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its temper.


We would have had you heard

skoi, on the Ilim; thirty-two miles north-west of The traitor speak, and timorously confess

Verchomansk. The manner and the purpose of his treasons.

TIMOR, the god of Fear. See Fear and

Shakspeare. Pavor. Prepossessed heads will ever doubt it, and timorous beliefs will never dare to try it.

Timor, the largest of the Molucca islands,

Browne. The hare figured pusillanimity and timidity from rable than the charts represent, being little less

in the eastern seas. Its extent is more consideThough they had ideas enough to distinguish gold than 250 miles in a north-eastern direction, by from a stone, and metal from wood, yet they but ti

from thirty to sixty in breadth. The interior is morously ventured on such terms which should pretend a chain of mountains, some of which nearly to signify their real essences.

equal the peak of Teneriffe in elevation; whilst With easy smiles, dispelled the silent fear,

the shores on the south-east side are represented That durst not tell me what I died to hear. Prior. to be exceedingly low, and over-run with manLet dastard souls be timorously wise :

groves. Gold is said to be contained in the But tell them Pyrrhus knows not how to form mountains, and to be washed down the streams; Far-fancied ills, and dangers out of sight.

but the natives are jealous of Europeans gaining

A. Philips. any knowledge of it. At a former period, when Poor is the triumph o'er the timid hare. Thomson. forty men were sent by the Dutch to make

The clergy, through the timorousness of many among search for it, they were cut off. The produce of them, were refused to be heard by their council. this island is chiefly sandal-wood and wax. Cap

Swift. tain Flinders, when he visited this island in 1803, TIMISCOUATA, a lake of Canada, in Corn- only saw two European residents at Coepang, wallis county, twenty-two miles in length, by an

besides the soldiers and the governor.

The average breadth of three-quarters of a mile, is original inhabitants of Timor, who are black, encompassed in all directions by lofty mountains but whose hair is not woolly, inhabit the mouncovered with thick wood. Several large rivers lend tainous parts, to which they appear to have been the aid of their streams to swell the waters of driven by the Malays, who are mostly in possesthis secluded expanse. To this lake there is a sion of the sea coast. There were formerly seportage from the St. Lawrence, by means of veral Portuguese establishments on the north which the communication is carried on between side of the island, of which Diely and Leffow Quebec and Halifax, a distance of 627 miles.

remained ; but these had all gradually declined, TIMMISKAMAIN Lake, a lake of Lower and the governor of Diely was then said to be Canada, about thirty miles long, and ten broad, the sole white Portuguese resident on the island. having several small islands. Its waters empty TIMOTHEUS, one of the most celebrated into the Utawas River, by a narrow channel, poet musicians of antiquity, was born at Miletus, thirty miles north of Nepissing Lake. The In an Ionian city of Caria, 346 years B.C. He dians named Timmiscamaings reside round this was contemporary with Philip II. of Macedon lake.

and Euripides; and not only excelled in lyric TIMOCHARES, a celebrated astronomer of and dithyrambic poetry, but in his performance Alexandria, who flourished about A. A. C. 294. upon the cithala. Pausanias says he perfected He and Aristillus attempted to determine the that instrument by the addition of four new places of the stars, and to trace the course of the strings to the seven it had before ; but Suidas planets.

says it had nine before, and that Timotheus only TIMOCLEA, a Theban lady, sister of Thea- added two. See LYRE. A senatus consultum is genes, who was killed at Cheronta. One of Alex- preserved at full length in Boethius, wbereby the ander's soldiers attempted to ravish her, when, kings and the ephori of Sparta passed censure on under pretence of showing him a treasure hid in a Timotheus for adding these strings : and obliged draw well, she tumbled him into it. Alexander him to cut them all, leaving only seven tones ; commended her virtue, and prohibited his soldiers and banished him from the city. Suidas attrifrom hurting the Theban ladies. Plut.

butes to him nineteen nomes, or canticles, in TIMOCREON, a comic poet of Rhodes, who hexameters; thirty-six proems, or preludes; gained prizes at Olympia ; about 476 B. C. eighteen dithyrambics; twenty-one hymns; the

TIMOLEON, a celebrated Corinthian general, poem in praise of Diana; one panegyric; three who restored the Syracusans to their liberty, and iragedies, the Persians, Phinidas, and Laertes ; to drove the Carthaginians out of Sicily. See Sy- which must be added, Niobe, and a poem on the

birth of Bacchus. Stephen of Byzantium makes TIMON, the misanthrope, or the manhater, a him author of eighteen books of nomes, or airs, famous Athenian, who lived about 420 B. C. for the cithara, to 8000 verses, and of 1000 We have many sayings of his spleen recorded, Ilpoeepia, or preludes, for the nomes of the flutes. but no facts of his life.

