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against his life ; that you had seen the thought you that base and servile instrudrunken, and worn out, and terrified jury, ment, attuned by hope and fear into disgive in a verdict of death; that you had cord and falsehood, from whose vulgar seen the same jury, when their returning string no groan of suffering could vibrate, sobriety had brought back their reason, no voice of integrity or honour could speak, prostrate themselves before the humanity let me honestly tell you I should have of the bench, and pray that the mercy of scorned to fling my hand across it; I should the crown might save their characters from have left it to a fitter minstrel ; if I do not, the reproach of an involuntary crime, their therefore, grossly err in my opinion of you, consciences from the torture of eternal self. you could invent no language upon such a condemnation, and their souls from the in- subject as this, that must not lag behind delible stain of innocent blood. Let me the rapidity of your feelings, and that must suppose that you had seen the respite given, no: disgrace those feelings if it attempted and the contrite and honest recommenda- to describe them.'” pp. 366–372. tion transınitted to that seat where mercy

When Mr Curran came to comwas presumed to dwell : that new and before unheard of crimes are discovered a. ment upon that part of the publicagainst the informer; that the royal mercy tion under trial, which stated that seems to relent ; that a new respite is sent informers were brought forward by to the prisoner ; that time is taken to see the hopes of remuneration, he thus

whether mercy could be extended or not;' goes on : that after that period of lingering delibera

666 Is that a foul assertion ? or will you. tion had passed, a third respite is transmitted ; that the unhappy ptive himself upon your oaths, say to the sister country, feels the cheering hope of being restored that there are no such abominable instru

ments of destruction as informers used in to a family that he had adored, to a character that he had never stained, and to a

the state prosecutions in Ireland ? Let me

honestly ask you what do you feel when in country that he had ever loved ; that you had seenthis wife and his children upon their my hearing—when in the face of this auknees, giving those tears to gratitude which dience, you are called upon to give a ver

dict that every man of us, and every man their locked and froken hearts had refused to anguish and despair, and imploring the of you, know, by the testimony of your blessings of eternal Providence upon his

own eyes, to be utterly and absolutely head who had graciously spared the father, cla:nations for informers with a promise of

false?' I speak not now of the public proand restored him to his children :

secrecy and extravagant reward.--I speak • Alas!

not of these unfortunate wretches, who have Nor wife, por childron, more shall he bee been so often transferred from the table to the hold,

dock, and from the dock to the pilloryNor friends, nor sacred home!'

speak of what your own eyes have seen, « Often did the weary dove return to day after day, during the course of this the window of his little ark ; but the olive commission, while you attended this court leaf was to him no sign that the waters the number of horrid miscreants who achad subsided. No seraph Mercy unbars knowledged, rpon their oaths, that they his dungeon, and leads him forth to light had come from the scat of governmentand life; but the minister of death hur- from the very chambers of the Castle ries him to the scene of suffering and of (where they had been worked upon, by the shame: where, unmoved by the hostile fear of death and the hopes of compensaarray of artillery and armed men collected tion, to give evidence against their fellows) together to secure, or to insult, to dis- that the mild, the wholesome, and merturb him, he dies with a solemn declara- ciful councils of this government are hold. ration of his innocence, and utters his last en over those catacombs of living deatii, breath in a prayer for the liberty of his where the wretch, that is buried a man, country.

lies till his heart has time to fester and dis. " • Let me now ask you, if any of you solve, and is then dug up a witness. Is had addressed the public ear upon so foul this a picture created by a hag-riddlen fanand monstrous a subject, in what language cy, or is it fact? Have you not seen him, would you have conveyed the feelings of after his resurrection from that tomb, horror and indignation ? Would you have make his appearance upon your table, the stooped to the meanness of qualified com- living image of life and death, and the plaint ? Would you have checked your supreme arbiter of both ? Have you not feelings to search for courtly and gaudy marked, when he entered, how the storiny language? Would you have been mean wave of the multitude retired at his apenough—but I intreat your pardon ; I proach? Have you not seen how the hu. have already told you I do not think mean man heart bowed to the awful supremacy ly of you. Had I thought so meanly of of his power, in the undissembled homage you, I could not suffer my mind to com- of deferential horror? How his glance, mune with you as it has done ! had I like the lightning of Heaven, seemed to



rive the body of the accused, and mark it conceived from his infancy of travelfor the grave, while his voice warned the ling over the unknown parts of Afridevoted wretch of woe and death death ca, served only to habituate him to which no innocence can escape, no art dangers, and to incite him to brave elude, no force resist, no antidote prevent ? still greater. There was an antidotema juror's Oath !

