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ihe tip.

S. Gallinu.a.

Parra chararia. S. paludosa.

Group 3. Ralli. Gen. 6. Rhynchæa of Cuvier.- Mandibles nearly Gen. Rallus. Head destitute of escutcheon. equal, arched slightly at the tip.

R. aquaticus. Scolopax Capensis.

R. crax, Gen. 7. Limosa of Bechstein.-Bill straight or

R. parzema. sometimes even slightly turned upwards; longer

Group 4. Fulicæ. than the scolopax.

Forehead furnished with a horny disk. Scolopax leucophica.

Gen. 1. Gallinula of Brisson.--Bill compressed; S. ægocephala.

toes very long. Gen. 8. Calidris of Cuvier.—Bill slightly de Fulica chloropus. pressed at the tip; nasal furrow very long.

F. nævia. Tringa arenaria.

Gen. 2. Porphyrio of Brisson.--Bill higher in Gen. 9. Pelidna of Cuvier.-Bill longer than the proportion; frontal plate large.

Support themhead ; toes with margins.

selves on one foot whilst they eat. Tringa cinchus.

Fulica porphyrio. T. Alpina.

Gen. 3. Fulica of Brisson.—Bill short; toes Gen. 10. Machetes of Cuvier.—Palmation be widened by a festooned border. tween their outer toes.

Fulica atra; F. atarrima et æthiops of Gmelin. Tringa pugnax.

Gen. 4. Glareola of Gmelin.-Bill short and co. Gen. 11. Arenaria of Bech.-Great toe wanting. nical, arched entirely; wings very long, often forked. Choradrius calidris rubidus of Gmelin.

G. Austriaca. Gen. 12. Phalaropus of Brisson.--Bill Hattened; Gen. 5. Phenicopterus. toes margined with broad membranes.

P. ruber. Tringa lobata.

ORDER VI.-PALMIPEDES. ANSERES. Phalaropus rufus ; tringa fulicaria. Gen. 13. Strepsilas of Iliger. Legs low; bill short, their viscera, not having a notch on each side.

Sternum very long, defending a great part of conical

, and even; nasal furrow less than half the Gizzard muscular; cæcal appendages long: inferior length of the bill.

larynx simple, but inflated in one family into cartiTringa interpres.

laginous capsules. Gen. 14. Totanus of Cuvier. -Bill thin, round, pointed; upper mandible arched a little towards Family 1. BRACHYPTERA.-Alis brevibus.

Legs placed further behind than any of the other Scolopax glottis.

families; wings short; plumage compact; confine S. fuxa.

themselves to the surface of the water. S. totanus.

Subdivision. 1. COLYMBI. S. calidris.

Bill thin, straight, compressed, pointed ; nostrils S. gambetta.

linear. S. ochrapus. Gen. 15. Lobipes of Cuvier.—The feet of the Middle nail fattened; tarsi very much compressed.

Gen. 1. Pediceps of Latham.-Colymbus of Bris. phalaropus joined to the beak of the totanus.

Instead of palmation, integuments spread out. Tringa hyperborea.

C. cristatus urinator. Gen. 16. Himantopus.--Bill round, slender, and

C. cornutus, obscurus, caspicus. pointed ; legs excessively high, thin, reticulated, and destitute of great toes.

C. povotis subcrustatus, rubricollis.

C. minor. Gen. 17. Recurvirostra.–Feet palmated; bill thin and turned up.

Gen. 2. Mergus of Brisson.— Feet palmated.

Colymbus glacialis, arcticus, immer.
R. avocetta.
R, Americana.

C. septentrionalis stellatus.

Gen. 3. Uria of Brisson.-Destitute of a great toe C. orientalis.

Colymbus troile.
Family 5. Digitis LongissIMIS.

Gen. 4. Cephus.—Bill shorter; back less arched Feet very long; suitable for walking upon

and without indentation. The symphysis of the

the weeds of a marsh. Body singularly flattened, a

lower mandible is very short. conformation effected by the narrowness of the

Colymbus minor of Grylle.

Subdivision. 2. ALCÆ. sternum; great toe very long. Group 1. Porræ.

Bill very much compressed, elevated vertically; Gen. Parra of Linne.---Feet with four very long dursum sharp, commonly furrowed across. toes, divided to the root; nails long, bill like that

Gen. 1. Fratercula.- Bill shorter than the head, of the varous; wings armed with a spur.

and higher at the base than it is long.
Alca artica ; Labradoria of Gmelin.

Group 1. Procellariæ.--Nostrils tubular
Group 2. Palamedeæ of Linné.

Gen. Procellaria.-Bill hooked at the point, exTwo strong spurs upon each wing; bill slightly tremity seems to be composed of a piece which is cloven ; somewhat compressed, not enlarged; up- articulated to the rest; nostrils united into a tube per mandible slightly arched.

upon the dorsum of the mandible. Gen. 1. Palamedea.-A long fine horny shaft upon Procellaria gigantea of Latham, quebrata huesos. the head.

P. Capensis. Gen. 2. Chauna.-Hind part of the head orpa These birds were our constant companions during mented with a circle of raised feathers, which, and several thousand miles, and quitted our company a the upper part of its neck, are covered with down. short time in the Blossom's passage round the Horn Vol. XXII.

3 D

P. jacana.
P. ænea.

Procellaria glacialis.

placed by itself from the 'Eciency of a great toe. P. pelagica.

