are sad and contemplative ; breathing a spirit of gentleness and amiability. “ It is not possible,” says Campbell, referring to his prose compositions, “ Mary Magdalene's Tears," and the “ Triumph over Death," " to read the volume without lamenting that its author should have been either the instrument of bigotry or the object of persecution." See Gentleman's Magazine, for November 1798, p. 983.'- Ritson.
The mind a creature is, yet can create,
Man's soul of endless beauties image is,
TIMES GO BY TURNS.
The sea of Fortune doth not ever flow;