« السابقةمتابعة »
If one by one you wedded all the world,
Intelligent of seasons.
Id. Would be unparalleled.
Shakspeare. Sergesthus in the centaur soon be passed, Affliction is enamoured of thy parts,
Wedged in the rocky shoals and sticking fast. Dryden. And thou art wedded to calamity.
Id. The oak let many a heavy groan, when he was clest Come, away! with a wedge of his own timber.
Arbuthnot. For you shall hence upon your wedding-day. Id.
Wedge on the keenest scythes, Though the principal men of the house of commons And give us steeds that snort against the foe. were again elected to serve in this parliament, yet they
A. Philips. were far from wedding the war.
Clarendon. WEDGWOOD (Josiah), esq., F. R., and A. SS., Never did thy beauty, since the day
an English gentleman of uncommon genius, to I saw thee first, and wedded thee, adorned With all perfection, so inflame my senses. Milton.
whose indefatigable labors is owing the establishThese three country bills agree that each wedding of extensive commerce.
ment of a manufacture that has opened a new scene
He was born in 1731, produces four children.
The women in us still prosecutes a deceit like that be- and was the younger son of a potter, but derived gun in the garden ; and our understandings are weduled little or no property from his father. to an Eve, as fatal as the mother of their miseries. discoveries of new species of earthen wares and
Glanville, porcelains, his studied forms and chaste style of Men are wedded to their lusts, and resolved upon a decoration, and the correctness and judgment with wicked course ; and so it becomes their interest to wish which all his works were executed under his own there were no God.
eye, and by artists for the most part of his own Nor took I Guiscard, by blind fancy led,
forming, have turned the current in this branch of Or hasty choice, as many women wed; But with deliberate care.
commerce; for, before his time, England imported A womán seldom asks advice before she has bought the finer earthen wares; but, for more than twenty her wedding-cloaths.
years past, she has exported them to a very great Chloe, blind to wit and worth,
annual amount. Neither was he unknown in the Weds the rich dulness of some son of earth. Pope.
walks of philosophy. His communications to the 11 she affirmed berself a virgin, she must on her Royal Society show a mind enlightened by science. wedding day, and in her wedding cloaths, perform the His invention of a thermometer for measuring the ceremony of going alone into the den, and stay an hour higher degrees of heat employed in the various with the lion.
Swift. arts is of the highest importance to their promotion, WEDDERBURN (Alexander), earl of Rosslyn, and will add celebrity to his name. He was the was the eldest son of Peter Wedderburn, of Ches- projector of the grand trunk canal, and the chief ter-hall, esq., one of the senators of the college of agent in obtaining the act of parliament for making justice in Scotland. Born in 1733, he was bred it, against the prejudices of the landed interest. up to the law in his native country, but early re- His purse was always open to the calls of charity. moved to the Middle Temple, and was called to He was a most zealons supporter of commerce, the bar in 1757. He rapidly obtained the patron- and a steady patron of every valuable interest of age of the earls of Bute and Mansfield ; was ap- society. He died at his elegant villa of Etruria in pointed solicitor general in 1771, in which office Staffordshire, January 2d, 1795, aged sixty-four. he opposed Dr. Franklin, before the privy council WED'LOCK, n.s. Sax. ped and lac. Maron American affairs; and in 1778 was made at- riage and gift. Marriage ; matrimony. torney-general. In 1780 he became chief justice
She doth stray about of the common pleas, with the title of lord Lough- By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays borough. He adhered to the party of Mr. Fox For happy wedlock hours.
Shakspeare when Mr. Pitt first came into power; but joined
Can wedlock know so great a curse, the latter, with many others, in 1793, under the As putting husbands out to nurse? Cleareland. alarm produced by the French Revolution, when
He his happiest choice too late lie succeeded lord Thurlow as chancellor. This Shall meet already linked, and wedlock-bound
To a fell adversary.
Milien. high office he held until 1801, when he retired with the title of earl of Rosslyn. He died without issue, was from the bonds of wedlock to be free,
One thought the sex's prime felicity January 30, 1805. Lord Rosslyn wrote a work
And uncontrolled to give account to none. Dryden. On the Management of Prisons, published in 1793. WEDGE, 7.s. & v. a. Dan. and Goth. vegge ;
WED'NESDAY, n. s. Sax. podensdag; Swed Belg. wegge. A solid body tapering to an edge; fourth day of the week, so named by the Gothic
; Belg. woensday; Island. wensday. The one of the mechanical powers : to cleave with a
nations from Woden or Odin. wedge; to drive in or fix as a wedge ; force or fasten by wedges.
