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ASSEMBLY at Edinburgh, August 30. 1639, Sell. 23
Act ordaining, by Ecclefiaftical Authority, the Subscription
of the CONFESSION OF FAITH and COVENANT, with the ASSEMBLY's Declaration.
HE General Allembly confidering the great happiness which
may flow from a full and perfect union of this kirk and kingdom, by joining of all in one and the fame Covenant with God, with the King's Majesty, and amongst ourselves; having, by our great oath, declared the uprightness and loyalty of our intentions in all our proceedings; and having withal fupplicated his Majesty's high commisfioner, and the lords of his Majesty's honourable privy council
, to enjoin, by act of council, all the lieges in time coming to fubscribe the Confession of Faith and Covenant; which, as a testimony of our fidelity to God, and loyalty to our King, we have fubfcribed : And seeing his Majesty's high commissioner, and the lords of his Majesty's honourable privy council, have granted the desire of our fupplication, ordaining, by civil authority, all his Majesty's lieges, in time coming, to subscribe the forefaid Covenant: That our union may be the more full and perfect, we, by our act and constitution ecclefiaftical, do
approve the forefaid Covenant in all the heads and clauses thereof; and ordain of new, under all ecclefiaftical cenfure, That all the malters of universities, colleges, and fchools, all scholars at the paffing of their degrees, all perfons suspected of Papistry, or any other error ; and finally, all the members of this kirk and kingdom, fubscribe the fame, with these words prefixed to their subscription, The article of this Covenant, which was at the first subscription referred to the de. termination of the General Affembly, being deterinined; and thereby the five articles of Perth, the government of the kirk by bishops, the civil places and power of kirkinen, upon the reasons and grounds contained in the acts of the General Assembly, declared to be unlawful within this kirk: We subscribe according to the determination foresaid. And ordain the Covenant, with
this declaration, to da infert in the registers of the Assemblies of this kirk, general, provincial, and presbyterial, ad perpetuam rei memoriam. And in all humility suppricate his Majesty's High Commiffioner, and the honour. able Estates of parliament, by their authority, to ratify and enjoin the same, under all civil pains; which will tend to the glory of God, preservation of religion, the King's Majesty's honour, and perfect peace of this kirk and kingdom.
CHARLES I. Parl. 2. Act 5.
Ad anent the ratification of the COVENANT, and of the Af
fembly's Supplication, Act of Council, and Act of Affembly concerning the Covenant.
At Edinburgh, June 1. 1640.
THE Estates of Parliament, presently convened by his Majesty's
special authority, considering the fupplication of the general Assembly at Edinburgh, the 12th of August 1639, to his Majesty's high commissioner, and the lords of his Majesty's honourable privy council ; and the act of council of the zoth of August 1639, containing the anfwer of the fajd supplication; and the act of the said general Affembly, ordaining, by their ecclefiaftical constitution, the fubfcription of the Confession of Faith and Covenant mentioned in their fupplication: And withal, having fupplicated his Majesty to ratify and enjoin the fame by his royal authority, under all civil pains, as tending to the glory of God, the prefervation of religion, the King's Majesty's honour, and the perfect peace of this kirk and kingdom; do ratify and approve the said fupplication,
act of council, and act of Aflembly; and, conform thereto, ordain and command the faid Confeffion and Covenant to be subscribed by all his Majesty's subjects, of what rank and quality foever, under all civil pains; and ordain the faid supplication, act of council, and act of the Aflembly, with the whole Confession and Covenant itfelf, to be insert and registrate in the acts and books of parliament, and also ordain the famen to be presented at the entry of every parliament, and, before they proceed to any other act, that the fame be publicly read, and sworn by the whole members of parliament, claiming voice therein ; otherwise the refusers to subscribe and swear the same, shall have no place nor voice in parliament: And fuch like, ordain all judges, magiftrates, or other officers, of whatsoever place, rank, or quality, and minifters at their entry, to swear and subscribe the fame Covenant, whers
the tenor follows.
