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Æsop begged his companions not to overcharge him; certainly arrive to, if he but wean himself from these they found him a weakling, and bade him please himself. worldly impediments here that clog his soul's flight. L'Estrange.

Digby. This dog would have fought for his master in any There the coarse cake, and homely husks of beans, other case; but the love of mutton was his weakside. From pamp’ring riot the young stomach weans. Drud.

Id. A fortnight before you wean calves from milk, lei Every violence offered to the body weakens and im- water be mixed with it.

Mortimer. pairs it, and renders it less durable.

Ray. The troubles of age were intended by the Author of The weak, by thinking themselves strong, are induced our being to wean us gradually from our fondness of to venture and proclaim war against that which ruins life, the nearer we approach to the end of it. Swyti. them; and the strong, by conceiting themselves weak,

WEAN'EL, n.s. /

From wean.

An animal are thereby rendered unactive and useless. South.

WEAN'LING. S newly weaned. Many find a pleasure in contradicting the common

Though when as Lowder was far away, reports of fame, and in spreading abroad the weuknesses

This wolfish sheep would catchen his prey ; of an exalted character.


A lamb, or a kid, or a ueanel wast, Let us not weaken still the weaker side

With that to the wood would he speed haste. Spenser. By our divisions.


To gorge the flesh of lambs and weanling kids, New graces yearly like thy works display

On hills where flocks are fed, Aies toward the springs Soft without weakness, without glaring gay. Pope.

Of Ganges or Hydaspes.

Hilton. To think every thing disputable is a proof of a weak mind, and captious temper.


WEAPON, n. s. Sax. peapon. Instru

WEAP'ONED, adj. ment of offence : armed Solemn impressions that seem to weaken the mind,

WEAPONLESS, with such an instrument: inay, by proper reflection, be made to strengthen it.

Clarissa. WEAPONSALVE, n. s.) destitute of such an inWEAL, n. s. Sax. pelan; Dan. wel. Happi- strument; unarmed : weaponsalve is a salve which, ness; prosperity.

applied to the weapon, was supposed to cure the Blood hath been shed

wound it made. Ere human statute purged the general weal. Shaksp. In what sort, so ill weaponed, could you atchieve this As we love the weule of our souls and bodies, let us enterprise ?

Sidney. so behave ourselves as we may be at peace with God.

The giant

Down let fall his arm, and soft withdrew Ireland ought to be considered not only in its own His weapon huge, that heaved was on high, interest, but likewise in relation to England, upon

For w have slain the man that on the ground did lie. whose weal in the main that of this kingdom depends.

Spenser. Temple.

Take this weapon How shall the muse from such a monarch stea) Which I have here recovered from the Moor. Shaksp. An hour, and not defraud the public weal ? Pope.

His foes, who came to bring him death, Weal, n. s. Sax. palan." The mark of a stripe. Bring him a weapon that before had none. Daniel. Like warts or weals it hangs upon her skin. Donne.


Ran on embatted armies, clad in iron,

Sax. palet, rich. From
And weaponless himself.

Milion. Wealth'lly, adv. Sweal. Prosperity; external

That the sympathetic powder and the weapon-salve WEALTL'Y, adj. happiness; riches: the ad

constantly perform what is promised, I leave others to verb and adjective corresponding.


Boyte. In all time of our tribulation, in all time of our With his full force he whirled it first around; wealth, in the hour of death, and in the day of judgment, Imperial Juno turned the course before, good Lord deliver us.

Common Prayer. And fixed the wandering weapon in the door. Dryaen. In desart hast thine habitance,

WEAR, v.a., v. n., &

Pret. wore;

part. And these rich heaps of wealth doth hide apart

Wear’er, n. s. [n. s. Sax. peran. To From the world's eye and from her right usance.

Faerie Queene.

Swaste with use, time, or I come to wive it wealthily in Padua,

instruments; to impair by gradual diminution : If wealthily, then happily in Padua. Shakspeare. hence to use; carry appendant to the body; exI should forge

hibit : to be wasted ; pass away by degrees: the Quarrels unjust against the good and loyal,

act of wearing or thing worn: a wearer is, that Destroying ihem for wealth.

Id. which wastes or diminishes; one who uses or carI wish thee, Vin, above all wealth,

ries any thing appended to him: wearing is used Both bodily and ghostly health :

by Shakspeare for clothes. Not too niuch wit or wealth come to thee;

Thou wilt surely wear away.

