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The first, a description of the cele On different parts of the tower are brated porcelain Pagoda, or Temple of suspended eighty-one iron bells, each Boudh in Nan-King, is translated im- bell weighing twelve kin or sixteen mediately from the original by Sir pounds. There are also nine iron George Staunton. The second, a let- chains, each of which weighs one hunter from the Emperor of China to the dred and fifty kin, and is eighty che Prince Regent, on the subject of the long. The copper-pan with two late embassy, is given through the mouths to it, on the roof, is estimatmedium of an Italian tronslation. ed to weigh nine hundred kin, and is
sixty che in circumference. There is Description of the Porcelain Pagoda also a celestial plate on the top, weighat Nan-King.
ing four hundred and sixty kin, and The Dwelling of Security, Tran- twenty che in circumference. In the quillity, and Peace.
upper part of the tower are preserved The representation of the precious the following articles :-Of night-ilglazed Tower of the Temple of Gra- luminating pearls one string; of waiitude, in the province of Kiang-Nan. ter- repelling pearls, one string; of
This work was commenced at noon, fire-repelling pearls, one string; of on the fifteenth day of the sixth moon dust-repelling pearls, one string; and of the tenth year of the Emperor over all these is a string of the relics Yong Logs of the dynasty of Ning, of Foe. Also an ingot of solid gold and was completed on the first day of weighing forty leang, (ounces,) and the eighth moon of the sixth year of one hundred 'kin weight of tea-of the Emperor Siuen Té, of the same
silver one thousand leang weight dynasty, being, altogether, a period of the bright huing, two pieces, of nineteen years in building.
weighing one hundred kin-of preThe sum of money expended in cious stones one string of the evercompleting the precious glazed tower, lasting physic-money one thousand was two millions four hundred and strings—of yellow satin two pieceseighty-five thousand four hundred and of the book hidden in the earth, one eighty-four ounces of silver. In the copy-of the book of Omito Foe, one construction of the ornamental globe copy—of the book of She Kia Foe, on the pinnacle of the roof of the one copy—of the book of Tsie Yin tower, forty-eight kin † in weight of Foe, one copy, all wrapped up togegold, (sixty-four pounds,) and one ther, and preserved in the temple. thousand four hundred kin in weight
The tower has eight sides or faces, of copper were consumed. The cir- and its circumference is two hundred cumference of this globe is thirty-six and forty che. The nine stories taken che, or forty-two feet. Each round together are two hundred and twentyor story is eighteen che high. In eight and a half che high. From the that part of the tower called the highest story to the extreme point of Quang were consumed four thousand the pinnacle of the roof, are one huneight hundred and seventy kin weight dred and twenty che. The lamps of brass. The iron hoops or rings, within the tower are seven-timeson the pinnacle of the roof, are nine
seven in number, in all forty-nine in number, and sixty-three che each lamp-dishes, and on the outside, there in circumference. The smaller hoops are one hundred and twenty-eight are twenty-four che in circumference lamp-dishes. Each night they are -and their total weight is three thousand six hundred kin. §
hoop, of the same height, in the form of a
screw or spiral line, extending several feet 1413 of the Christian era.
from the pillar, so as to appear like a hol.' + A kin is one pound and one-third. low cone, suspended in the air, with spaces
A che is about fourteen inches. to let in light. On the top of this pillar is $ This part is obscure, and will be bet- placed a golden ball, of extraordinary magter understood from Le Compte's descrip- nitude.” Extraordinary indeed! for, if tion, imperfect as it is. “ The top of the the Chinese account is to be believed, its adifice is not the least beautiful part of the dimensions are more than twice, and, of tower ; it is a massy pillar, that stands course, its magnitude more than four times upon the floor of the eighth story, and that of the ball of St Paul's Cathedral. It reaches more than thirty feet above the would seem to be of copper, and platet? zoof ; it seems to be wrapt in a large iron with gold.
supplied with fifty kin weight of damaged parts was commenced ; and oil. Their splendour penetrates upe on the nineteenth day of the fifth wards to the 33d heaven-midway, moon the repairs were completed. they shed a lustre over the people, On the twenty-ninth day of the the good and the bad together, sixth moon of the twelfth year of his downwards, they illuminate the earth present majesty, at four in the afteras far as the city of Tse Kee Hien, noon, on a sudden there fell a heavy in the province of Che Kiang. shower of rain, and the god of thun
The official title of the head priest der again rushed forth in front of the of the temple is Chao Sieu. His dis- tower, and penetrating the roof, purciples are called Yue. The total sued the great dragon from the top number of priests on the establish- to the bottom. The glazed porcelain ment is eight hundred and fifty. The tiles of the sixth story were much dafamily name of the head mason of the maged, and, where the god of thunder building was Yao, his personal name issued out at the great gute, several of Sieu, and his native town Tsing the boards taken from the wood of Kiang Foo. The family name of the the heavenly flower-tree were broken: head carpenter was Hoo, his personal – Thus the god of the thunder havname Chung, and his native province ing finally driven away the monstrous Kiang See.
