صور الصفحة
النشر الإلكتروني
[ocr errors]

Fifteen chambers were to lodge us two and two Base tyke, callest thou me host ? now, together.

Bacon. By this hand, I swear I scorn the term. Shakspeare. Her register was a two-leaved book of record, one

Tyke. in zoology. See Canis. page containing the names of her living, and the

TYLE, or Tile, in building, a sort of thin other of her deceased members.


laminated brick, used on the roofs of houses; or, With huge twohanded sway, Brandished aloft, the horrid edge came down,

more properly, a kind of fat clayey earth, kneadWide wasting.

Milton's Paradise Lost.

ed and moulded of a just thickness, dried and Next to the raven's age, the Pylian king

burnt in a kiln like brick, and used in the coverWas longest lived of any two-legged thing. Dryden. ing and paving of houses.

Time and place, taken for distinguishable portions TYM'BAL, n. s. Fr. tymbal. A kind of ketof space

and duration, have each of them a twofold tle drum. acceptation.

Locke. Yet, gracious charity! indulgent guest! A'rational animal better described man's essence Were not thy power exerted in my breast, than a two-legged animal, with broad nails and with- My speeches would send up unheeded prayer : out feathers.

The scorn of life would be but wild despair : The two-shaped Ericthonius had his birth

A tymbal's sound were better than my voice, Without a mother, from the teeming earth. Addison. My faith were form, my eloquence were noise. Ewes, that erst brought forth but single lambs,

Prior. Now dropped their twofold burdens. Prior. TYMPAN, among printers, a double frame Clarissa drew, with tempting grace,

belonging to the press, covered with parchment, A twoedged weapon from her shining case.

Pope. .

on which the blank sheets are laid in order to be Twopence Herb, a species of lysimachia.

printed off. See PRINTING.

TYM'PANUM, n. S. TYCHIUS, an artist of Hyle in Beotia, who

Lat. tympanum.

A made Hector's seven-fold shield.-Hom. Il. 7. drum; a part of the ear, so called from its re

TYDE, a town of Hispania Tarraconensis, semblance to a drum. Sil. It. 3.

The three little bones in meatu auditorio, by firm. TYDEUS, a celebrated hero, the son of CEne- ing the tympanum, are a great help to the hearing.

Wiseman. us, king of Calydon. Having killed a friend, by accident, he fled to Adrastus king of Argos, and placed round an axis or cylindrical beam, on the

TYMPANUM, in mechanics, a kind of wheel married his daughter Deithyle, by whom he had top of which are two levers or fixed staves for the famous Diomedes. Adrastus, wishing to re


more easily turning the axis in order to raise store his son-in-law Polynices to the throne of

a weight required. The tympanum is much the Thebes, sent Tydeus against Eteocles, whom he challenged to single combat and defeated. He der of the axis of the peritrochium is much

same with the peritrochium; but that the cylinagain went against Thebes in the war of the Epi- shorter and less than the cylinder of the tympagoni, and was mortally wounded by Melanippus; but would bave been cured by Minerva,

TYMPANUM, in anatomy. See ANATOMY, who came on purpose, had he not offended the

Index. goddess by using the body of Menalippus barba

TYM'PANY, n. s. Lat. tympanum. A kind rously.--Hom. II. 4.

TYE, n. s. See TiE. A knot; bond or obli- of obstructed flatulence that swells the body like gation.

a drum; the wind dropsy.

He does not shew us Rome great suddenly, Command upon me; to the which my duties

As if the empire were a tympany; Are with a most indissoluble tye

But gives it natural growth, tells how and why For ever knit.


The little body grew so large and high. Suckling. I have no tye upon you to be true,

Others, that affect

Roscommon. But that which loosened yours, my love to you.

A lofty stile, swell to a tympany.

Nor let thy mountain-belly make pretence
Honour's a sacred tye, the law of kings,

Of likeness; thine 's a tympany of sense. The noble mind's distinguishing perfection,

A tun of man in thy large bulk is writ,

Dryden. That aids and strengthens virtue where it meets her, But sure thou 'rt but a kilderkin of wit. And imitates her actions where she is not;

The air is so rarified in this kind of dropsical tuIt ought not to be sported with.

mour, as makes it hard and tight like a drum, and

Arbuthnot. Lend me aid, I now conjure thee, lend,

from thence it is called a tympany. By the soft tye and sacred name of friend.


