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30.

Clare (Fitz Gibbon, Lord), his commanding in- calamitous event of the war for France, 76 ;

fluence as Chancellor of Ireland, 92; style of the French victory of Bacon, 77; sorties from
eloquence, ib.; daring spirit, 93 ; deadly and Paris, ib.; technical inferiority of the French,
life long feud with Curran, ib. ; crisis of the 80; hence two German soldiers may be esti.
quarrel, 94 ; particulars of their duel, 95; Fitz mated as equal to three French, ib, ; ten bat.
Gibbon's deliberate aim, ib.; parallel between tles of the army of the Loire within thirteen
Thurlow and Fitz Gibbon, 96 ; anecdotes of days against the best German troops, ib.;
lis antagonism with Curran, 96, 97 ; chal General Trochu's attack, 80, 81 ; moral advan-
lenged by the Hon. S. Butler, 97, 98; his tage of the French in the operations of the
arrogance in the House of Lords, 99; dis 30th November, 81; physical advantage, 82;
honoured funeral, ib.; humane conduct in the. barbarity of the Germans and the terror inspir-
case of Lord Edward Fitz Gerald, ib; witti. ed by them, 83 ; burning of Cherizy, ib.; sui-
cisms, 100.

cides of women, old men, and whole families,
Clay's (James, M. P.), treatise on Short Whist ib. ; the servants of the pious King of Prussia, .

84; the war since Sedan stigmatised by Eu
Clonmel (Earl of), Chief Justice of the King's rope as one of conquest, 85; the present posi.
Bench in Ireland, 92.

tion of France paralleled in Prussia's desperate
Coleridge's (Sir J. F.) letter to Canon Liddon on situation in the Seven Years' War, 86.

the advantages of an establishment, 247. Francis (Sir Philip), the author of Junius's Let.
Collins's . Ancient Classics for General Readers, ters, 187.
a useful series, 284..

French defeat, causes of, 138; the chronic revolu.
Conington's (Professor) Horace, 274. See Horace. tion for eighty years, 139; the 'cyclical period
Corpus Historicum projected by the Master of of French Constitutions about twenty years,
the Rolls, 215.

140; logical consequences of Napoleon III.'s
Cotton's "Compleat Gamester,' 25.

policy with the army, 141 ; the victories of
Cromwell, answer of Hampden to Lord Digby Prussia the fruit of systematic preparation, 144.
respecting, 40.

See Napoleon III.
Curran and Lord Clare, anecdotes of their an-

tagonism, 96; his attack on Lord Clare before
the Privy Council, 97; Curran's proposed pre-

Gambetta, virtually Dictator of France, 76.
paration for a duel with Egan, 100.

Geneva Convention, 252 ; blessings due to it, 263.
Cyrenius or Quirinus, Governor of Syria, investi-

German grudge against England, 49.
gation of the date of the Census of Judæa

--- armies, organization of, 21; dreadful ty-
taken under, 268; sketch of his career by

ranny of their military system, ib.
Tacitus, ib. ; forged and genuine inscriptions

and French history, contrast between the

two most momentous epochs of, 195; cause of
relating to him, 272, 273.

the war of 1806 between France and Prussia,
Danby's Test Act, 171.

196; analogy between that precipitate rupture

and that of 1870, 196, 197; the possession of
Debreaux (Emile), specimen of his songs, with
translation, 116.

Metz & standing menace and national humilia-
Deschapelles's . Traité du Whiste,' 30.

tion to France, 200.
Dickson's ' History of Japan,' 284; the most ac-

Girondins, song of the, 118.
curate account of Christianity in the islands,
290.

Habeas Corpus Act, strange story respecting its
Doctrinaires (French), apology for, 197.

carrying in the House of Lords, 172.
Downing Street, perpetual change in the normal Hamilton (Duke of ) and Lord Mohun, duel of, 89.
condition of, 146.

Hamley (Colonel) on the war, 262.
Dryden's praise of Lord Shaftesbury, 168. Handwritings, systematic instruction on the com-
Duelling, anecdotes of Irishi, 98.

parison of, 188.
Dunning, when Solicitor-General, anecdote of, Hara-kiri, the Japanese, 287.
167.

