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formed by a reef of rocks, running in an eastern ristic of Africa. Long. 13° 18' E., lat. 32° 54' N. direction from the northern extremity of the town, Tripoli, a sca-port of Syria, capital of a paaffords the greatest shelter during the prevalence chalic of the same name, is situated at the foot of a north-easterly gale, the only wind injurious of Mount Lebanon, and along the edge of a small to Tripoli. Though not very spacious, it is per- triangular plain, which extends between it and fectly safe throughout the year, and, besides the sea, terminating in a flat promontory, on merchant vessels, will admit small frigates, not which is situated the place of anchorage. Here drawing above eighteen feet. Tripoli is sur. is a small town called La Marina, at which the rounded by a high wall, flanked by six bastions, vessels unlade their cargoes, and which forms the and has two gates, one on the south, and the port of Tripoli. There is properly no harbour, other on the east; the batteries are mounted al- but a mere road, defended against the action of together with about fifty pieces of cannon. The the sea by lines of small islands, or rather shoals, castle is an irregular, extensive square pile: called the Rabbit and Pigeon Islands. The anwhen viewed from the port, it has a very respect. chorage is by no means safe or convenient, and ·able appearance. The ramparts are high, and south and south-east winds are sometimes temwell supplied with brass cannon. The Ameri- pestuous and dangerous. Along the sea are the cans in 1804 were unable to make any impres- remains of six or seven square towers, by which sion upon this place.

it was formerly defended. The town itself is The western quarter of the town is inhabited about three-quarters of a mile long, by 300 yards by a great number of Moorish families, who, broad: it is traversed by the small river Kadisha. excluded from all offices of honor and profit, The only fortification consists of the citadel, sidevote themselves entirely to trade. No jewels tuated at the south side of the town, on the or gold dust are purchased by the prince, how- banks of the Kadisha. It is an old Saracen ever, without some Jew having previously im- building, in a wretched state, and now wholly ported them. The providing of dress and other useless. The plain is entirely covered with supplies for the harem is the province of Jew- trees, chiefly mulberry, planted in regular order, esses. Others apply themselves to handicraft, and serving for the production of silk. Between and particularly the manufacture of gold and July and September, epidemic fevers constantly silver lace.

rage here; and health itself resembles a state of The bashaw is nominally the subject of the convalescence. Tripoli enjoyed a considerable Porte, from which, at the entrance of his reign, trade previous to the late war, which seriously he must receive confirmation ; but the authority injured it. Silk is largely exported, both raw, of that power is in fact so little regarded that he and in the form of handkerchiefs manufactured does not hesitate to carry on a system of piracy in the place. Soap is also made for exportation. against its vessels. The principal officers of state The pachalic contains a great part of the ancient are the bey or generalissimo, which place is now Phænicia, and consists of the declivity of Lebafilled by the bashaw's eldest son ; the aga, who non, with the plain interposed between it and commands the Turkish troops, reduced at present the Mediterranean. It is in general well watered, to a very small number; the kaya, or grand and covered with rich verdure, exhibiting extenjudge; the kadi, or religions judge; the kaids, sive groves of mulberry, orange, lemon, and or gorernors of the provinces; the first admiral other fruit trees. The mountainous districts, and vice-admiral, the former of whom, now inhabited by the independent tribes of the Maronamed Murat Rais, was originally a Scotsman nites and Ansarians, are better cultivated than of the name of Peter Lysle. The jealousy of the the plains. For some time past, this pachalic sovereign leads him to confer the offices of state has been generally included either under that of almost exclusively upon foreigners and rene- Acre, or that of Damascus. Long. 35° 44' E., gadoes, on whom, too, he usually bestows his lat. 34° 26' N. daughters.