Τ Η Ε
CONFESSION OF FAITH:
Subscribed at first by the King's Majesty, and his household, in the year
1580; thereafter by persons of all ranks in the year 1581, by ordinance of the Lords of secret council, and acts of the general Afsembly: Subscribed again by all sorts of persons in the year 1990, by a new ordinance of council, at the defire of the general. Affembly; with a general bond for the maintaining of the true Chrifiian religion, and the King's person; and, together with a resolution and promise, for the causes after expressed, to maintain the true seligion, and the King's Majesty, according to the foreJain Confefion und acts of parliament, subscribed by Barons, Nobles
, Gent'emen, Burgeses, Ministers, ana Commons, in the year 1638 : Approven by the general Afemlily 1638 and 1639 ; and subscribed again by pero Jons of all ranks and qualities in the year 1639, by an ordinance of cuncil, upon the suppiicetion of the general Assembly, and all of the general sembly, ratified by an act of parliament 1640; and subscribed by King Charles II. at Spey, June 23. 1050, and Scoon, January to 1651.
WE all and every one of us underwritten, protest, That, after
long and due examination of our own consciences in matters of true and false religion, we are now throughly resolved in the truth by the word and Spirit of God: and therefore we believe with our hearts, confefs with our mouths, subscribe with our hands, and constantly affirm, before God and the whole world, that this only is the true Christian faith and religion, pleasing God, and bringing salvation to nian, which now is, by the mercy of God, revealed to the world by the preaching of the blessed cyangel; and is received, believed, and defended by many and fundry notable kirks and re. alms, but chiefly by the kirk of Scotland, the King's Majesty and three estates of this realm, as God's eternal truth, and only ground of our salvaticn; as more particularly is expresied in the confeffion of our Faitli, established and publicly confirmed by fundry acts of parlian:ents and now of a long time hath been openly professed by the King's Majesty, and whole body of this realm both in burgh and land. To the which confession and form of religion we willing; ly agree in our conscience in all points, as unto God's undoubted
truth and verity, grounded only upon his written word. And therefore we ablior and deteft all contrary religion and doctrine; but chiefly all kind of Papiftry in general and particular heads, even aş they are now damned and confuted by the word of God and kirk of Scotland, Bụt in fpecial we deteft and refuse the usurped authority of that Roman Antichrist upon the scriptures of God, upon the kirk, the civil Magiltrate, and consciences of men: all his tyrannous laws niade upon indifferent things against our Christian liberty: his erroneous doctrine against the fufficiency of the written word, the perfection of the law, the office of Christ, and his blefied evangel: His corrupted doctrine concerning original fin, our natural inability and rebellion to God's law, our justification by faith only, qur imperfect fanctification and obedience to the law; the nature, number, and use of the holy facraments : His five bastard facra ments; with all his rites, ceremonies, and falfe doctrine, added to the ministration of the true facraments without the word of God : "his cruel judgment against infants departing without the facrament: His abfolute neceflity of baptism: His blafphemous opinion of tranfubftantiation, or real presence of Christ's body in the elements, and receiving of the same by the wicked, or bodies of men : His difpensations with folemn oaths, perjuries, and degrees of marriage forbidden in the word: His cruelty against the innocent divorced : His devilish mals: His blafphemous prieithood: His profane facrifice for fins of the dead and the quick: His canonization of men; calling upon angels or faints departed, worshipping of imagery, relics and crofses; dedicating of kirks, altars, days; vows to creatures : His purgatory, prayers for the dead; praying or speaking in a strange language ; with his processions, and blafphemous litany, and multitude of advocates or mediators : His manifold orders, auricular confession : His defperate and uncertain repentance: His general and doubtsome faith: His fatisfactions of men for their fins: His justification by works, cpus operatum, works of fupererogation, merits, pardens, peregrinations, and stations; his holy water, baptizing of bells, conjuring of spirits, crossing, sayning, anointing, conjuring, hallowing of God's good creatures, with the fuperititious opinion joined therewith: His worldly monarchy, and wicked hierarchy: His three folemn vows, with all his shavellings of fundry forts: flis erroneous and bloody decrees made at Trent, with all the subscribers or approvers of that cruel and bloody band, conjured against the kirk God. And finally, we detest all his vain allegories, rites, figns, and traditions brought in the kirk, without or against the word of God, and doctrine of this true reformed kirk; to the which we join ourselves willingly, in doctrine, faith, religion, discipline, and use of the holy facraments, as lively members of the same in Christ our Head : Promising and swearing, by the great name of the LORD our GOD, that we shall continue in the obedience of the doctrine and discipline of this kirk*, and thall defend the fame, according to * The Confeflion
ribed at Halyrud-house, the 25th of February 1587-8, by, the king, Lennox, Huntly, the chancellor, and about 950her perlons, haih bere added, “ agreeing to the word.” Sir John Maxwell of Sollock hath the original parchment.