A variety of circumstances detained But even that adamantine chain, which bound the integrity of man to the throne him a long time in the colony. In 1818,

M. de Fleuriau was named governor of eternal justice, is solved and molten in the breath which issues from the mouth of of Senegal, ad interim. Zealous for the informer. Conscience swings from her every thing that could be useful to moorings; the appalled and affrighted juror his country or to science, this enspeaks what his soul abhors, and consults lightened officer engaged M. Mollien his own safety in the surrender of the vic- to undertake a journey into the inte

rior, for the purpose of making diset quæ sibi quisque timebat coveries. Unius in miseri exitium conversa tulere. Conformably to his instructions, Informers are worshipped in the temple of M. Mollien set out on the 29th of justice, even as the devil has been worship- January 1818, from Diedde, a village ped by Pagans and savages—even so in near Saint Louis, belonging to the Dathis wicked country, is the informer an ob- mel, traversed his kingdom, and passed ject of judicial idolatry-even so is he into that of the Yoloffs. The dansoothed by the music of human groans-- gers to which the chief of this nation even so is he placated and incensed by the represented that he would expose fumes and by the blood of human sacri- himself, if he took the road cf Woolli, pp. 377–380.

induced him to follow that of Fouta We have selected these as fair spe- Toro. He had foreseen the obstacles eimens of Mr Curran's eloquence, as which the Poulas would oppose to his they exemplify many of the beauties, passage, and it was only by disguising together with many of the extrava- the object of his journey that he obgancies that marked the style of the tained from the chief (or almamy) celebrated orator.

leave to proceed. Upon twenty sub(To be continued.)

sequent occasions this ferocious nation demanded his head, or at least

the plunder of his baggage ; but the HR GASPARD MOLLIEN'S JOURNEY powerful protection of the king proINTO THE INTERIOR OF AFRICA.

vided him with the means of reach(From the Nouvelles Annales des

ing Bondou without accident. ObVoyages, de la Geographie, et de could depend, he communicated to

taining there a guide on whom he PHistoire, publiées par Eyries et him the object of his mission. The Malte-Brun.)

negro assured him that he would never Desiring to prevent the effect of be able to succeed by going to Sego; inaccurate details which have been that it was by penetrating to the circulated respecting his journey, Mr southward that he would make the Mollien has favoured us with some discoveries which were his object. particulars, which the public will re- This man's advice he followed, and ceive with pleasure, until the detailed after having traversed a desert of three narrative of the author, which is now days' journey, which scparates Bondou in preparation, makes its appearance. from the countries beyond the Gam

M. Gaspard Mollien embarked in bia, he found himself on the banks June 1816, in the Medusa frigate, of this river, which he crossed at a the melancholy shipwreck of which place where a chain of rocks torming has become so famous. He had the a ford opposes an obstacle to navigagood luck not to go on board of the tion. The information which M. fatal raft; he got into one of the Mollien has collected respecting the small boats, which disembarked on the communication between the Senegal coast of the Sahara, along which, with and the Gambia is extremely interest. bis companions in misfortune, he pur- ing, and will appear in his narrative. sued his course until their arrival at On the eve of the day when he crossSenegal. The calamities which heed the Gambia, he discovered lofty had gone through, far from diverting mountains in the south-east. The him from the project which he had Poulas with whom he travelled had

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assured him that he could never sur- and, notwithstanding the repeated mount the precipices with which they shots which the Poulas prepared to were beset.

discharge at him, quenched his thirst On entering into Niokolo, a moun at these sources. Three grains of amtainous country inhabited by the ber satisfied his guide, who, in a few Poulas and Dialonnas, who lead a sa- days after, led him to the source of tage life, the traveller had a foretaste of the Falémé, which, in the country, is the fatigues which he was to encoun- called Théné. ter. The rocks of Bondou, and the He was a long time before he could solitudes of Dentilia, had so worn out prevail upon his guide to conduct him his horse, (a native of the sands of to Timbou, the principal town of the Cayor country,) that for a long Fouta-Dyallou. Almany,” said the time he had become quite useless to guide to him, “ will put me to death him. What, however, were the fa- for having introduced a white man tignies he had yet undergone to those into his capital.” At last he succeedwhich still awaited him! On arriv- ed in quieting the apprehensions of ing at the foot of the mountain of this negro, and, on the 20th of April, Tungué, he began to ascend at five he entered Timbou. The rairy seao'clock in the morning, and only son commenced the same day. The reached the summit at two o'clock in absence of Almany, and of a great the afternoon. From this point the number of the inhabitants, who had country below appeared to the eye to gone to San urary, enabled him, at be level, and notwithstanding it is the end of three days, to quit a place covered with very lofty mountains. where, but for this circumstance, he The cold which he experienced on the would, in all probability, have remaintop of Tangué was so extreme, that ed prisoner for a year. One of his he endeavoured to catch the rays of fowling-pieces, and twenty grains of the sun for the purpose of warming amber, opened the gates to him, and his frozen limbs. It was only by lay- the inhabitants presented bim with a ing hold of the branches of trees that small quantity of rice to enable him he could with his guide make his to continue his journey. The extent way through a road almost impassa- of Timbou announces it for the most ble to

