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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
Highland Society of London.–At a ge- of light and heat will continue for some neral Court of the Highland Society of time after their removal from the fire. The London, on the 17th of April, the follow- experiment is easily made, by enveloping ing Resolutions were passed :
a little bit of tin in platinum foil, and heat1. That the sum of twenty guineas, and ing it by a blow-pipe on charcoal ; sort of the medal of the society, be presented to explosion takes place at the mom nt they the author of the best Essay on the present combine, and the alloy runs about, burning State, Character, and Manners of the High- like ignited antimony. The same effects landers; and that such Essay be delivered took place with platinum and antimony. to one of the secretaries of the said society, This alloy, when highly heated for a length on or before the first day of March next. of time, became solid, and very malleable,
2. That the sum of twenty guineas, and and contained little else than platinum. the medal of the society, be presented to Zinc also produced these phenomena in a the author of the best Essay on the Re. very brilliant manner, exploding and burn. mains of Buildings, and such Monuments ing at the moment of combination. Mr as may evince the degree of civilization Fox attributes the heat produced to the in. which the ancient Gaelic Scots had attain- ferior capacity of the alloy, when compared ed ; and that such Essay be delivered to with the metals ; but the effect appears prin. one of the secretaries of the said society, cipally to be the results of the strong affini. on or before the first day of March 1821. ties brought into action in these experi.
3. That the sum of twenty guineas, and ments the medal of the society, be presented to France.-Preservation of Grain.
The the author of the best Essay on the Ety- following account of some experiments on mology of the Gaelic Language ; its con the above important subject is extracted Dection with other Languages, where it ori. from a late French Journal. ginally existed, and whence derived ; and M. Busche, Disector of the reserves of that such Essay be delivered to one of the provision for the Capital, who has long desecretaries of the said society, on or before voted his attention to the solution of these the first day of March 1822.
questions, having examined and ascertained 4. That the sum of twenty guineas, and the real causes of the decay of grain, is of the medal of the society, be presented to opinion, that corn, perfectly dry, if removed the author of the best Essay on the An. from all contact with the atmospheric air, cient History of the Kingdom of the Gaelic might be kept, for many years, in the most Scots, the extent of the Country, its Laws, perfect state of preservation. This theory is Population, Poetry, and Learning ; and morcover supported by various examples of that such Essay be delivered to one of the antiquity, the customs of different nations, secretaries of the said society, on or before and some accidental cases. M. Busche was the first day of March 1822.
induced to take into consideration the ideas 5. That the sum of twenty guineas, and of M. Bruyere, and he submitted them to the medal of the society, be presented to
the Council of Adipinistration of the Bakers the author of the best Essay on the pecu. of Paris. As the object of M. Bruyere's liar Character of the Ancient Gael, with plans is to furnish additional security to the their Institutions, Civil, and Warlike Ha. accumulation of stores for the supply of the bits; and that such Essay be delivered to capital, they were of course deemed worthy one of the secretaries of the said society, on of the most serious attention. or before the first day of March 1822. At the commencement of the present year,
Mr Wright, surgeon-aurist to her late four pits were dug under the superintendo Majesty, Henrietta-street, Covent-Garden, ence of M. Bruyere, in a shady situation has invented a new instrument, very port.
at the abattoir of the Roule. The pits were able and convenient, for assisting hearing, dug in a sandy soil, and were all on a differand preventing the injury generally arising ent plan. The first, which was in the form from the use of ear-trumpets.
of a well, had a lining of rough stone-work Combination of Metals. - Mr Fox of in the inside, covered with a sheet of lead. Falmouth has made known some remark. The second was left without any kind of able instances of the force with which lining ; but in order to dispel all damp from different metals combine. If about equal the ground, an active fire was kept up in bulks of platinum and tin be heated to the pit for some time before the grain was redness, in contact with cach other, they deposited in it. The third, which was dug will combine suddenly with great vehe- in a quadrangular form, was lined on the mence, and a very considerable extrication bottom and sides with two brick walls ; a
space being left between them sufficient to pient corruption by pouring this acid over remove the inner one from all contact with them. With the oil which is produced the damp earth. The fourth was simply from wood by distillation in the dry man. a cavity dug in the ground, large enough ner he has moistened pieces of flesh already to receive a vase of freestone for containing advanced in decay; and, notwithstanding the grain.
the heat of the weather, soon made them The necessary preparations being com as dry and firm as flesh can be rendered, by plete, the Prefect of Police, the Prefect of being smoked in the smoking-room. All the Seine, and several other gentlemen, ac traces of corruption vanish at once when companied by M. Busche, proceeded to the vinegar of wood, or the oil of wood, is weigh and deposit the grain in the pits. applied to the meat with a brush. The This being done, the cavities were covered professor has also begun to prepare mum. up to a level with the ground, each with a mies of animals, and has no doubt of sucdifferent substance.
