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Compendium of Entertaining Knowledge,

For JAN U AR Y, 1774.

Memoirs of the celebrated Duke de Sully.

*XXAXIMILIAN de Be- ambitious of advancing his for

thune, baron de Rosny, 'tune, and of obtaining wealth and M **

and duke de Sully, was honour. Now, though I am per: a marsal of France, feetly acquainted with some of his

and firft minister to defects, and am fometimes compelHenry IV. He was born at Rosny led to carry it with a high hand in 1559

and died at his castle of towards him, when I am out of temVillebon, in Chartrain, Sept. 21, per, or he is vexed, and lets him. 1641, aged 82 years.

felf be hurried away by chimeras; The military virtues of Sully, I nevertheless cannot help loving placed him upon an equality with him, I look over many of his foithe first captains of his age. Pof- bles, esteem him, and avail my terity, nevertheless, seems to have self of bis services ; as I am con. forgot the warrior, to celebrate a. vinced he loves me personally, that lone the statesman. He was the he is interested in my welfare, and friend of Henry IV. and that title that he passionately endeavours to alone is sufficient to form his elo promote the glory, honour, and gium. “ Some complain, said that 'grandeur of me and my kingdom. good king, and even f am myfelf I also know that his heart is perfometimes among the number, that feely good, and that his genius is he is abrupt, impatient, and prone industrious and fertile in expedi. to contradi&tion. He is accused of ents; that he is a great economist having an enterprizing spirit, bes of my revenues, laborious and diliing opinionated and presumptive, gent, who endeavours to gain a and of holding the opinions and knowledge of every thing, and to conduct of others in contempt; make himself capable of going January, 1774.

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through all business of state, whe- Sully's plan was as fimple and unither in peace' or war. He writes form as nature herself. The one and speaks in an agreeable, plea- created resources unknown to sant style, especially on military and France, the other employed those ftate affairs, with both which he is resoures the had to the best advanperfe&ly acquainted. In a word, I tage. Colbert's reputation was muft acknowledge, that notwith more brilliant; that of Sully more standing his caprices, and the solid. With regard to character, warmth of his temper, that no one they both possessed great courage affords më "fo, much consolation and vigour, without which neither in all my disquietudes and uneas much good or harm was ever done finess.

in a state ; but the politics of the Perefixe, the historian, says of one breathed the austerity of his him: “ He was a regular man, ex- manners ; those of the other the act and economical, tenacious of luxury of the age he lived in. They his word, no way, extravagant, or were alike in one misfortune-that fond of pageantry, not inclined to of being hated ;-but the one was make any superfluous expeoces ;. by the great-the other by the peoneither was he addicted to play or ple. Colbert was reproached with to women, but in every circum. being oppressive, Sully with being stance displayed the minister of haughty; but if they were both offtate. He was moreover vigilant, fentive to individuals, they both industrious and expeditious, em- loved their country In fine, if we ploying almost all his time in bul.. examine their parallels, with the ness, and very little in amusements. kings they served, we lhall find that He had also the gift of penetrating Sully gave law to his master, and things to their depth, and to trace that Colbert received his from his the intricacies and windings of fi- sovereign; that the first was more nanciers, when they endeavour to the minister of the people, and the delude the cursory observer by art other the minister of the king. and chicane.

a word, to judge from the characSully had the glory of preparing ter of the two princes, we may the century of Lewis XIV. and of conclude, that Sülly, owed some of forming Colbert. If we compare his glory to Henry IV. and that the characters and talents of these Lewis XIV. was beholden for much two great men, one shall find, says of his to Colbert. an eloquent orator, that their judg- Sully, after having passed his ment was extensive and enlighten- youth in the service of arms, was ed, that there was always a great raised to the administration, and ness in their projects, and order and preserved, even at court, the anciactivity in the execution of them: eni frugality of the camp. His taBut, perhaps, Sully seized better ble conlisted seldom of more than the entire mass of government, Col. ten covers, and none but the most bert penetrated farther into the mi- fimple dishes were introduced. He nutia. The one possessed more of was sometimes upbraided for his modern politics, which consists in economy, when he constantly recalculation: The other that polity plied in these words: " If the guests of ancient legislators, who saw eve are wise, there is a fufficiency for ry thing in one great principle. them; if they are not, I can ea. Colbert's plan was a vai compli-fily dispense with their company." cated machine, where you must in- He rose every morning at four ceffantly mount upon fresh wheels : 'o'clock, winter and summer. The



