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The Scots gagazine.

JULY 1819.


On the Plague at Malta.........

3 Remarks on the Works of Dr Wells..... 9 Thoughts on Taste...

13 On Good and Bad Fairiescono

16 Historical Anecdotes. No. IV. cena 20 Translations from the Chinese........... 24 Monument for Burns.......

28 Ode to the Memory of Sir John Moore. 29 Stanzas addressed to a Cometaracas .30 Remarks on the Dessert. By the Author of the Banquetas

ib. Remarks on Dr Doddridge's Life of Colonel Gardiner om

-35 Remarks on the Legend of Montrose.....38 Historical Sketch of the Principal Banking Companies of Europe

45 On the Living Poets of Italy cameraso

...52 Canzone of Pindemonti..........

54 Translation of the same.com

comemorar 55 Reinarks on the Life of Currancom.com 56 Gaspard Mollien's Journey into the Interior of Africa.com.co

arawancara 61


Bombay Literary Society.- Northern

Expedition.-- New Comet, &c.......... 65 Works preparing for Publication ...~~-67 Monthly List of New Publications com... 68

MONTHLY REGISTER. Foreign Intelligencemaran

70 Parliamentary Intelligence

72 British Chronicle

74 British Legislation....comm

79 Public Amusements, &c.

-80 Patents

81 Appointments and Promotions...... ib. Meteorological Table

84 Agricultural Reportmana.com

ib. Commercial Report........

86 The late Henry Glassford, Esq.mmon.com.89 Lord Chief Baron

90 Sir G. B. Hepburn..................91 Births, Marriages, Deaths............. 93


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NOTICE. Dr BRUNTON has informed us, that he has discovered himself to have made a mistake in supposing the pathetic little poem which we quoted from his Memoir to have been a composition of Mrs Brunton. It was written by a gentleman who has favoured us occasionally with several elegant pieces of poetry for this journal,—and, what is singular enough, this very poem is actually to be found in our Number for October 1817. Mrs Bronton must have been struck with some resemblance in it to the state of her own feelings at the time, and accordingly copied it with a very slight variation,-a practice to which she was so little given, that it was scarcely possible for Dr Brunton not to have fallen into this error. Magazine pocts may learn from this that their most beautiful effusions are almost as much concealed from the eye of the world as if they remained in their cabinets ; yet there may be one reader in a thousand, to whom their verses give pleasure or consolation, and that reader may be a Mrs Brunton. This, we should think, is sufficient encouragement: and could a greater compliment be paid

an anonymous poet, than to have his verses undoubtingly and eagerly ascribed to a person of her worth and genius ?

Page 19, for tract, read trait.

29, for “ bards of Scotland,” read “ bards of England.”

The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE AND LITERARY Miscellany are respectfully requested to transmit their Communications for the Editor to ArchiBALD CONSTABLE and Coupany, Edinburgh, or LongMAN and COMPANY, London; to whom also orders for the Work should be particularly addressed.

Printed by George Ramsay d. Co.





JULY 1819.

ON THE PLAGUE AT MALTA. glandular swellings were confirmed on

the death of the child, when small MR EDITOR,

livid marks were observed on the I SEND you, for insertion in your body. These circumstances were Journal, a letter which I lately re- communicated to the Government; ceived from a gentleman of high cha- and, as the mother of the child was racter and respectability, who was re seized with similar symptoms, it was sident at Malta during the plague deemed necessary to prevent all unin that island in 1813. You may necessary intercourse with this illdepend upon the accuracy of his in- fated family. Measures were likeformation.-I am, &c.

wise taken to discover those who had

tecently frequented the house; and London, 2d February 1819. several persons were, in consequence, My Dear Friend,In compliance placed under observation. In the with your request, I proceed to give mean time, the woman died; and her you some account of the plague which husband was removed to the Lazaprevailed at Malta during my resin retto, where he in like manner was dence there. I must, however, pre- taken ill, and died. Various were mise, that, having retained no memo now the opinions of medical men in randa on the subject, can only de- regard to the nature of the malady. tail a few of the most striking circum- The principal officers of the British stances as they occur to me.