dragon, returned to his place in the The extent of the whole enclosure Heavens. of the temple is seven hund and The priests of the temple reported seventy meu, * and eight tenths.— the event to the local authorities, and To the southward, towards Chin Van the officer Heu submitted the report San, are two hundred and twenty-six to his imperial majesty, and awaited meu.-Eastward to the boundary of the issue of the sums required to deChin Sien Seng are two hundred and fray the charge of the repairs. The thirty-four meu and eight-tenths.- gates of the tower have been closed In the centre is the ground of Hoo for a year, while the interior has been Kin Te.-Westward, as far as the repairing. land of She Hou Hoa, are one hun. Deny not the presence of a God-a God dred and twenty meu.-And north there is ; ward, to the land of Lieu Sien Song, He sounds his dread thunder, and all the are one hundred and eighty meu.
world trembles, Viewing, therefore, this History of the Glazed Tower, may it not be considered as the work of a Divinity? Letler from the Emperor of China to who shall perform the like!
the Prince Regent. Lately, on the fifteenth day of the The Supreme Sovereign of the earth, fifth moon of the fifth year of Kia- who has received it from heaven and King, at four in the morning, the revolving time, issues this imperial god of thunder, in his pursuit of a mandate to the King of England, with monstrous dragon, + followed it into the purport of which let him be most this temple, struck three of the sides fully acquainted. of the fabric, and materially damaged Your country, O King, is situated the ninth story; but the strength and at an immense distance beyond a vast majesty of the god of the temple are ocean, yet you send to me, in the sinmost potent, and the laws of Foe are cerity of your heart, an offering of denot subject to change :--the tower, by votedness, and turn with a zealous afhis influence, was therefore saved from fection to the transforming influences entire destruction. The viceroy and which emanate from the middle kingthe fooyen reported the circunstance dom, (China.) to his imperial majesty ; and on the On à former occasion, in the fiftysixth day of the second moon of the eighth year of Kien-lung, at a time seventh year, the restoration of the when the reign of the exalted, the ho
nourable, and the immaculate empe* A meu is somewhat less than an Eng
ror was approaching towards its close,
you sent an ambassador across the By the personification of the dragon seas to the residence. the forked lightning would seem to be re At that time, your ambassador, in presented ; and that of the Deity under approaching the throne with venerathe sound of the thunder.
tion and respect, performed the accus
tomed ceremony without exceeding or Your ambassador then told my falling short of what is required; and great officers, face to face, that, when duly observed all the forms with pro- the proper time came, he would comper decorum ; and was then enabled ply with the ceremonies, and would to look up, and to receive the favour perform the kneeling and prostration, and affection of the Son of Heaven ; and bowing of the head to the ground; to see his majesty's celestial face ; to and that no exceeding or falling short be entertained at a grand banquet ; of the established forms should occur. and to have numerous and valuable Accordingly, my great officers, in presents bestowed upon him.
conformity to, and in reliance on, this In this present year you, O King, declaration, reported the affair to me; have thought fit again to send an ann- and I sent down my pleasure, that, on bassador to our court, with a written the 7th day of the 7th moon, your representation, and with orders to pre- ambassador should beordered to appear sent me with the productions of your before the imperial person ; that, on country, on his being introduced to the 8th, in the great hall of light and my presence.
