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In that thou seest thy wretched brother die,
Gaunt. Heaven's is the quarrel; for heaven's substitute,
Dutch. Where then, alas! may I complain myself?? Gaunt. To heaven, the widow's champion and defence. Dutch. Why then, I will. Farewell, old Gaunt. "hou go'st to Coventry, there to behold Our cousin Hereford and fell Mowbray fight: O, fit my husband's wrongs on Hereford's spear, That it may enter butcher Mowbray's brealt! Or, if misfortune miss the first career, Be Mowbray's fins fo heavy in his bosom, That they may break his foaming courser's back, And throw the rider headlong in the lists, A catiff recreant 8 to my cousin Hereford ! Farewell, old Gaunt; thy sometimes brother's wife, With her companion grief must end her life.
7 - may I complain myself?] To complain is commonly a verb neuter, but it is here used as a verb active. Dryden employs the word in the same sense in his Fables. STEEVENS.
So allo Fairfax and other contemporaries of our author. MALONI.
8 A caitiff recreant-] Cairiff originally signified a prisoner; next a Nave, from the condition of prisoners ; then a scoundrel, from the qualities of a Nave.
Ημισυ της αρενς αποαινυλαι δελιον ήμαρ.
I do not believe that cairiff in our language ever signified a prisoner. I take it to be derived, not from caprif, but from cherif, Fr. poor miserable. TYRWHITT.
Gaunt. Sifter, farewell: I must to Coventry :
Gosford-Green near Coventry.
Enter the Lord Marshal? and AUMERLE.
unfurnish'd walls,] In our ancient castles the naked stone walls were only covered with tapestry, or arras, hung upon tenter-hooks, from which it was easily taken down on every removal of the family. See the Preface to the Housebold Book of tbe Fifth Earl of Northumberland, begun in 1512. STEEVENS.
• To seek out forrow that dwells every where :] Perhaps the pointing might be reformed without injury to the sense :
let him not come there To seek out forrow :-that dwells every where. WHALLEY. 2 – Lord Marshal] Shakspeare has here committed a Night mistake. The office of Lord Marshal was executed on this occafion by Thomas Holland, Duke of Surrey. Our author hasinadvertently introduced that nobleman as a distinct person from the Masthal, in the present drama. MALONE.
Mar. The duke of Norfolk, sprightfully and bold, Stays but the summons of the appellant's trumpet.
Aum. Why then, the champions are prepar’d, and stay For nothing but his majesty's approach. Flourish of trumpets. Enter King RICHARD, who takes
his feat on his throne; GAUNT, and several noblemen, who take their places. A trumpet is founded, and anfwered by another trumpet within. Then enter NorFOLK in armour, preceded by a herald.
K. Rich. Marshal, demand of yonder champion
Mar. In God's name, and the king's, say who thou art,
Nor. My name is Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk; Who hither come engaged by my oath, (Which, heaven defend, a knight should violate!) Both to defend my loyalty and truth, To God, my king, and my fucceeding iflues, Against the duke of Hereford that appeals me; And, by the grace of God, and this mine arm,
3 And fom] The old copies read-Asso. STEEVENS. Corrected by Mr. Rowe. MALONE. 4 - Norfolk , ] Mr. Edwards, in his MS. notes, observes, both from Matthew Paris and Holinthed, that the duke of Hereford, appellant, entered the lists firit ; and this indeed must have been the regular method of the combat; for the natural order of things requires, that the accuser or challenger should be at the place of appointment first. STEEV.
5 – and my fucceeding ilue, ] Thus the first quarto. The folio reads ---bis fucceeding iffue. The first quarto copy of this play, in 1597, being in general much more correct than the folio, and the quartos of 1603, and 1615, from the latter of which the folio appears to have been printed, I have preferred the elder reading. MALONE.
Mowbray’s issue was, by this accusation in danger of an attainder, and therefore he might come among other reasons for their fake; but the reading of the folio is more just and grammatical. JOHNSON.
To prove him, in defending of myself,
ceded by a herald.
Boling. Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby,
Mar. On pain of death, no person be so bold,
Boling. Lord Marshal, let me kiss my sovereign's hand,
Mar. The appellant in all duty greets your highness, And craves to kiss your hand, and take his leave.
K. Rich. We will descend, and fold him in our arms. Cousin of Hereford, as thy cause is right, So be thy fortune in this royal fight! Farewell, my blood; which if to-day thou shed, Lament we may, but not revenge thee dead.
Boling. O, let no noble eye profane a tear For me, if I be gor'd with Mowbray's spear: As confident, as is the falcon's flight Against a bird, do I with Mowbray fight.My loving lord, [to Lord Marsh.] I take my leave of you ;Of you, my noble cousin, lord Aumerle; Not fick, although I have to do with death; But lufty, young, and chearly drawing breath. Lo, as at English feaits, so I regreet The daintieit last, to make the end most sweet: Othou, the earthly authour of my blood, - [to Gaunt, Whose youthful spirit, in me regenerate, Doth with a two-fold vigour lift me up To reach at victory above my head, Add proof unto mine armour with thy prayers ; And with thy blessings steel my lance's point, That it may enter Mowbray's waxen coat', And furbith new the name of John of Gaunt, Even in the lusty ’haviour of his son.
Gaunt. Heaven in thy good cause make thee prosperous ! Be swift like lightning in the execution ; And let thy blows, doubly redoubled, Fall like amazing thunder on the casque Of thy adverse pernicious enemy: Rouze up thy youthful blood, be valiant and live. Boling. Mine innocency', and saint George to thrive!
[He takes his feat. Nor. [rising. ] However heaven, or fortune, cast my lot, There lives, or dies, true to king Richard's throne, A loyal, just, and upright gentleman: Never did captive with a freer heart Cast off his chains of bondage, and embrace
- waxen coat,] Waxen may mean either soft, and consequently penetrable, or flexible. The brigandines or coats of mail, then in ure, were composed of small pieces of Iteel quilted over one another, and yet so flexible as to accommodate the dress they form, to every motion of the body. Of these many are to be seen in the Tower of London.
STEEVENS. ? - mine innocency-] Old Copies--innocence. Corrected by Mr. Steevens. MALONE,