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ANNUAL SUMMARY OF GERMAN
believed to be habltually engaged in other towns, amongst which Bonn, where offences, for none of which, however, he two new booksellers' shops are estabhad been convicted or tried."
lished, will soon become distinguishIn our next Number we shall give ed in the literary world. Berlin brings the most material part of the evidence to the fair 435 books, Halle 117, Bresin this curious case ; but this, with lau 58, Erfurt 43, and Koenigsberg any further observations on the Re- 17. port, must be deferred at present. Bavaria is still far behind Leipsic.
It only sends 516 articles, a diminution of 43 since last year. Of these
the smaller part, consisting of not LITERATURE FOR 1818. •
quite 200, belongs to the old Bavarian The two Leipsic book-catalogues states. To this number Munich conof this year occupy 534 pages of large tributes 106, last year 82. Landshut, octavo, being 13 pages more than which, in 1817, brought 84 articles, those of last year : 4760 articles are this year only sends 54, and Sulsbach inserted therein, viz. 3789 in the Ger- 21. Amongst the late additions to man, Greek, and Latin languages; this kingdom, Nurnberg ranks the 306 in other living languages ; 102 first; it has 109 articles, exceeding atlases and maps; and 473 pieces of Munich by 3, and yet its business has music. The accurate classification of decreased, for, in 1817, 177 articles the numerous articles is very difficult. made their appearance from that place. We also meet with many formerly Augsburg, once so renowned for its published, (such as those of Adelung, literary productions, since a lapse of Hegewisch, Lutheriz, T. C. Nicolai, ten years, declines still more decidedSchoenemann,
Weg- ly; no more than 46 books, and these, scheider, Wendeborn, &c.) which too, upon the Catholic mode of eduhave only passed into other hands, cation, have appeared from that place. and ought by no means to have been Bamberg and Wienzburg contribute admitted into the catalogues. Were 44, Erlangen 55, Ulm 28, and Ratissuch books as these, as well as those bonn 13. that are only furnished with new ti The literary fertility of the Impetle-pages, or exposed for sale as new rial States of Austria is said, as we are editions, (especially romances, plays, assured by well-informed persons of children's books, and many others of that country, to be but too little a trifling nature,) withdrawn from the known in other countries, and can be catalogue, the gross amount would very inadequately estimated from the then be diminished by some hun. Leipsic catalogues. We will not redreds. There still remain, however, verse this accusation, if it can be call4600 articles, which are introduced ed one, though it would be easy to into the book, print, map, and music prove, that the newest German nationtrades.
al literature has hitherto found diffi-' With regard to the activity of pub- cult access into Vienna, and still more lishers, in their local relations, few al- so into the other towns, through whose terations of any consequence are ob- fault we do not presume to say; but servable. The kingdom and duchies it admits of no doubt, that the fairof Saxony, besides the territories of catalogue is as open to the Austrian Schwartzburg, Anhalt, and Reuss, bookseller as to every other in Gerhave 1063 articles, being a diminu- many, and it is his own fault alone if tion of 354 articles, compared with his publications are omitted to be in1817. Of this nuniber Leipsic brings serted therein. The Austro-German to the market 691, Dresden 62, Meis- States, which, in 1817, appeared in sen 20, Gotha 62, Jena 60, Weimar the catalogue with 391 articles, this 51, Coburg 7.
year only bring into the market 334 Prussia furnishes 919 books, last books, and are fully 100 behind Beryear she brought 1015. Magdeburg, lin alone. Vienna has 198 articles, 5 Quedlinburg, Dortmund, &c. have more than last year ; Prague 63, becontributed largely. The Rhenish ing 37 less than last year; Pesth, where
Hartleben is uncommonly active, of This notice, translated from a Ger. whom we ought to have made honourman publication, will be interesting, we able mention before, has 34 ; Gratz believe, to several of our readers.
21, Brunn 9, and Linz 4 articles.
The kingdom of Wurtemburg ap- from Basel, (strikingly few for the pears with 165 articles, being 19 more seat of an university, showing at once than in the year 1817; 66 belong to in how much need they are of a thoStuttgard, and 59 to Tubingen. The rough regeneration,) and 3 from Winexample of Cotta, a name celebrated terthur, which also once gave out a and blessed as a classical publisher, ex- greater quantity. cites emulation. The circle of read. Denmark brings forward 213 artiers, who are eager to purchase, in- cles; of this number 65 belong to the creases, in consequence of the state of German states, viz. to Altona 39, and local affairs. The freedom of the to Kiel 26; and to Copenhagen 146. press is thankfully made use of by Riga confines itself to 6 articles. the fosterers of truth and right, at- Those of Dorpat and Petersburg are tended with results favourable to the sold at Leipsic and Halle; they may common weal. From the same prin- possibly not exceed 7 in number: ciple, tie book-trade flourishes in Foreign countries, with the excepó Frankfort on the Main, which place tion of Denmark, have contributed but brings forward 133 articles.