TYNDALE (William), a zealous English reTye (Christopher), Mus. D., a celebrated former, and memorable for having made the English musician, born in Westminster, in the first English version of the Bible, was born on reign of Henry VIII. He was admitted Dr. the borders of Wales before 1500. He was first in music at Cambridge, in 1545. Dr. Tye be- of Magdalene-hall, Oxford. Afterwards he recame instructor in that science to king Edward moved to Cambridge, and thence went to live VI., and organist of the Chapel Royal, under with a gentleman in Gloucestershire as tutor to queen Elizabeth. He composed a great number his children. There he showed himself so zeaof Anthems.

lous for the doctrines of the Reformation that he TYGER, in zoology. See Felis.

was forced to leave the place. He then went to TYGER-CAT. See FELIS.

Germany, where he translated the New TestaTYGER-WOLF. See CANIS.

ment and the Pentateuch. These, being sent to TYKE, n. s. See TIKE. Tyke in Scottish still England, made a great noise there; and the denotes a dog, or one as contemptible and vile as clergy procured a royal proclamation, prohibita dog; and thence perhaps comes teague. ing the buying or reading such translations. But


Lay your

not satisfied with this, the clergy sent one Philips The Apostle shews the Christian religion to be in to insinuate himself into his company, and under truth and substance what the Jewish was only in

Tillotson. the pretext of friendship betray him into custody. type and shadow. He was sent to the castle of Filford, about

Hence that many coursers ran, eighteen miles from Antwerp; and though the

Hand-in-hand, a goodly train,

To bless the great Eliza's reign ; English merchants at Antwerp did what they

And in the typic glory show could to procure his release, and letters were

What fuller bliss Maria shall bestow. Id, also sent from lord Cromwell and others out of

The Levitical priesthood was only typical of the England, yet Philips bestirred himself so heartily, Christian ; which is so much more holy and honourthat he was tried and condemned to die. He able than that, as the institution of Christ is more was first strangled by the hangman, and then excellent than that of Moses.

Atterbury. burned near Filford castle, in 1536. While he TYPE (TUTOS), in theology, an impression, was tying to the stake, he cried with a fervent image, or representation of some model, which and loud voice, ‘Lord, open the king of Eng- is termed the antitype. In this sense the word land's eyes.'

occurs often in the writings of divines. TYNDARIDÆ, an ancient people of Colchis. Types are to be regarded, therefore, not as TYNDARIS, a town of Colchis on the Phasis. mere conformities, or analogies, which the nature

TYNDARUS, king of Sparta, the husband of of things holds forth between them; nor arbitrary Leda, and father of Castor and Clytemnestra. images arising merely from the casual resem

TYNE, North, a river which rises on the blance of things; but there is required a particuborder of Scotland, and Tyne (South), an- lar institution of God to make a type, and a parother river which rises on the border of Cuinber- ticular declaration of his that it is so. Gale diland. These unite their streams at Hexham, vides types into historical and prophetical. The thence dividing the counties of Durham and first are those used by the ancient prophets in Northumberland, and passing Newcastle, fall their agitations and visions: the second, those in into the German Ocean at Tynemouth. The which things done, or ceremonies instituted in Tyne forms the noble river of Newcastle, and is the Old Testament, prefigure Christ, or things there navigable for vessels of 300 tons burden. relating to him in the New Testament. Or they