Their cattle were considerable town of Fouta-Dyallou. wounded. Mr Mollien subsequently Several forts protect it from sudden entered into the country of Bandéia; attacks, but the enemies of the Poulas he rested several days in the village are not very forinidable. The king's of that name for the purpose of re- habitation is surrounded by an earthcruiting his strength, exhausted by en wall, fifteen feet high, and three the privations of every sort which he feet thick. The houses are buili with had endured in the almost barren a degree of nicety which would make countries through which he had pass one think that the Poulas are not deed; he left his horse at Bandéia, took ficient in industry ; the spaces which a new guide, and after again scaling separate them are shaded by banaalmost inaccessible heights, he found na and papaw trees. himself in Fouta-Dyallou ; he ap Under the pretence of going to purproached the sources of the Gambia chase salt for his provision at Sumbaand the Rio Grande. He then avow- lako, a village at no great distance ed his plans to his new guide, who from Timbou, M. Mollien repaired hesitated long before he consented to to the sources of Senegal, which are follow him, as death surrounded them close by; this river is called in the on all sides, the Poulas of those coun- country Bale, Bufing, or Foura, both tries being equally cruel with those of which signify black river. His deof Fouta Toro. Mr Mollien took his light may be easily conceived at have fowling-piece to pass for a hunter, ing, as some reward for his fatigue, and descending by winding paths made so important a discovery; for, from the ferruginous rocks, he tra- although he had not the means of versed a plain of great fertility. He making astronomical observations, it was now at the sources of the Gambia appears that his views bring the three and the Rio Grande, situated at sources of the Senegal, the Gambia, twelve hundred paces from each and the Rio Grande, much nearer other'; he penetrated into the ancient to each other than the most recent and sacred woods which shade them, maps that have been published. We


hope that M. Mollien, when he pub- the neighbouring villages, means were lishes his details, which he reserves sought to put him to death, and to to himself, will support his assertions carry off his property, and particularby an accurate analysis of his itine- ly his journals." Finding himself in raries, otherwise they will still leave such imminent peril, he rallied his grounds for dispute. We have seen, remaining strength, abandoned his notwithstanding the authority of wounded horse, and escaped on his Mungo Park, that some persons still ass across the mountains ; he was doubt whether the Niger and Senegal soon, however, overtaken. Several of have not a common source. Accord- the chiefs wished to dispatch him, ing to M. Mollien, there is a distance others took his part; at last, by means of eleven duys journey between the of some presents, he was able to escape sources of these two rivers.

this new danger. It is impossible to Our traveller's only remaining ob- give an idea of the fatigues he underject was to see the source of the Niger; went in the midst of the lofty mounsuccess in that appeared to him infal- tains situated to the cast of Foutalible; the fatigues of three months Dyallou. Obliged, in spite of the almost continual progress had not in diseases under which he was labourthe least discouraged him; the pros- ing, to march under a burning sun, to pect of attaining the principal object cross rivers swollen by the rains, he of his mission filled him with such called upon heaven a thousand times ardour as to make the dangers which to relieve him by death from the miawaited him be entirely overlooked. serable load of existence he was dragBut the incessant rains, the swelling ging under; he penetrated, however, of the rivers, and the scarcity of pro- with the greatest difficulty, into Tanvisions, appeared to accumulate ob- da-Maié, a miserable country, then a stacles to his farther progress. Not- prey to famine, where during three withstanding the liberal offers which days he suffered all the horrors of be maile to various guides, as a fowl. sturvation, and could only obtain a ing-piece to one, 100 grains of amber little corn by selling the cloak of his to another, a slave to a third, and his marabou Boukari. horse to a fourth, he could get no one Arrived on the borders of the Rio to accompany him. Almany occupied Grande, called by the Mandingoes with his army all the reads of k'or Kubout, he traversed a country cerranko and of Soliman, where lay the tainly more level and richer, but sources of the Niger, (and not at San. where he again oniy saved himself kara, according to the English maps.) from plunder and death by a precipiHis plan, afier exanıining these sour tate flight. ces, was to get into Kankan (or the On the 18th of July he reached Kong country) in a canoe, and to re- Geha, the first Portuguese settlement, main there until the end of the rainy where he could neither obtain medi