Tripoli, in mineralogy. Color yellowish-gray. The trade of Tripoli is chiefly carried on with Massive. Fracture fine or coarse earthy. Opaque. Malta, Tunis, and the Levant. The vessels em- Soft. Rather easily frangible. Meagre. Does ployed in it are mostly Maltese and O:toman. not adhere to the tongue. Specific gravity 2-2. The exports are wool of excellent quality; senna, Infusible. Its constituents are, silica 81, aluand several other drugs, madder roots, barilla, mina 1.5, oxide of iron 8, sulphuric acid 3.45, hides, goat and sheep skins dressed, salt, sal na water 4:55.--Bucholz. Of the rottenstone, silica tron, ostrich feathers, gold dust, ivory, gum, dried 4, alumina 86, carbon 10.— Phillips. It occurs fruit and dates, lotus berries, cassob, saffron, in beds in coal-fields, with secondary limestone, bullocks, sheep, and poultry. Tlie imports are and under basalt. It is found at Bakewell, in cloths of every quality and color, sugar, tea, Derbyshire, where it is called rottenstone. It is coffee, spices of all sorts, woollen and Man- used for polishing stones, metals, and glasses. chester stuffs, damasks, silks of various colors The tripoli of Corfu is reckoned the most valuable, and descriptions, gold and silver tissues, laces TRIPOLIZZA, a town of Greece, in the Moand threads, cochineal, indigo, iron, hardware of rea, in a narrow valley, at the foot of Mount Meall kinds, small wines, spirits, capillaire, gun- nalus, twenty-two miles S. S. W. of Argos, and powder, cannon, muskets, pistols, sword blades, thirty N. N. W. of the ruins of Sparta. It is said naval stores of every description, planks and to have been built of the remains of several towns, beams for building ships and houses; common Megalopolis, Tegea, Mantinæa, and Pallantium, looking-glasses, toys, cotton threads, and Tunisian without, however, occupying the site of any of caps. Tripoli is also the centre of a considerable these places, which were at a considerable disportion of that caravan trade which is characte- tance from each other. See GREECE.

TRIP'OLY, n. s. From tripoli. A sharp meridional observations, and by accurate timecutting sand.

pieces, to be in long. 15° 40' W., lat. 37° S. In polishing glass with putty, or tripoly, it is not TRISTFUL, adj. Lat. tristis. Sad; melanto be imagined that those substances can by grating choly; gloomy; sorrowful. A bad word. and fretting the glass bring all its least particles to

Heaven's face doth glow an accurate polish.

Newton.

With tristful visage : and, as 'gainst the doom, TRI'POS, n. s.

A tripod. See Tripod. Is thoughtsick at the act. Shakspeare. Hamlei. Welcome all that lead or follow,

TRI'SULC, n. s. Lat. trisulcus. A thing of To the oracle of Apollo;

three points. Here he speaks out of his pottle, Or the tripos, his tower bottle. Ben Jonson.

Consider the threefold effect of Jupiter's trisule,

to burn, discuss, and terebrate. Crazed fool, who wouldst be thought an oracle, Come down from off the tripus, and speak plain.

Browne's Vulgar Errours.

Dryden. TRITE, adj. Lat. tritus. Worn out; stale ; TRIPSACUM, in botany, a genus of plants common; not new. belonging to the class monecia and order of tri

These duties cannot but appear of infinite con

cern when we reflect how uncertain our time is ; this andria ; and ranking, according to the natural

may be thought so trite and obvious a reflection, that system, in the fourth order, gramina. TRIP'TOTE, n. s. Lat. triptoton.

none can want to be reminded of it.

Rogers's Sermons. Triptote is a noun used but in three cases.

She gives her tongue no moment's rest,

Clarke. In phrases battered, stale, and trile, TRIPU'DIARY, adj. Lat. tripudium. Per- Which modern ladies call polite.

Swift formed by dancing.