Timotheus died in Macedonia, according to SuiTimon, the sceptic, was a Phliasian, a dis- das, aged ninety-seven; though the Marbles say ciple of Pyrrho, and lived in the time of Ptolemy at ninety; and Stephen of Byzantium fixes his Philadelphus. He took little pains to invite dis- death in the fourth year of the 105th Olympiad, ciples to his school. He was fond of rural retire- two years before the birth of Alexander the Great; ment; and was much addicted to wine. The whence it appears that this Timotheus was not fragments of his satyrical poem Silli are in the the famous player on the flute so much esteemed Poesis Philosophica of Stephens. Timon lived to by that prince, and of whom we have no authenthe age of ninety.

tic account. TIMOPHEEVA, a town of Russia, in Irkut TIMOTHEUS, or Timothy, an eminent evange


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list of the apostolic age, born at Lystra, in Asia. the pure protoxide. It is convertible into the His father was a Greek, but his mother Eunice and peroxide by being boiled with dilute nitric acid, his grandmother Lois were Jewesses, and educated dried and ignited. According to Sir. H. Davy, him in the true religion. He became an early the protoxide contains 13.5 per cent. of oxygen. convert, and a great favorite of St. Paul; whom Supposing it to consist of a prime equivalent of he accompanied to Philippi, Thessalonica, and each constituent, that of tin would be 7.333. Berea. The Episcopalians and Papists say he From the analysis of Berzelius and Gay Lussic, was the first bishop of Ephesus; but this is con the peroxide is composed of 100 metal + 27.2 tested by the Presbyterians. See Scotland. oxygen; and, if we regard it as containing 2 He was stoned to death A. D. 97.

primes of the latter principle to one of metal, the Timothy, First and Second Epistles To, prime of this will be 7.353. The mean may be two canonical books of the New Testament, writ- taken at 7:35. ten by St. Paul. See SCRIPTURE.

There are also two chlorides of tin. When TIMOTHY, or Timothy Grass, in botany. Seetin is burned in chlorine, a very volatile clear RURAL Economy.

liquor is formed, a non-conductor of electricity, TIMOXENA, the wife of Plutarch.

and which, when mixed with a little water, beTIMUR Beg. See TAMERLANE.

comes a solid crystalline substance, a true muTIN, T. 5. Sax. tin; Belg. ten ; Swed, tenn. riate of tin, containing the peroxide of the metal. One of the primitive metals, called by the This, which has been called the liquor of Libachemists Jupiter.

vius, may be also procured by heating together Quicksilver, lead, iron, and tin, have opacity or

tin-filings and corrosive sublimate, or an amalblackness.

Peacham. gam of tin and corrosive sublimate. It consists, The cover may be tinned over only by nailing of according to the analysis of Dr. John Davy, of single tin plates over it.

Mortimer. 2 primes of chlorine 9 + 1 of tin = 7:35. To keep the earth from getting into the vessel, he The other compound of tin and chlorine is a employed a plate of iron tinned over and perforated. gray semitransparent crystalline solid. It may

Boyle. be procured by heating together an amalgam of Tin ore sometimes holds about one-sixth of tin,

tin and calomel. It dissolves in water, and forms Woodward.

a solution, which rapidly absorbs oxygen from New tinning a saucepan is chargeable. Swift.

the air, with deposition of peroxide of tin. It TiN is a metal of a yellowish-white color, consists of, Chlorine, 4.5 considerably harder than lead, scarcely at all so

Tin, 7.35 norous, very malleable, though not very tenacious. Under the hammer it is extended into There are two sulphurets of tin. One may be leaves, called tin-foil, which are about myth of made by fusing tin and sulphur together. It is an inch thick, and might easily be beaten to less of a bluish co.or, and lamellated texture. It than half that thickness, if the purposes of trade consists of 7-35 tin + 2 sulphur. The other required it. The process for making tin-foil sulphuret, or the bisulphuret, is made by heating consists simply in hammering out a number of together the peroxide of tin and sulphur. It is plates of this metal, laid together upon a smooth of a beautiful gold color, and appears in fine block or plate of iron. The smallest sheets are fakes. It was formerly called aurum musivum. the thinnest. Its specific gravity is 7.29. It According to Dr. John Davy, it con-ists of melts at about the 442° of Fahrenheit's thermo

