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And plague injustice with the pains of hell.
[Exeunt Nor. and others, with prisoners.
York. A gentleman of mine I have dispatch'd With letters of your love to her at large.
Boling. Thanks, gentle uncle. -Come, lords, away; To fight with Glendower and his complices; A while to work, and, after, holiday 9, [Exeunt.
S CE N E II'.
The coast of Wales. A castle in view. Flourish : drums and trumpets. Enter King RICHARD,
Bishop of Carlisle, AUMERLE, and Soldiers, K. Rich. Barkloughly castle call you this at hand ? 9 Thanks, gentle uncle.-Come, lords, away;
To fight with Glendower and his complices;
A while to work, and, after, boliday.] Though the intermediate line has taken potlession of all the old copies, I have great fufpicion of its being an interpolation; and have therefore ventured to throw it out. The firit and third lines rhime to each other; nor do I imagine this was casual, but intended by the poet. Were we to acknowledge the line genuine, it must argue the poet of forgetfulness and inattention to history. Bolingbroke is, as it were, but just arrived; he is now at Bristol, weak in his numbers; has had no meeting with a parliament; nor is so far atlured of the succession, as to think of going to suppress insurrec. tions before he is planted in the throne. Belides, we find the opposition of Glendower begins The First Part of K. Henry IV. and Mortimer's defeat by that hardy Welshman is the tidings of the first scene of that play. Again, though Glendower, in the very first year of K. Henry IV. began to be troublesome, put in for the supremacy of Wales, and imprisoned Mortimer; yet it was not till the succeeding year that the king employed any force against him. THEOBALD.
This emendation, which I think is just, has been followed by fir T. Hanmer, but is neglected by Dr. Warburton. JOHNSON.
Mr. Heath observes, that Bolingbroke marched to Chester, probably with a view to attack the Welsh army headed by Lord Salisbury. He thinks therefore the line is genuine, See p. 61. sc. iii. Stowe expressly says that * Owen Glendower ferved King Richard at Flint-Castle." MALONE. 1 Here may be properly inserted the last sceac of the second act. Johns.
Aum. Yea, my lord: Howrooks your grace the air, After your late tosling on the leaking seas?
K. Rich. Needs must I like it well; I weep for joy, To stand upon my kingdom once again.Dear earth, I do falute thee with my hand, Though rebels wound thee with their horses' hoofs : 1 As a long-parted mother with her child Plays fondly with her tears, and smiles in meeting?; So, weeping, smiling, greet I thee, my earth, And do thee favour with my royal hands. Feed not thy sovereign's foe, my gentle earth, Nor with thy sweets comfort his rav’nous sense : But let thy spiders, that suck up thy venom, And heavy-gaited toads, lie in their way; Doing annoyance to the treacherous feet, Which with usurping steps do trample thee. Yield stinging nettles to mine enemies : And when they from thy bosom pluck a flower, Guard it 3, I pray thee, with a lurking adder; Whose double tongue may with a mortal touch Throw death upon thy sovereign's enemies.Mock not my senseless conjuration, lords; This earth shall have a feeling, and these stones Prove armed soldiers, ere her native king Shall falter under foul rebellious arms.
Car. Fear not, my lord; that Power, that made you king,
« Ως είπαν, αλοχειο φιλης εν χερσιν εθηκε
« ΔΑΚΡΥΘΕΝ ΓΕΛΑΣΑΣΑ.” Ηom. ΙΙ. Ζ. Perhaps smiles is here used as a substantive. As a mother plays fondly with her child from whom she has been a long time parted, crying, and at the same time smiling, at meeting him.
It has been proposed to read—Smiles in weeping; and I once thought the emendation very plausible. But I am now persuaded the text is right. If we read weeping, the long-parted mother and her child do not meet, and there is no particular cause afligned for either her smiles or
MALONE. 3 Guard is,] That is, border it. See Vol. Il. p.66, n.9. MALONE.
The means that heaven yields must be embrac'd,
Aum. He means, my lord, that we are too remiss ;
K. Rich. Discomfortable cousin! know'st thou not,
fit blushing in his face,
The 4 — and lights the lower world,] The old copies read hat lights. The emendation was made by Dr. Johnson. Sense might be obtained by a Night transpofition, without changing the words of the original
That when the searching eye of heaven, that lights
The lower world, is hid behind the globe ;By the lower world, as the patiage is amended by Dr. Johnson, we must understand, a world lower rhan skis of ours; I suppose, our Antipodes. But the lower world may fignify cur world. MALONE,
· Tbe breath of worldly men &c.] Here is the doctrine of indefeasible right exprefied in the strongest terms; but our poet did not learn it in the reign of K. James, to which it is now the practice of all writers,
Welcome, my lord; How far off lies your power?
The deputy elected by the Lord:
Aum. Comfort, my liege: Why looks your grace so pale?
Did triumph in my face, and they are fled;
Have I not reason to look pale and dead?
Aum. Comfort, my liege; remember who you are.
K. Rich. I had forgot myself: Am I not king?
are regulated by fashion or intereft, to impute the original of every tenet which they have been taught to think false or foolish.
JOHNSON. Awake, thou coward majefty!] Thus the quarto. The folio has thou suggard majesty. MALONE. ?Is not tbe king's name forry thousand names ? ; Thus in King
“ Besides, the king's name is a tower of strength." See a speech of Antigonus in Plutarch, of this kind. Vol. II. p. 1999 fio. Gr. S, W.
Arm, arm, my name! a puny subject strikes
K. Rich. Mine ear is open, and my heart prepar'd8;
Scroop. Glad am I, that your highness is so arm’d
8 Mine ear is open, &c.] It seems to be the design of the poet to raise Richard to esteem in his fall, and consequently to interest the reader in his favour. He gives him only paffive fortitude, the virtue of a confessor rather than of a king. In his prosperity we saw him imperious and oppreflive; but in his distress he is wise, patient, and pious. JOHNS.
and clap obeir female joints] Mr. Pope more elegantly reads -and clap-; which has been adopted by the subsequent editors. But the emendation does not seem absolutely necessary. MALONE.