little to the increase of the book stores Of two Hessian states, which, in at the Leipsic fairs. Hielm from 1817, sent 80 articles, but exhibit Norway, who was so kindly received this year 134, the Grand Duchy of and welcomed the year before, does Darınstadt maintains a decided supe not make his appearance this year. riority; 76 articles made their appear. The 19 Dutch articles, consisting ance this year, being an increase of 30 chiefly of essays and theses from their since last year.
To this number universities, ten of which coine from Giessen contributes 35, Darmstadt 24, Leyden, may be had in the shop of and Mainz 17. The territory of Hesse Weidmaun. Schoel and Treuttel from Cassel exhibits 38, 4 more than what amongst the Parisian booksellers, send it brought forward last year ; 36 of us 55 articles, among which a Gere these articles, the greater part of them man system of handwriting is a cuschool-books, dissertations, and so riosity. From Strasburg are sent us forth, belong to Marburg, and 2 to (besides those mentioned as coming Cassel,
from Treuitel) only 4 articles. Two From the Grand Duchy of Baden articles only make their appearance we receive 120 articles, 4 less than in from London; yet there subsists be1817 ; of these 66 come from Heidel- tween the British and German bookberg, 25 from Carlsruhe, 18 from sellers a species of exchange, which is Freyberg, and 11 from Manheim. turned to much advantage. A real
The kingdom of Hanover delivers and brisk literary exchange with Eng113 articles, 6 more than last year; land, in consequence of the immense and the capitol, in which the well- prices usually given for books in that known book shop of Halm has been country, is rendered next to impossilong established, presents 4 articles, ble; and there should be great activiGöttingen 43, Lunenberg 13. ty in furnishing beautiful reprints
, Hamburg brings 75 books to the such as Thurneisen once published, fair, comprehending those of high as in order to satisfy more than at prewell as little importance, and particu- sent those who inquire after them; larly many pamphlets occasioned by in this way the diligence of our piraHarm's Theses. The duchy of Bruns- tical booksellers would find employwick has 45 articles; the capital gives ment, without injuring German pub24 of this yumber, and Helmstadt 21. lishers. Lubeck sends 23, the grand duchy of Meklenburr, chiefly Rostock, 20, Bremen 18, the duchy of Nassau, viz.
WALLACE AND BRUCE, A VISION. Wiesbaden, (where also much is produced, without any mention of the MR EDITOR, publishers,) 7; Lemgo, in the princi-. Though far from entering into a pality of Lippe, 6, (astonishingly few, hopeless competition with Mrs Hein comparison to its former fertility;) mans, I think the far-famed interview Oldenburg 3, and Pyrmont 2. of our patriot beroes ought not to be
We receive from Switzerland 76 ar. left entirely to English celebration. ticles; of this number 28 come from Mrs Hemans has adorned the subject Zürich, 22 from Arau, jQ from Bern, with the finest strains of pure poetry.
from Luzern, 4 from St Gallea, 3 Receive here, as a humble contrast, &
simple strain of genuine Scottish feel- Tho' born to wield the sceptre of command ing, flowing from a mind that owns He bears the peaceful olive in his hand. no other muse but the amor patriæ, 'Tis thou, and thine the proffer'd peace that and seeks no other praise but what is
spurn, due to heart-felt interest in the glory That bid the flames of war incessant burn, of our ancient kingdon, and no high- Add weight to the inevitable chain,
This fatal pride, resistance, stern and rain, er name than that of
My hapless kindred thus I daily see,
Not for the tears thy thousand widows shed, Making the peasants' hearts devoutly glad, Not for thy towns that midnight flames Shed solemn splendour o'er night's awful
Or foodsess orphans wand'ring thro' the While Falkirk's spires rose distant on my gloom; sight,
Not for thy ruin'd towers or ravag'd lands, And Falkirk's fatal field repos'd in dubious Or fanes destroy'd by sacrilegious hands ; light.
Where Freedom loves to rear a hardy race, Deeply I mus'd, till many a vanish'd scene, Her children yet may fill their parents Rose indistinctly to my mental view,
place ; And martial hosts through vapour dimly Their fields again may wave with plenteous
grain, Seem'd slowly gliding o'er the midnight And temples, towers, and cities rise again ; dew,
But Freedom, flying from a land where A sacred horror o'er my spirit stole,
slaves With fears too strong for reason to control. Obscurely seek dishonourable graves,
In vain with fruitless anguishi we deplore, But soon those fears subside, in vision clear She flies disdainful, and returis no more. Two Scottish heroes met my wandering That Scotland's chiefs have truth and horicw,
nour sold, The past rose awful on my eyes and ear, And barter'd Scottish faith for English gold, And all the present from my thought Have at a vile usurper's feet cast down withdrew.