Where is the honour of him that died on Wednesday ? When I saw a goodly Babylonish garment, and a
Shakspedie. wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted The offices of prayer he had in his church, not only them.
upon the Sundaies, and festivals, and their eves, as also Iednesdaies and Fridaies.
Fell. As sparkles from the anvil used to fly, When heavy hammers on the wedge are swaid. Spenser. WEE, adj. Goth. uæta, small. Little ; small. My heart,
Does he not wear a great round beard, like a glover's As wedged with a sigh, would rive in twain,
paring knife ?-No, forsooth; he hath but a ree face, Lest llector, or my father, should perceive me.
with a little yellow beard.
WEED, n. s. & v. (l. Saxon peod, tares. A The fifth mechanical faculty is the wedge used in the cleaving of wood.
herb noxious or useless; In warlike musters they appear,
a widow's robe: but this In rhombs, and wedges, and half-moons, and wings.
11 reb'LESS, adj. probably from reawad, a iliun. Ilird'y.
dress of woe; any gar
men!: to weed is, to rid of weeds; free from
any Thy father, in pity of my hard distress, thing noxious: a weeder, he who does this: weed- Levied an army, weening to redeem hook, a hook for extirpating weeds : weedless, free And reinstal me in the diadem. Shakspeare. Henry VI. from, and weedy, abounding in, weeds.
That self same day, by fight or by surprize,
Milton. On slowly growing herbs and ranker weeds. Sandys. WEEP, v. 1. & v. a.?
Pret. and part. pass. In May get a weedhook, a crotch, and a glove,
Weep'er, n. s. I wept, weeped. Sax. peoand weed out such weeds as the coru doth not love.
pan. To shed tears ; lament; bewail; shed moisMy mind for weeds your virtue's livery wears.
ture; drop: one who weeps : a token of mourning
worn on the arm.
Sidney. Wise fathers be not as well aware in weeding from
The days of weeping and mourning for Moses were ended.
Deuteronomy xxxiv. 8. their children ill things, as they were before in grafting in them learning.
They weep unto me, saying, Give us flesh that we The snake throws her enamelled skin,
Numbers. Weed wide enough to wrap a fairy in. Shakspeare.
If thou wilt weep my fortunes, take my eyes.
Shakspeare. There on the pendant boughs her coronet weed
Then they for sudden joy did weep,
And I for sorrow sung,
That such a king should play bo-peep: A weeder out of his proud adversaries,
And go the fools among.
id. King Lear. A liberal rewarder of his friends. Id. Richard III. Have you wept for your sin, so that you were indeed
When you sow the berries of bays, weed not the sorrowful in your spirit? Are you so sorrowful that borders for the first half year ; for the weed giveth them you hate it ? Do you so hate it that you have left it? shade. Bacon.
Taylor. Her own hands putting on both shirt and weede.
Thus was this place
A happy rural seat of various view,
Gioves whose rich trees wept odorous gums and balm.
Milton. Which of themselves produce no venomous sin.
Away! with women weep, and leave me here, If he had an immoderate ambition, which is a weed, Fixed like a man, to die without a tear, is it be a weed, apt to grow in the best soils, it doth not
Or save or slay us both.
Dryden. appear that it was in his nature.
Let India boast her plants ; nor envy we Lately your fair hand in woman's weed
The weeping amber or the balmy tree, Wrapped my giad head.
While by our oaks the precious loads are borne,
And realms commanded which those trees adorn. A crystal brook, When troubled most it does the bottom show;
Pope. 'Tis weedless all above, and rockless all below. Dryden.
Rye-grass grows on clayey and weeping grounds.
Mortimer. ilid in a weedy lake all night I lay, Secure of safety
WEEVER (John), a learned antiquary, born WEED, among miners, denotes the degeneracy in Lancashire, and educated at Cambridge. He of a load or vein of fine metal into a useless mar
published a work of great value and curiosity,
entitled Funeral Monuments, 1631, in folio casite. Weeds also denote a peculiar habit, worn by died in 1632.
Another edition was publisbed in 410., 1767. He the relicts of persons deceased, by way of mourning. WEEK, 1. s.