1 prime tin =7.35 meter; and hy a continuance of the heat it is

2 sulphur = 4:00. zlowly converted into a white powder by oxida The salts of tin are characterised by the foltion.' Like lead it is brittle when heated almost lowing general properties :- 1. Ferroprussiate of to fusion, and exhibits a grained or fibrous tex- potash gives a white precipitate. 2. Hydrosulture, if broken by the blow of a hamıner; it may phuret of potash a brown black with the proalso be granulated by agitation at the time of its toxide, and a golden yellow with the peroxide. transition form the fuid to the solid state. The 3. Galls do not affect the solutions of these salts. oxide of tin resists fusion more strongly than 4. Corrosive sublimate occasions a black precithat of any other metal; from which property it pitate with the protoxide salts, a white with the is useful to form an opaque white enamel when peroxide. 5. A plate of lead freq'iently throws mixed with pure glass in fusion. The bright- down metallic tin, or its oxide, from the salıne ness of its surface when scraped, soon goes off solutions. 6. Muriate of gold gives, with the by exposure to the air; but it is not subject to protoxide solutions, the purple precipitate of rust or corrosion by exposure to the weather. Cassius. 7. Muriate of platinum occasions an To obtain pure tin, the metal should be boiled orange precipitate with the protoxide salts. in nitric acid, and the oxide which falls down Concentrated sulphuric acid, assisted by heat, reduced by heat in contact with charcoal, in a dissolves half its weight of tin, at the same time covered crucible.

that sulphurous gas escapes in great plenty. By There are two definite combinations of tin and the addition of water, an oxide of tin is precioxygen. The first or protoxide is gray; the pitated. Sulphuric acid, slight y diluted, likesecond or peroxide is white. The first is formed wise acts upon this metal ; but, if much water by heating tin in the air, or by dissolving tin in be present, the solution does not take place. In muriatic acid, and adding water of potash to the the sulphuric solution of tin there is an actual solution whilst recent, and before it has been ex- formation or extrication of sulphur, which renposed to air. The precipitate, after being heated ders the fluid of a brown color, while it continues io whiteness to expel the water of the hydrate, is beated, but subsides by cooling. The tin is

likewise precipitated in the form of a white rate of tin, have been formed by precipitating the oxide, by a continuance of the heat, or by long muriate with the respective neutral salts. standing without heat. This solution affords If the crystals of the saline combination of needle-formed crystals by cooling.

copper with the nitric acid be grossly powdered, Nitric acid and tin combine together very ra- moistened, and rolled up in tin-foil, the salt pidly without the assistance of heat. Most of deliquesces, nitrous fumes are emitted, the mass the metal falls down in the form of a white becomes lot, and suddenly takes fire. In this oxide, extremely difficult of reduction ; and the experiment the rapid transition of the nitric small portion of tin which remains suspended acid to the tin is supposed to produce or dedoes not afford crystals, but falls down, for the velope heat enough to set fire to the nitric salts, most part, upon the application of heat to in- but by what particular changes of capacity has spissate the fluid. The strong action of the nitric not been shown. acid upon tin produces a singular phenomenon, If small pieces of phosphorus be thrown on which is happily accounted for by the modern tin in fusion, it will take up from fifteen to discoveries in chemistry: M. de Morveau has twenty per cent., and form a silvery white phosobserved that, in a solution of tin by the nitric phuret of a foliated texture, and soft enough tv acid, no elastic fluid is disengaged, but ammonia be cut with a knife, though but little malleable. is formed. This alkali must have been pro- This phosphuret may be formed likewise by duced by the nitrogen of that part of the nitric fusing tin filings with concrete phosphoric acid. acid which was employed in affording oxygen to Tin unites with bismuth hy' fusion, and beoxidise the tin.

comes harder and more brittle in proportion to The muriatic acid dissolves tin very readily at the quantity of that metal added. With nicke. the same time that it becomes of a darker color, it forms a white brilliant mass. It cannot easily and ceases to emit fumes. A slight effervescence be united in the direct way with arsenic, on actakes place with the disengagement of a fætid count of the volatility of this metal; but, by inflammable gas. Muriatic acid suspends half heating it with the combination of the arsenical its weight of tin, and does not let it fall by re- acid and potash, the salt is partly decomposed; pose. It affords permanent crystals by evapora- and the tin, combining with the acid, becomes tion. If the lin contain arsenic, it remains converted into a brilliant brittle compound, of a undissolved at the bottom of the fluid. Recent plaited texture. It has been said that all tin muriate of tin is a very delicate test of mercury. contains arsenic; and that the crackling noise M. Chenevix says, if a single drop of a saturated which is heard upon bending pieces of tin, is solution of neutralised nitrate, or muriate of mer- produced by this impurity; but, from th: expecury, be put into 500 grains of water, a few riment of Bayen, this appears not to be the fact. drops of solution of muriate of tin will render Cobalt unites with tin by fusion; and forins a it a little turbid, and of a smoke-gray. He adds, grained mixture of a color slightly inclining to that the effect is perceptible, if ten times as much violet. Zinc unites very well with tin, increasing water be added.