TRITICUM, wheat, in botany, a genus of Claudius Pulchur underwent the like success plants belonging to the class of triandria and when he continued the tripudiary augurations. order of digynia, and in the natural system Browne's Vulgar Errours.

ranging under the fourth order, gramina. The TRIQUETROUS, among botanists, expresses calyx is bivalve, solitary, and generally containa fruit or leaf that has three sides or faces all ing three florets; the corolla is bivalve, one valve flat.

being bluntish, the other acute. There are fourTRISECTION is a term chiefly used in geo- teen species. For the cultivation of wheat see metry for the division of an angle into three Rural Economy. Linnæus comprehends the equal parts. The trisection of an angle, geome- different kinds of wheat cultivated at present untrically, is one of those great problems whose der six species; viz. æstivum, hybernum, turgisolution has been so much sought for by mathe- dum, colonicum, spelta, and monococcum. Other maticians for 2000 years past; being, in this botanists, however, add eight species to those of respect, on a footing with the famous quadrature Linnæus, and thus enumerate fourteen species of the circle and the duplicature of the cube. in all, beside varieties, which the improvements

TRISSINO (John George), an Italian poet of cultivation have increased very much. born at Vicenzo in 1478. His tragedy of So TRITON, in the mythology, a sea-god, the phinisha was acted at Rome by order of pope son of Neptune and Amphitrite. He could calm Leo, and received great applause. His chief the ocean in the greatest storms. work is a poem on Italy Delivered from the sented as blowing a shell, his body above the Goths. He died in 1550. His works were waste like that of a man, but below a dolphin. printed at Verona in 2 vols. folio, 1729. He was Neptune's trumpeter and messenger.

TRISTAN D'ACUNHA, the largest of three Triton, in zoology, a genus belonging to the islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about 1500 order of vermes mollusca. The body is oblong; miles from any land either to the west or north, the tongue is spiral; it has tentacula, six on each very lofty, and about fifteen miles in circumfer- side, the hindmost ones having claws like a crab.

It has been described by sir Erasmus There is but one species, found in holes of rocks Gower, and the author of the Authentic Ac- about the shore. count of the Embassy of China, as rising per TRITONE, in music, an imperfect concord; pendicularly from the sea towards the north to

an interval of three tones. See Music. a height apparently of 1000 feet or more. A TRITONES, a numerous tribe of inferior sea level then commences, forming what among sea- deities who dragged Neptune's chariot. They men is termed table land, and extending towards were half men, half fishes. the centre of the island; whence a conical moun TRITONIS, a lake of Africa.- Paus. 9. c. 33. tain rises, not unlike in appearance to the Peak TRITONON, a town of Doris.—Liv. 28. c. 7. of Teneriffe, as seen from the bay of Santa Cruz. TRI'TURABLE, adj. Fr. triturable. PosWhen circumstances require particular despatch, sible to be pounded or comminuted. it is practicable to come from England to Tristan It is not only triturable and reducible to powder d'Acunha without stopping in the way, and by contrition, but will not subsist in a violent fire. afterwards to the end of the voyage to India or

Browne. China. These islands are situated in that part He affirmeth that a pumice stone powdered is of the southern hemisphere in the neighbourhood lighter than one entire ; that abatement can hardly of which, a continent, to balance the quantity of be avoided in trituration. Id. Vulgar Errours. land in the northern hemisphere, was once ex TRIVENTUM, an ancient town of Italy bepected to be found; but where it has since been longing to the Samnites, now called Trivento. discovered that there is none. The spot where TRI'VET, n. s. See Trevet. Any thing the Lion anchored was determined by good supported by three feet.

He is repre

ence.

stances.

Id.

The best at horse-race he ordained a lady for his This great commander sought many times to perprize,

suade Solyman to forbear to use his forces any farGenerally praiseful ; fair and young, and skilled in ther against the Christians, over whom he had suf. housewiferies

ficiently triumphed, and turn them upon the Per. Of all kind fitting; and withal a trivet, that en sians.

Knolles's History of the Turks. closed

Hence will I drag thee headlong by the heels Twenty-two measures.

Chapman's Iliad. Unto a dunghill, which shall be thy grave, The trivet table of a foot was lame;

And there cut off thy most ungracious head, A blot which prudent Baucis overcame,

Which I will bear in triumph to the king. Who thrusts beneath the limping leg a sherd.

