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bearded, but the secondary vane is so inconsider Ardea helias. Tail graduated. Gen. Eurypya of able that they resemble hair.

Iliger. Agreeably to our definition, it would seem Gen. 1. Casuarius.—Bill compressed laterally; that, contrary to the judgment of Cuvier, each of these head surmounted by a long protuberance, which species ought, from a difference of form, to be coeis covered with a bony suhstance; the skin of the sidered as being of different genera. head and the upper part of the neck naked. In Gen. 3. Cancroma. See CANCROYA. testines short; cæcum small; intermediate sto

Group 2. Ardea. mach wanted.

Bill cloven as far as their eyes; nasal furrow Gen. 2. Dromiceius.-Bill depressed, without

extended very nearly to the point. Chief characany helmet on the head; naked only around the

teristic consists in having the nail of the middle eye, without caruncles.

toe short and toothed at its inner edge.

Ardea major.
Family 2. Rostro Presso.

A. minuta Danubialis. Legs tall, without any great toe, or, if it be pre Gen. 1. Aigrettu.— Feathers of the lower pan of sent, not long enough to reach the earth; bill of a the back becoming at a certain age remarkably moderate size, strong enough to bore the ground elongated and hackled. and search for worms.

Ardea garzetta.
Group 1.

A. egretta; A. alba.
Gen. Otis of Linné.-Form bulky; upper man-

A. stellaris. dible slightly vaulted; bases of the toes with small Gen. 2. Les bihoreaux.-Some thin and stift margins.

feathers upon the occiput. Otis tarda.

Ardea Nycticorax. (. tetrax.

Group 3. Ciconia.
Group 2. Charadrii of Linné.

Bill thick, moderately cloven into the head ; les Bill compressed, enlarged at the tip; great toe reticulated; the external toes very remarkably deficient.

palmated at the base; gizzard somewhat muscular; Gen. 1. Edicnemus.-End of the bill enlarged cæcal appendages very small. underneath as well as above; the nasal furrows Gen. 1. Ciconia. No nasal furrow. extended only half of its length.

Ardea ciconia. Charadrius ædicnemus.

A. nigra. Gen. 2.' Charadrius.—Nasal furrow occupying Gen. 2. Mycteria of Linné.–Bill slightly curved two-thirds of the length of the bill.

upwards. Charadrius pluvialis.

A. Americana. C. morinellus.

Gen. 3. Scopus of Brisson.—Bill compressed; Group 3. Tringe.

nasal furrow long. Bill the same, distinguished by the presence of

A. umbretta. a great toe.

Gen. 4. Anastomus of Iliger.—Mandibles act Gen. 1. Squatorola of Cuvier.—Bill like that of meeting; erect at the point. the ædicnemus.

Ardea pondiceriana. Fringa squatorola.

A. Coromandalina. Gen. 2. Vannus.-Great toe scarcely distin Gen. 5. Tantalus.—Dorsum of the bill is round, guished; tarsi scaled with escutcheons.

point bent down, slightly notched on each side. Tringa vanellus.

Tantales ibis. Gen. 3. Hamatopus.-Bill wedge-shaped, and T. leucocephalus. very strong; tarsi reticulated; no great toe. Gen. 6. Platalea of Linné.—Bill remarkably flat Hæmatopus ostralegus.

and expanded at the end into a round disk. Gen. 4. Tachjdromus of Iliger.— Bill thin and

P. leucorodia. evenly conical; wings shorter.

P. nivea. Gen. 5. Microdactylus of Geoffroy.—Bill longer,

P. aiaia. hooked, and cloven as far as the eye.

Family 4. Rostro Longo.
Microdactylus cristatus ; palameda of Gmelin. Bill thin, long, and feeble.
Family 3. Rostro CULTRUM SESE FERENTE.

Group 1. Scolapaces.
Bill thick, strong and long, frequently cutting nearly deprived of feathers.

Gen. 1. Ibis of Cuvier.—Some part of the head and pointed. Cæcal appendages short.

I. religiosa; tantalus Æthiopicus of Latliam. Group 1. Grues.

I. rubra; T. ruber of Gmelin. Bill straight, cloven but a short distance within I. falcinella; scolopax falcinellus. the head; the membraneous furrow of the nostrils, Gen. 2. Numenius of Cuvier.–Upper mandible syhich is broad and concave, occupies nearly half the surpassing the lower. length of the bill; tarsi scaled with escutcheons. Scolapax arcuata.

Gen. 1. Psophia of Linné.—Bill shorter than the Gen. 3. Phaops of Cuvier.—Bill depressed to rest; the head and neck covered only with down; wards the point. circle about the eye naked.

Scolapax phaopus. Psophia crepitans of Linné.

Gen. 4. Falcinellus.—Bill of the phaops, but Ardea pavonia.

no great toe. A. virgo.

Gen. 5. Scolopax of Cuvier.—Upper mandible Gen. 2. Grus.—Bill as long, or longer than the exceeds the lower by an enlargement which has que head.

furrow.

S. rusticola. A. scolopacea. Bill thin, enlarged the last part S. gallinago.

S. major.

Ardea grus.

of its length.

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