its hardness, and diminishing its ductility, in proAqua regia, consisting of two parts nitric and portion as the quantity of zinc is greater. one muriatic acid, combines with tin with effer This is one of the principal additions used in vescence, and the development of much heat. In making pewter, which consists for the most part order to obtain a permanent solution of tin, in of tin. The best pewter does not contain above this acid, it is necessary to add the metal by one-twentieth part of admixture, which consists small portions at a time; so that the one portion of zinc, copper, bismuth, or such other metallic may be entirely dissolved before the next piece is substances as experience has shown to be most added. Aqua regia in this manner dissolves conducive to the improvement of its haraness half its weight of tin. The solution is of a red- and color. The inferior sorts of pewter, more dish-brown, and in many instances assumes the especially those used abroad, contain much lead, form of a concrete gelatinous substance. The have a bluish color, and are soft. The tin usually addition of water sometimes produces the con met with in commerce, in this country, has no adcrete form in this solution, which is then of an mixture to impair its purity, except such as may opal color, on account of the oxide of tin dif- accidentally elude the workmen at the inines. fused through its substance.

But the tin met with in foreign countries is so The uncertainty attending these experiments much debased by the dealers in that article, eswith the solution of tin in aqua regia, seems to pecially the Dutch, that pewter and tin are condepend upon the want of a sufficient degree of sidered abroad as the same substance. accuracy in ascertaining the specific gravities of Antimony forms a very brittle hard mixture the two acids which are mixed, the quantities of with tin; the specific gravity of which is less than each, and of the tin, together with that of the would have been deduced by computation from water added. It is probable that the spon- the specific gravities and quantities of each, se. taneous assumption of the concrete state depends parately taken. Tungsten, fused with twice it3 upon water imbibed from the atmosphere. The weight of tin, affords a brown spongy mass, solution of tin in aqua regia is used by dyers to which is somewhat ductile. heighten the colors of cochineal, lac-dye, and The uses of tin are very numerous, and so we!! some other red tinctures, from crimson to a known, that they scarcely need be pointed out bright scarlet, in the dyeing of woollens. The Several of them have been already mentioned. acetic acid scarcely acts upon tin. The opera- The tinning of iron and copper, the silvering of tion of other acids upon this metal has been looking-glasses, and the fabrication of a great little enquired into. Phosphate, fluate, and bo- variety of vessels and utensils for domestic and

other uses, are among the advantages derived first use of this covering is to keep the tin from from this metal.

burning; for, if any part should take fire, the Tin, CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF. See Cuz- suet would soon moisten it and reduce it to its MISTRY, Index.

primitive state again. The blanchers say this Tin, MEDICAL PROPERTIES OF. See Media suet is a compounded matter; it is indeed of a CINE, Index.

black color, but M. Reaumur supposed that to Tix, ORES OF. See METALLURGY and Mi. be only an artifice to make it a secret, and that NERALOGY

it is only colored with soot or the smoke of a Tin, Trade In. An advantageous commerce chimney; but he found it true so far that the has been lately opened between Cornwall and the common unprepared suet was not sufficient; for, East Indies and China. In 1791 about 3000 after several attempts, there was always sometons of tin were raised in Cornwall; of which thing wanting to render the success of the opera2200 tons were sold in the European market for tion certain. The whole secret of blanching, £72 each, and 800 tons carried to India and therefore, was found to lie in the preparation of China at £62 per ton. See Cornwall. this suet, and this he discovered at length to

