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The ground is considered to be the which he hardily predicts. All discommon property of those who in- ease is imputed to an evil spirit entera habit it, and they are very tenacious ing into the body, and if it is not exin observing their limits, neither pera pelled by the charms used, the person mitting nor making encroachments, dies, and immediately becomes the even in pursuit of game, and an in- tormentor of some one whom his spirit fringement of this right is a source of enters. Songs are addressed to dedeadly feud. The jungle is never cut parted relatives to propitiate their down, every one conceiving his safe- favour in love and hunting, the only ty to depend upon its being impene, two subjects that interest the Veddah, trable. They have no written lan- A favourite song records the valour of guage, and correspond with those at a a Veddah, who was destroyed by an Llistance by sticks notched in a parti- elephant on his return from an expecular manner, previously concerted, or dition to barter deer's flesh and honey by knotted strings: their language for arrow blades at Walassy: another when spoken is harsh and discordant: narrates the catastrophe that befel a they do not count beyond ten, ex. Veddah and his two faithful wives : pressing all higher numbers by the the hero of the tale having discovered collective many
Individuals have a rich hive of honey in a jungle, no distinguishing names, but use a which could not be approached with descriptive epithet, as the big man or out danger, fearlessly let himself down the little man.
a steep precipice to remove the honey Their religious notions savour of from the twig on which it hung, the barbarity that marks their charac- while his wives were spectators of his ter ; they have not an idea of an Om- enterprise ; but a neighbour who ennipotent and wise Creator, nor a hope vied him the possession of two such beyond the present; but when mis- wives, thought he had only to murfortunes assail them, they are ascribed der the husband to make them his to the agency of evil spirits, whose own. He hal secretly followed the wrath they endeavour to appease, hunter to the perilous spot, and stealwhen they are under the pressure of ing upon him unperceived, cut the calamity. Each performs the rites boughs which supported him, and he deemed most acceptable to the evil was in an instant dashed to pieces on spirit in his own behalf, without the the rocks below: the wives, at no loss intervention of priests. Deer's flesh, to guess the motive of his cruelty, with honey, betel, or rice flour, rolled up one impulse upbraided hini with in a clean leaf, are suspended to a treachery, swearing he never should bough, or laid upon a stone, as an enjoy the object of his guilt, precipi. offering, to the Veddé Yaccon, or tated themselves over the cliff, and Veddahs Dæmon, who is invited by shared their husband's fate. the supplicant to smell to it, and en The Veddahs are always serious treated to grant his prayer; after his and gloomy, even in their dances and Dæmonship has been allowed a rea- songs: their greatest virtue, perhaps, sonable time to inhale the savour, his is their care of their sick relatives : share of it, the supplicant himself eats they sell their children as slaves, withthe offering. In cases of extreme emer- out the least hesitation. During the gency, dancing is resorted to in order late king's reign a female was worth to appease the Dæmon. A sick person about 30 rix dollars, and a male half is laid on the ground, while several per- that price, in the province of Walassy. sons dance round him to the sound of Walussy, 21 April. a tom tom, or drum, made by stretching the skin of a Guana over the dried rind of a gourd ; this is their only musical instrument, and it is accompa
No. V. nied by the yells and screams of the bystanders: the dancers move in ac
Futher Paul. tive gesture till they work thenselves It may not be generally understood, up to an extraordinary pitch of en- that the celebrated Paolo Sarpi, authusiasm ; he who is the most excit- thor of the History of the Council of ed declares himself possessed by the Trent, besides his transcendent poliDæmon, upon which he is interrogat- tical and patriotic merits, was the ed about the fate of the dead person, greatest mathematician of his age, as
is formally affirmed by his illustrious ás appears from the letter, had been contemporary, Galileo, who adds, that corrected by Sarpi. Both are among he regards him as his master. Mage his MSS. with some leaves in his num laudari a laudatis.