Gen. 2. Lestris of Iliger.- Nostrils membranous, Gen. 2. Puffinus.—Lower mandible bent towards larger than in the genus larus, placed nearer the end the base with that of the upper. Nostrils not than the base of the bill. opening by a single orifice, but by two distinct Larus parasiticus. apertures.

L. crepidatus of Gmelin.
Procellaria puffinus.

Group 3. Sterne.
P. obscura.
P. æquinoctialis.

Bill straight and compressed, without any curGen. 3. Halodroma of Iliger.—Halodroma, from vature; nostrils at the base.

Gen. 1. Sterna.-Tail forked; no prominence. ålas the sea, and opouw, to run, alluding to its habit

Sterna hirundo. of running upon the sea through the assistance of

S. minuta. its wings, which is not confined to this genus. Bill similar to that of the preceding genera, but the throat

S. nigra, fissipes. is dilatable like that of the corinorant; great toe en

S. leucoptera of Tem. tirely wanting.

S. alba of Lay. Common in the South Pacife

Ocean; great numbers were seen by us in the Procellaria urinatrix.

Gen. 4. Pachyptera of Iliger.—Ends of the bill island of Pitcairn, hovering over a species of manfurnished with plates, as in the ducks.

grore tree which grows there; the eggs are white,

with dusky-red spots of unequal sizes. Proco aria furcata.

Gen. 2. Noddies.—Tail not forked bill slightly P. marina. P. fuliginosa.

prominent underneath.

S. sterna stolida.
P. vittata, cerulea of Gmelin.
Gen. 5. Alca.--Bill longer, and in form of the

Gen. 3. Rhyncops of Linné.-— Resemble te plate of a conteau ; wings too smail to support the all other birds by the comparative shortness of the

sternæ in several respects, but is distinguished from weight of the body. Procellaria lorde et pira of Gmelin.

upper mandible. P. impennis of Linné.

Rhyncops nigra of Lioné.
Group. 2. Aptenodytes of Foster.

Family 3. Pedibus PALMATIS. Wings with only the vestiges of feathers, which Great toe united with the rest by a single dezat first sight resemble scales; the trosis is enlarged brane. like the heel of a quadruped, and within are found

Group 4. Pelecani. three bones cemented together by their extremities. A certain space under the throat bare of feathers;

Gen. 1. Aptenodytes of Cuvier.-Manchots. Bill nostrils a very narrow chink; skin of the throat slender, long, and pointed ; the upper mandible dilatable; tongue small, for it would appear that somewhat arched towards the extremity, covered the materials of the tongue have been abstracted to with feathers nearly a third of the length, where is form the vast dilatation of the fauces. Pelecanus, seated the nostril.

from Telekus, an axe, applicable to the form of the Aptenodytes patagonica.

bill. Gen. 2. Catarrhactes.-Bill strong, somewhat Gen. 1. Onocrotalus of Bris.—Bill long, straight, compressed, pointed; dorsum round, the point some- and hooked; the flexible branches of the lower mafwhat arched.

dible bear on their edges a membrane dilatable Aptenodytes chorysocona.

into a large pouch. Gen. 3. Spheniscus.—Bill compressed, straight, ir Pelecanus onocrotalus of Linné. regularly furrowed at its base; the end of the upper P. Philippensis. mandible hooked, inferior truncated; nostrils in the P. fuscus. middle and bare.

Gen. 2. Halieus of Iliger.-Bill nearly the same ; Aptenodytes deomersa.

throat less dilatable; nail of the second toe hooked Family. 2. Alis LongissIMIS.

like a saw. This family is recognised by its great toe being

Pelecanus carbo. either free or deficient, very long wings, and bill P. graculus, Africanus. without denticulations, but hooked at the tip in the

Gen. 3. Pelecanus of Linné.-Tail forked ; feet first genera, and simply pointed in the rest. The short, membranes of the toes deeply hollowed out. inferior larynx has but one appropriate muscle on

Pelecanus aquilus of Linné. each side ; stomach muscular; cæcal appendages short, point somewhat arched, its edges hooked

Gen. 4. Sula. — Bill straight, slightly compressed

, short.

Group 1. Diomedea. Gen. DIOMEDEA of Linné, which see.

Pelecanus bassanus. D, spadicea.

Gen. 5. Plotus. See PLOTUS. D. chlororynchus.

Gen. 6. Phaeton. See PHAETON. D. fuliginosa.

Family 4.-Rostro LAMINIS INSTRUCTO. Color dusty black, a semicircular ring of white

Bill thick, clothed with a soft skin ; its edges

furnished with plates or small teeth ; tongue broad Group 2. Lari. See LARUS.

and fleshy, denticulated at its edges. In the Gen. 1. Lurus.- Nostrils narrow, in medial dis- greater number the trachea or windpipe of the tance from the base and the tip.

male is inflated near its bifurcation into capsules Larus marinus.

of different forms; gizzard large and very muscuI. glaucus argentatus.

lar; cæcal appendages long. L. cyanorcynchus catriscilla erythropus.

Group 1. Anseres L. canus, rudibundus, hybernus.

Bill large and broad, its edges furnished with L. tridactylis, rissa of Gmelin. Deserves to be prominent piates, fine and placed crosswise.

like a saw.

about the eye.

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