« السابقةمتابعة »
AGE 10, Line 16, read with a Vowel or the.
Of thefe, Five are Vowels.
The Others are Confonants..
Note. K. X. Y. are not Letters of the Italian Tongue; except the Letter Xin Xantho, a Man's Name, to diftinguish it from Sento, holy. Alfo the Letters J and V Confonant, though fometimes ufed, are not reckoned in the Italian Alphabet.
Of the Pronunciation of the VOWELS.
I. A, is founded broad like aw in English, as, Panc, Bread, fay, Pawne.
II. E, is pronounced like the English e, when by itfelf.
III. I, is pronounced like ee in English, as, minimo the least, say, mećnimo.
IV. O, has two different founds.
1. The Letter O fcunds open, that is, ftreng and clear, as in the English words dore, ftore; and this is the most general ufe of this Letter, except in words that correfpond with the following Rules, when O is pronounced close, that is, more soft, or like U in turret,
2. O is clofe, that is, founded more soft when accented, in words ending in one, ora, ore, oro, of; as, oratióne prayer, qual-hóra fometimes, Signore Sir, coloro those, amorós amorous.
O is pronounced close before l, m, n, r; as, colmo topfull, pronounce culma; ponta a point, fay punta; Róma Rome, fay Ruma: Alfo, before gn theo is clofe; as, Bologna Bologne, fay Bolunnia.
O, after i and u, founds open or strong; as, chioma a head of hair, cuore a heart, fay choma, córe.
Except from this last Rule duo, tuo, fuo, virtuofo; in which words the u is pronounced as double 00, by reason the u and o make two fyllables, du-o, tu-o, &c.
V. U, Vowel, is pronounced like On in English; as, Lúna the moon, read Lóona: Note that, u before another Vowel, beginning a word, becomes a Confonant, and is pronounced as in English; as, vostro yours, vitio vice, &c.
Uu, between Vowels, is pronounced as a fingle u; as, auvenire to happen, fay avenire.
Of the CONSONANTS.
HE Confonants that differ moft from the English Pronunciation, are C. G. Z. to thofe may be added H. S. T.
C, before the Vowels a, o, u, is pronounced like K in English; as, cafa a houfe, fay kafa; collo a neck, fay kollo; cura care, fay kura.
Alfo, C, when double, or before the letter h, is pronounced ftrong; as, vacca a cow, fay vakka; fpéechi looking-glaffes, fay Spekky.
C, before e and i, founds like che, chi, as in the English words, Cherry, Children; as, céna a fupper, fay chéna; Cefare Cefar, fay Chefare; città a citty, fay chittà.
Cc, before e and i, the firft is pronounced like unto 7 foftly; as, accento an accent, fay atchento; bracchio an arm, fay bratchio.
G, before the Vowels a, o, u, is pronounced as in English.
G, before the Vowels or i, is pronounced like the English Confonant j; as, género a fonin-law, fay jenero; gelo froft, fay jelo. If g comes between either of thefe Vowels, it is pronounced as if d was before it; as, vigilante watchful, fay vidgilánte.
Gg, before e or i, the firft g is pronounced as d, and the latter as g; as, oggeto an object, fay adgetto; hoggi to-day, fay odgi.
G, before, founds alfo like 1; as, figlio a fon, fay fillio: Except in these words, Inglese, negligenza, negletto, globo, conglutinare, in which words g founds like as in English.
G, before n, is founded like another n, and the found of the letter i follows after the last n; as, agnallo a lamb, fay anniello; regno a kingdom, fay rennie.