Medical Staff concurred in pronouncIt has never, I believe, been fully ing it the plague; and some of those ascertained how the plague was intro- gentlemen were no strangers to that duced into Malta ; but as, at the time malady, having witnessed its ravages of its appearance, the island main- in the British camp during the first tained an extensive commercial inter- Egyptian expedition. This opinion, course with Egypt, where the disease however, was strenuously opposed by was unusually fatal, there is reason to the Maltese practitioners in general, suppose that some infected articles although none of them were, from from thence had been concealed, and their own experience, competent to privately disposed of, instead of being judge. Amid this contrariety of opideposited in the Lazaretto for purifi- nions, there could be no doubt as to cation. The first case which excited the expediency of adopting measures alarm occurred towards the end of of precaution. Accordingly, in the April 1813. A Maltese physician beginning of May, the Government having been requested to visit a child, issued a proclamation, by which the the daughter of a shoemaker in Val- churches, the courts of judicature, the letta, soon perceived that his patient theatre, and other places of public rehad a fever of no ordinary descrip- sort, were required to be shut, until tion; and the suspicions which had the nature of the disease could be fulbeen excited by the appearance of ly ascertained ; and such further re

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strictions on the intercourse of the visitation, it was pleasing to observe inhabitants were imposed as the cir- the zeal and alacrity with which the cumstances of the case seemed to war- principal inhabitants came forward rant. These measures were, doubt- to render themselves useful. Large less, wise and salutary; but, unfor- sums were subscribed in aid of those tunately, their efficacy was greatly who were prevented from exercising counteracted by the incredulity of the their usual occupations. Some proMaltese. Naturally averse to believe moted the observance of the Governwhat they could not contemplate with- ment regulations within their respecout horror, the people listened with tive districts, while others visited eagerness to the assurances of those those parts of the town where the diswhose professional knowledge they ease prevailed most, encouraging the regarded with deference. They, desponding, administering to the therefore, did not hesitate to evade wants of the poor, and aiding the pubthe observance of restrictions which, lic officers in the discharge of their under any circumstances, must be painful duties. But, in spite of every irksome, but which were now judged precaution, the disease was gaining arbitrary and oppressive, in propor- ground; and those few persons who tion as they were considered unne- had been induced to attend the sick cessary: The English families, in the in the pest-hospitals, and to bury the mean time, adopted the more prudent dead, were themselves daily falling system of rigid scclusion. If public victims to the malady. Amongst the duty required ihe master of the house difficulties to be encountered at this to go out, the other members of the period, one of the most formidable family were closely shut up; and the was that of providing for services of result proved the wisdom of this pre- such imminent danger. Amid this caution, inasmuch as of the numerous embarrassment, the voluntary tender British residents few or none fell vic- of a few convicts, on condition of tiins to the plague.

being set at liberty after a certain peThe progress of thedisease was at first riod of service, was gladly accepted; so very slow, that hopes began to be en- and the number was increased by tertained of its having been totally ex- some Forzati, or galley-slaves, from tinguished, by the timely removal to the Sicily, whom the Government of that Lazaretto of those who were discovered island had permitted to volunteer to have held communication with the their services under similar condifamily first attacked. Towards the tions. Had these unfortunate persons middle of May, however, several sud- availed themselves of the oil-skin den deaths occurred in different dis- dresses, and other means of preventricts of Valletta, and, on examina- tion afforded them, I have no doubt tion of the bodies of the deceased, that several might have survived to pestilential marks were invariably dis- claim the reward of their useful lacovered. Those persons, it is proba- bours. But, having necessarily free ble, had concealed their illness, under access to infected houses for the rethe apprehension of being separated moval of the sick and the dead, and from their families, or deserted by being little calculated by their pretheir neighbours. The town was now vious habits to resist the temptations divided into various districts, sepa- thus afforded them, they too generalrated from each other by barriers, ly gave themselves up to riot and exwhich none were suffered by the po- cess, and rushed, as it were, into the lice-guards to pass, except the public arms of death. I remember, howfunctionaries, who were distinguished ever, to have seen one of those perby a particular badge, or such other sons, who, though incessantly occupersons as were furnished with go- pied for several months in his perilous vernment permits. An additional La- functions, entirely escaped infection, zaretto, or pest-hospital, was estab- and survived to return to Sicily. But lished at Fort-Nanuel, an out-post such instances were of rare occurrence; which, from its airy and insulated si- and the exemption of this person tuation, seemed admirably calculated might, perhaps, be owing, in some for that purpose; and thither the degree, to a physical peculiarity.sick, and those under circumstances One of the most appalling spectacles of very strong suspicion, were gene- exhibited during the plague, was that rally removed. Amid this afflicting of the dead cart moving along through

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