Erodus xviii, 18. For much of either may undo thee.

Waters wear the stones.

Job xiv. 19. Each day new wealth without their care provides,

Their adorning let it not be that outward adorning of They lie asleep with prizes in their nets. Dryden.

plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold. 1 Peter iu. 3. My speculations, when sold single, like cherries upon

It was his bidding ; the stick, are delights for the rich and weulthy. Aldis.

Give me my nightly wearing, and adieu. Shakspeare. Not Neptune's self from all his floods receives

Were I the wearer of Antonio's beard, A wealthier tribute than to thine he gives. Pope. I would not shave 't to day.

Id. WEAN, v. a. To put from the

What masks, what dances, breast; to ablactate: hence withdraw from any To wear away this long age of three hours ! Id. strong desire or habit

O wicked world ! one that is well nigh worn to pieces I have behaved as a child that is weaned of his mo- with age, to show himself a young gallant. ld. ther.

Psalms. Protogenes could lay his colors so artificially, that Here the place whose pleasant sights

one being worn off, a fresh should succeed, to the numFrom other shades have weaned my wandering mind; ber of five.

Peachas. Tell me what wants me here.

Spenser. They have had all advantages to the making of them I the rather wean me from despair,

wise unto salvation, yet suffer their manhood to ueer For love of Edward's offspring in my womb. Shaksp. out and obliterate all those rudiments of their youth. Seriously reflect on the happy state he shall most

Decay of Piety.


Sax. penan.

wear out.

or wearer.


Eased the putting off

Satiety from all things else doth come, These troublesome disguises which we wear. Milton. Then life must to itself

grow wearisome. Denham. Thus wore out oight.

Id. Dewy sleep oppressed them wearied. Milton. It was the' inchantment of her riches

This must be our task That made me apply to your crony witches ;

In heaven, this our delight; how wearisome
That in return would pay the expence,

Eternity so spent, in worship paid
The wear and tear of conscience.
Hudibras. To whom we hate!

Id. Paradise Lost. Armour bears off insults, and preserves the wearer in Water-fowls supply the weariness of a long flight by the day of battle; but, the danger once repelled, it is taking water.

Hale. laid aside, as being too rough for civil conversation. Sea would be pools without the brushing air,

Dryden. To curl the waves; and sure some little care This is unconscionable dealing, to be made a slave, Should weary nature so, to make her want repose.

Dryden. and not know whose livery I wear. Id. Spanish Fryur. In those who have lost their sight when young, in

Heaven, when the creature lies prostrate in the whom the ideas of colours having been but slightly weakness of sleep and weariness, spreads the covering of

South's Sermons. taken notice of, and ceasing to be repeated, do quite night and darkness to conceal it.

Locke. Should the government be wearied out of its present Trials wear us into a liking of what possibly, in the patience, what is to be expected by such turbulent men? first essay, displeased us. Id.

Addison. An hasty word, or an indiscreet action, does not dis- WEA'SEL, n. s. Sax. pesel; Belg. wesel. A solve the bond, but that friendship may be still sound small animal that kills mice. in heart ; and so row and wear off these little dis

Ready in gybes, quick-answered, saucy, and tempers.


As quarrelsome as the weasel. Shakspeare. Cymbeline. We ought to leave room for the humour of the artist

A weasel once made shift to slink
Addison on Italy. In at a corn-loft through a chink.

Pope. The difficulty will every day grow less and wear off, Weasel, in zoology. See Mustela, and Viand obedience become easy and familiar. Rogers.

On her white breast a sparkling cross she wore. Pope. WEAʼSAND, n. s. Sax. pasen, pæsand. The

Take away this measure from our dress and habits, windpipe; the passage through which the breath is and all is turned into such paint and glitter, and ridicu- drawn and emitted; the larynx. lous ornaments, as are a real shame to the wearer.


Marry Diggon, what should him affray,

To take his own where ever it lay; WEAR', n. s.? Saxon þær. A quagmire: For had his weasand been a little wider, Wear'sh, adj. Š boggy ; watery.

He would have devoured both hidder and shidder. They will force themselves through food-gates, or

Spenser. over weurs, hedges, or stops in the water. Valton. Cut his wezand with thy knife. Shakspeare.