Shakspeare. Dryden. How ill beseeming is it in thy sex

Id. TRIVIA, a surname of Diana, as she presided To triumph like an Åmazonian trull !

Id. over all places where three roads met.— Virg.

Captives bound to a triumphant car.

These words become your lips, as they pass through TRIVIÆ Antrum, a place in Aricia where

them, the goddess Egeria met with Numa.

And enter in our ears, like great triumphers TRIV'IAL, adj.

Fr. trivial ; Lat. trivia. In their applauding gates. Id. Timon of Athens. Triv'ially, adv. lis. Light; trifling ; vul

In ancient times the triumphs of the generals Triv'IALNESS, 1.8. Sgar; worthless ; vile: the from victory, and the great donatives upon disbandadverb and noun substantive corresponding. ing the armies, were things able to enfame all men's This argues conscience in your grace,

courage.

Bacon. But the respects thereof are nice and trivial,

He left only triumphal garments to the general. All circumstances well considered.

Id. Shakspeare. Richard III. August was dedicated to Augustus by the senate, Money is not the sinews of war, as is trivially because in the same month he was the first time said, where the sinews of men's arms, in effeminate created consul, and thrice triunıpher in Rome. people, fail.

Bacon.

Peacham on Drawing. Be subjects great, and worth a poet's voice, Great triumph and rejoicing was in heaven. For men of sense despise a trivial choice.

Milton. Roscommon.

Our grand foe, This way of measuring felicities was so natural to Who now triumphs, and in the excess of joy him that it would occur even in the most trivial in- Sole reigning holds the tyranny of heaven. Id.

Fell.

Ye so near heaven's door,
See, yon mad fools, wbo, for some trivial right, Tr*umphal with triumphal act hath met.
For love, or for mistaken honour, fight. Dryden. He to his crew, that sat consulting, brought
Were they only some slight and trivial indiscre. Joyless triumphals of his hoped success.

Id. tions, to which the example of the world exposed us Your victory, alas ! begets my fears; it might perhaps not much concern our religion. Con vou not then triumph without my tears? Rogers.

Dryden. In every work regard the writer's end;

It was drawn as a triumphant chariot, which at the And if the means be just, the conduct true,

same time both follows and triumphs. Applause, in spite of trivial faults, is due. Pope.

South's Sermons. TRIVIAL Name, in botany, zoology, &c., is

There fix thy faith, and triumph o'er the world ; that by wbich the species of a plant or animal is For who can help, or who can save besides ? Rowe. distinguished from every other species.

Steel could the works of mortal pride confound,

And hew triumphal arches to the ground. Pope. TRIVICARY, an ancient city of the south of

Lest we should for honour take India, province of the Carnatic, but of which The drunken quarrel of a rake; very litile remains. Hyder Aly gave the finish- Or think it seated in a scar, ing blow to its destruction in the year 1781. Or on a proud triumphal car.

Swift. It is now only remarkable for the petrifactions in If fools admire, or whining coxcombs toast, its neighbourhood. One of these is described as The vain coquets the trifling triumphs boast. Logie. of a tree sixty feet in length: the pieces of this, A TRIUMPII, in Roman antiquity, was a public when polished, resemble agate, and will strike and solemn honor conferred by the Romans on fire like a flint. It is supposed to have been a a victorious general by allowing him a magnifitamarind, which is one of the hardest woods cent procession through the city. known by mechanics. The ruins are situated TRIUMPII, THE GREATER, called also curulis, on the north side of the Villenoor River. Long. or simply the triumph, was decreed by the senate 79° 43' E., lat. 12° 3' N.

to a general upon the conquering of a province TRIUMFETTA, in botany, a genus of plants or gaining a signal victory. The general was in the class dodecandria and order of monogy- clad in a rich purple robe, interwoven with figures nia, and in the natural method ranking in the of gold, setting forth his great exploits; his busthirty-seventh order, columniferæ.

