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of the young men to enter into the matri, GERMANY.-Arrests of persons whose monial state, in order to exemption from opinions are hostile to the general system of the ballot, that the Archbishop of Palermo, government in Germany still continue. Dr since the determination to recruit the army Folerius, the editor of the Elberfield Ga- by this system was made known, has iszette, lately arrested, has been conducted sued no less than 15,000 marriage licences. to Berlin under a strong escort 1 and, on SPAIN.-It appears by letters of the 22d the 24th August, nine individuals were ar- August froin Madrid, that the King on rested in the city of Frankfort. It is af that day announced his determination not firmed in an article in the Nuremberg pa to ratify the treaty for the cession of the per, that " the Royal Aulic Tribunal at Floridas to America. General O'Donnel, Berlin is stated to have protested, in a re notwithstanding the services he rendered monstrance to the Ministry of Justice, a. his capricious master in putting down the gainst the extraordinary arrests, and other mutiny of the troops at Cadiz, has been measures of police, by which several per. deprived of the conimand of the expedition sons, who by law are in the jurisdiction of to the colonies, and Generals Saarstield and the Aulic Tribunal, have been withdrawn Cruz-Murgeon, who had previously refrom the cognisance of their natural judges.” ceived marks of the royal favour, have also Petitions have been presented to the King been deprived of their commands. of Prussia from almost all the principal The revolutionary spirit and movements towns in the Rhenish provinces, claiming in Spain assume daily a more alarming apthe performance of his promise to grant pearance to the civil and religious tyrants them a representative constitution, and of that country. The fate of Porlier and stating, that they were much less heavily Lacy might seem to point to an equally taxed by the French.
fruitless and fatal termination of the preThe Grand Duke of Baden has revoked, sent attempts on the part of the Spanish as inconsistent with the spirit of the age, a chiefs to strip themselves of that miserable decree of the 18th of October 1810, which garment which is as ragged as it is cumreduced the number of political journals bersome, and fetters their every movement, for the whole duchy to one only. The while it cannot shelter them from the Grand Duke now permits a political jour- storm. But the circumstances of Spain are nal to be published, subject, however, to a materially changed, since the failure of censorship, in each of the towns of Carls- those patriotic men, and that change is deruhe, Manheim, Friburg, and Constance. cidedly to the prejudice of the existing go
In Hamburgh, and several other towns verument. The colonies are more nearly on the Continent, a spirit of hatred and emancipated, and the treasury is more exjealousy has been fostered against the Jews, hausted by its vain efforts to retain them in which has of late broke out into acts of vio- subjection ; the only army on which the lence and outrage against this persecuted King relied has just revolted ; the smug. people. On the evening of the 20th Au- glers and guerillas are multiplied ; the gust, being the eve of the Jewish sabbath, wounds inflicted by his capricious tyranny an attack was made upon them in Ham- have had more time to fester ; and the haburgh, and they were driven by blows out rassing complaints of foreign states, with of the Ladies' Walk, the chief promenade the weak and oscillating domestic adminis. in the city, and out of all the coffeehouses tration, have more disgusted and exaspeadjoining. Notwithstanding the interfe- rated the nation. rence of the police, the riot continued from nine o'clock till midnight. As an apology
AFRICA. for this disgraceful conduct of the Christ CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.-Accounts to ians, it is stated, that the arrogance of the the middle of May stated, that the Caffres Jews had exposed them to some unreason had been completely discomfited in every able harshness, which being resented, open situation ; but letters so late as the 10th violence was the consequence, but that the June bring intelligence, that, in the interstrictest measures are taken to prevent a re
val between these dates, they had been a. currence of such disorders.