TYNEMOUTH, a fashionable bathing town are things which happened and were done in in Northumberland, situated at the mouth of the ancient time, and are recorded in the Old TestaTyne, nine miles east of Newcastle, and 286 ment, and which are found afterwards to describe north by west from London. The town of Tyne- or represent something which befell our Lord, mouth is chiefly composed of one good street, and which relates to him and his gospel. E. gr. with two or three small ones towards the north. Under the law, a lamb was offered for a sinThe houses are in general well built, and some offering, and thus an atonement was made for of them are eren elegant; during the bathing transgressions. John the Baptist calls Christ season it is a place of fashionable resort, and all the lamb of God who taketh away the sins of the inns and lodging-houses are filled with com the world, and St. Peter tells Christians that pany. Tynemouth, as a bathing place, possesses they are redeemed · by the blood of Christ, as of many attractions. The walks, particularly that a lamb.' Heuce we infer and conclude that the in the castle yard amidst the romantic ruins of lamb was a type of Christ; and, upon considerTynemouth priory, present many delightful and ing it, we find that it has all that can be required pleasing views. In the year 1807 there were to constitute a type; for it is in many respects a erected very commodious and elegant baths. very just and lively representation of Christ. TY'NY, adj. Dan. tynd. Small.

The lamb died for no offence of his own, but for He that has a liule tyny wit,

the sins of others; so did Christ: the lamb Must make content with his fortunes fit.

could not commit sin by his nature, nor Christ

Shakspeare. by his perfection: the lamb was without bodily TYPE, n. s. & v.a. Fr. type ; Lat. typus ; spot or blemish; Christ was holy and undefiled : Typ'ic, adj.

Gr. TÚTOS. Emblem; a lamb is meek and patient; such was the TYPICAL, mark or prefiguration of afflicted and much injured Son of God. TYP'ICALLY, adv. something; stamp: These types are useful to persons who have

Typ'ify, v.a. to prefigure; to show in already received Christianity upon other and emblem; which is also the meaning of typify: stronger evidence, as they show the beautiful typic, typical and typically follow this sense. harmony and correspondence between the Old Clean renouncing

and New Testament; but they seem not proper The faith they have in tennis, and tall stockings, proofs to satisfy and convince doubters, who will Short bolstered breeches, and those types of travel, say perhaps, with the schoolmen, “theologia And understanding again the honest men.

symbolica non est argumentativa.' It should

Shakspeare. also be observed that unless we have the authoHe ratified ceremonial and positive laws, in respect_rity of Scripture we cannot conclude with cerof their spiritual use and signification, and by fulfil- tainty that this or that person, or this or that ling all things typed and prefigured by them.

thing mentioned in the Old Testament, is a type

White. The resurrection of Christ hath the power of a

of Christ, on account of the resemblance which pattern to us, and is so typified in baptism, as an en

we may perceive between them : but we may

admit it as probable. gagement to rise to newness of life. Hammond. Informing them by types

The ancient fathers, as well as the modern And shadows of that destined seed to bruise

critics, have been greatly divided about the naThe serpent, by what means he shall achieve ture and use of the types and typical represenMankind's deliverance.

Milton, tations in the Old Testament, and it is this


Ρ Ε. makes one of the great difficulties in understand. them; by which he expresses no more than a ing the ancient prophecies, and in reconciling similitude of circumstances. the New and Old Testament. There is no deny The other words used in Scripture to imply a ing but that there were some types which the future event, prefigured by some foregoing act, divine wisdom instituted to be the shadows and are, i todelypa, rendered by imitation and exfigures of things to come; but various writers ample; and oria, shadow. Such being the imrun into an excess on this subject; some looking port of all the terms used in the New Testament for types in every thing, like Origen, who dis- writers, seeming to imply any prefiguration of covered mysteries in the very cauldrons of the future events under the Gospel, it is observed, tabernacle. A prudent man should be contented 1. That to argue from types is only to argue with the more sensible and obvious ones. from examples or similitudes; and, consequently,