kins were beset with pearl; and he wore a crown, TRI'UMPH, n. s. & v.n. Fr. triomphe; which at first was only laurel but afterwards TRJU M'PHAL, adj. & n. s. Latin triumphus. gold; in one hand he bore a branch of laurel, TRIUMPHANT, udj. Pomp with which and in the other a truncheon. He was carried TRIUMPHANILY, adv. a victory is pub- in a magnificent chariot, adorned with ivory and

TRI'UMPHER, n. s. licly celebrated; plates of gold, usually drawn by two white victory; conquest : to celebrate a victory : hence horses, though sometimes by other animals, as to obtain one; glory over : the derivatives all that of Pompey, when he triumphed over Africa, correspond.

by elephants; that of Marc Antony by lions; The triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy that of Heliogabalus by tigers; that of Aurelian of the hypocrite is but for a moment. Job xx. 5.

by deer, &c. His children were at his feet, and

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sometimes or the chariot horses. At the victor's TRO'CAR, n. s. Fr. trocier, corrupted from back walked a slave, who railed on him, and re trois quart. A chirurgical instrument · proached him with all his crimes and vices with The handle of the trocar is of wood, the canula of impunity. The procession was led up by the silver, and the perforator of steel. Sharp's Surgery. musicians, who played triumphal pieces in praise TROCHE, in pharmacy, a sort of medicing of the general; these were followed by young made of glutinous substances into little cakes men, who led the victims to the sacrifice, with and afterwards exsiccated. See PHARMACY, their horns gilded and their heads adorned with Index. ribands and garlands; next came the carts and TROCHEE (Lat. trochæus, Fr. trochée, Gr. waggons loaded with all the spoils taken from Tpoxalos), a foot used in Latin poetry consisting of the enemy, with their horses, chariots, &c.; these a long and short syllable. were followed by the kings, princes, and gene TROCHIL'ICKS, n. s. Gr. tpoxdıov, Tpoxos, rals, who had been taken captives, loaded with a wheel. The science of rotatory motion. chains; after these appeared the triumphal cha

It is requisite that we rightly understand some riot, before which, as it passed, they all along principles in trochilicks, or the art of wheel instrustrewed flowers, and the people with loud accla- ments; as chiefly, the relation betwixt the parts of mations called out lo triumphe! The chariot a wheel, and those of a balance, the several proporwas followed by the senate, by such citizens as tions in the semidiameter of wheel being answerhad been set at liberty or ransomed; and the able to the sides of a balance. Wilkins's Dæd. procession was closed by the priests and their There succeeded new inventions and horologies, officers and utensils with a white ox led along composed by trochilicks, or the artifice of wheels, for the chief victim. In this order they pro- whereof some are kept in motion by weight, others

without.

Browne. ceeded through the triumphal gate, along the Via Sacra, to the capitol, where the victims were

TROCHILUS, the humming bird, a genus of slain. In the mean time all the temples were birds belonging to the order of picæ. The rosopen, and all the altars loaded with offerings trum is subulate, filiform, and longer than the and incense; games and combats were celebrated head, the apex being tubular; the upper mandiin the public places, and rejoicings appeared ble sheaths the lower. The tongue is filiform every where.

and tubulous, the two threads coalescing; the TRIUMVIR, one of three persons who govern feet are slender and fit for walking; the tail has absolutely and with equal authority in a state. ten feathers. There are sixty-five species, none It is chiefly applied to the Roman government: of which are natives of Britain. They are all Cæsar, Pompey, and Crassus, were the first tri- remarkable for the beauty of their colors, and umvirs who divided the government among most of them for the smallness of their size, them. There were also other officers so called; though some are eight or nine inches long. They as the triumviri, or tresviri capitales, who were

are divided into two families, viz. those with the keepers of the public gaol; they punished crooked bills, and those with straight bills. malefactors, for which purpose they kept eight

TROCHISCH', n. s. Fr. trochisque ; Latin lictors under them.

trochiscus; Gr.

