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K. Ricb. What doth our coufin lay to Mowbray's charge? It must be great, that can inherit us s So much as of a thought of ill in him.
Boling. Look, what I speak my life shall prove it true; That Mowbray hath receiv'd eight thousand nobles, In name of lendings for your highness' soldiers ; The which he hath detain'd for lewd employments', Like a false traitor, and injurious villain. Besides I say, and will in battle prove, Or here, or elsewhere, to the furthest verge That ever was survey'd by English eye,That all the treasons, for these eighteen years Complotted and contrived in this land, Fetch from false Mowbray their first head and spring. Further I say,—and further will maintain Upon his bad life, to make all this good, That he did plot the duke of Gloster's death * ; Suggest his foon-believing adversaries ; And, consequently, like a traitor coward, Sluic'd out his innocent soul through streams of blood : Which blood, like facrificing Abel's, cries, Even from the tongueless caverns of the earth, To me, for justice, and rough chastisement; And, by the glorious worth of my descent, This arm shall do it, or this life be spent.
K. Rich. How high a pitch his resolution soars !
Nor. O, let my sovereign turn away his face,
5-tbat can inherit us &c.] To inberit is no more than to postels, though such a use of the word may be peculiar to Shakspeare. Again, in Romeo and Juliet, Act I. sc. iii
“ Irberit at my house." STEEVENS, See vol. i. p. 79. n.9. MALONE. 6 – for lewd employmenis,] Lewd here signifies wicked. It is to used in many of our old ftatutes. Malone.
- tbe duke of Gloster's deacb;] Thomas of Woodstock, the youngest Son of Edward III. ; who was murdered at Calais in 1
How God, and good men, hate so foul a liar.
K. Rich. Mowbray, impartial are our eyes, and ears:
Nor. Then, Bolingbroke, as low as to thy heart,
The honourable father to my foe,
K. Rich. Wrath-kindled gentlemen, be rul’d by me ;
Gaunt. To be a make-peace Thall become my age :-
K. Rich. And, Norfolk, throw down his.
Gaunt. When, Harry : ? when ?
8 When, Harry ? ] This obsolete exclamation of impatience, is like-
my fair name, &c.] That is, my name ibat lives on my grave in despight of death. This easy pallage most of the editors seem to have mistaken. JOHNSON.
and baffled bere;] Bafted in this place means treated with the greatest ignominy imaginable. So, Holinthed, vol. ii. p. 827, and 1218, or annis 1513, and 1570, explains it : “ Bafulling, says he, is a great disgrace among the Scots, and it is used when a man is openlie perjured, and then they make of him an image painted, reversed, with his heels upward, with his name, wondering, crieing, and blowing out of him with horns.” Spenser's Faery Queen, b. v. c. 3. ft. 37; and b. vi. c. 7. ft. 27. has the word in the same fignification. TOLLET. The same expression occurs again in Twelfth Night, fc. ult.
“ Alas, poor fool ! how have they bofled thee?" Again, in K. Henry IV. P. I. Ad I. fc:ii: an I do not, call me villain, and baffle me.” STEEVENS.
Which breath'd this poison.
K. Rich. Rage must be withstood :
K. Rich. Cousin, throw down your gage ; do you begin.
Boling. O God defend my soul from such foul sin! Shall I seem creft-fall’n in my father's fight? Or with pale beggar-fear impeach my height Before this out-dar'd dastard? Ere my tongue Shall wound mine honour with such feeble wrong, Or sound so base a parle, my teeth shall tear The slavish motive 3 of recanting fear; And spit it bleeding, in his high disgrace, Where Thame doth harbour, even in Mowbray's face.
[Exit GAUNT. K. Rich. We were not born to sue, but to command : Which since we cannot do to make you friends, Be ready, as your lives shall answer it, At Coventry, upon faint Lambert's day; There shall your swords and lances arbitrate The swelling difference of your settled hate; Since we cannot attone you, we shall see Justice design the victor's chivalry.
Lord - but not change their spots :] The old copies havebis spots. Corrected by Mr. Pope. MALONE.
3 Tbe slavis motivem ] That which fear puts in motion. JOHNSON.
4 Justice defign-] To design in our author's time fignified to mark out. See Min fheu's Dict. in v. “ To designe or fpew by a token. lalo Denotare. Lat. Defignare.” At the end of the article the reader is re
Lord Marshal, command our officers at arms
Enter Gaunt, and dutchefs of Glosters.
Dutcb. Finds brotherhood in thee no sharper spur?
s- durcbefs of Glijter.] The Duchess of Glofter was Eleanor Bo. hun, widow of Duke Thomas, son of Edward III. WALPOLE.
i be part I bad-] That is, my relation of consanguinity to Gloster. HANMIR.