handwriting, whence it appears that The Memorie Anedotte of Paolo he dissents from the explications in Sarpi, drawn from his letters and pa- the second treatise. pers, and other most authentic sour This life of Sarpi is very scarce, ces, by Griselini, (Losana, 1760, 8vo,) and appears to have been suppressed present him in new and most extra- in Italy, which is not wonderful, as ordinary lights, as a profound mathe- the attacks on the Jesuits are truly matician and natural philosopher. His terrible. Their total want of morals, biographer may sometimes be biassed, afterwards so ably exposed in the but he seems to prove from coeval tes- Lettres Provinciales,) their artifices, timonies: 1. That Paolo Sarpi, (com- by which, says Sarpi, they creep into monly called Father Paul, because he rich houses, like hedgehogs, all was of a free religious order called smooth at first, but when in possesServiti,) in the mathematics anticipat- sion, they expand their prickles, and ed several discoveries of Galileo, Kep- exclude the owners, are exposed with ler, David Gregory, and even New- great force. Fabricius (Coder Apoc. ton. 2. That he was the first who ob- N. T.) expresses great doubts if the served the valves in the veins and the Jesuits were Christians. In fact, they circulation of the blood, before indis- were mere unprincipled Atheists, who tinctly intimated by Servetus and Ces- had no pursuit but their own advancealpinus. This discovery he communi- ment, and in China they became idocated to his medical friend Aquapen- lators in this view, as all know. Sara dente, who published it in his treatise pi, who had the best political inforDe Ostiolis Sanguinis, 1579, which mation, formally ascribes to their suggested to Harvey his clear and im- school Ravaillac, with his dark cbamproved system. (See also the life of bers and revelations, then practised Peiresk by Gassendi, p. 137, and solely by those infamous regicides. Wesling Epist. Cent. 1. ep. 26, who An interesting portrait is prefixed, saw Sarpi's Autograph.) Harvey's engraved by Griselini himself, from book appeared 1628, five years after one on mother-of-pearl, the only geSarpi's death. 3. That he was also the nuine likeness. On the right cheek first who observed the contraction and is the mark of the dagger, (stylo cudilatation of the uvea, as is acknow- riæ Romanæ,) left in the foul attempt ledged by the same candid Aquapen- of the Pope to assassinate Sarpi, to dente, De Oculo, p. 93. edit. Ven. 1600. whom James I. of England offered a 4. That in his treatise on the Ori- refuge and pension. The History of gin of our Opinions, (MS. then with the Council of Trent (a work of forty others of his hand in the library of years) was first printed at London, the Servites at Venice,) he in some 1619. passages precedes Locke. A Scottish mathematician, now lit
THE ROSE UNIQUE OF BRITAIN. tle known, Alexander Anderson, in a
Written in November 1817. letter to Sarpi dated 1615, indicates
ONE lovely Rose, (no fairer Flow'r the great expectation entertained at Paris of Sarpi's treatise, De Recogni- A cruel blast has broken down
E'er bloom'd in Britain's Royal bow'r,) tione Æquationum, then preparing for With the sweet Bud of Hope unblown. the press, but which never appeared. As Vieta, then the greatest mathema. Sad ev'ry heart, dim every eye, tician in France, had left some pro- The Mourner's Soul must find relief
Each throbbing bosom breathes a sigh; blems unsolved, Anderson undertook if Sympathy can soften Grief. that arduous task in two treatises, Oh Prince berear'd! thou yet must find which he sent to Sarpi, both printed Some solace for thy noble mind; at Paris, 1615, in 4to. 1. Alexandri While thy lost Love's fair name appears Andersoni AITIOAOTIA pro Zetetico Embalm'd in a brave Nation's tears. Apolloniani problematis a se jampri- A People's joy with thine is flown, dem edito in Supplemento Apollonii They mourn thy sorrow, as their own; redivivi. 2. Ad angularium section. And long shall mourn, the rapid flight um theoremata, &c. opera et studio Of days so fair; and hopes so bright. Alerandri Andersoni, Scoti. The first,
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
New Printing Machine. A new print. peculiar dispatch to persons in the habit of ing machine has been invented by Mr Wil. copying, for it enables them to go on writliam Rutt, of Shacklewell, near London; ing perfectly straight, while they look on which, for its simplicity, and superior style the paper from which they copy; and it of printing and making register, exceeds further possesses this advantage, essential any printing-machine hitherto invented. both to health and good hand-writing, that
It is capable of printing any kind of the writer must sit straight before the board, work, in letter of any size, either in stereo having his hand continually (whether writ. or moveable type, with equal facility. The ing on the top, middle, or bottom of the inking-apparatus is so arranged, that, by page) at the same distance from the body, the action of the machine, the requisite and half the fore-arm resting on the guidingregular supply of ink is received by the board, which permits no deviation, but rollers from a duct peculiarly constructed, obliges the hand to start, at each line, from and communicated to the type in such a the same point. By this regular position manner as to produce a complete uniformity the hand will soon acquire perfect freedom, of colour, however extensive the number of united with steadiness, and the simplicity impressions.