A garment over rich and wide for many of their And the soul issues through the weazon's wound. wearish and ill-disposed bodies. Carew.


WEATHER, n. s. &v.a.) Wear, or Weer, is a great dam in a river, fitted

Sax. peder; Isl. for the taking of fish, or for conveying the stream

WEA'THERBEATEN, adj. wether. State of the to a mill. New wears are not to be made, or others

WEA'THERCOCK, n. s. air, respecting either altered, to the nuisance of the public, under a cer

EA'TUERDRIVEN, adj. cold or heat, wet or tain penalty.


dryness; change of WEA'THERGLASS,

that state; tempest ; WEA'RY, adj.& v.a. Saxon perig; Belg.


storm : to weather is WEA'RINESS, n. s.

Subdued by

expose to the air and Weaʼkisome, adj. fatigue; tired; worn; its changes; to pass with difficulty; gain; endure: WEA'RISOMELY, adv. worn out: to fatigue; weatherbeaten, harmed or worn by the weather : WEA'RISOMENESS, n. S. tire; harass : wearisome

weathercock, weathergage, and weatherglass, inis tedious; tiresome ; causing weariness: the other struments for ascertaining the state or changes of derivatives correspoud.

the wind or weather : weatherspy and weatherwiser, Let us not be weary in well doing. Gal. vi. 9.

prognosticators of the weather, male, female, or The people labour in the very fire, and weary them- neuter; weatherdriven, forced by storms cr weather. selves for very vanity

Hab. ii. 13.

Mustard-seed gather for being too ripe, Fair Phæbus 'gan decline, in haste,

And weather it wel, yer ye give it a stripe.

Tusser. His weary waggon to the western vale. Spenser.

They perceived an aged man and a young, both The soul preferreth rest in ignorance before wearisome poorly arrayed, extremely weatherbeaten ; the old man labour to know.

blind, the young man leading him.

Sidney. A wit, quick without lightness, sharp without brittle

He perched on some branch thereby, Dess, desirous of good things without newfangledness, To weather him, and his moist wings to dry. Spenser. diligent in painful things without wearisomeness.

She enjoys sure peace for evermore,

As weatherbeaten ship arrived on happy shore. Id. An old man, broken with the storms of state,

Who's there, besides foul weather? Is come to lay his weary bones among ye :

-One minded like the weather, most unquietly. Shaks. Give him a little earth for charity. Shakspeare.

Where had you this pretty weathercock ?-I cannot tell As of Nimrod, so are the opinions of writers different what his name is my husband had him of. Id. touching Assur, and the beginning of that great state Thrice from the banks of Wye, of Assyria ; a controversy wearisomely disputed, without And sandy-bottomed Severn, have I sent any direct proof or certainty. Raleigh. Him bootless home, and weatherbeaten back.

ld. Troops came to the army the day before, harassed And sooner may a gulling weatherspy, with a long and wearisome march.

Bacon. By drawing forth heaven's scheme, tell certainly The king was as weary of Scotland as he had been What fashioned hats, or ruffs, or suits, next year impatient to go thither, finding all things proposed to Our giddy-headed antick youth will wear. Donne. him without consideration of his honour or interest. I hope, when you know the worst, you will at once Clarendon. leap into the river, and swim through handsomely, and



not weather beaten with the divers blasts of irresolution, WEAVING. The various processes for weaving stand shivering upon the brink.

Suckling. with the common loom bave been fully discussed in Again the northern winds may sing and plow, those departments of our work dedicated to the And fear no haven but from the weather now.

manufacture of Cloth and COTTON; and it will Couleu.

now only be necessary to furnish our readers with Could they weather and stand the shock of an eternal duration, and yet be at any time subject to a disso- factured by Mr. Roberts of Manchester.

a description of the improved power loom as manulution ?

Hale. To vere and tack, and steer a cause

The patentee's improvements are divided into Hudibras.

several heads, the first of which consists in an imAgainst the weathergage of lews. Hle break my promise and absolve my vow!

proved manner of constructing and applying the The word which I have given shall stand like fate : tappets which are employed for raising and deNot like the king's, that weathercock of state. Dryden. pressing the different shafts or heddles in those What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud

looms where more than two shafts or heddles are My thoughts presage !

Id. used. This part of the improvement is applicable As in some weatherglass my love I hold,

both to hand looms and those which are worked by Which falls or rises with the heat or cold,

power. Plate I of Weaving contains several views I will be constant yet.