In reference to this subject, an able author that all inferences drawn from such reasonings maintains, that not the fathers only but St. Paul are no farther conclusive than reasonings from himself, was of the opinion, “ that Christianity similitudes are. The intent of similitudes is only was all contained in the Old Testament, and was to help to convey some ideas more clearly or implied in the Jewish history and law; both strongly; so that to deduce consequences from which are to be reputed types and shadows of a simile, or infer any thing from other parts of Christianity.' In order to which, he quotes the simile, than what are plainly similar, is absurd. Hebrews, viii. 5, x. 1, and Colos. ii. 16, 17. 2. That it cannot be proved that the ceremonies He adds that the ritual laws of Moses, being of the Mosaic law were ever designed to prefigure in their own nature no other than types and any future events in the state of the Messiah's shadows of future good things, are to be con- kingdom. No such declared prefigurations are sidered as having the effect of prophecies. This mentioned in the writings of the Old Testament, is likewise the sense of Whiston and others; but whatever notions prevailed among the writers the same author even quotes our Saviour speak- who immediately followed. It is granted that ing in behalf of this typical reasoning in that the apostles argued from the rites in the Mosaic passage, Matthew xi. 13, where he affirms that institution; but this appears to have only been the law prophecies; and that he came to fulfil by way of illustration and analogy. the law as well as the gospel.'--Matthew v. 17; There is certainly a general likeness in all Disc. of the Grounds, &c.

the dispensations of Providence; an analogy But it has been with some reason observed, of things in the natural as well as the moral had the ancients, with the modern retainers of world, from which it is easy arguing by way of this typical system, expressly designed to have parity, and it is very just and usual so to do; exposed Christianity, they could not have done but that one of these dispensations was therefore it more effectually than by thus making every given to presignify another that was future can thing types and prophecies. Not that he denies never be proved, unless it be expressly declared. the reality of such things as types. It is mani- It is in the same way of similitude, he maintains, fest there were many under the Old Testament; we are to understand St. Paul, where be says such were Zechariah's staves, beauty, and bands, that Christ our passover is sacrificed for us.' c. xi. 7, 10, 14: such was Hosea's adulterous And thus we are to understand John the Baptist, wife, chap. i. 2; and such were his children, v. when he calls our Saviour the Lamb of God.' 4, 6. The prophets designed by these to pre. There was this similitude of circumstance, that figure future events; but in these instances the Christ was slain on the same day with the paschal reader is at once, by the declaration of the pro- lamb; that he died about the same time of the phet, made to understand as much, and not left day when the priests began their hillel ; that not to his own conjectures about them after the a hone of the one or the other was broken. And events are over. In effect, all that is urged from that, as the paschal lamb was without blemish, so Scripture for the typical or allegorical interpre- was Christ without sin. From these, and other tations of the Jewish law, history, ceremonies, circumstances, the apostle applied the term pass&c., it is asserted, may be set aside, without any over to Christ. Thus, also, we are to account violence to the Sacred Text, which may be ex- for what St. Paul calls the baptism of the childplained on more natural and intelligible princi- ren of Israel in the cloud, and in the sea; and ples, and more consistently with grammar. for the comparison betwixt the high-priest enter

The word tunOS literally denotes no more ing the boly place every year, and Christ enterthan a copy or impression of any thing; and ac- ing into heaven. See Sykes's Essay on the cordingly, in our translation, we find it some truih of the Christian Religion, 1725. times rendered by print, sometimes by figure, Type, in medicine, is used to denote the order sometimes by fashion, and sometimes by form. observed in the intension and remission of fevers, Hence also the word is figuratively applied to pulses, &c. denote a moral pattern; in which sense it signj TYPHA, cat's tail, or reed mace, in botany, a fies no more than example and similitude. genus of plants belonging to the class of monæcia,

Again, the word avtitutOS, antitype, in Scrip- and order of triandria; and in the natural system ture, signifies any thing formed according to a ranging under the third order, calamariæ. The model or pattern; and thus, in the Epistle to amentum of the male flower is cylindrical; the the Hebrews, the tabernacle, and holy of holies, calyx is tripetalous, but scarcely distinguishable ; being made according to the pattern shown to there is no corolla. Moses, are said to be antitypes, or figures, of the TYPHEUS, in the Grecian mythology, a true holy places. In the like sense, St. Peter, giant, the son of Tartarus and Terra, who had speaking of the food and the ark, by which eight 100 heads like those of a dragon, flames of fire persons were saved, calls baptism an antitype to came from his mouth, and he uttered the most

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

London, Published by Thomas Trava, 73, Cheopside, September 218?!?

J. Slmy Sculp

« السابقةمتابعة »