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reagh to say, “ Whilst the Roman Catholic Clergy feel a becoming confidence in the purity of their own intentions, and justly appeal to the tests by which they have solemnly disclaimed all the noxious tenets that have, in former times, been imputed to their Church : whilst they declare that they owe no obedience to the Pope, inconsistent with their duty as good subjects; and that their allegiance to the external Head of their Church is purely spiritual, and restricted to matters of faith and doctrine: yet, they must be too well versed in the history of mankind not to feel, and to allow, that, so LONG AS SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY IS

BY MEN, PRONE TO MIX ITSELF IN TEMPORAL CONCERNS, more espe-.. cially in matters which may be considered as affecting the interests of the Church itself, since a taste for power is inseparable from human nature ; and that the times may return when the power and influence of the See of Rome, if not restrained by wholesome regulations, may be turned against the temporal interests and security of the State.

“Why is the British Government alone, of all the powers in Europe, to remain exposed to a danger, against which it has been the invariable policy of all other States, Roman Catholic as well as Protestant, to provide ?"

See this whole Speech in Mr. Charles Butler's Historical Memoirs of the Catholics, Vol. II. CI. xxxix. $ 6.

LETTER XVII.

SIR,

I HAVE affirmed, in my last Letter, that the oppressive and infamous “ Laws of the Congregation of the Index," published at Rome, still remain in full force; and that they are, accordingly, sometimes insisted on by the

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Vicars Apostolic acting in Great Britain. How truly, therefore, did Dr. Geddes declare, that “ every one who knows what Popish principles are, must consider them as radically incompatible with civil government; and only ceasing to be hurtful by contingency and circumstances. I have no hesitation," said this loyal Catholic PRIEST,“ in asserting, that a GENUINE CONSISTENT PAPIST cannot be a good subject under any government! There is hardly a nation in Eu. rope, which has not at times experienced this : and as to their fawning on the established Clergy, it is truly ridiculous! The established Clergy must be dim-sighted indeed, if they can deem such homage sincere, and snuff up incense from a Romish censer.- I have heard a Bishop of the Establishment compared, by a Pope's Vicar, to the skin of a calf stuffed with straw, for the purpose of inducing the deceived cow to let down her milk."

Even Sir John Throckmorton and Mr. Berington were so bold as to admit, that “ as long as the present Ecclesiastical Government (by Apostolical Vicars) continues, neither the principles nor the allegiance of the Catholic Clergy are secure.” A letter of M. Quarantotti to Dr. Poynter proves this.

The Pontiff himself, on the 17th of April 1808, in his Memorial to M. Champigny, stated very plainly, that the personal allegiance claimed by the reigning civil power over the French Cardinals, “could not avail against the sacred obligations undertaken in the Church of God;" thus evincing the nullity and absolute childishness of all ties to temporal governors, which they who rule in the Church may determine to be prejudicial to the interests of their “ DIVINE HIERARCHY.

Mr. Charles Butler has printed a very learned pamphlet to demonstrate the supremacy of the Bishop of Rome. But, JUDGE BLACKSTONE observes, that “ while Papists acknowledge a foreign power, superior to the sovereignty of the kingdom, they cannot complain if the laws of that kingdom will not treat them upon the footing of good subjects :" and, it was well said by King Henry VIII. in his speech on the 11th of May 1532, “ All the Prelates at their consecraa tion make an oath to the Pope, clean contrary to the oath which they make to us; so that they seem to be his subjects, not ours.