He had given orders to Bou- cines, nor any European necessaries. kari, his faithful marabou, to go to He went on the 3d of August to BisBondou or Gulum, with his cattle and suo, their principal factory. Nothing baggage, and there wait for him. could exceed the kindness of the reWhen the rainy season was passed, ception which he met with from the he went to Bourré to visit the rich Portuguese governor; every thing was gold mines, embarked again upon the at his service, but unfortunately BisNiger, and descended as far as Sego, $ao was equally destitute with Gehof to obtain information respecting the a physician or inedicines, and in spite mouth of that river; chance now of every attention, his diserder conput a period to his plans. On his re tinued to subảue him. At last, on tum to Bandéia, he was attacked with the 1st of November, he leturned to fever and dysentery, the eifect of the Geba ; and though he could obtain no continued raius, and stretched upon a horses there, he determined to probed of straw for six weeks, awaited ceed to the Gambia. every instant a death, which seemed day he was to depart, he received inalmost certain. An inhabitant of the telligence of the arrival of a French village endeavoured, by the admini- schooner at Bissao. He deemed it stration of poison, to hasten his exit. more prudent to return to a port, The news of his discoveries having than to undertake a new journey by reached the ears of several Poulas of land, the success of which appeared


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very problematical. On the 7th of ple go as far as Fouta-Dyallou to sell, January 1819, he landed at Gorée, form another source of their riches. and proceeded by land to Saint Louis, Every village cultivates with care an when he arrived on the 15th of the immense quantity of indigo and cotsame month, after a year's absence. ton. The general abundance has renIf Mr Mollien could not reach the dered the population innumerable, borders of the Niger, certainly it was and the industry of the inhabitants neither from want of zeal nor courage, deserves the particular attention of but because he got into a road much travellers, for it indicates that the more difficult than that of Mungo Poula nation only requires guides to Park; as he undertook to ascend on make rapid strides towards civilizafoot the heights which surround Fou- tion; their fanaticism and treachery, ta-Dyallou, and all the countries situa- however, require the employment of ted under the same parallels. “ The vigorous measures on the part of Euronegroes,” said Mr Mollien to us, peans, who would find lenient conduct

employ six months to go from Tim misplaced in instructing a people who bou to Saint Louis ; it requires no have the most profound contempt for more to go from Sego, on the Niger, them. to this French establishment; this Bondou is only an immense forest, would lead us to suppose, that the dis- with occasional strips of cultivation; tance from these two places to our but how rich in cotton and indigo! factory is nearly the same." This The fineness of the first of these proconclusion is doubtless rather too ductions gives it a much higher value strict ; something must be deducted than that of the other African counon account of the difficulties of the tries. The gold which the river Faroad, perhaps also for the greater lémé rolls thither renders this kingwindings in a mountainous country; dom one of the richest of the Conti. but making all allowances, there are nent. still reasons for thinking either that What can the inhabitants of Foutathe position of Timbou upon our Dyallou collect in the precipices of charts is a great deal too much to the their mountains ? Indigo and cotton west, or that Sego is placed too much are found in such small quantities, to the east. Mr Mollien has also that these productions are supplied favoured us with some particulars of from Bondou. It is to the chances of the countries he has visited.

battle that the Poula of that country Cayor is rich in cattle, in horses, looks for wealth. Animated by fanaand chiefly in honey and cotton. The ticism, and the hope of booty, he has inhabitants live at their ease, although extended his conquests from the ocean under the yoke of despotism.

to the borders of Kankan. From the The Yoloff's do not possess so many

Gambia to the Rio Nuncz all acknowcattle, but the riches derived from ledges his sway. Whole tribes, whom their gum trade, which they abandon he has torn from these countries, conto the Moors, from the ebony trees fined within particular villages, cultiwith which their forests are filled, and vate the ungrateful soil of their masfrom their cotton and honey which ters. “ I doubt much,” says Mr M. grow in abundance, should engage “if the agriculture in our colonies is Europeans to establish a more direct so oppressive to the Negro as it is in intercourse with this humane and hos

this country.” pitable people.

Mr M. heard all the Negroes, all Of all the countries which Mr M. the Marabous, speak of the Niger as has gone through, Fouta Toro is in- identical with the Nile; but from the disputably the richest; two harvests variety of acceptation of this last yearly enable it to provision many

word, little stress can be laid upon countries, of which it is the granary. this manner of expression. Their sheep and oxen, which the peo

C. G. I.

Blest baby! thy cradle, for thec, has no limit or wall,
Be a man, and the infinite world itself will be small!

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