TIN-PLATE WORKING.–On the affinity which consist in the first frying and burning it. This there is between tin and iron is founded the art simple operation not only gives it the color, but of forming what is commonly called tin-plates, puts it into a condition to give the iron a dispowhich is, properly, tinned iron, or as it is de- sition to be tinned, which it does surprisingly, nominated in Scotland, and also on the conti- The melted tin must also have a certain degree nent, white iron. The process in manufacturing of heat; for, if it is not hot enough, it will not these plates is simply this: thin plates of mallea- stick to the iron; and, if it is too hot, it will ble iron, thoroughly cleared from all rust or cover it with too thin a coat, and the plates will oxide, are dipped into a vessel of melted tin, have several colors, as red, blue, and purple, the surface of which fluid metal is protected from and upon the whole have a cast of yellow. To oxidisement by the air, by a thin layer of melted prevent this, by knowing when the fire has a tallow; the tin unites with the iron at each sur proper degree of heat, they might try with small face, but whether the two metals actually com- pieces of iron; but in general use teaches them bine is not yet ascertained. The iron thus acquires to know the degree, and they put in the iron a white color, is rendered less liable to rust, and when the tin is at a different standard of heat, its ductility is scarcely at all impaired; hence according as they would give it a thicker or a the plates can be easily bent, and, from the thinner coat. Sometimes also they give the alloy of tin at the surface, can be also easily plates a double layer, as they would have them worked. Iron-plates wheu tinned over, and very thickly covered. This they do by dipping which are very thin, have been denominated them into the tin, when very hot, the first time, latten. Of the manufacture of these we have an and when less hot the second. The tin which is account in the Philosophical Transactions of the to give the second coat must be fresh covered Royal Society, from which we shall extract some with suet, and that with the common suet, not particulars.

the prepared. Tin-plates are often manufactured Plates of iron, being prepared of a proper in a different way: the iron in bars, or plates, is thickness, are smoothed by rusting them in an cased over with tin, and then drawn out by acid liquor, as common water made eager with means of rolling-mills. In 1681 tin-plates were rye; with this liquor they fill certain troughs, made in England by a person named Andrew and then put in the plates, which they turn once Yarranton, who was sent into Bohemia to learn or twice a day that they may be equally rusted the art, but it was not brought into perfection over; after this they are taken out and well for more than fifty years; and, since the middle scoured with sand, and, to prevent their rusting of the last century, it has been carried on in again, are immediately plunged into pure water, these islands in so perfect a manner that scarcely in which they are to be left till the instant they any have been imported from the continent, are to be tinned or blanched, the manner of Our plates are of a finer gloss, or coat, than doing which is this : they flux the tin in a large those made beyond sea, the latter being chiefly iron crucible, which has the figure of an oblong hammered, but ours, according to the plan of pyramid with four faces, of which two opposite which we are now speaking, are always drawn ones are less than the two others. The crucible out by the rolling-mill. is heated only from below, its upper part being The tin-plate worker, a trade well known in luted with the furnace all round. The crucible London, and all large towns, receives his tinis always deeper, than the plates which are to be plate in sheets, and it is his business to form tinned are long; they always put them in down- them into all the various articles of domestic right, and the tin ought to swim over them; to use, which are known to every body. The printhis purpose artificers of different trades prepare cipal instruments that he makes use of are a plates of different shapes, though M. Reaumur large pair of fixed shears, to cut the tin to the thinks them all exceptionable. But the Germans proper size and shape, a polished anvil, and use no sort of preparation of the iron to make it hammers of various kinds, some of which are receive the tin, more than the keeping it always highly polished on the face. The joints of his steeped in water till the time only when the tin work are made with solder, which he makes himis melted in the crucible; they cover it with a self, and which is a composition of equal parts of layer of a sort of suet, which is usually two tin and lead that the workman causes to unite inches thick, and the plate must pass through with the tin-plate, or tinned iron, by means of this before it can come to the melted tin. The rosin. The iwo principal wholesale houses in


London are those of Jones and Taylor, in Tot- of government, the liberty of the press, &c. His tenham Court Road, and of Howard and Co. in Rights of the Christian Church Asserted, ocOld Street Road. These, and other wholesale casioved his having a violent contest with the traders, have constantly travellers in various high-church clergy, and his treatise Christianity parts of the kingdom; and, as they cannot carry as old as the Creation, published in 1730, the articles of their trade in saddle-bags, like made much noise, and was answered by several many other manufacturers, they take with them writers, particularly by Dr. Conybeare, Mr. drawings of all works of taste in their line of Forster, and Dr. Lelaud. Dr. Tindal died at business.