The glory of our long descended crown, My soul, possest by fancy's magic power, While viler caitiffs bend the supple knee, Exalted hail'd the visionary hour.
With servile fear, and perjur'd fealty,-On Carron's brink those forms of warlike
These are the griefs that patriot hearts
For these, see Freedom, Truth, and ScotMajestic mov'd the opposing banks along,
land wail. They seem'd, while gleam'd their arms with fitful light,
For this our patriots rise in vengeful mood, Like ghosts of ancient chiefs renown'd in And weep their country's fate in tears of
blood. song ; The elder warrior leaning on his spear,
Bruce. Address'd the opposing chief, and all my Wallace, thy generous rage and patriot soul was ear.
flame, Offspring of princes, honour's favour'd son,
Have torn my bosom with remorse and Thou last remaining hope of Caledon,
shame, Sprung from the valiant lion's lofty race,
And while 'midst fortune's choicest gifts I Are those thy duties, or is that thy place?
pine, Shall Falkirk's field of kindred gore produce scorn my servile fate, and envy thine, Laurels to deck the temples of the Bruce ? Admire thy noble deeds, thy manly speech,
And envy the renown I cannot reach. Are thy affections with thy honour sold ?
Altho' no ray of hope thy path illume, Is it enough thy chains are chains of gold ? Thro' dangers hastening to an early tomb, (anst thou that princely head in homage Yet on that tomb shall deathless honours bend,
wait, And call thy country's ravager thy friend ? And Scotland, Truth, and Valour mourn Say canst thou kiss that desolating hand,
thy fate. That lights the flames of ruin thro' thy Thy name shall live to future times, whilst land ?
Must live inglorious, and forgotten die. No lawless tyrant England's monarch of thee the last and bravest, patriot Scot, reigns,
Of mę whose name dishonour's hand shall Nor comes to desolate my native plains,
Shall Scottish children talk, as yet, unborn, When late affliction's bitter cup I drain'd, Thine be the lasting glory, mine the scorn. I fondly thought no heavier curse ré
My wife, my generous Anna's cruel fate, O far be obloquy and scorn from thee, Victim to faithful love and English hate, Through clouds the glimmering future I My matchless friend, the good, the gallant foresee,
Grahame, Not that I vainly claim prophetic lore, The pride, the glory of that loyal name, Or seek fate's hidden secrets to explore, From my sad heart by English rancour On this unshaken base I build my trust,
torn, That heaven is merciful, while man is just; Silent and sad I mourn'd as warriors Just to itself, and faithful to its rights,
mourn ; While thus for freedom's cause a nation Vengeance I vow'd; but now a deeper fights ;
wound Tho'clouds, and storms, and darkness in- Bows my reluctant spirit to the ground. tervene,
All other woes forgot, O Caledon, Tho' treachery, deck'd in honour's guise, is for thee my native land I weep alone.
Disarm'd, disdain'd, a wild degraded spot, Tho' coward nobles shun the generous toil, Which kindred nations from their number Or basely turn to share their country's blot, spoil,
A slavish province to her bitterest foe, Yet where a daring people's hopes aspire, Say, can'st thou live and see her sunk so Where glows in peasant breasts heroic fire,
low? Where a brave nation to itself is true, And keeps one constant steady aim in view,
Bruce. Tho' fierce the contest, and tho' long the Wallace, forgive me tho' erewhile I strove toil,
The firmness of thy generous mind to For these the righteous Powers at length prove, shall smile;
The lion's blood that circles in my veins In future ages, as in ages past,
Is all on fire to burst my country's chains. The cause of justice shall prevail at last. Some nobles still remain, a faithful few, Then humbly bowing to the Powers divine, To honour's dictates and their country Assert thy rights, thy people's rights are true, thine
Who yet may struggle in the unequal Bruce.
field, Not to the erring views of man is given
And bid to Scottish spears the English
bowmen yield. To scan the destiny assign'd by heaven; 'Tis said some angel with protecting shield, Let all the woes by stern oppression bred Hovers o'er Edward in each bloody field ;
Be pour'd at once on my devoted head, "Tis said, that in the vales of Palestine,
If e'er I taste, or pleasure, or repose,
Till sheath'd in arms to meet with ScotHe mov'd protected by that aid divine. The Syrian bands his well won fame pro- Or from the fierce laborious contest cease,
land's foes, claim, The haughty Soldan trembles at his name ;
Till crown'd with victory, and blest with Shrinking the adverse bands beheld him
Wallace. To worship at the blest Redeemer's tomb; Affrighted saw the Red Cross banner wave, Hail chief, to Scotland dear, by Heaven And fled before the pious and the brave.
approv'd, 'Tis thus his priests uphold his early fame, Long may'st thou flourish honour'd and And coward superstition dreads his name;
belov'd, Our nobles fly, a feeble dastard band, Tho' long, and hard, and toilsome be the No place of strength remains to guard the way, land.