Id. of a power loom, having six shafts or heddles, He weathered fell Charybdis; but ere long

adapted to weave twilled cloths or fustians, and The skies were darkened, and the tempests strong. such other fabrics as have the threads crossed in

Garth. We have been tugging a great while against the weaving, in that peculiar manner called twill. stream, and have almost weathered our point ; a stretch l'ig. 1 is a front view of the loom (the cloth-roller

and breast-beam being removed, in order to exhibit or two more will do the work.

Addison. The old weatherbeaten soldier carries in his hand the end of the loom; fig. 3 the right hand end; and

the parts behind). Fig. 2 represents the left hand Roman eagle.

Most vegetables expand their flowers and down in fig. 4 is a horizontal view, that is, looking down warm sun-shiny weather, and again close them toward upon the top. the evening, or in rain, as in the flowers of pimpernel, The framing is of cast iron, bolted or screwed the opening and shutting of which are the countryman's together, so as to render the whole firm; a is the weatherwiser.

Derham. yarn roller, upon which the warps are wound, and WEATHER. See METEOROLOGY.

ihis is made io turn with considerable friction, by Weather, in sea-language, is applied by mari

means of cords passing over pulleys, with weights ners to every thing lying to windward of a particu- suspended in order to keep the warp tight. The lar situation; thus, a ship is said to have the warp is drawn from this roller over a small roller

b, and thence is conducted to the lease-rods c, and weather-gage of another when she is farther to windward. Thus also, when a ship under sail through the loops of the several heddles d. These presents either of her sides to the wind, it is then heddles are made to move up and down (in the called the weather-side, or weather-board; and all

manner hereafter to be described) for the purpose the rigging and furniture situated thereon are dis- of separating the warp into two sheds, between tinguished by the same epithet, as the weather which the shuttle is to pass, for the purpose of shrouds, the weather-lifts, the weather-braces, &c.

bringing the weft threads between those of the warp, WEAVE, v. a. & v. n. / Pret. wove, weaved ;

and thereby weaving the fabric; e is the lay in WEAV'ER, n. s. participle pass. woven,

which the reed is placed, consisting of a series of weaved. Sax. pefan; Belg. weven ; Teut. weben. fine wires; between these wires the warp passes, To form by texture, or by inserting one part of the and by it the threads are separated. This lay is materials within another; insert ; unite; to work supported two arms f, f, and vibrates upon a with a loom : one who weaves.

shaft with pivots below.

The lay is moved backward to enable the shuttle The women wove hangings for the grove.

to pass along its race between the divided parts of 2 Kings xxiii, 7.


warp, and it is brought forward to beat up the My days are swifter than a weaver's shutile.

weft after the shuttle has passed ; g is the place of Job vii. 6.

the breast beam, over which the cloth or other Here in her hairs The painter plays the spider, and hath woven

fabric passes when it is woven, and descends from A golden mesh to intrap the hearts of men

the breast-beam to the roller h, where it is wound Faster than gnats in cobwebs.


up. On the end of the axle of this roller, h, there Upon these taxations,

is a toothed wheel i (seen in fig. 3) which takes The clothiers all, not able to maintain

into a pinion upon the axle of the ratchet wheel k. The many to them 'longing, have put off

click or pall at the end of the cross-lever falls The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers.

Id. into this ratchet, and the lower end of the crossThere our secret thoughts unseen

lever being connected to the leg of the lay, moves Like nets be weaved and intertwined,

with it, turning upon a pivot in the centre of the Wherewith we catch each other's mind. Careu.

cross, and, every time that the lay goes backward, White seemed her robes, yet woven so they were, the click pulls the ratchet wheel one tooth, thereby As snow and gold together had been wrought.

causing the pinion to move the roller i round with

Dryden a very slow motion, by which the cloth is progresWhen religion was woven into the civil government, sively drawn on to the roller as it accumulates in and flourished under the protection of the emperors, the loom. men's thoughts and discourses were full of secular affairs.


The machinery is put in motion by means of the Dan Pope, for thy misfortune grieved,

band m, seen in fig. 2, which proceeds from the With kind concern and skill has weaved

steam-engine, or any other first mover, and passes A silken wcb, and ne'er shall fade

over the rigger n, which is fixed to a small flyIts colours.

Prior. wheel upon the end of the main shaft of the loon

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