wo firft hours were employed in three in the morning,” replied Sulradiog and expediting the memo- ly; when the king turning to Rorials which were laid upon his quelaure, said, " How much would deß ; this he called “cleaning the you lead such a life for ?tapis.” At seven o'clock be re- The great frankness with which paired to the council, and passed Sully spoke to Henry IV, is known the remainder of the morning with by all the world. In the time of the king, who gave him orders, res- the civil wars in 1591, Sully, at pecting the different objects of bu- the head of the royalists, had form iness before him. At noon he din- ed a scheme of drawing off the ed. After dinner he gave a regu- duke of Maynne in the city of lar audience. Every one was there Mante.The chief of the league admitted. The ecclefiaftics, of each had already advanced, thinking he religion, were immediately heard. had certain intelligence in the The country people, and other pri- place. Sully, who had prepared rate persons, who were fearful of every thing for his reception, was approaching him, had their turn defirous of acquainting the king immediately after. Titles, so far with his plan of operations. This from taking the lead, were sure to prince, impatient to appear on evebe attended to the last. He after- ry' fide where there was peril and wards asually employed himself Naughter, flew to the city with only till fupper time in bufiness. As forty attendants. Sully being made foon as it was served up, he ordered acquainted with the king's rashness, the doors to be fhut, and laying went to him, and upbraided him ahide all business, gave himself up severely for his indiscretion, and entirely to the voluptuousness of so- not without reason, for upon the cial intercourse. He went to rest arrival of the king the enemy reevery night at ten o'clock; but treated. when any unexpected event had in- When Henry IV. thought himterrupted the usual course of his self in peaceable possession of his pursuits, he then by vigils recoved crown, the report of a revolt gave the loft time during the day. Such him much uneasiness. He sent for was the life he led during his whole Sully, and said to him, “ Well, Sir, adminiftration. Henry, upon ma- 'in spite of all your obstinacy, here ny occasions, praised this indefati- we are at the eve of a war. gable attention to bufiness. One much the better, Sire, he replied, day, going to the arsenal where as it can only be against the SpaniSully refided, be asked where his ards." “ No, it is against much minister was; when the king was nearer foes, supported by all the answered, he was writing in his ca

Huguenots." " Against all the binet; then turning towards two of Huguenots! who has put this into his courriers, he said to your head ? I will answer for a fmiling, “ Did not you imagine great number, who have no such that I should have been told, that intention, and as for the rest I he was gone a hunting, or engaged know they dare not do it.” Henry with some ladies?!" Another time now turned towards the queen, and going to the arsenal about seven in said to her, “ Did not I tell you, the morning, he found Sully with my dear, that he would not believe bis secretaries, employed at a ta. a fyllable of it? He thinks that ble qoite covered with letters and no one dare look at me without dir. dispatches. “ How long have you pleasing me, and that it depends been here ?” said the king. “ Since upon myself to give law to all the


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world.” That is very true, re- sep, which gives me the greatef joined Sully, you may whenever anxiety I ever felt. Your presence you please : le is weakness to be will be very dear to me, as you are intimidated by trifles; it appears by the only one to whom I can open the memorial that has been present. my heart, and from whose counsel I. ed to you, that there are about ten receive any solace." or a dozen poor wretches, who have It gives one pleasure to follow taken this phrenzy in their head. such unfeigned friends in the midst Egad, Sire, one would think that of the festivity which the most tenthere fellows mocked us, to endea. der familiarity can inspire. The vour to induce us to march against king once said in the queen's prethem. Some needy fellow wants to

sence even in bed, when. Sully was raise some hundred crowns—that is present, “ You think that Rosny all." “ You may say what you flaiters me; but you would think please, but I must either go, or you very differently, if you knew the must in two days, to regulate mat- great liberties he takes in telling me ters." " If you please, Sire, let truths: He sometimes, indeed, puts me go my own way, I fall finilh me in a passion ; but I do not like the matter without much noise or him the worse for that; on the conexpence." “ Faith, you are the trary, I would think he did not most head roog man I ever met

love me, if he did not point out to with--but let us hear your plan.” me what he judged was for the glo" I only require twenty archers, co ry, and honour of my person, the give you a good account of the af- improvement of my kingdom, and fair." “ Agreed, but I expect you the prosperity of my people. For, to be answerable for the event." believe me, my dear, there is no This affair terminated as Sully had person, let his judgment be ever lo foretold.

penetrațing, who does not someHenry IV. in one of his moments times err, and is not even guilty of of weakness, promised marriage to the greatest mittakes, if not affifted mademoiselle Entragues, his mif- by others; and those must be loyal tress. The king Thewed her to fervants, and intimate friends," Sully, and aked his opinion. Sul- “ There is nothing," said Sully, ly displayed her in proper colours. “fo difficult to defend one's felf • Is the man mad, or a fool ?” cried against as the calumny of courtiers.” Henry." It is true, Sire, that I This he thought he should experiam a fool, and would to heaven that ençe in 1605. Several lords of the I were the only one in the kingdom.” court, who desired nothing more

Notwithstanding this boldoess of than the destruction of a man, whom expression which Sully used towards they found always opposing their the king, Henry did not esteem him views, as they were seldom compathe less ; and this lively friendship tible with the interests of the peo. between the monarch and the fub ple, had planned his ruin. Libels, jea, is one of the finest scenes that anonymous letters, secret intelli. history presents us with. My gence, were all called into play. friend," said the good king one Henry for the first time had lome day, “come and see me; for there suspicion of Sully; and it is not af. has something passed in my breast tonishing that it should arise in this morning, which makes me have the brealt of a prince, who had exoccasion for you.” Another time perienced so much ingratitude from hewrote to him from Fontainbleau: mankind. However, finding that “ A dometic mortification has ari. nothing which had been alledged


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