splendour, an entertainment should be I, the Emperor, having reflected conferred, and gifts bestowed ; and athat you, O King, had done so in sin- gain, that, in the gardens of perpetual cerity of heart, and from feelings of pleasure, a feast should be prepared ; respect and obedience, rejoiced ex that, on the 9th, he should have his ceedingly at this intelligence ; I caus audience of leave, and that on the ed forthwith the former records to be same day it should be permitted him examined ; and I ordered the proper to ramble among the hills of ten number of officers of state to await the thousand ages; that, on the 11th, at arrival of your ambassador, that on the gate of perfect concord, gifts the very day of his approach to the should again be conferred, after which palace he might, in all due respect, he should repair to the board of cerebehold the imperial person, and then monies, and there again be feasted ; be entertained with a grand festival, and that, on the 12th, he should be according to all things, and with ex- finally dispatched, and ordered to proactly the saine ceremonies which were ceed on his journey. The day fixed observed in the preceding reign. for performing the ceremony, and the
Your ambassador first began to open precise form to be observed, were prehis communications at Tientsing. I viously communicated to your ambasa appointed great officers of state to be sador by my great officers of state. there, to give to him an imperial feast On the 7th, the day appointed for and entertainment. When, behold! your ambassador to approach and beinstead of your ambassador returning hold the imperial person, he accordthanks for this feast, he refused to pay ingly arrived at the palace, and I, the obedience to the prescribed ceremo- Emperor, was just about to enter the nies.
great hall of audience. I, the Emperor, in the affair of an Your ambassador, all on a sudden, inferior officer of state arriving from a asserted that he was so exceedingly remote country, did not deem forms ill, that he could not stir a step : I and ceremonies of any great import- thought it not impossible, and thereance ; it was an affair in which some fore ordered the two assistant ambasindulgence and a compassionate for- sadors to enter the hall, and appear bearance might be shown to the indi- before me ; but both the assistant amvidual ; and I therefore made a spe- bassadors also asserted that they too cial order for all my great officers of were ill. This certainly was an instate to use gentleness and accommo stance of rudeness which had never dating behaviour towards your ambasa been exceeded. I did not, however, sador; and to inform him, on his ar- inflict severe chastisement; but I ora rival at Pekin, that, in the fifty-eighth dered them to be sent off the same year of Kien-lung, your ambassador, day, on their return to their own in performing the usual ceremony, al- country. As your ambassador was ways fell upon his knees, and bowed thus prevented from beholding the his head to the ground, according to inperial presence, it was not expedient the established forms ; how, indeed, that he should send in the written reon such an occasion, could any change presentation from you, o King. It be allowed !
is, therefore, sent back in the same
MONUMENT FOR BURNS.
state it came, by your anibassa- mountains and crossing the ocean. If dor
you do but pour out the heart in duWe have considered, however, that tiful obedience, it is by no means neyou, O King, from the immense dis- cessary, at any stated time, to come to tance of many times ten thousand lee, the celestial presence, ere it be prorespectfully caused a written repre- nounced, that you turn towards the sentation to be presented to me, and transforming influences which emaduly offered presents; that your am nate from this empire. bassador's inability to communicate, This imperial mandate is now ison your behalf, with profound reve sued that you may for ever obey rence and sincere devotion, is his own it. Kia-King_21st year, 7th fault ; and that the disposition of pro moon, 20th day.—(Sept. 11th, found respect and due obedience on 1816.) your part, O King, are visibly apparent
I therefore thought proper to take from among the articles of tribute on A PUBLIC festival in commemoraly a few maps, some prints of views tion of Robert Burns, and to promote and portraits ; but I highly applaud a subscription, to erect a national moyour feelings of sincere devotedness for nument to his memory at Edinburgh, me, just the same as if I had received was celebrated in the Freemasons' l'athe whole. In return, I ordered to be vern in London, on Saturday, June given to you, O King, a Joo-te, (em- 5. The chair was filled by his Royal blem of prosperity,) a string of impe, Highness the Duke of Sussex, who rial beads, two large silk purses, and was supported by Sir James Mackincight small ones, as a proof of our ten- tosh, Sir Francis Burdett, the Rev. der and indulgent conduct in this af- Mr Crabbe, Mr Thomas Moore, Dr fair.
Lindsay, and several other distinYour country is too remotely dis- guished individuals. The festival was tant from the central and flourishing numerously and respectably attended. empire; so that to send an ambassa Sir James Mackintosh, in proposing dor such a distance over the waves of the Duke of Sussex, stated the cirthe sea is not a light affair. Besides, cumstances which led to the subscripyour ambassador, it would seem, does tion, and spoke in language of high not understand how to practise the eulogium of the gentlemen of Bornrites and ceremonies of the central bay, where it originated. He afterempire. The subject, indeed, in- wards entered with great felicity into volves a severe labour of the lips and the character of Burns, whom he dethe tongue, which is by no means scribed as the poetical representative pleasant or easy to bear.
