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with Harrison, and with Whieldon.—Subsequent establishment.-French goods
superseded by Queen's Ware.-He promotes the making of the canal.-Builds his
manufactory on its banks.-Etruscan vases introduced.-Mr. Bentley received
into partnership.-Their curious and multifarious productions.-Exhibition-rooms.
-Barberini vase.-Mr. J. Wedgwood's account thereof.-His pyrometer.-His
evidence before the Privy Council.-His honour, character, fame, fortune, decease,
and family.-The Village of Etruria. - Manufactory. Etruria Hall. Other
STOKE-UPON-TRENT.-The name of Stoke defined.-Early seat of a church.-Intro-
duction of Christianity into Britain.-Extent of the ancient parish.-Church indi-
rectly noticed in Domesday.-Caverswall probably a member.-Subsequent notices
of Stoke in ancient records.-Vivian of Stoke, King John's chaplain.-Incidents
respecting him.-Advowson appendant to the Manor of Newcastle.-Pope Nicholas'
taxation.-Inquisition of Nones.-Ecclesiastical survey of Henry VIII.-Erdes-
wick's notice of Stoke.-Curates' salaries.-Progressive history of the rectory.—
Act of 1807, for dividing the parish.-Table of income of the several rectories,
1831.-Advowson, purchased by John Tomlinson, Esq.-His management.—Act
of 1827, for selling the tithes, &c.-Funds produced thereby.-Other resources
of the living.-View of the late church.-Situation and description in 1824.-
Church ales.-Probable era of its foundation.-List of rectors.-Parochial notices.
-Churchwardens' and overseers' accounts.-Produce of rates, &c. in the 17th
STOKE-UPON-TRENT continued.-The new parish church.-Ceremonial of its
foundation.-Commemorative inscription.-Architectural details.—Splendid east
window.-Monuments and other notices.-National school.-Charitable gifts.-
Stoke Hall.-Dr. Lightfoot's biography.--Notices of several rectors; viz., Dr.
STOKE-UPON-TRENT continued, Parochial notices as to the poor. — Parish
Workhouse.-Table of annual expenditure.-Parish boundary.-Church-rates.—
Registration of births, &c-Table of births, &c.-Dissenters' chapels.-Schools.
-Election statistics.-Inns, &c.-Town of Stoke described.-Eminent deceased
manufacturers; viz., Hugh Booth, Josiah Spode (1st., 2nd., and 3d.), Thomas
Wolfe, Thomas Minton.-Parkes, the chemist.-Present manufacturers; viz,
Copeland and Garrett, Minton and Boyle, W. Adams and Sons, &c.-Town Hall.
-Market. Proposed Town-house and new market. - Canals.-Wharfs. - Gas
works. Steam mill. - PENKHULL WITH BOOTHEN. - Formerly distinct
hamlets.-Domesday notice of Penkhull.-Etymologies.-Hides of lands and
knight's fees.-Territorial observations.-Landed proprietors.-Ancient village
and potteries.-Intended church.-Tileries.-Mansion, &c.; viz., the Mount,
Cliff Ville, Cliff-Bank Lodge, Longfield Cottage, Hart's-Hill Church, Stony-Field
STOKE-UPON-TRENT.-The Out-Townships.-Newcastle and Burslem referred to.—
WHITMORE, formerly a member of Stoke,-Its ancient history and ownership.-
Family of Mainwaring, present lords.-Their origin and pedigree.-Whitmore
Hall and church.-Grand Junction Railway.-CLAYTON.-Partly within Trent-
ham.-Clayton Griffith.-Great Clayton, its ancient history.-Families of Clayton,
Lovatt, and Booth, centering in Wise.-Their pedigree.-SEABRIDGE, its
ancient and modern history.-Trentham briefly noticed.-BOTTESLOW, its
ancient and modern history.-BUCKNALL, its ancient and modern history
and church.-Ubbeley.-Family of Verdun.-EAVES, a member of Bucknall.—
ASH, mansion of Job Meigh, Esq.-BAGNALL, its ancient history.-Family
of Murhall.-Judge Bradshaw.-Greenwood Hall. - Parish of Bucknall and
Bagnall, and rectory.-NORTON IN THE MOORS, formerly a member of
Stoke. Notices of the manor, church, mines, &c.
FENTON-CULVERT AND FENTON-VIVIAN.-FENTON-CULVERT, its etymology
and ancient seigniory. - Orm of Darlaston, (Protector of Burton Abbey).—A
scene of wager of battle.-Alina, Lady of Darlaston.-Her grant of Fenton-
Culvert to Thomas de Biddulph.-Halimote of Culverd's Low.-Family of de
Verdon, Lords of Buckenhall, &c.-Historical deduction of the manor of Fenton.-
Family of Smith of Fenton, and pedigree.-Family of Allen.-Landed proprietors.