gain collecting their scattered forces. The SICILY:-The system of military, con- governor had received dispatches from the scription has been recently introduced into corn districts, giving the unfavourable inthis country, and accounts from thence formation. The chief forces of the savages state that this measure has induced so many were concentrated on that bank of the river
which is opposite to Graham's Town, and column, notwithstanding the season was both in number and boldness they were unpropitious.) General Marino and Cedeextremely formidable. It fortunately hap no covered the capital with 1300 men. pened that 500 troops shortly before these These two bodies came in contact at Can. details arrived had been landed at Cape teura, near San Diego, on the 12th of June. Town, and they were immediately sent off The Royalists were picked men, and at to reinforce the military in the interior. first the Independents lost ground. GeneThis renewed incur.ion was wholly unex- rai Marino seized a colour, placed himself pected, but it had been ascertained that the at the head of his ranks, and ordered the Caffres had been instigated to further hosti- charge to be made with fixed bayonets. A. lities by a number of deserters from the nimated by his example, and feeling the British forces, who had directed their ope. desperate situation in which they were rations against Graham's Town. Hence placed, his men pushed on with firmness the able manner in which they were carried and alacrity, and in a short time the Span. on is in some degree accounted for. The ish column was broken. The carnage that principal deserter, who had been of most ensued was horrid; Marino was long un. assistance to the enemy, was named Patrick able to stop his men, so exasperated were Moore, who seems to be high in authority they at the information they had received among the Caffres. Unfortunately there at the Spaniards' plans from deserters. was so great a scarcity, not only of grain, General Marino says in his dispatch, but of all kinds of provisions, that the go
“* More than a thousand dead bodies, the vernor had thought it prudent to restrict whole of their ammunition, horses, cattle, all the inhabitants as well as the troups, to baggaył, colours, papers, &c. have fallen certain short allowances, until the arrival into our hands." The Patriots suffered of supplies from England.
severely, having lost 100 men.
BRITISH AMERICA. Another Fire ai
St John's, Neu joundlund.-We have to reThe Patriot cause in South America ap- cord another most aistressing and calami. pears unequivocally to prosper. A dis tous fire, which broke out in t John's, patch received by the envoy of the South Newfoundlana, between one and two o'clock American republic in London, states, that in the morning of the 18th July last, and, Bolivar had entered New Granada, and from the intanımable nature of the houses, that Morillo could not in any way obstruct and more particularly of their roofs, it his march into that country. He was every spread with such rapidity, that, in the short where joyfully received by the inhabitants. space of three hours, 170 families were
In May last, a Spanish division of 1500 burnt out, besides an immense quantity of men was detached by Morillo, for the pur. produce consumed in various stores and pose of making a dash on Angostura, and, warehouses. The loss of property had not in the event of a successful coup de main, been correctly ascertained when the ac. to burn and destroy the town. (This was counts came away, but it was estimated at Morillo's plan at the commencement of the L. 150,000. There is no certainty how the campaign; but it will be remembered he fire originated, but there being an ash heap was arrested in his progress, when midway, against the back of the house, it is general, by the difficulties he had to encounter, and ly thought that some 'hot ashes had been the activity of General Paez. ('onsidering carelessly thrown against the dry clap. the town, after General Bolivar's depar. boards, which cauching fire has occasioned ture, bare of troops, he pushed on a light the mischief.
able dread of thunder, and when the storm THUNDER STORMS. In the beginning came on he was sitting in his own house, of this month, thunder storms prevailed and immediately betook himself to a Bible. over the three kingdoms, which were in .a The servant came in to lay the cloth for rious parts productive of considerable da. dinner, and he instantly dismissed him, mage ; but, except in one case in Ireland, charging him to take the knives and forks were not attended with loss of human life. out of the room, and intreated every perThe sufferer in this case was Arthur Gal. son in the house would go to their devobraith, Esq. of Lissnally near Omagh. tion, until (as he emphatically said) this This gentleman, it appeared, had a remark- awful visitation passed. He was sitting on