of his own country in the assembly of The celestial empire sets very little nations. It was a mistake to suppose value on things that are brought from Burns was an uneducated man-he a distance. Nor does it consider as had read more and better books than rare and precious pearls the produc- Homer. No Scots peasant was unedutions of your country, however curious cated ; and it was to the diffusion of and ingenious they may be thought. education, and the diffusion of intelli
That you, O King, may preserve gence through education, that they your people in peace, and be careful owned a Burns. It was among the in giving strength to the boundary most provident, the most moral and lines of your territories, that no sepa- religious people in the world, perhaps, ration of those parts which are dis- that this great genius arose-he arose tant from that which is near at home among a people distinguished for their may take place, * is what I, the Em- domestic morality; and whatever peror. sincerely and strongly recome faults the frailty of our nature, and mend.
the misfortunes which befel him, might Finally, there will be no occasion occasionally lead him to commit, he hereafter for you to send an ambassa- always evinced, that his mind was dor from so great a distance, and to formed in those scenes of domestic give him the trouble of passing over morality described by him in his im
This seems to be a delicate allusion to The Duke of Sussex, in proposing our Indian empire.
the memory of Robert Burns, paid a
high compliment to the worth of the Sir James Mackintosh then proScots peasantry. He observed, that posed the great national poet of IreBurns had fallen a sacrifice to his in- land—that nation of Europe among dependent principles ; for, had his whom eloquence and wit were most principles been less pure, he would spontaneous. have been more fortunate at the mo Mr Moore, in returning thanks, ment, though his memory would now observed, that Burns was one whose be less revered.
very errors were like one of his own On the gentlemen of Bombay, who mountain streams that sparkles whilst commenced the subscription being it strays, and is graceful even in its proposed, Mr Forbes Mitchell return- meanders. ed thanks in their name, in an im Mr Forbes Mitchell, as treasurer, pressive speech.
announced that the subscriptions of In proposing the memory of the that day amounted to L. 256 and the Scottish bards, Sir James Mackintosh aggregate subscriptions to L. 1076,said, he felt a pride in stating, that and observed, that three times that Buchanan and Thomson, as well as sum would do the business. Burns, were inspired by liberty. Come admirable songs of the poet
Sir James Mackintosh, before pro were sung with great effect by Mr posing the following toast, observed, Broadhurst and others in the course that the present festival was without of the evening. example in the history of the worlda large body of gentlemen were that day assembled to celebrate the memo
TO THE MEMORY OF GENERAL JOHN ry of an illustrious peasant. He then proposed the health of one of the chil- An Ode.(By the late Iicctor Macneil.) dren of Burns, who honoured them As War blew his trumpet with Death's diswith his presence that day.
.mal sound, Mr Robert Burns, in a speech every And when monarchs and kingdoms were way worthy of the son of such a fa trembling around, ther, returned his thanks for the Unappall’d with the tempest, bold Free. honour done him. In confirmation
dom arose ; of the observation of Sir James Mack- She calid for her helmet, her sword, and
her shield, intosh, that Burns was not an unedu
She call'd to her freemen to rush to the cated man, he described the library of
field, the poet, which he said contained in And she swore that no tyrant should rule it Chaucer, Spenser, Milton, Dryden, o'er the land Pope, Goldsmith, Tasso, Voltaire, While she held the loved Charter she Moliere, Boileau, Rousseau, and the grasp'd in her hand, immortal Shakespeare. It contained But would conquer or fall in the midst also those Scotch poets, who had a
of her foes ! more immediate influence on the direction which his poetical talents took. But her helmet was wanting-her sword
was unfound, He was perfectly acquainted with the Her buckler was broken !—her strength six Books of Euclid-was master of
was unsound, land surveying. He concluded with Till she call'd for some aid to re-arm offering up his warmest thanks to two
her again ; distinguished living poets, for the Till she pled her disasters, her vants, and honours paid by them to the memory
her fears, of his father, -the poet, who had Till she urged the strong claim that draws painted in such glowing colours the sympathy's tears deeds of our heroic ancestors, and the In a land where oppression and want are bard of Green Erin, who had awaked
unknown, from its long silence the harp of the And where Liberty radiant sits proud on
her throne, bards of his native country, and who
And points to new glories that flash o'er stood forth the steadfast advocate of
the main. civil and religious liberty.
Mr Walter Scott was then pro- Say Valour,--say Ardour,--say true Briposed, and afterwards Mr George Was the signal unheeded on Liberty's Crabb and the bards of Scotland.
side, Mr Crabb returned thanks in a neat
As she reared her fair banner the help speech.
less to save ?