Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science: An Account and a Reappraisal
Open Court, 1987 - 209 من الصفحات
Bacon's scientific method is commonly thought to proceed mechanically to its infallible end. In this book however, Urbach presents Bacon's philosophy in an alternative light which acquits him of several errors. Urbach describes Bacon as an experimental scientist and examines the criticisms made against him, one of which was that he did not understand the roles of mathematics and science. Bacon was not a traditional metaphysician and was alarmed at the lack of progress in science since ancient times, especially the lack of practical results. He attempted to open up a middle path between practical experience and unsupported theorizing. The author intends to clarify rather than defend Bacon's work.
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The Standard Interpretation
Bacons Principles of Induction
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anticipation appear argued argument astronomy atoms axioms Bacon believe bodies called causes certainly Chapter claim clearly cold collection colour concerning conclusion considered correct course criticism described detailed direct discovered discovery discussion doubt earth effect established evidence example experimental experiments explain expressed facts final follows force further Gilbert hand heat hypotheses idea idols induction infallible instances interpretation italics kind knowledge laws lead light Magnete material mathematics matter means merely method mind motion namely nature necessary never objects observations original particles particular perhaps phenomena philosophy physical Popper positive possible practice predictions present principles probable produce question reason referred regarded rejected remarks reports scientific seems sense similar simple specific speculation substances suggested tables theory things thought true understanding University vacuum various writings
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