Hardy's (Sir T.) descriptive catalogue of chroni-

cles and memorials, 216.
Edwards's (Edward), ‘Libraries and Founders of Haze (red), inspiring the young soldier with a
Libraries,' 201..

fury to shed blood, 264.
Elcho's (Lord), ‘Letters on Military Organiza Historiographers of religious houses, 216.
tion,' 301.

History, two grand sources of, the State Papers
Emperors, different types of, 199.

and the Chronicles, 218; demands on the his-
Erskine, repartee of Garrow to, 102.

torian have become more rigid and exacting,
Experts in comparison of handwritings, Mr.Twis. ib.
leton's observations ou, 177.

Homonadenses, a robber tribe, sabdued by Qui.

rinus, 270.
Fenian invasion of Ireland, conjectures respect- Horace, translated into English verse by Profes
ing a, 19.

Bor Conington and Mr. Theodore Martin, 274 ;
Fitton (Sir A.), Chancellor of Ireland, 88.

the modus operandi of the two translators com-
Fletcher's (Judge), charge to the jury in a case pared, 275; metres employed by them, 276;
of duelling, 98.

the palm of case with Martin, of terseness with
Florus, corrupt texts of, 272.

Conington, 277; comparison of various pas-
France, its unsurpassed prosperity under the sages of the two translators, 278; their crite-

Second Empire, 1 ; sudden overthrow unparal. | rion trial-ground Horace's satiric pictures in the
lelod in history, 2.

'Journey to Brundisium'and Horace's Bore,'
- invasion of, 65; the Government of Na 280; specimens of the translations of the satire
tional Defence,' 66 ; base of operations for all *Ibam forte viâ,' 281 ; Mr. Martin's excellence
the German forces, 69; details of the march in the gnomic sentences of Horace, ib. ; the
on Paris, 69, 70; every advantage obtained by gastronomic satires, 282; Professor Coning-
either side traceable to superiority of concen ton's compensatory principle, ib.; two classert
tration, 70; the surrender of Metz the most of readers to benefit by those versions, 284.)

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Hortense (Queen), author of Partant pour la | Kildare (Earl of), Lord Deputy of Ireland, 87.,

Syrie,' 116.
House of Commons, how its decisions are influ- Langrishe's (Sir H.) personation of Banquo's

enced, 148; the democratic revolution of 1852 Ghost, and consequent duel with Flood, 95 ; a
and the legislation of 1867, 150 ; our adminis bon vivant, 96.
tration tends more and more to the vice of Lewin's New Testament Chronology.' 267.
drifting, 151 ; paralysis of government, ib. Lessons of the War, 137; the war a remarkable
Howes's (Rev. F.) translation of Horace, 276. . experiment illustrating political science, 145 ;
Hoyle's Treatise on Whist, 28; founder of whist, war, to the vanquished, the same under the

Prussians as under Attila, ib.; an army ready
to take the field in 3 weeks now a condition

of national safety, 147 ; inefficiency of our de-
India, Revenues of. The main revenue of all

fensive preparations, 151 ; our destiny bound
Indian native states derived from the land, 50;

up with that of Belgium, Turkey, and Sweden,
sourcrg of extra' revenue, ib.; the revenue of

152 ; the great need of the crisis a military
the Government about half the rental of its

organization, ib. ; the great lesson of the war
whole Inrian territories, 52; the salt-tax from

to drive out from us the prophets of optimism,
500 to 2500 per cent. on the prime cost, 52, 53;

153; we live in an age of blood and iron,'ib.;
revenue from spirits and intoxicating drugs,

to escape misery and dishonour, no trust to be
53, 54; parallel between the injurious effects

placed in moral influence or faucied restraints
of opium and spirits, 54; the opium revenue

of civilisation, ib.; to trust in untrained valour
64 millions sterling, ib. ; the stamp revenue

and self-devotion, the silliest of delusions, ib.
nearly 24 millions, ib.; administration of jus-

Lifford (Hewitt, Lord), Chancellor of Ireland, 91 ;
tice nearly self-supporting, ib. ; effective reve-
nue 40 millions raised, ib.; expenditure, 55;

an example of two inaxims, 92.

