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strèpe erásed or polluted, nor a single stàr obscured ; bearing for its motto, nò such miserable interrogatory as “ What is all this worth ?nor those ôther words of delùsion and fòlly,“ Liberty first, and Union ăfterwards; but everywhere, spread all over in characters of living light, blazing on all its ample folds, as they float over the sea and over the lànd, and in every wind under the whole héavens, that ôther sentiment, dear to èvery trúe Américan héart—Liberty and Union, now and forèver, óne and inseparable.

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of this famous speech Macaulay says : “The energy and pathos of the great orator extorted expressions of unwonted admiration from all ; and, for a moment, seemed to pierce even the resolute heart of the defendant. The ladies in the galleries, unaccustomed to such displays of eloquence, excited by the solemnity of the occasion, and perhaps not unwilling to display their taste and sensibility,

in state of uncontrollable emotion. Handkerchiefs were pulled out; smelling-bottles were handed round; hysterical sobs and screams were heard, and some were even carried out in fits. At length, the orator concluded. Raising his voice, till the old arches of Irish oak resounded, he said :



"I impeach him in the name of the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament assembled, whose parliamentary trust he has abused.

"I impeach him in the name of the Commons of Great Britain, whose national chàracter he has dishonored.

“I impeach him in the name of the people of India, whose làws, rights, and liberties he has subvèrted.

“I impeach him in the name of the people of India, whose pròperty he has destroyed, whose country he has laid waste and dèsolate.

"I impeach him in the name of human náture itself, which he has cruelly outraged, injured, and oppréssed, in both sexes. And I impeach him in the náme and by the vírtue of those eternal láws of justice, which ought equally to pervade every dge, condition, rànk, and situation, in the world."

V. COMPOUND STRESS. Compound stress is a combination of the radical and the vanishing stress upon the same word. Indeed, it may be considered as a very emphatic form of the emotional circumflex inflection. It is applied, like the circumflex, to express extreme astonishment, irony, sarcasm, mockery, and contempt. It is the stress of extreme emotion.

In the following examples, the words upon which the compound stress falls are marked with the circumflex inflection.


1. Repeat, three times, with extreme astonishment: ăh ! indeed!

2. Repeat, three times, with strong emphasis and the falling circumflex : êve, âle, arm, âll, ôld, ôoze.

3. Repeat, with strong force and the rising circumflex: ä, ē, i, o, ū; the same with the falling circumflex, 4. Bănished from Rome! What's banished but set free

From daily contact of the things I loathe ?
He dâres not touch a hair of Catiline.

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Gone to be mărried ! gone to swear a peace!
Fălse blood to false blood joined ! gone to be friends!
Shall Louis have Blănche, and Blanche these provinces ?


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Is Sparta déad ? Is the old Grecian spirit frozen that you do croặch and cówer like a belabored hoặnd beneath his master's lăsh ?

Must I bådge ?
Must I observe you? Must I stand and crouch
Under your testy hằmor? By the gods,
You shall digest the venom of your spleen
Though it do splît you ; for, from this day forth,
I'll use you for my mărth, yea, for my laughter
When you are wáspish !


8. FROM CICERO's ACCUSATION OF VERRES. Is it come to this? Shall an inferior magistrate, a góvernor, who holds his whole power from the Roman people, in a Roman province, within sight of Italy, bånd, scourge, torture with fire and red-hot plates of źron, and at last put to the infamous death of the cross, a Roman citizen ?


1. Intermittent stress, or the tremor, is the tremulous force of voice upon a sound or a word. The tremor is characteristic of the tottering feebleness of old age, of the weakness of sickness, or of the tones of a person shivering and trembling with cold, or with fear.

2. It naturally occurs in the utterance of fear, grief, joy, sobbing, and laughter, when the emotions are so strong as to enfeeble the flow of breath. In extreme pathos, the voice often trembles or quickens with emotion.

3. This form of stress must be very delicately applied, for, in excess, it becomes ridiculous.

4. Concerning the appropriate application of this form of stress, Prof. Russell remarks: “In the reading or the recitation of lyric and dramatic poetry, this function of voice is often required for full, vivid, and touching expression. Without its appeals to sympathy, and its peculiar power over the heart, many of the most beautiful and touching passages of Shakespeare and Milton become dry and cold. Like the tremolo of the accomplished vocalist in operatic music, it has a charm, for the absence of which nothing can atone-since nature suggests it as the genuine utterance of the most delicate and thrilling emotion.

5. “The perfect command of tremor requires oftenrepeated practice on elements, syllables, and words, as well as on appropriate passages of impassioned language.

DRILL ON TREMOR. 1. Inhale ; give the tremulous sound of long a, thus : ā—ā-ā-ā, etc., prolonged until the breath is exhausted.

2. In a similar manner, take each of the remaining long vowel sounds, ē, i, ā, ū.

3. Take a similar drill on ä; on a; on o.

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Pity the sorrows of a poor


тап, Whose trembling limbs have borne him to your door, Whose days are dwindled to the shortest span ;

Oh! give relief ; and Heaven will bless your store !

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“Ho! why dost thou shiver and shake, Gaffer Gray ? And why does thy nose look so blue ?"

'Tis the weather that's cold,

'Tis I'm grown very old, And my doublet is not very new ; Well-a-day !



And still there came that silver tone,
From the shriveled lips of the toothless crone-

Let me never forget to my dying day
The tone or the burden of her lay-

Passing away! passing away !


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1. A fool, a fool, I met a fool in the forest;

A motley fool, a miserable varlet. 2. Oh! then I see Queen Mab hath been with you.


5. So Mary said, and Dora hid her face By Mary. There was silence in the room; And all at once the old man burst in sobs :I have been to blameto blame! I have killed my son ! I have killed himbut I loved himmy dear son ! May God forgive me !—I have been to blame. Kiss me, my children !


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She prayed, her withered hand uprearing,

While Harry held her by the arm-
God! who art never out of hearing,

O may he never more be warm !
The cold, cold moon above her head,

Thus on her knees did Goody pray:
Young Harry heard what she had said,

And icy cold he turned away.
No word to any man he utters,

Abed or up, to young or old;
But ever to himself he mutters,

Poor Harry Gill is very cold.
Abed or up, by night or day,

His teeth may chatter, chatter still:
Now think, ye farmers all, I pray,

Of Goody Blake and Harry Gill.


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