WEEʻVIL, n. s.
Sax. pefel; Belg. revel. A
grub. Week'ır, 'adj. & adv. Sany series or portion of
A worm called a weevil, bred under ground, feedeth time. The space of seven days: an ordinary day upon roots, as parsnips and carrots. Bacon's Nat. Hist.
Corn is so innocent from breeding of mice that it of the week as distinct from Sunday: happening doth not produce the very weevels that live in it and once a week : hebdominally.
Bentley. The Jews had always their weekly readings of the Weevil, in zoology, a species of curculio. See law of Moses.
Hooker. CURCULIO. The division of time by weeks hath been universally
WEEZEL, n. s. See WEAZEL. observed in the world, not only amongst the civi- The corn-devouring weezel here abides, lized, but likewise among the most barbarous nations. And the wise ant.
Dryden's Georgicks. Wilkins. WEFT, n. s. Fr. guarve. That of which the So lived our sires, ere doctors learned to kill,
claim is generally waived; any thing without an And multiplied with heirs their weekly bill. Dryden.
These are obliged to perform divine worship in their His horse, it is the herald's weft; turns weekly, and are sometimes called hebdomadal No, 'tis a mare.
Ben Jonson's Underwoods.
Ayliffe. One solid dish his weekday meal affords,
WEIGELA, in botany, a genus of plants of the An added pudding solemnized the Lord's. Pope. .
class pentandria, and order of monogynia. They Nothing more frequent in their weekly papers, than bear hermaphrodite flowers, furnished with five affecting to confound the terms of clergy and high- stamina, but only one style, and are monopetalous, church, and then loading the latter with calumny. with the capsule within ihe flower.
Swift. WEIGII, v. a. & v. n.) Saxon pagan; Belg. Week, in chronology. See Sabbatu.
weyhen ; Teut. wugen ; WEEN, v. n. Sax. penan; Belg. waenen. Το WEIGUT, nl. s.
Isi. wega ; Goth. vaga. think; imagine; form a notion ; fancy. Obsolete. WEIGHI'Ily, adv. To examine by the baAh lady dear, quoth then the gentle knight,
WEIGHT'IN ES5, n. s. lance; allot or take by Well may I ween your grief is wond'rolls great.
WECHʻLESS, adj. weight; counterbalance;
raise; be equivalent in
weight; balance in the mind; compare: as a verb Boerhaave fed a sparros with bread four days, in peuter, to have weight or inportance; bear hea- which time it eat more than its own weight ; and yet vily; sink : weighed is experienced : weight, quan- there was no acid found in its body. Arbuthnot. lity ascertained by the balance; mass; gravity ; She does not weigh her meat in a pair of scales, but pressure; importance; influence: the other deriva- she weighs it in a much better balance; so much as tives correspond.
gives a proper strength to her body, and renders it able Just balances, just weights, shall ye have.
and willing to obey the soul.
Lad. Leviticus xix. 36.
Weigh, a weight of cheese, wool, &c., containThey weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.
ing 256 lbs. avoirdupoise. Of corn
the weigh Zechariah xi. So was every thing of the temple, even to the weight contains forty bushels; of barley or malt six of a Hesh hook, given to David, as you may see.
quarters. In some places, as Essex, the weigh of Lesley.
cheese is 300 lbs. How by him balanced in the weightless air ?
WEIGHING ANCHOR is the drawing it out of the Canst thou the wisdom of his works declare ? Sandys. ground it had been cast into, in order to set sail or
Regard not who it is which speaketh, but weigh only quit a port, road, or the like. what is spoken.
Hooker. WEIGHING MACHINE. A curious weighing Barbarossa, using this exceeding cheerfulness of his machine was some time ago invented by Mr. soldiers, weighed up the fourteen gallies he had sunk. Hanin of Paris, whereby the weights of the prin
cipal countries in Europe, and the relative proporI to vour assistance do make love,
tions they bear to each other, are shown at one Masking the business from the common eye
view. For this he received a bounty of twenty Por sundry weighty reasons. Shakspeure. Macbeth. I weigh not you.
guineas from the Society of Arts instituted at Lon-You do not weigh me; that is, you care not for me.
don. This name has been also given to several Shukspeare.
ingenious contrivances for the mere common purHow to make ye suddenly an answer,
poses of weighing. In such a point of weight, so near mine honour,
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. The standard weights In truth I know not.