τροχισκος.

A kind of tablet or TRIUM'VIRATE, n. s.

Lat. triumviratus, lozenge. TRIUM'VIRI.

triumviri. А

The trochisks of vipers, so much magnified, and coalition or concurrence of three men.

the flesh of snakes some ways condited and corrected.

Bacon. Lepidus of the triumvirate Should be deposed.

TROGʻLODYTE, n. s. Gr. Tpwyloovtns. One Shakspeare. Antony und Cleopatra.

who inhabits caves of the earth. The triumviri, the three corner cap of society. Procure me a troglodyte footman, who can catch a

Shakspeare. roe at his full speed. Arbuthnot and Pope. During that triumvirate of kings, Henry the The TroGLODYTES, or TROGLODYTÆ, were Eighth of England, Francis the First of France, and Charles the Fifth, emperor of Germany, none of the in caves under ground.

an ancient people of Ethiopia, said to have lived

Their country was three could win a palm of ground but the other two would balance it.

Bacon's Essays.

called Troglodytria. With these the Piercies them confederate,

TROGLODYTES, in zoology. See Simia. And, as three heads, conjoin in one intent,

TROGUS POMPEIUS, a Latin universal nistoAnd, instituting a triumvirate,

rian to the time of Augustus Cæsar, of whom we Do part the land in triple government.

have an abridgment by Justin, flourished about

Daniel's Civil War. 41 B. C. From distant regions fortune sends

TROJA, the capital city of Troas, but some An odd triumvirate of friends.

Swift. consider it to be a country of which Ilium was TRIUMVIRORUM Insula (the island of the capital. It was built on a small eminence the triumvirs), an island in the Rhine at its junc- near mount Ida. Dardanus the first king of the tion with the Po, where the triumvirs Antony, country built it and called it Dardania, and from Octavius, and Lepidus, met to divide the Ro- Tros, his grandson, it was called Troja, and from man empire after the death of Cæsar.—Dion. Ilus, Ilium. It is supposed to have stood on 46. c. 55.

the site of the modern village Bounarbachi, about TRIUNE', adj. Lat. tres and unus. At once twelve miles from the sea, on an eminence, at three and one.

the termination of a spacious plain. We read in scripture of a triune deity, of God TROJANI Luvi, games instituted by Æneas made flesh in the womb of a virgin, and crucified by in honor of Anchises, celebrated at Rome. the Jews.

Burnet. TROJANS, the people of Troy.

Jor

Gay.

TROILUS, a son of Priam and Hecuba, killed buy any goods in London before they are weighed by Achilles during the Trojan war.

at the king's beam on pain of forfeiture. TROITSK, a town of Asiatic Russia, in the TRONCIIIN (Theodore), M. D., born at Gegovernment of Orenbourg, surrounded with neva in 1709; and educated at Cambridge and wooden fortifications, forming a square, flanked Leyden, under Boerhaave. He settled at Amwith towers, and encompassed by a ditch and sterdam, next at Geneva, finally at Paris, where glacis. The place is an emporium for the trade he died in 1781. lle wrote in the Encyclowith the Asiatic tribes, particularly the Kirghises pedie, and two treatises de Nympha, and De of the Lesser Horde, who are particularly rich in Colica Pictonum. cattle, and is carried on in the exchange, a large TROOP, n. s. &? French troupe ; Italian square, built on the opposite side of the Oui or Troop’ER. [v. n. ) troppa ; Belgic troope ; Ouk, which passes by the city. Loug. 55° 30' Swed. trop; low Latin troppa. A company; a E., lat. 54° 15' N.

number of people collected together; body of Troitsk, a town of Asiatic Russia, about soldiers : to march in a body; in company; or, ninety miles to the west of the former. The in- perhaps, in haste: a trooper is a horse soldier. habitants, amounting to upwards of 3000, are

Saw you not a blessed troop entirely employed in cultivation.