of the machine enables any person to diThe small space which this machine re- rect children in its use; so that, after they quires is also much in its favour ; a room have been exercised upon it, they will find 10 feet 6, by 7 feet 6, would be sufficiently the advantages of a good position so natularge for the full operation of one equal to ral, that, even without the machine, they a work on super-royal paper. It will print will preserve the proper attitude and case in as many sheets in a minute as a man can writing. put on the cylinder, which may be about Lathyrus Tuberosus. The tubers, which fifteen ; but its rate must be regulated ac. have been exhibited and distributed at secording to the quality of the work required veral of our meetings, during the late winto be done.
ter, are the produce of a plant called by Agograph. A new invented Writing Linnæus Lathyrus tuberosus, a native of Machine, in the form of a desk, for improv. Germany, France, Italy, and Holland, in ing effectually, and with facility, the most which last country it has long been cultivatirregular or stiff hand-writing, and adding ed in the gardens, for the sake of the tubers greatly to the ease and convenience of writ- produced by its roots, which are there used ing in general, has recently been invented in the dessert
. In Dutch it is called Aardo by a Lady.
aker, (earth nut,) or Muizen met staarten, This machine forms a portable desk or (mice with tails, ) the tubers with the fibres box, which locks up and unfolds like a back, attached to one of their extremities (when gammon board. One side is male to con. half concealed in a napkin, on which they tain the paper, inkstand, pens, &c. the are usually served up at table) bearing & other side the apparatus to write upon. strong resemblance to the common mouse.
The paper is placed on a board, called Gerrard called them Terræ Glandos, or the sliding-board, as it slides up and down Pease Earth nuts. between two parallel bars ; the hand rests Though the plant had been long under on a board placed across the bars like a my charge, in the garden at the British bridge, which is called the guiding-board ; Museum, I was ignorant of the use of its for the little finger being placed on the roots, till a person accidentally calling on edge of that board, and sliding along, me, and inquiring anxiously " for the little carries the pen in a straight line across the black roots which the Dutch call mice, and paper. When one line is written, nothing which grow on a plant like a pea," led to but a slight action of the fore-finger of the the discovery ; I subsequently imported left-hand is required to raise the sliding, loots, and they have been many years in board with the paper to the distance of one my gardens at Croydon, as well as in that line.
of Sir Joseph Banks at Spring Grove, to The disadvantages of ruled lines, which whom I communicated them. bave the inconvenience of fixing the eye of The plant itself has been figured, as ornothe writer on the lines, whereby the atten. mental, in Curtis's Botanical Magazine, tion is partly withdrawn from the formation Vol. IV. Plate III. It bears some resemof the letters, and the hand and action of blance to, but is much smaller than, the the arm is stiffened, are obviated by the ma common everlasting pea. The tubers are chine, the slight and mechanical feeling of formed on the long fibrous roots of the plant, the little finger against the guiding-board to which they are attached, by what (in being quite sufficient to keep the hand in a comparing them with mice) may be calstraight line.
led their head, whilst, from the other end, This contrivance affords an advantage of which is the less obtuse of the two, proceeds VOL. V.
a small, short fibre, resembling the tail. The seed should be sown in the latter When two inches or upwards in length, end of May, on a shady border of rich earth, they may be considered as fit for use ; and not over stiff, the mvuld being made as firm are to be prepared in the following manner. as possible ; it is better not to rake in the Boil them from two to three hours, till a seed, which, being so very fine, may, by fork will pass through them ; when suffi. that operation, be buried too deep. If the ciently soft, dry them, and roast them gently, sowing is earlier than May, the plants will serving them up in a cloth in the same man sometimes run to flower in the autumn, ner as chestnuts, for which they are a good and so become useless. Moderate watersubstitute; and persons used to them be. ings must be given, as they come up, come very fond of their flavour.