00: Lincoln, the Church of, 122 ; students of, 125 ;
after deductions, 27 millions of spendable or

its schools of architecture and niusic, 126 ; of
net income, ib.; average annual cost of the

divinity, ib.; three points in the daily corpo
army, military buildings, and the marine de-

I rate life of the Cathedral, 128.
partment, ib. ; summary of the income and ex-

| Laudare and Laudum, ecclesiastical meaning of,
penditure of the British Indian empire, 55, 56 ;
deficit of 3 millions, 56; income-tax, ib. ; rela-

123.,
tive value of labour and money in India, 57 ; | Malet (Sir A.) on Bismarck's policy: 42. 49.
population of British India, ib. ; proportionate

Mann's (Nicholas) Latin Essay relating to the
value of labour in this country and in India as |
8 or 10 to 1, ib.; the land revenue not a tax on

date of Christ's ministry, 273.
individuals, ib.; how far new taxation neces-

Marseillaise (La), origin of the song, 111.

Martin of Galway and his fighting opponent
sary, 59; the value of money in India falling,

Daly, 98; his vituperation of the Chancellor
and prices rising, ib. ; the Indian army, Euro-

(Ponsonby) in the Irish House of Commons, 101.
pean and Native, 61 ; average annual expense

-_ 's (Theodore) translation of Horace, 274,
of a European soldier in India. 2001.. ib.: Indian

(See Horace.)
railways, 62; the secret of Indian financial dif-
ficulties, 63; comparison of Indian with Eng.

Martyrology, horrors of, 294.
lish taxation, 64; two cardinal facts in regard

Matthews's Advice to the Young Whist Player,
to Indian taxation, 65.

Methuen, Chancellor of Ireland, 89.
Ireland, its disaffection, 18; probable result of a

Midleton (Lord), Chancellor of Ireland, 90.
Fenian invasion of, 19; Irish disloyalty would

Millington's translation of Horace, 277.
be cured by a twelve months' occupation by a

Moltke's (von) detailed plan for the invasion of
foreign army, ib.

England, 86.

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29.

Japan, Christianity in, 289; Nobunanga's massa. Napier's (Sir Joseph), Chancellor of Ireland, legal

cre of the Bonzes and demolition of their tem- knowledge and political integrity, 306.
ples and monasteries, 291; he permits the Je. Napoleon I.'s brilliant strategy caused a revolu.
suits to rebuild their church, ib. ; history of the tion in warfare, 20.
missionaries during the reign of Taicosama, - III., material prosperity of France
292; Don Augustin, a powerful Japanese prince, under, 140; bis one paramount consideration
the head of the Christian party, 293; rebellion outside purely industrial legislation, ib.; myg.
of the Christians of Arima under intolerable tery of his conduct in declaring war, 141 ;
persecutions, 295.

essential feebleness of his government, 142;
Jesuits, their daring and intrigues everywhere what would have averted his fall, 143 : his

about the beginning of the seventeenth cen policy contrasted with that of the King of
tury, 292.

Prussia, ib.
Julia Alpinula, her famous epitaph the work of National defence, twofold problem of, 2; French
a modern hand. 271.

and English dockyards and arsenals compared,
Janius (Letters of ), evidence of their being writ 3, 4; sale of Deptford and Woolwich Dock-

ten by Sir Philip Francis, 176 ; the letters writ yards, 4; inadequate state of the Thames de-
ten in a feigned hand, 180; two classes of evi. fences, 5; increase in the thickness of armour-
dence identifying the handwriting with that of plating and the bore and charge of guns, 6;
Sir Philip. ib.; facsimiles of his handwriting the Staunch' and other gun-boats, 7; inse-
and that of Junius, ib. ; peculiarities common curity of Malta and Gibraltar, 8; hypothetical
to both, 181 ; M. Chabot's mode of investigating consequences of an invasion of England, 9;
the formation of letters, 183, 184; nine instan. | cost of a British soldier 1001. per annum, 10;
ces of habits common to Junius and Francis, compared with that of a French or Prussian
184; their attention to punctuation, 185; com one, ib. ; inefficiency of the militia, 11 ; steady.
parison of paper used by Junius and Francis, ing effect of the volunteer movement on the
186; conclusive nature of M. Chabot's argu French colonele, 12; recommendation of the
ments, 188.