Invite me to a banquet, whose bright faces TROLL, va. &v.n. Fr. troller ; Belg. trollen, Cast thousand beams upon me like the sun ? to roll. To move circularly; drive about: roll;

Shakspeare. turn round.

I do not, as an enemy to peace,

Troop in their throngs of military men,
With the phant'sies of hey troll,

But rather sbew awhile like fearful war. Id. Troll about the bridal bowl,

Yonder shines Aurora's harbinger, And divide the broad-bread cake,

At whose approach ghosts, wandering here and Round about the bride's stake.

there,
Ben Jonson's Underwood.
Troop home to churchyards.

Id. Nor drain I ponds the golden carp to take,

The dry streets flowed with men, Nor trole for pikes, dispeoplers of the lake.

That traoped up to the king's capacious court. How pleasant, on the banks of Styx,

Chapman. To troll it in a coach and six!

Swift.

They anon TROLLIUS, globe ranunculus, or lucken With hundreds, and with thousands trooping came gowan, in botany, a genus of plants belonging Attended.

Milton's Paradise Lost. to the class of polyandria and order of polyga

Armies at the call of trumpet mia, and in the natural system ranging under the Troop to their standard.

Id. twenty-sixth order, multisiliquæ. The calyx is

Æneas seeks his absent foe, wanting; there are about fourteen petals; the And sends his slaughtered troops to shades below. capsules are very numerous, ovate, and mono

Dryden. spermous. There are two species; viz. 1; T. ideas of unity,' makes the collective mode of any

As the mind, by putting together the repeated Asiaticus. 2. T. Europæus, or European globe number, as a score or a gross ; so by putting together ranunculus, a British plant.

several particular substances, it makes collective ideas TROMMIUS (Abraham), a Protestant divine, of substances, as a troop, an army. Locke. born at Groningen in 1633. He published a Custom makes us think well of any thing: what Greek Concordance of the Old Testament in can be more indecent than for any to wear boots but 2 vols. folio, 1718. He died in 1719.

troopers and travellers ? yet not many years since it TROMP (Martin Happertz Van), a celebrated was all the fashion.

Grew. Dutch admiral, born at the Beill in Holland. Troop, in cavalry, a certain number of men He raised himself by his merit after having dis on horseback who form a component part of a tinguished himself on many occasions, especially squadron. It is the same, with respect to formaat the famous engagement near Gibraltar in 1607. tion, as company in the infantry. When a troop He was declared admiral of Holland, and de- dismounts, and acts on foot, it is still called a feated a large Spanish fleet in 1630, and gained troop. thirty-two other victories at sea, but was killed TROOP, a certain beat of the drum. See when under deck in an engagement with the Drum. English in 1653.

Troops, Heavy, Fr. troupes d'ordonnance, TRONA, in natural history, the name given horse soldiers heavily armed and accoutred for in Africa to the native carbonate of soda, found the purpose of acting together in line, &c. The at Sukena, near Fezzan.

Life Guards come under this description. TRONAGE, an ancient customary duty or Troops, Light, Fr. troupes légères, hussars, toll for weighing of wool. According to Fleta light horse, mounted riflemen, and light infantry, trona is a beam to weigh with, mentioned in the are so called, in opposition to cavalry or heavy stat. Westm. 2, cap. 25. And tronage was used horse, grenadiers and battalion men. Skirmishfor the weighing wool in a staple or public mart by ing is solely the business of light horse, who, a common trona or beam, which, for the tronage according to count Turpin, should be constantly of wool in London, was fixed at Leaden Hall. exposed as the forlorn hope of the army, or as The mayor and commonalty of London are or- troops whose duty it is to be continually watchdained keepers of the beams and weights for ful for its repose and security. weighing merchants' commodities, with power When the light horse compose an advanced to assign clerks and porters, &c., of the great camp, the men should keep their horses conbeam and balance ; which weighing of goods and stantly saddled; it being only an indulgence to wares is called tronage; and no stranger shall allow those off duty to have their horses un

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