-New church.-Schools.-FENTON-VIVIAN, its ancient manorial character and
proprietary.-Erdinton family.-Essex ditto.-Family of Broad, and pedigree.-
Thomas Whieldon.—Landed proprietors.—THE TWO FENTONS COMBINED,
their divisions.-Manufactories.-Dissenters' chapels and schools.-Mansions.-
LONGTON AND LANE-END.-Position, &c., of the town of Longton.-Ancient
notices of the manor.-Extracts from Testa de Nevill.-Former and present pro-
prietary-Iron mines and ancient furnace.-Copious springs of water.-Reser-
voir. Hamlet of Lane End.-Village of Meir.-Mansions.-Park Hall.-Pedigree
of the family of Parker.-Longton Hall.-Account and pedigree of the families
of Gresley, Bowyer, &c.-Original school at Lane End.-Episcopal chapel there.
-Its re-edification, description, clergy, registers, &c. National school and
charities.-Longton new church.-Clergy.-Rectory-house.-District parish of
Longton.-Parochial schools.-Dissenters' chapels and their statistics.-Markets.
-Bankers.-Manufacturing firms.-Collieries.-Iron furnaces.-Curious geolo-
gical fact.-Brewery.-Inns and beer-houses.-Highways.-Lighting.-Profes-
Stipendiary Justice Act of 1839.—Local Police Act of 1839.—Court of Requests'
Act.-General election of June, 1841, and disgraceful riots.-Chartist Insurrec-
tion in August, 1842-Population returns, 1841.-Extract from an ancient author
on porcelains.-Notice of Benson's patent for grinding flint.- Correction of the
memoir and pedigree of Sneyd.-Richard the Forrester.-Ancestry of Robert de
Stafford.-Genealogy of the old Norman chieftains. Family of Bowyer, of
Knypersly.-Sundry corrections, omissions, and errata..............
Diagram of Roman Roads and Stations
Roman Coins found near Madeley, 1817
Christ Church, Tunstall (vignette)
Apedale Hall, the Seat of R. E. Heathcote, Esq.
Brownhills, the Seat of John Wood, Esq.......
Watlands House, the Seat of Spencer Rogers, Esq.......
Portrait of James Brindley, the Engineer
Warder's Tower, Knypersley Park (vignette)
Ancient Map of Burslem, and Plan of the New Market
The Turk's Head and Ivy House (vignette)
St. Paul's Church, Burslem....
Town Hall and Market House of Burslem...
View of Messrs. Samuel Alcock and Co.'s China Manufactory, Burslem.... 265
East Front of the Manufactory of Enoch Wood and Sons, Burslem
West View of the House and Manufactory of Enoch Wood, Esq.
Ruins of Biddulph Hall and Farm House (vignette)......
View of Rushton Grange, 1800 (vignette)
Conventual Seal of Hulton Abbey
Albion House, Shelton, the Residence of W. Parker, Esq.
Grove House, Shelton, the Residence of Charles Meigh, Esq....
Shelton Old Hall, the Birth-place of E. Fenton, the Poet....
Old Church of Stoke (vignette)
Clayton Hall, the Seat of J. A. Wise, Esq.
Longton Hall, the Seat of R. E. Heathcote, Esq.
INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. EARLIEST NOTICES OF THE DISTRICT-BRITISH TRIBE (CORNAVII),-DRUID TEMPLE, CALLED BRIDE-STONES-STATION OF ROMAN TROOPS AT DEVA, (CHESTER), MEDIOLANUM, (CHESTERTON),— ROUTES OF ANTONINUS, VIA DEVANA, OR RYKENELD STREET, DISTINGUISHED FROM IKENELD STREET.-ERDESWICK'S NOTICE OF CHESTERTON, ITS PRESENT APPEARANCE,-ROMAN COINS FOUND IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD,-DISSERTATION ON LYME WOODLANDS.
LOCAL HISTORY has long been an object of interesting regard to the Republic of Letters, and has exercised the labours and talents of men of various ranks and qualifications. Some have raised monuments of extraordinary magnitude, and of rich and rare materials, to the honour of their native counties; or, of the counties, cities, districts, or places, which they have thought proper to select for the display of their genius; whilst others, of more humble grade, have sought to gratify general or local curiosity, and facilitate research and reference, by the compilation of Topographical Dictionaries, Guides, and Directories. Numerous works, indeed, of both descriptions, have issued from the press, of late years, which have been commonly received with public favour. Not a district, or a town of any importance, is without its local history or directory, or a combination of both; nor has the ground over which we now propose to travel remained hitherto altogether unbroken; though we shall endeavour to trace out paths not previously trodden, and to explore fields hitherto altogether uncultivated and unknown.
The Topography of the District which is the subject of our work, will be particularly detailed in subsequent chapters; we propose, here, to make some preliminary observations as to its title to notice in the most remote and in successive eras of our national history. Situate nearly in the centre of the British Tribe, called by Ptolemy, CORNAVII, and which a modern author, of no mean pretensions, informs us, signified the "Holy District, or Country of the Priesthood,*" it may be supposed to possess some relic of Druidical superstition; or, at leas of British sepulture, in Barrows: but if there be any of the latter, they remain yet to be explored; and we know of only ONE neighbouring monument which clearly connects the District with the Druidical period-viz.