Commission of 1860 for a central arsenal at

Cannock Chase, 13; reply to an objection ! attack on him in the Irish House of Com-
against the fortification of large cities, 13, 14;1 mons, 101.
question of the fortification of London, 14; | Porter (Sir C.). Chancellor of Ireland, 88.
estimate for the complete defence of Chatham, Portuguese expeditions to the East, 284.
17; progress of the power of the United States, Propertius supposed to be Horace's · Bore,' 280.
Russia, Prussia, and France, 20, 21 ; the mise Prussia, historical position giving peculiar
rable pretext of economy the ruling passion of strength to the reigning house, 145 ; Prussia's
our statesmen, 22; where our real danger ruling passion territorial aggrandisement, .97;
lies, 23.,

its conduct respecting Hanover exposed by Mr.
National Guards (French), its tendency to create Fox in 1806, ib.; military view of the Prussian
reyolutions, 190.

system, 200; Prussia's German policy, by Pro-
Nativity of Christ, the common era of, untrust fessor Schmidt, ib. ; the country's position be-

wortly, 266; not later that the year 5 before fore the war, 248.
the common era, ib.,

Prussian army, its unity of action and of com-
Naval battles, ramming in, 3.

mand, 11; the Prussian system must be
New York and Boston, unassailable defences adopted by France, Austria, and other na- , ,
of, 7.

tions, 21.
Norbury (Toler, Lord) as a duellist, 98; Lord | Purchase system in the army misreprosented,

Clare's opinion of his unfitness for the judicial 302 ; its benefits conferred on the nation, 304. .
seat, 100.

Record Office (National) described, 201 ; former
O'Connell's duel with D'Esterre, 93 : challenged

restrictions on reference to State Papers, 202,
by Sir Robert Peel, ib. ; Lord Norbury's sar-

203 ; Mr. Cole's description of the condition of

public muniments, 203; Prynne's report of
casm on, ib.

The state of the records to Charles II., 204 ;
O'Flanagan's Lives of the Chancellors of Ireland,
86 ; character of the work, 107, 108.

extortionate fees abolished, 205; the task of
Opium, question whether it is more injurious

making catalogues or calendars, 206; names
than spirits, 54; great extension of its cultiva-

of their editors, 207; the minutest details of
tion in China, 60.

social life and domestic manners contained in
the State Papers, 207, 208; comparison be.

tween manuscript and printed calendars, 210;
Pan-Teutonism, 46; summary of the Pan-Teu. Mr. Tytler's remarks on Catalogues raisonnées,

tonic creed, 47 ; designs on German Switzer 211; the calendars take the reader behind the
land, Flemish Belgium and Holland, 48.

scenes, 212; their utility to history, 213.
Paris, its vast circumference the principal cauşe Redesdale (Lord), Chancellor of Ireland, 100:
of its strength, 73.

jokes at his expense, ib.
Peel (Sir R.), as challenged and challenger to Republic (French), the monomania expressed by
duels, 98.1

the principles of 1789,' 190; the French re
Pensions (Civil List), their aggregate amount public always a scourge or a sham, 191 ; Se-

18,0001. or 20,0031. a-year, 219; Act of Parlia-' cond French Republic (1848), 192.
ment establishing pensions on the Civil List, Roche (Sir Boyle) in the Irish House of Conj. . .
k 220; number and amounts of pensions granted mons, 172.

during the present reign, ib.; pensions for Rouget de l'Isle, author of La Marseillaise,'111.
military services, 221; naval, 222; foreign and Rowan's (A Hamilton) challenge to Sir Robert
colonial, ib.; services in public offices, 223; Peel, 98.
miscellaneous, ib.; for useful discoveries in Ruff-and-Honours, game of, 25.
science, 224; pensions of 3001. ib.; of 2001. Russian property in France, delicacy of the Ger-
down to 50%., 224, 225 ; pensions for attain- mans towards, 256, 257.
ments in literature, 226; lists of pensions from
3001. to 1001., 226, 227; from 90l, to 201., 227, Shaftesbury (first Earl of), his autobiographical
228; questions suggested by an examination fragments, 155, 156 ; descent, 156 ; a striking
of the names and nationalities of literary pen instance of pr. cocity, 157; life at Exeter. Col-
sions, 229; suggestions for the future manage - lege, ib. ; successful resistance to tucking
ment of the Pension List, 230, 231,