London in August 1733. He left in MS. a seTin, in blocks, resembles silver, but it is of a cond volume of his Christianity as old as the darker hue; it is also much softer, less elastic Creation; the preface to which has been published. and sonorous, than any other metal excepting TINDALE (William). See TYNDALE. lead : it is most readily extended, and melts with TINCT, v. u. & n. s. Fr. teint ; Lat. a lower heat than all other metals. When lin is TINC'TURE, n. s. & v.a. tinctus. To stain ; made very hot, it will break with a blow. In color; spot; dye: a color or spot : tincture is the state of ore it is found mixed with arsenic. synonymous, both as a verb and noun substanThe chief tin-mines in the known world are those tive, and more in modern use. of Cornwall; and it is a fact well ascertained

That great med'cine hath that the Phænicians visited these islands, for the With his tinct gilded thee.

Shakspeare. purpose of getting tin from our ancestors, several We have artificial wells made in imitation of the centuries before the Christian era. In tracing natural, as tincted upon vitriol, sulphur, and steel. the history of the Cornwall mines, we find that

Bacon. they produced very little in the reign of king Some bodies have a more departible nature than John; but the right, at that period, was wholly others in colouration ; for a small quantity of saffron vested in the sovereign, as earl of Cornwall. will tinct more than a very great quantity of wine. Their value has fluctuated at different periods;


The first scent of a vessel lasts, and the tinct the of late years they have produced to the value of

Ben Jonson. £150,000 or £200,000. The duke of Cornwall,

wool first appears of. for the time being, receives 4s. upon every cwt.

The sight must be sweetly deceived by an insensiof what is called coined white tin, which some

ble passage from bright colors to dimmer, which

Wotton. times amount to £10,000 or £12,000 a-year: the Italian artizans call the middle tinctures. proprietors of the soil have one-sixth, and the Those who have preserved an innocence, would Test goes to the adventurers in the mine, who are

not suffer the whiter parts of their soul to be disat the whole charge of working. As the tin is to

coloured or tincted by the reflection of one sin.

Decay of Piety. be thus divided, or rather its real value ascersained, it is stamped and worked at the mill

, Come pure to them, but, passing through the eyes

'Tis the fate of princes, that no knowledge and it is then carried, under the name of block And ears of other men, it takes a tincture tin, to the melting-house, where it is run into From every channel.

Denham. blocks, and thence carried to the coinage towns. Hence the morning planet gilds her horn. The coinage towns are Leskard, Lestwithiel, By tincture or reflection they augment Truro, Helston, and Penzance, being the most Their small peculiar.

Milton. convenient parts of the county for the miners. Some were tincted blue, some red, others yellow. TINA, an island in the Grecian Archipelago,

Browne. anciently called Tinos : one of the Cyclades, on I distilled some of the tincted liquor, and all that the west of Nicaria ; seventeen miles long, and came over was as limpid as rock water. Boyle. eight broad. It is defended by a fort seated on

In tinctures drawn from vegetables, the superfluous a rock. It is a bishop's see of the Roman' spirit of wine distilled off, leaves the extract of the

Id. church, though there are also 200 Greek priests.

vegetable. It has about 5000 troops. The chief commodity of the rules, is to expose ourselves to the scorn of

To begin the practice of an art with a light tincture is silk : about 16,000 lbs. are produced annually; those who are judges.

Dryden. and they make silk stockings and gloves, which

That beloved thing engrosses him, and, like a are universally admired. St. Nicolo is the capi- coloured glass before his eyes, casts its own colour tal. Long. 25° 24' E., lat. 37° 30' N.

and tincture upon all the images of things. TINCAL, n. s. A mineral.

Few in the next generation who will not write The tincal of the Persians seems to be the chryso- and read, and have an early tincture of religion. calla of the ancients, and what our borax is made of.

Addison. Woodward.

The bright sun compacts the precious stone, TINCAL. Crude borax, as it is imported Imparting radiant lustre like his own : from the East Indies, in yellow greasy crystals, He tinctures rubies with their rosy hue, s called tincal.

And on the sapphire spreads a heavenly blue. TINDAL (Dr. Matthew), a famous English

Blackmore. writer, the son of the Rev. John Tindal of Beer- ing sense of good and evil; early were the seeds of

Early were our minds tinctured with a distinguishFerres in Devonshire, born about 1657. He

a divine love, and holy fear of offending, sown in our studied at Lincoln College, Oxford, and was


Allerbury. afterwards elected fellow of All Souls. In 1685

All manners take a tincture from our own, he took the degree of LL. D., and in the reign of Or come discoloured through our passions shown. James II. declared himself a Roman Catholic;

Pope. but soon renounced that religion. After the Re Have a care, lest some darling science so far prevolution he published several pamphlets in favor vail over your mind, as to give a sovereign tincture


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