Id. Henry VIII. and measures of Great Britain have been materiEarth taken from land adjoining to the Nile, and pre- ally altered since the commencement of our work; served so as not to be wet or wasted, and weighed daily, and, as we have repeatedly referred to the subject, will not alter weight until the seventeenth of June. Bacon. it will be necessary for us in the first instance to They having freight
furnish our readers with a brief view of the earTheir ships with spoil enough, weigh anchor streight.
liest attempts in this important department of po
litical jurisprudence. The apparent defect of her judgment, joined to the Highliness of the adventure, caused many to marvel.
By the twenty-seventh chap:er of Magna Charta, Hayward.
the weights are to be the same all over England : His majesty's speedy march left that design to be but for different commodities there are two difbetter weighed and digested.
Clarendon. ferent sorts, viz. troy weight, and avoirdupois Hleaviness or weight is not here considered as being weight. such a natural quality, whereby condensed bodies do of The origin from which both of these are raised, themselves tend downwards ; but rather as being an af- is the grain of wheat, gathered in the middle of iection, whereby they may be measured. Wilkins. Th' Eternal hung forth his golden scales,
32 of these, well dried, made one pennyweight Wherein all things created first he weighed. Milton.
one ounce, and By the exsuction of the air out of a glass vessel, it
12 ounces made that vessel take up, or suck up, to speak in the by stat. 51 Henry III., 31 Edw. 1., 12 Henry VII.
one pound troy ; common language, a body weighing divers ounces.
A learned writer has shown that, by the laws of When gathering clouds o'ershadow all the skies, assize, from William the Conqueror to the reiga And shoot quick lightnings, weigh, my boys, he cries. of Henry VII., the legal pound weight contained
Dryden. a pound of twelve ounces, raised from thirty-two The shaft that slightly was impressed,
grains of wheat; and the legal gallon measure cunNow from his heavy fall with weight increased tained eight of those pounds of wheat, eight galProve through his neck.
lons making the bushel, and eight bushels the It must both weightless and immortal prove,
quarter. Because the centre of it is above.
Henry VII. altered the old English weight, and You have already wearied Fortune so,
introduced the troy pound in its stead, being threeShe cannot farther be your friend or foe, But sits all breathless and admires to feel
quarters of an ounce only heavier than the old Saxon A fate so weighty that it stops her wheel.
Id. pound, or one-sixteenth heavier. The first statute The prince may carry the plough, but the weight lies that directs the use of the avoirdupois weight is upon the people.
L'Estrange. that of 24 Henry VIII.; and the particular use í fear I have dwelt longer on this passage than the to which this weight is thus directed is simply for weightiness of any argument in it requires. Locke. weighing butcher's meat in the market; though it
A wise man is then best satisfied, when he finds that has been used for weighing all sorts of coarse and the same argument which weighs with him has weighed large articles. This pound contains 7000 troy with thousands before him, and is such as hath born grains ; while the troy pound itself contains only down all opposition.
5760 grains, and the old Saxon pound weight but Then shun the ill, and know, my dear, Kindness and constancy will prove
5400 grains. Philosophical Transactions, vol. Ixv.
art. 3. The only pillars fit to bear So vast a weight as that of love.
Hence there are now in common use in Eng. Pride, like a gulf, swallows us up ; our very virtues, land two different weights, viz. troy weight and when so leavened, becoming weights and plummets to avoirdupois weight, the former being employed in sink us to the deeper ruin. Government of the Tongue. weighing such fine articles as jewels, gold, silver,
silk, liquors, &c.; and the latter for coarse and (or, as it is sometimes called, the Lanark pound) heavy articles, as bread, corn, flesh, butter, cheese, contains 762117 English troy grains; and the old tallow, pitch, tar, iron, copper, tin, &c., and all Tron, most in use, 100037 English troy grains : grocery wares. And Mr. Ward supposes that it upon these data our tables of equalisation for the was brought into use from this circumstance, viz. weights of Scotland are founded. as it was customary to allow larger weight, of such In the sixth clause it is enacted that, if the coarse articles, than the law had expressly enjoin- standard troy pound should be lost or destroyed, it ed, and this he observes happened to be a sixth is to be restored by a reference to the weight of a part more. Apothecaries buy their drugs by avoir- cubic inch of distilled water, which has been found, dupois weight, but they compound them by troy and is declared to be 252.458 troy grains, at the weight, though under some little variation of name temperature of 62° Fahrenheit, the barometer being and divisions.