freslimen,' 158 ; a constant sufferer from dis
Phipps (Sir Constantine), Chancellor of Ireland, easo, 159; chosen burgess for Tewkesbury to

the Short Parliament, ib. ; elected for Downton
Plunket (Lord), free from the faults attributed to to the Long Pariament, ib.; offers tlie King to

the Irish school of eloquence, 101 ; Sir G. C. undertake the general pacification of the realm
Lewis's comparison of Pitt and Plunket as if the required powers were vested in him, ib;
orators, ib. ; family and early career, 102; renounces the King's party, 160; honour and
early eminence in criminal cases, ib. ; returned delicacy respecting his knowledge of the king's
for the borough of Charlemont, 103; imme affairs, ib ; appointed Field-Marshal General,
diate collision with Lord Castlereagh on the ib.; gallantry in storming Abbotsbury, ib, ;
Union, ib.; invective against Castlereagh, ib.; participation in a popular superstition, 161 ; -
his part in the debate on the Union, 104 ; speech makes common cause with Cromwell, ib. ;
of, on Catholic emancipation in the British speech in Richard Cromwell's Parliament, 162 ;
House of Commons, 105 ; answer to a proposed tone and style of his speeches, 163; plays an
votę of censure on him, 106; jockeyed out of active part in the measures leading to the Re.
the woolsack to make way for Lord Campbell, storation, 164; made Baron Ashley for his ser-
ib.; his judicial career less successful than his vice in accomplishing it, 165; rivalry with Clar-
forensic and political, ib.; his wit, 107; the endon, ib.; member of the famous Cabal, 166;
boast and ornament of his country, ib.; his made Lord Chancellor and an Earl, ib.; re-
luminous career closed in darkness and stores the equestrian procession of the judges,
gioom, ib.

167; estimate of his judicial character, 168 ;
Pole's (Dr.) theory of whist, 30.

required to give up the Great Seal, 170; cour-
Ponsonby,' Chancellor of Ireland, 100 ; Toler's! tesy of Charles II. to him, ib.; aggressive

90.

measures against the Court, ib.; defeats Dan. 11 art of fortification an application of the same
by's Test Act, 174; conflicts with the bishops, principle, ib.; mode of conducting a sortie, 72.
ib. ; committed to the Tower, ib. ; a saying of - Usages of. Terins imposed expressly in
his rivalled by Sir Boyle Roche, 173; the Ro. foresight of future war, 247; means of keeping
man Catholic Disqualification Act and the Ha war within the influence of civilisation, 248;
beas Corpus Act his work, ib. ; attacked by difference between international and domestic
Dryden in Absalom and Achitophel,' 173 ; law, ib. ; complaints against the Germans for
fight to Holland, 174; summary of his cha. violations of the usages of war, 249; plea, at-
racter, ib. ; his two theories of character and tempting to justity the Germans, 250; the
conduct, 175; anecdotes of his ready wit and Convention of Geneva, 252 ; the privilege of
humour, 175, 176.

quarter, ib.; the laws of war as promulgated
Shaftesbury (the present Earl of), his intellec by the Prussians, 254; evils of the requisition
tual, moral, and political character, 176.

system as opposed to paying for supplies, 254,
Simmons's (Sir Lintorn) pamphlet on the army 255; 80udenirs' carried away by the Prus.
of Great Britain, 301.

.sians, 255; parallel between the hordes of:.
Songs, national, 108.

Alaric round Rome and the hosts of Raiger
-- (French patriotic), “Vive Henri Quatre,' Wilhelm about Paris, 250 ; unnecessary cruel-
108, the royalist song, 'O Richard, O mon ty at Tours, 257; barbarous proceeding at
Roi,' ib. ; origin of Pauvre Jacques,' 109; the Strassburg, ib.; refusal to recognise the
revolutionary song, 'Ça ira,' ib. ; the name of Francs-tireurs, 258 ; comparison of them with
Carmagnole, 110 ; the Marseillaise,' the chief the Landsturm, ib.; our Volunteers have no
patriotic song, 111; its origin, ib. ; the Chanti more authorisation than the Francs-tireurs, ib.;
du Départ,' with translation, 113; the · Réveil difference between the 'citizen armies’of Prus.
da Peuple,' 114; the Napoleonic anthem, sia and France, 260 ; inhuman reprisals at Ne