Bishop Poynter, in his examination by a Committee of the House of Commons, in 1816, as also in a letter which I myself received from him (dated August 24, 1813), plainly shows his settled determination to be governed by the « Laws of the Congregation of the Index."S And Bishop Milner, in his late Inquiry into the Vulgar Errors of the Irish, complained of certain Societies in the following terms: “ Among other pious frauds of these Societies in Ireland, in order to trick the Catholic inhabitants out of their religion, is that of endeavouring to persuade them that their own Popes and most eminent Divines advise them to lay aside their Catechisms, turn a deaf ear to their Pastors, and hammer their own religion out of the several books of the Bible. For this purpose they have published and circulated among the Catholic poor, a garbled and corrupt translation of a letter from Pope Pius VI. to Martini of Florence, in comimendation of his translation of the Scriptures into Italian: but they have taken care to suppress the passages

in which His Holiness enforces the Rules of the Index, and praises the work for having notes to explain difficult passages conformably to the doctrine of the holy fathers."

The irreconcilable opposition between our Church and that of Rome in the article of reposing on Scripture ALONE

& See a “Correspondence on the Formation, Objects, and Plan of the Roman Catholic Bible Society; including Letters from the Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Clifford, Right Rev. Bishop Poynter, Rev. Peter Gandolphy, Ant. Richard Blake and Charles Butler, Esqrs.-with Notes and Observations, exhibiting the genuine Principles of Roman Catholics. London, 1813.”

Church says,

(without human authority) for salvation, is very striking: our

says, “ Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation; so that, whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation.” The sacred books then enumerated as Canonical, exclude what the Church of Rome (in opposition to most of the earliest Fathers) imposes' on its followers as equal in authority with the rest: and our twentieth Article enforces the doctrine already delivered in the sixth, denying all right in the Church to “ ordain any thing that is contrary to God's word written; neither may it so expound one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another."

The author of the History of the Jesuits has given a body of irrefragable proof, “ that the Church of Rome is as much opposed at this moment, as she has been at any former period of her history, to the introduction of THE BIBLE 'into her system of education ; and that, in point of fact, her present Bishops, Vicars Apostolic, and subordinate Clergy, do now object to the reading of the Sacred Volume, without their own unscriptural comments and glosses-that they vilify Bible Societies, censure their Members, scandalize the motives of all who join those Societies ; and, in short, do still oppose themselves, on all occasions, to the general use and free circulation of the Scriptures of eternal truth.

“Upon this, indeed, as on other points to which she has pertinaciously adhered, in defiance alike of scriptural truth and of right reason, we are at a loss whether to feel most astonishment and indignation at her obstinate attachment to the grossest errors, or at the ignorant assertions of certain ill-informed Protestants; who contend that the Church of Rome is influenced at present by more liberal principles than she once avowed ; and even approximates,

in the spirit of genuine charity, to a cordial co-operation with such Heretics as ourselves.

“If any thing approaching to such superior principles, and such an improved spirit, could be shown to exist on the part of the Catholics, there is no sincere Christian, and no honest man, who would not heartily hail and rejoice in their appearance. It is, however, but too evident, that the direct contrary of all this is the fact; and it therefore behoves us to ascertain, in the midst of abundant profession, which costs nothing, and means as little, whether, while the voice which we hear is the voice of Jacob, the hands be not the hands of Esau."

From the materials there collected, the writer observes, « that the Roman Catholic Clergy, residing at this moment in our own Metropolis, are decided, as one man, against the employment of the Bible in the work of Education, except to serve a purpose; that their objections are not only to the Bible, as translated by Protestants, but also to the indiscriminate use of their own version of the Bible: and that such is the length to which their prejudice and bigotry have conducted them, that they object altogether to any Extracts being used by Children from the Protestant version ; even although it should be certain that the passages extracted were, totidem verbis, the same as in the Catholic version!!! We likewise find a sufficiently distinct avowal, on the part of their Priesthood, that the most profound ignorance and vice are more desirable in the Children of Roman Catholics, than that they should be permitted to associate with other children of different religious denominations, for the purpose of Education ; although no mixture of religious instruction should be attempted to be inculcated, beyond the use of the Bible as a Class Book.

" It further appears, that a School in St. Giles's, which was founded upon this broad principle, and had been remarkably instrumental in cultivating the minds, and improv,

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