« السابقةمتابعة »
HE Articles will be found to be fully explained in the following RULES; yet it may not be improper to give the Learner here an Example of their Declenfions.
The Definite Article Il. or Lo. the or a, Mafculine. La the or a, Feminine.
Voc. o. o.
Abl. dallo. from the, or from a.
Plur. Nom. gli. the.
Gen degli. of the.
Acc. g. the.
dagli. from the.
The Articles il, and lo, Singular, with their Plurals i, li, and gli, ferve to the Mafculine Gender, and la Sing. le Plural to the Feminine.
Of the NOUNS.
HE Nouns in the Italian Tongue do not vary their Cafes, but like to the English and French, their Cafes are diftinguished by the Article only; and the Nouns in the Italian Tongue terminate or end in one of the Vowels a, e, i,
I fhall give an Example of the Declenfion of Nouns, with the Articles, as in the foregoing Chapter, according to their Terminations.
I. NOUNS ending in a are of the Feminine Gender, and make their Plural in e.
NOUNS of this Gender, beginning with a Vowel, make the Article apoftrophed in this wife:
Sing. Nom. l'ànima,
Gen. dell' ànima,
of a foul.
Note. 1. Nouns ending in ca and ga, introduce in the Plural Number before the laft Vowel, in order to foften the Pronunciation; as, la manica a fleeve, le maniche Plur. la piaga a wound, le piaghe Plur.
2. Nouns ending in ty in English, and in Italian in tà accented, make their Termination alike in both Numbers, Singular and Plural; as, Chastity,
la caftità, le caftità Plur. Purity, la purità, le purità Plur.
3. Nouns of this Termination in a, being Names of Offices or Dignity, are Masculine, and make their Plural in i; as, il profeta a Prophet, li profeti Plur. il podeftà a Governor, makes li podestà Plur. il papa a Pope, i papi Plur.
II. Nouns ending in e, both Masculine and Feminine, Subftantives and Adjectives, make their Plural in i.
Nom. le Madri,
Exception to this Rule, il Rè a King makes i Rè in the Plural; as do alfo, la Specie a Figure, le Specie; la Superficie the Superficies, le Superficie; l' Effegie the Effigies, le Effegie; la Temperie the Seafon, le Temperie, and fome others.
Bue an Ox makes Buoi in the Plural, Moglia a Wife makes Mogli, Mille a Thousand makes Mila Plural.
Note. I. Nouns which end in me, are of the Mafculine Gender; as, il Fiume a River, il Verme a Worm; except two only, la Speme Hope, la Fame Hunger.
II. All Nouns ending in ore, are of the Masculine Gender; as, il Cuore the Heart, il Calore Heat, &c. Alfo Nouns ending in re and nte, except a few of each Termination; as, la Madre a Mother, la Torre a Tower, la Polvere Duft, la Febre a Fever, which are of the Feminine Gender. In nte, there are but two Nouns of the Feminine Gender, viz. la Gente a Nation, la Mente the Mind.
Alfo the Italians fay il and la Fante a Man or Woman Servant, il and la Fronte the Forehead ; and the Variation of the Gender in other Nouns is generally as in Latin, and will be found in the Dictionary, and readily occur by Practice.