Partant pour la Syrie,' 116 ; songs of Béran mours, ib.; the repetition of similar 'military
ger and Emile Debreaux, ib. ; 'Les Conscrits executions'in Denmark, 260, 261; the fate of
Montagnards,' with translation, 117; historical Nogent-le-Roi, 261 ; vengeance at Châteaudua,
songs of the later crises of France, 118; · La 261, 262; two new practices of the Germans as
Parisienne,' representative of the Revolution to the law of hostages, 262; the law of Sils
of 1830—with translation, ib. ; ‘Mourir pour la pected persons,'ib.; objects needing settlement
Patrie,' ib. ; songs of the Revolution of 1848, by a new convention, 264.
119; De Musset's German Rhine,' withi trans Whist, origin of the word, 25; the same as Rufi
lation, ib.; songs sprung from the present · and Honours while in an imperfect form, ib. ;
time, ib.; C'est notre Tour,' with translation, its new designation' whisk,' ib.; the name an
120.

interjectio silentium imperans, 26 ; French ac
Surtees (the historian of Durlam) his Northum count of the word, ib. ; whisk and swabbers,

brian ballad alleged by him to be of the olden ib. ; Hoyle moulds the game into a scientific
time, 271 ; adopted by Sir Walter Scott in his form, 27; short whist, 29; anecdote of Talley-
‘Border Minstrelsy,' as a genuine traditional rand, Charles X., and Louis Philippe, 30; chá-
ballad, ib.

racteristics of the works of Dr. Pole, Mr. Clav,
Syria, list of governors of, about the birth of and Cavendishi, ib. ; combination of the lands
Christ, 271.

the basis from which the play springs, 31; Dr.

Pole's fundamental theory of the modern sci-
Talleyrand's mot on whist, 30.

entific game, ib. ; language of the game for
Taylor's Junius Identified,' 185.

communication between partners, 33 ; Spanish
Temple's (Sir R.) ‘Indian Finance,' 56.

proverb on whist, ib.; the art of signalling,
Theological colleges, 133.

ib. ; the call for trumps, 34 ; Paley's justificis
Thomson's (A.), 'Whist, a Poem in 12 Cantos,' 29. tion of advantages gained by skilful play, ib. :
Thorlak, bishop in Iceland, 125.

accidents of the game, 35; four cases of bad
Trevelyan's (Sir C.). • Indian Finance,' 52.

play, 35, 36 ; the three great points of modern
Triumph, game of, 24.

whist, 37; memoranda of important points of
"Tucking freshmen at Exeter College, 158. the modern game, ib.
Twisleton (Hon. E.), on the identification of the Will case (the Matlock) determined by compari-
author of Junius, 176; the only work convey: son of handwritings, 188.
ing systematic instruction on the comparison Wilson's (Rt. Hon. Jaines) Indian finance, 59.-
of handwritings, 188.

Wolsey's (Cardinal) death-bed, 209.
Tycoon' of Japán, a word neither Japanese nor
European, 287.

Xavier (Francis), the Jesuit missionary, gails for

the Indies, 285; triumphant success of his mix
Vaticinium Lehninense, 195.

sion, ib. ; the Apostle of the Indies, 280; his
Venetian Calendar (Brown's), 208.

striking character, appearance, and manner of
Venn's Life and Labours of St. Francis Xavier,' 1:fe, ib.; death and canonisation, 289; his won)-
284.

derful labours, courage, energy, self-denial, and
Vicars' College at Hereford, 137.

concern for the souls of his fellow-creatures, ib.
Volunteers as an element in our defensive
strength, 11.

Young Men's Christian Associations, 131.
Votes gained by Parliamentary speecles, instan-
ces of, 105.

Zumpt's (Dr.) theory of the dates of the Nativity

and the Passion, 267 ; his success in solving å
War, definition of the science of, 70; success des difficulty gloated over by Dr. Strauss as inse)

pends on superiority of concentration, ib. ; tlie luble, 273.

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