a sofa, at a small table, his lady opposite effect, and be a great ornament to the disto him ; his two daughters and their gover- trict. This spire is built by the subscrip. ness at their work, when he got up, after tions of individuals, natives of the parish of reading for some time, and unfortunately Alloa. sat down in a corner, and leaned his head 19. Execution. Yesterday morning back against the wall-he had not been James Whiteford, convicted of the crimes there two m.inutes until he was struck dead of. hamesucken and robbery, in the toll. instantaneously. Mrs Galbraith was thrown house of Hopetoun wood, Linlithgowshire, on the floor, where she lay quite insensi. on the 27th March last, was executed on a ble-one of the children's faces scorched, gibbet erected at the head of Libberton's the other burnt in the neck, as if three bars Wynd, pursuant to a sentence of the of red hot iron had been laid on the place High Court of Justiciary. When part of
- the window-curtains burnt to cinders, the fifth hymn had been sung, and an imand scattered all over the room--the mar- pressive prayer delivered by Principal Baird, ble chimney-pieces in three rooms shatterthe criminal took his station on the drop, ed in a thousand pieces--the locks twisted which is now on a level with the scaffold, off the doors, and seven hundred panes of and, within a few minutes of nine o'clock, glass broke--a dog in the kitchen killed, was launched into eternity. His struggles, and every being in the house (except the which were considerable, were of short duragoverness) either less or more injured. tion ; and the body was cut down about
10. Imitation Tea. At page 74 of this half after nine. He was decently dressed, volume is recorded the seizure of an and behaved in a manner becoming his awa immense quantity of this spurious mixture ful situation. The crowd assembled was in Edinburgh; and the case this day came not very numerous. before the Justice of Peace Court here. 2). Bullion. The price of gold was quo. Samples of the tea were produced in Court, ted to-day at L. 3, 175. 10 d. the ounce, which proved it to be composed chiefly of being the exact mint price. A few days sloe and ash leaves. The cellar in which previous it had been still lower, but the it was found was rented by the defendant, Directors of thc Bank having now expresArchibald Fraser, who alleged that he had sed their determination to take any gold taken it for an English rider, but whose that might be brought to them at the above. name he did not know. It further appear. named quotation, the market became staeil, that the boxes came from a house in tionary there. The quantity of bullion in London, (which was named,) addressed to a the country is supposed to be by no means fictitious person, and that the freight was large; but as exchanges still rise and a paid in London. On their arrival at Leith, medium for its sale is now opened, a large they were conveyed to a cellar in the Cow. importation may be expected. gate, from whence the defendant removed 23. Reprieve. The sentence of death them himself to the cellar rented by him in passed upon Peter Bowers, for killing a Byres's Close, where the seizure was made. man with an axe near Haddington, has The Court convicted the defendant, whose been commuted to transportation for life. conduct they reprobated in the strongest The behaviour of Bowers since his condemterms, and decreed that he should forth with nation has been marked by the greatest papay a mitigated penalty of L. 50 Sterling, or tience and mildness. He was confined in be committed to Bridewell for six months. the same cell with Whiteford, who was exThe adulterated tea was ordered to bc de- ecuted on Wednesday last, and his converstroyed.
sation seemed to have a considerable effect 17. Nexo Church at Alloa.—This day on the latter in reconciling him to his fate. the vane and ornaments were placed upon The Edinburgh New Year Riot.On the pinnacle of the steeple lately built at Saturday the 14th inst. at the Durham as. the new parish church of Alloa. This sizes, John King and William Charlton spire is from a design of James Gillespie, were tried and convicted of the murder of Esq. architect, and is of Gothic architecture, James Hamilton, a watchman at Newbottle octagonal, with enrichments of croket work colliery. King was executed on Monday, up each angle, surmounted with foliage. but Charlton was respited in consequence The whole height is 202 feet. The iron of a confession King's that he was ignowork which supports the vane serves as a rant of the murder. The following extrathunder rod, and is finished with a silver ordinary facts have appeared regarding point, which was fixed at the summit by Charlton :-“It will be recollected, that Mr Bald, civil engineer, in presence of in the winter of 1811-1812, a most atroci. Messrs John Miller, John Smith, and ous plan was organized in Edinburgh for Alexander Bald, junior, a quorum of the knocking down and plundering every percommittee who took charge of the building son that might be found in the streets on of the spire. Pinnacles have yet to be ad- New Year's night, a tiine of unreserved ded on each corner of the square tower, and confidence and kindness in the Scottish mewhen completed, with an ornamented bal- tropolis. Numbers were severely hurt and cony, will give the whole a very striking robbed; one watchman was murderedha
Three very young men were executed as rangue the multitude.