He promises great advantages to The motive for thus varying the mode of anatomy, domestic economy, and even to depositing the grain, is to ascertain which medicine, from this discovery (for the reof the different methods may be most com- medy seems very fit to be applied internal. pletely successful. The success of either ly and externally in many disorders,) and will present the solution of a most interests intends to publish the results of his further ing problem on the subject of reserves. It experiments. will diminish the importance of constructing Crystal Mine in France. - Some time granaries, as well as the enormous expence ago, it was announced, that a crystal mine and trouble of laying up stores ; and by had been discovered in France, near Vie, in affording security for the protection of su- Lorraine. The examination, in conseperabundant crops against the variation of quence of some unexpected indications, the atmosphere and seasons, we may per- which led to the discovery of this mine, haps be enabled to defy want, and to esta. (the only one of the kind ever known in blish an equilibrium between produce and France,) has been made by a company, with consumption.
a licence for the purpose, obtained from the Pyroligneous Acid.-Extract of a letter Director-General of Mines. Never was ex. from M G. C. at Paris to Professor Van periment attended with more fortunate cirMons. A discovery of the greatest importance cunstances. The soil of this mine is as engages at this moment the attention of the white as alabaster ; its crystals are purer scientific world. A M. Morge has disco- and more brilliant than the specimens which vered that the pyroligneous acid obtained have been procured from the mines of Po. fron the distillation of wood has the pro- land and Austria ; its quality is perfect, perty of preventing the decomposition and and every thing indicates that its mass is putrefaction of animal substances. It is enormous. The Director-General of Mines sufficient to plunge meat for a few moments having been informed, by the authors of into this acid, even slightly empyreumatic, this search, that the borer had already peto preserve it as long as you please. Cut- netrated ten feet into the pure crystal, has lets, kidneys, liver, rabbits, which were given orders to the engineer of the departthus prepared as far back as the month of ment of the Meurthe to repair to the spot, July last, are now as fresh as if they had to draw up an authentic account of this in. been just procured from the market. I portant discovery, and of such facts as may have seen carcases washed three weeks ago relate to it. with pyroligneous acid, in which there is Sweden. - According to certain research. as yet no sign of decomposition. Putrefac. es just made in Sweden, on the different tion not only stops, but it even retrogrades. kinds of wood indigenous to the country, it Jakes exhaling infection cease to do so as is ascertained that the birch reaches the farsoon as you pour upon them the pyroligne. thest north, growing beyond the 70th deous acid. You may judge how many
im. gree; the pine reaches to the 69th ; the fir. portant applications may be made of this tree to the 68th ; the osier, willow, aspen, process. Navigation, medicine, unwhole and quince, to the 66th ; the cherry and some manufactories, will derive incalculable apple-tree to the 63d ; the oak to the 60th ; advantages from it. This explains why and the beech to the 57th ; while the limemeat merely dried in a stove does not keep, tree, ash, elm, poplar, and walnut, are only while that which is smoaked becomes un to be found in Scania. alterable. We have here an explanation of Professor Hansteen, of Christiana, in the theory of hams, of the beef of Ham. Norway, has, as he supposes, proved that burgh, of smoked tongues, sausages, red
the earth has four magnetic poles as Halley herrings, of wood smoked to preserve it had conjectured. He has shewn that the from worms, &c. &c.
polar lights, where they first appear, hare Dr Jorg, professor at Leipsic, has since the form of a luminous cross, elevated bemade many successful experiments' of the tween 400 and 500 miles above the earth's
He has entirely recovered surface ; and that there are four such lu. several anatomical preparations from inci minous crosses, viz. two in the northern,
and two in the southern hemisphere, Giesen 241; Marburg 197; Rostock 180;
York, have been opened in the Vatican
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Rhine, from Mayence to Coblentz and CoThe seventh Number of the Journal of logne, in six monthly parts: containing a New Voyages and Travels, to be publish- complete history and picturesque descriped on the 15th of September, will contain tion of a portion of country so full of cuthe Count de Forbin's Travels in Egypt rious and interesting circumstances, as well in 1818, illustrated by many curious en as so resplendent for its landscape, grangravings.
deur, and beauty. An interesting work, by G. A. Robert Shortly will be published, in one voson, Esq. will shortly appear, entitled lume octavo, Letters from Buenos Ayres Gleanings in Africa, collected during a lung and Chili ; with an original history of the residence in, and many trading voyages to, latter country ; illustrated with engravings; that country; particularly those parts by the author of Letters from Paraguay. which are situated between Cape Verd and In a few days will be published, Moral the river Congo, a distance of two thousand Sketches of prevailing Opinions and Man. miles, during the years 1799 to 1811. ners, Foreign and Domestic, with Reflec
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A volume of Poems, Songs, and Sonnets, be entitled the Beauties of Scotland, is also by John Clare, a Northamptonshire pea- announced. sant, will appear in a few days.