our vocation and power, all the days of our lives; under the painis contained in the law, and danger both of body and foul in the day of God's fearful judgment.
And seeing that many are stirred up by Satan, and that Roman Antichrist, to promise, swear, fubfcribe, and for a time use the holy faeraments in the kirk deceitfully, against their own confcience ; minding hereby, firft, under the external cloke of reßgion, to corrupt and fubvert fecretly God's true religion within the kirk ; and afterward, when time may ferve, to become open enemies and perfecutors of the fame, under vain hope of the Pope's difpenfation, de vifed against the word of God, to his greater confufion, and their double condemnation in tủe day of the Lord Jefus: We therefore, willing to take away all faspicion of hypocrify, and of fuch double dealing with God and his kirk, protest, and call the Searcher of all hearts for witnefs, that our minds and hearts do fully agree with this our confeffion, promife, oath, and fubscription: So that we are not mroved with any wordly respect, but are perfuaded only in our confcience, through the knowledge and love of God's true religion imprinted in our hearts by the holy Spirit, as we shall answer to him in the day when the secrets of all hearts shall be disclofed.
And because we perceive, that the quietnefs and ftability of our religion and kirk doth depend upon the fafety and good behaviour of the King's Majesty, as upon a comfortable instrument of God's mercy granted to this country, for the maintaining cf his kirk, and miniftration of justice amongst us ; we protest and promife with our hearts, under the fame oath, hand-writ, and pains, that we fhall defend his perfon and authority with our goods, bodies, and lives, in the defence of Christ his evangel, liberties of our country, miniftration of justice, and punishment of iniquity, against all enemies within this realm or without, as we defire our God to be a strong and merciful defender to us in the day of our death, and coming of our Lord Jefus Christ ; to whom, with the Father, and the Holy Spirit, be all lionour and glory eternally. Amen.
LIKEAS many acts of parliameịt, not only in general do abrogate, annul, and refcind all laws, statutes, acts, comtitutions, cations civil or municipal, with all other ordinances, and practique penal
. tics whatfuever made in prejudice of the true religion, and profef fors thereof; or of the true kirk, discipline, jurisdiction, and freedom thereof; or in favours of idolatry and fuperftition,or of the papistical kirk: As, Act 3. Act 31. Parliament K Act 23 Parl. Ir. ACE 114. Parl. 12. of King James VI. That papifury and fuperftition may be utterly supprefled, according to the intention of the acts of parliament, repeated in the 5th Act, Parl. 20. King James VI. And to that end they ordain all Papifts and priests to be punished with manifold civil and ecclesiastical pains, as adversaries to God's true religion, preached, and by law established within this realin, Act 24. Parl. 11. King James VI. as common enemics to all Chrifti an government, Act 18. Parl. 16 king James VI. as rebellers and gainii anders of our fovereign Lord's authority, Act 47. Parl. 3. King