at thirty inches. Hence the weight of a penny, We must now furnish the present standard as it weight troy is to that of a cubic inch of distilled has been promulgated by a committee of the House water, in such circumstances, in the proportion of of Cominons. The report is divided under four twenty-four grains to 252.458 grains, or of the heads; and the substance of that important docu- number 24,000 to the number 252,458; so that ment is annexed :
the weight of the cubic inch of water must be diIn the first and second clauses of this act it is vided into 252,458 equal parts, and 24,000 of them enacted that the old standard yard of 1760, in the will be the standard pennyweight, from which the custody of the clerk of the House of Commons, ounce and the pound, its multiples, can be easily shall continue to be the standard unit of extension, derived. or lineal, superficial, and solid measures, when the The sixth clause enacts that, the new standard temperature is at 620 of Fahrenheit's thermometer. measure of capacity for all liquids, and dry goods From this it is evident that no change is to be made not measured by heaping, shall be a gallon conupon these measures throughout the empire, and taining ten pounds avoirdupois weight of distilled that all the measurements depending upon them water, weighed in air at the temperature of 62° are to remain the same as before. In Scotland, Fahrenheit's thermometer, the barometer being at however, considerable changes must take place, es- thirty inches; that the quart shall be the fourth part pecially in the measurement of land, which is uni- of this imperial standard gallon, and the pint oneversally measured by the Scots acre, raised from eighth; that two such gallons shall be a peck, and the Scots chain, or twenty-four times the length of eight shall be a bushel; and that eight such the Scots ell. This ell, according to the oldest and bushels shall be a quarter of corn, or other dry best authority, is 37° English inches, from which goods, not measured by heaped measure. To find standard of course, the equalization of the Scots' the capacity of this new gallon, it is necessary to land measures must be derived.
refer to the fifth clause of the act, where we have In the third clause it is enacted that, if the the standard weight of a cubic inch of water given standard yard should be lost or injured, it is to be in grains ; hence we find the number of cubic restored by a reference to the length of the pendu- inches in the gallon by the following proportion :lum, vibrating seconds in the latitude of London, As 252.458 grains : 1 cubic inch :: 10lbs., or 70,000 at the level of the sea, and in vacuo. This length grains: 277.274 cubic inches, which are consequently has been found, and is by the act declared to be the contents of the imperial standard gallon. Though 39.13 93 inches. Hence the length of the yard to the identification of this gallon is thus remotely conthat of the pendulum is in the proportion of thirty- nected with the standard of length, and still more six inches to 39.1393 inches, or of the number so with the length of the pendulum, yet it may be 360,000 to the number 391,393; so that if the proper here to point out a mode of verifying it, and length of the pendulum be divided into 391,393 restoring it, if ever the standards of weight or meaequal parts, then will 10,000 of these parts be the sure should be lost or destroyed. The contents of length of an inch, according to the imperial standard. the cube of the sixth part of the length of the pen
The fourth clause enacts that the old troy dulum vibrating seconds in the latitude of London, pound of 1758, now in the custody of the clerk of at the level of the sea and in a vacuum, are so very ihe House of Commons, shall continue to be the near that of the imperial standard gallon, that the standard unit of weight; and that the avoirdupois difference is only about to of a cubic inch. For pound, now in use, shall contain 7000 grains, of one-sixth part of the length of the pendulum is which the troy pound contains 5760, according to 6.5232166 inches; and the cube of this is nearly this act. Hence, contrary to the opinion of many 277.578 cubic inches, which differs from the conwriters, the weight of the troy or standard pound, tents of the gallon only by 304 of a cubic inch. to that of the avoirdupois or common pound, is in Now this difference is so small that the one may the proportion of 5760 grains to 7000 grains; or of be reckoned a sufficient identification of the other, the number 144 to the number 175. Hence, also, a circumstance which brings this gallon nearer to a no change will take place in the transactions of busi- fixed