The Rev. Mark Wilks is preparing for A political and commercial account of publication, some Account of the present Venezuela, Trinidad, and some of the State of France, and of the late Persecu. adjacent Islands, is printing, from the tions in the South. French of M. Lavaysse, with notes and il Mr James Ilbery is collecting materials, lustrations.
with a view to publish a History of Wal. Mr R. Ackermann proposes to publish tham Abbey, Essex, from the earliest pe. an historical and chara teristic Tour of the ried to the present time; with Biographi
cal Notices of the various eminent charac Edinburgh Annual Register for 1816. ters either born there, or that have held Vol. IX. high appointments in the Abbey.
Edinburgh Gazetteer, or Geographical A Series of Portraits of the British Poets, Dictionary. Vol. III. Part II. from Chaucer to Cowper, copied from the Ivanhoe, a romance, in 3 vols. post 8vo., most authentic originals, and engraved in printed by Ballantyne. the line manner by Englehart, Warren, Supplement to the Fourth and Fifth Edi. Wedgwood, &c. and in size and selection tions of the Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. peculiarly adapted to the illustration of Mr IV. Part I. Campbell's Specimens of British Poets, The Reverend Dr Neilson (author of the has been undertaken, and will be com Greek Exercises) has in the press an impleted in about twenty-five parts, each proved edition of Moore's Greek Grammar. part containing six portraits.
He has condensed the original work by Mr John Preston, comptroller of the cus- omitting many superfluous examples; by toms at Great Yarmouth, is preparing for printing the parts which are not necessary press, in royal octavo, a work entitled A to be committed to memory in a smaller Picture of Yarmouth, with numerous en character, and by rendering the table of gravings.
verbs more compact. He has given a short An elementary work of peculiar interest, view of the irregularly formed verbs, indeon the Construction of the Machines adopt- clinable parts of speech, peculiar rules of ed in the Arts and Manufactures, from the syntax, prosody, accents, and dialects in French of M. Betancourt, is in preparation. Latin, and very copious notes throughout the
Shortly will be published, in three vo work in English. The whole will form a lumes, Geraldine, or Modes of Faith and volume not larger than the common edi. Practice; a Tale. By a Lady.
tions of Moore, which contain the additions The Literary and Écclesiastical History that have been made to it by other Editors of Galloway, from the earliest records to An edition of the collected works of Dr the present time ; with an appendix, con John Moore, with Memoirs of bis Life, by taining copious notices relative to the an Dr John Anderson, is printing in octavo. cient political state of that district, is in A Topographical Account of Ayrshire : preparation. By T. Murray, preacher of together with a genealogical history of the the Gospel.
principal families in that county. In three Isabel of the Isles, or the Carr of Uah parts. Part First will contain the district Viarnag, a metrical romance of the tif- of Cuninghame. Part Second the district teenth century, is about to be published. of Kyle. Part Third the district of Carrick. By Mr John Carter Hay Allen.
By George Robertson, author of the MidThe Rev. George Croly, A. M. author Lothian Survey ; Survey of Kincardine. of the poem entitled Paris, is preparing for shire ; Editor and Continuator of Crawford's the press, Specimens of the Living British History of Renfrewshire, &c. &c. The Poets, with biographical notices and criti- Work will be published at three different cal remarks.
periods. Part First, containing the district The Military Strength of Great Britain ; of Cuninghame, is now in great forward. containing a description of the Institutions, ness, forming one large volume 8vo, print. Establishments, and most remarkable Mi- ed on a fine wove demy paper, with a new litary Works in the British Empire, in and correct map, and embellished with 1 vol. 4to, with 10 plates large atlas paper; about a dozen vignette views of the most by Charles Dupin, Member of the Institute interesting ancient edifices. Each volume France, will speedily appear.
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sions of the map, L.), 2s. 6d. Form of Process before the Jury Court. Mr Wishart will publish, in the course of By John Russell, Esq. C. S. one of the next month, a second edition of his TransClerks of the Jury Court. Second Edition. lation of Scarpa on Aneurism, with addi. Containing the alterations on the former tional cases, and a Memoir on the Ligature procedure, and the new regulations, in con. of the Arteries of the Extremities, by the sequence of the late Act of Parliament. author.
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