In the meanactive agents in this outrage. It appeared while, some individuals of Manchester had in the course of the trial that the whole had waited on the magistrates, and made been arranged and conducted by a T. John- oath of their opinions of the dangerous ston, who had escaped to America. When character, and their fears of the result, of Charlton came to Newcastle last spring, he such an assemblage. Upon these represenwas recognized by a prostitute, who had tations, the magistrates determined to disbeen in Edinburgh in 1812, and addressed perse the meeting by torce; for which puras Johnston. He contrived to impose si. pose, in addition to the civil power already lence upon her at that time, and would ne. in requisition, they sent a body of Yeomanver see her again. In consequence of this ry cavalry; who appeared in front of the reaching the ears of the police, they male hustings just as Hunt had commenced his application to the officers in Edinburgh for speech. The orator affected to feel no a. a description of Johnston's person.
The larm, and called on the crowd to give the description sent suited Charlton exactly. cavalry three cheers. This was accordingSome parts of it were striking, and almost ly done; when in a moment the yeoman. decisive. Johnston had a scar over his left ry charged through the compact body, cuteye; Charlton has the same.-Johnston ting down, overthrowing, and trampling had a particular mark on his leg ; Charlton on all that opposed their progress to the has that mark. Such then is the fatuitous liustings. Hunt and a few others were ta. and ruinous career of guilt."
ken prisoners, conveyed before the magis. 30. Kinghorn Ferry. The subject of a trates, and after examination remanded on steam vessel at the Leith and Kinghorn a charge of high treason. This charge, ferry has lately undergone a discussion at however, after communicating with goa meeting of the trustees, and there is rca- vernment, was abandoned, and the prisonson to believe that such an establishment ers were committed tinally for trial, char. may be carried into effect during the pre- ged with conspiring to alter by force the
laws of the country. In the charge made Execution of Rulph Woolness - This un. by the yeomanry upon the people, between happy young man, sentenced to be hanged two and three hundred individuals were for robbery, was on the morningof the 27th hurt, about one half of them with sabre removed from Edinburgh jail, and escorted wounds, and the other half with bruises by to Linlithgow, where he was executed be- being trampled on or overturned in the tween two and four o'clock in the afternoon, confusion. Several were killed, one of them according to his sentence. It was not till a constable on duty in the crowd; ard one the near approach of the day of exccution or two bave since died of their wounds. that Woodness was founi to reflect on his The magistrates of Manchester are by maawful situation ; but on the fatal day his ny unsparingly blamed for rashly disperobduracy and resolution forsook him, and sing the multitude by a military force. human nature could no longer support him But their conduct, as well as that of the mion viewing the apparatus of death is bo- litary, in the circumstances of the case, dily frame surk under his feelings--he ex. has been approved of by ministers; and pressed himself with contrition-joined with a letter of thanks has been sent to these unaffected tervency in the devotional exer two bodies, signed by Lord Sidmouth in the cises- uttered a short prayer when at last naine of the Prince Regent. left to himself, and finally shook hands with Meeting at Smithfield. On the 25th, the executioner, as a token of forgiveness another meeting was held at “mithfield, to all. By his own desire he was accom- contrary to the advice of Major Cartwright, panied by the Rev. Mr Porteous from at which the apothecary, called Dr Wat. Edinburgh ; and supported by him and son, took the chair. The attendance at another clergyman to the scaffold, who did this meeting bore no comparison in numnot leave him till the executioner had com- bers to that at the last, and nothing markpleted the necessary preparations.
ed the assembly or the orators but extreme Reform Meeting at Manchester. On lowness and dulness. The conduct of the the 16th inst. according to public auver. Lord Mayor on this occasion was correct tisenient, a meeting of Reformers, under and commendable: he took every precauthe guidance of the notorious Hunt, was held tion to prevent dangerous consequerces reat Manchester ; at which large bodies of sulting from the meeting; and, as no tu. starving and discontented workmen from multuous disposition was manifested on the surrounding districts attended. These the part of the populace, they were suffer. approached tie place in regular bands to ed quietly to hear the tedious harangues of the sound of music, and carrying colours their orators, and peaceably to retire to inscribed with mottos expressive of their their respective honies. political feelings and determinations. The Meeting at Glasgow. meeting of whole number assembled has been estima- operative weavers and others took place at ted to amount to 80,000. Mr Hunt was Glasgow on the 26th. The orators or this called to the chair, and proceeded to ha. occasion imputed all their distresses to the