through a fine rose of a watering-pot, and The plant will grow in any ground, but it is necessary that they be kept, at all times, a light rich soil suits it best. As the roots, tolerably moist. if not restrained, spread extensively, as well When the plants are of sufficient size, as penetrate very deep, both which proper. they must be thinned out, to the distance ties are inconvenient, it is advisable to of three or four inches apart ; those drawn form a border enclosed all round with brick- will bear transplanting well, if put into a work, about 20 inches deep, paving the border similar to the seed-bed, but care bottom with bricks. The bed thus made must be taken to insert the roots straight inis to be filled with the soil suited to them to the earth, and not to press the mould too The tubers (each of which will produce a close ; the roots which become forked are plant) should be put into the earth, about not so good as the straight ones. In No six inches from each other, and three inches vember, the plants will be fit for use, and below the surface. In the first year some will continue so antil April, about which tubers may be large enough, but in two time they begin to flower ; they should years they will become fit for use, and not be taken out of the ground till wanted ; should be taken up as wanted. The bed a few should be left for seed, which will be in which shey grow should be dug in regu- produced in abundance.-Trans. Lond. lar course from one end, leaving the small. Hort. Soc. er tubers and fibres, to produce a succession New Machines for Travelling.--Count of plants, and encouraging their fresh Drax's Velocipede, made by Mr Birch, growth by the addition of some good rich an eminent coachmaker, of Great Queen soil every year. Trans. Lond. Hort. Soc. Street, London, having been found by ex
Cultivation of the Rampion.— The ram- perience to cause ruptures and inflarnmapion has, of late years, been altogether ne tions of certain muscles of the thighs and glected in our gardens, though it is much legs, it has in consequence been laid aside. cultivated by the French, by whom it is This strong objection to its use led Mr called Raiponce, and it is very common in Birch to apply a simple arrangement of their markets. It is the Campanulu rapun. machinery with which to turn the wheels culus of Linnæus and of modern botanists, by the action of the hands or feet; and the Rapunculus esculentus of Ray, and the he has in consequence produced carriages Rapuntium parvum of Gerrard.' It grows of several forms and mechanical construcwild in France, Germany, Switzerland, tions, which merit the attention of the and the north of Italy ; and has long been world, and cannot fail, from their elegance, considered a native of England, being some- safety, and power, to command extensive times found, apparently wild, particularly patronage. in the neighbourhood of Croydon, in Sarrey, The Manivelociter is so called, from its where it was noticed by Hudson ; it is, being worked by the hands alone. This however, possible, that it may have only machine is entirely new in its construction, escaped from the hands of the cultivator, The ground-work or frame is made of iron, for it must be observed, that wherever it and forms a parallelogram, the corners has been permitted to seed in a garden, that being curved away. There are bosses on it comes up afterwards, for many years, in each side to receive the axles of the wheels, places very reniote from that in which the and cranks are attached to the inside-end parent plant grew, the seed being very light, of each axle, to receive the levers. This and accommodating itself readily to spots construction supersedes the necessity of an where it is not disturbed.
axletree throughout the frame. After the The plant is figured in English Botany, front corners are curved away, the frame tab. 283; it is a biennial, with a long white runs into a right line, from which the front spindle-shaped root; the leaves grow close wheel turns. A handle is attached to the to the ground, until it shoots-up into flow- top, connected with the pivot, which a lady er, in which state its panicle of blue flow- may guide. The person who works the ers, about two feet high, may fairly be con- machine sits in a seat behind. sidered ornamental. The root is the part The Bivector has been so called by Mr which is used ; it is eaten raw, like a radish, Birch, from its acting by two levers. The having a very pleasant nutty flavour; it is construction or frame is the same as in the also sometimes cut into winter salads, and Alanivelociter, with the addition of two then the leaves, as well as the root, are used. pair of levers, to act parallel to each other;
thus at one instant the machine is propelled 1. An opportunity of extensive Medical
The Trivector is so called, from acting vocal and instrumental.-12. Fencing.
the protection and patronage of the king,
The number of the “ Bibliotheque Uni.
From three to four, the rudiments, pro- period of fifteen months at Geneva and the nunciation, and affinities of Greek, Go. Hospice on Mount Bernard ; by M. A. thic, Latin, Italian, French, Anglo-Saxon, Pictet. The same number of this Journal German, and English; together with all also contains a notice relative to the deterthat is known upon the Philosophy of mination of the figure of the earth, and the Language.
results of the observations on the pendu-
by Chr. Biot.
been engaged, are,