Hope still shall cheer thee with benignant Does there a spot remain 'twixt earth and ray ; sky,
In vain shall force or fraud impede thy Where Scotland's banners yet may freely
Or Scottish treachery, or Edward's wrath, Lives there a noble free from England's Thy country's everlasting hills shall be dread,
Retreats of safety to thy friends and thee; To place the crown on an anointed head ? Amidst thy native rocks that proudly
Thy mountain bands shall smile at Ed. O Scotland, Scotland, land of bright renown,
The rampant lion on thy flag display'd, Where is thy ancient pride and valour Shall make the alien leopards shrink disdown?
Thy victor trump be heard from shore to REMARKS ON COMMON BENSE, -A shore,
We like the style of this poem bet" If such the fate relenting heaven affords, ter than the matter. That easy strain And truth be found in thy prophetic of versification approaching to the lan.
words, When tyranny is quell'd and Scotland free, ihe distinct marks of poetry,-first
guage of prose, and yet with many of What honours, gallant Wallace, wait on thee!
exemplified by Horace, and since hapWallace.
pily imitated by some great masters For me no earthly joys or honours wait,
of modern times, has nearly gone out I peither seek nor shun my foreknown among us, and we are happy again to fate,
see an attempt to revive it. We like While doom'd my country's misery to de- it best, however, when it is not applore;
plied to the purposes of satire. HoI've borne the worst, I cannot suffer more. race's satire is very seldom offensive, Slander and jealousy in vain unite, - yet the best parts of his Sermoni The nobles' contumely, the English spite, Propiora are his, sound, and agreeSuch abject weapons cannot wound a able observations on morals and criti. mind,
cism. Boileau's epistles are in the Rais'd above earth, an alien from its kind; No more shall I of private wrongs com
same sensible and polite strain. There plain,
are many examples of a similar chaThey cannot take my Anna's life again, racter of writing in Pope, though his Nor shed again the generous blood of style is commonly pitched higher, and Grabame,
has both more point and more ill-naNor tear the honours from my spotless ture ; the best example of the sort in
English is, we think, Dryden's ReliThe little hope that liv'd for days to come, gio Laici. That poem is not a satire, Extinct with Grahame, lies buried in his but is a very happy essay in verse, on tomb;
a subject of great delicacy, and is conAll private ties dissolv'd, I only feel
ducted with much good sense and One passion glowing with redoubl'd zeal, The strong desire that pants for Scotland's temper. The present author is by no weal,
means unsuccessful in his attempt, and The fond, the faithful spouse, the match. we like him best, also, in those passaless friend,
ges in which he is least satirical. The No more I live to cherish or defend ; following picture of the style of Crabbe Thus early forc'd with all I lov'd to part, is a good instance: My country fills the vacuum in my heart, For her with pain ! draw reluctant breath, I cannot join with thosc, whose sweeping Danger for her I scorn, and welcome rage death ;
Allows no merit to this brazen ageAlike to me the scaffold or the field, We still have bards, who with aspiring If but for her my forfeit life I yield,
head Even tho' a prey to obloquy and scorn,
Rise o'er the crazed, the dying, and the By English churls my sever'd limbs are
* For instance, there's old Crabbe—though Altho' the shelter of a grave denied,
some may deem I fall the victim of revenge and pride,
He shows small taste in choosing of a Enough, that from my blood shall laurels
None but a bard his own true line can tell To deck the helmet of a warrior king ; He chooses right who executes it well. Enough, that from the realms of bless I And Crabbe has done it well ; although
his verse Thy head anointed and thy Scotland free ; Be somewhat rude, ’ris pregnant, strong, Then shall thy name to distant ages shine,
and terse: And truth from English slander rescue And he has feeling—I who never weep, mine;
And o'er a Werter's wocs am apt to sleep, And Scottish bards in native verse relate Even I, though somewhat rude, can feel My patriot struggles and thy happier fate;
for woe And with a liberal voice their praise divide such as l've known, or such as I may 'Twixt him who for his suffering country
know; died, And him who liv'd her glory and her guide.