and invariable standard than perhaps was ever ness where such weights were used formerly; but in thought of. Another circumstance of considerable Scotland numerous changes of weights must occur importance may be remarked, as it serves to render in the sale of many articles of ordinary consumption. the standard of weight, determined by water, indeThese changes will be not only different in almost pendent of thermometric graduations. The temevery county, but even sometimes different in vari- perature (62° Fahrenheit's thermometer) at which ous parts of the same county. The use of the ihe water has been fixed for the determination of Dutch or Scots troy pound, and of the tron which the standards of weight and measure is one which varies so much throughout that country, will be situated above the freezing point, at exactly the utterly abolished, and all local enactments regard- sixth part of the distance between the freezing and ing them rendered nugatory. According to the the boiling points. The connexion of these two best authorities, the standard Dutch or Scots troy facts will therefore render the standards of weight and of measure so far invariable in future, inas- old standard Scots wheat and barley forlots (commuch as they are independent of artificial measure- monly called the Linlithgow wheat and barley fir ments and graduations, and can be easily referred to lots), with all other local measures of every descripnature alone for their prototypes ; 1. That the cube tion, are completely abolished. The seventh clause of the sixth part of the second's pendulum at Lon- enacts that the standard measure of capacity for don is so near the capacity of the imperial standard goods sold by heaped measure shall be the bushel, gallon as to be considered an identification; and, containing eight imperial gallons, or eighty avoir2. That the tenth part of the weight of an imperial dupois pounds of water at the above-mentioned standard gallon of water, at a temperature above temperature ; and that it shall be made round, withi that of freezing (in the mercurial thermometer), a plain and even bottom, and be 194 inches from which is exactly the sixth part of the distance be- outside to outside. In the eighth clause it further tween the freezing and boiling points, is an imperial enacts that, in using this bushel, it shall be heaped, standard avoirdupois pound.
in the form of a cone, to the height of six inches. The changes which this alteration in the standard and the outside of the bushel is to be the extremity of capacity produces are very great. By this clause of the base of this cone. In the clause appended the old standard wine gallon of 231 cubic inches, to the bill, above alluded to, it is enacted that all the old standard ale and beer gallon of 282 cubic such measures shall be made cylindrical, and that inches, the old standard corn gallon of 268-8 cubic their diameters shall be at the least double their inches, or the standard Winchester bushel of depths, and the height of the cone or heap shall be 2150:42 cubic inches, the old standard Scots pint equal to three-fourths of the depth of each measure, (or Stirling jug) of 103-404 cubic inches, and the its outside being the extremity or base of the cone.
1. Long Measure.
202354156 8 Furlongs or 1760 Yards = 1 Mile
1618-833244 N. B.--The English land chain = 22 yards or 66 feet, and contains 100 links; 1 link = 7.92 inches, 2. Square or Superficial Measure.
Square Pendulums. 2531.pagth of the Square Pendulum
= 1 Square Inch
000653 144 Square Inches
= 1 Square Foot
094002 9 Square Feet
= 1 Square Yard
.846017 304 Square Yards
= 1 Square Pole
25-592003 40 Square Poles or 1210 Square Yards = 1 Rood of land 1023-680107 4 Roods or 4840 Square Yards = 1 Acre of land
4094.720426 N. B.-The Square Chain = 484 Square Yards, and 10 Square Chains = 1 Acre.
3. Cubic or Solid Measure.
Cubic Pendulums. 30038.posth of the Cubic Pendulum = 1 Cubic Inch
= .0000176 1728 Cubic Inches
= 1 Cubic Foot = .0288207 27 Cubic Feet
= 1 Cubic Yard = .7781587 N. B.-A Cubic Foot of distilled water, at 62° Fahrenheit, weighs almost exactly 997:136969 Ounces Avoirdupois, and at the maximum density 999-2777 Ounces Avoirdupois. 4. Troy Weight.
Cubic înches of Water. 2x39th of a Cubic Inch of water 1 Grain
·0039610571428 24 Grains
= 1 Pennyweight
·0950653714285 20 Pennyweights
= 1 Ounce
1.901307428571 12 Ounces
= 1 Pound
22.815689142857 N. B.-A Cubic Inch of distilled water, at the maximum density, weighs 253 Troy Grains.
5. Avoirdupois Weight.
Cubic Inches of Water. New Gallons of Water, 274 Grains -- 1 Dram
2565 16 Drams = 1 Ounce
224 N. B.--175 Troy Pounds = 144 Avoirdupois Pounds; and 175 Troy Ounces = 192 Avoirdupois